Scientific Research and Essays

  • Abbreviation: Sci. Res. Essays
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-2248
  • DOI: 10.5897/SRE
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2768

Full Length Research Paper

The rooting performance of shea (Vitellaria paradoxa gaertn) stem cuttings as influenced by wood type, sucrose and rooting hormone

J. Yeboah*, S. T. Lowor and F. M. Amoah
Cocoa Research Institute of Ghana, P. O. Box 8, Tafo-Akim, Ghana.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 29 April 2009
  •  Published: 31 May 2009


Vegetative propagation of stem cuttings of different physiological woodtypes ofVitellaria paradoxa was studied in a polythene propagator. The treatments included combinations of wood type (soft, semi-hard and rejuvenated (coppiced) shoots), sucrose application at 0, 15 and 25%, and Seradix ‘3’ powder hormone (active ingredient- indolebutyricacid) at 0 and 8000 ppm. Cuttings of rejuvenated shoots dipped in 15% sucrose solution gave significantly higher rooting and longer roots than both softwood and semi-hardwood. High levels (P < 0.05) of soluble sugars and total free phenols were recorded for coppiced cuttings which resulted in better rooting performance than the other wood types. Cuttings dipped in Seradix ‘3’ powder hormone significantly recorded higher rooting than the control (no hormone).


Key words: Cuttings, rooting, rooting hormone, sucrose, Vitellaria paradoxa gaertn.