Scientific Research and Essays

  • Abbreviation: Sci. Res. Essays
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-2248
  • DOI: 10.5897/SRE
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2752

Full Length Research Paper

A study on genotype x environment interaction in chickpea cultivars (Cicer arietinum L.) grown in arid and semi-arid conditions

  Asuman Kan1,  Muharrem Kaya2*, AyÅŸegül Gürbüz3, Arif Åžanli2, Kamil Özcan4and Cemalettin YaÅŸar Çiftçi5        
  1Program of Food Technology, Selcuk University Technical Science Vocational School, Konya-Turkey. 2Department of Field Crops Isparta, Faculty of Agriculture, Suleyman Demirel University, Turkey. 3Central Research Institute for Field Crops, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Ankara-Turkey. 4Golhisar Vocational School, Mehmet Akif Ersoy University, Burdur-Turkey. 5Department of Field Crops Ankara, Faculty of Agriculture, Ankara University, Turkey.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 22 April 2010
  •  Published: 31 May 2010

Abstract

 

The study was carried out to identify stability and adaptability of 19 chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) cultivars grown in arid and semi arid conditions at three locations (Field Crops Central Research Institute in Ankara, Bahri DaÄŸdaÅŸ International Agricultural Research Institute in Konya and Research Farms of Agriculture Faculty of Suleyman Demirel University in Isparta) for two years (2005 and 2006 years). Experiments was set up as randomized complate block design with three replications. Studied parameters were plant height, first pod height, 100 - grain weight and grain yield and stability parameters were calculated according to Finlay-Wilkinson and Ketata methods. Results showed (confirmed) that Menemen 92 (4) and Ä°zmir 92 (6) were the highest yielding and stable cultivars at three locations during the study period in terms of plant height, first pod height and grain yield. For the 100 grain weight, ÇaÄŸatay (2), Akçin 91 (9) and Er 99 (13) cultivars performed better than other cultivars.

 

Key words: Chickpea, cultivar, genotype x environment interaction.