Scientific Research and Essays

  • Abbreviation: Sci. Res. Essays
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-2248
  • DOI: 10.5897/SRE
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2750

Full Length Research Paper

Accounts of the effect of electrically charged clouds on the stable nitrogen isotope ratio and the anion concentration in cloud-based aerosols

Hidemitsu KATSURA1,2
Aerosol field sampling was conducted in the skies offshore from Malibu Beach and Santa Barbara, California, U.S.A. on 16 and 18 July, 2009, using an airplane. The samples were analyzed for nitrate and nitrite ions using ion chromatography (IC) and GC-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The results indicate a higher stable isotopic ratio of delta 15N/14N in the aerosols collected at the cloud top of one cloud than the aerosols collected from the cloud base of a second cloud at the same altitude (30.48 m) on 18 July 2009. NO2- nitrite ions were present only in the aerosols sampled at the cloud base. At the same altitude, the stable nitrogen isotope ratio in the nitrogenous substances found in the aerosol depended on the aerosol position within the clouds. Furthermore, the altitude effect was small for the isotope ratio. My investigation indicated that past models describing the fate or transformation of aerosols within clouds are not based on the actual details of the situation. This study showed that the fates of electrically charged aerosols or ionized aerosols were affected by the electrically charged cloud.   Key words: Aerosol, isotope, nitrate ions, nitrite ions.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 03 August 2012
  •  Published: 26 November 2012

Abstract

Aerosol field sampling was conducted in the skies offshore from Malibu Beach and Santa Barbara, California, U.S.A. on 16 and 18 July, 2009, using an airplane. The samples were analyzed for nitrate and nitrite ions using ion chromatography (IC) and GC-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The results indicate a higher stable isotopic ratio of delta 15N/14N in the aerosols collected at the cloud top of one cloud than the aerosols collected from the cloud base of a second cloud at the same altitude (30.48 m) on 18 July 2009. NO2- nitrite ions were present only in the aerosols sampled at the cloud base. At the same altitude, the stable nitrogen isotope ratio in the nitrogenous substances found in the aerosol depended on the aerosol position within the clouds. Furthermore, the altitude effect was small for the isotope ratio. My investigation indicated that past models describing the fate or transformation of aerosols within clouds are not based on the actual details of the situation. This study showed that the fates of electrically charged aerosols or ionized aerosols were affected by the electrically charged cloud.

 

Key words: Aerosol, isotope, nitrate ions, nitrite ions.