Scientific Research and Essays

  • Abbreviation: Sci. Res. Essays
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-2248
  • DOI: 10.5897/SRE
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2768

Full Length Research Paper

Relationship between caregivers' burnout and elderly emotional abuse

Mona Talat El-Nady
Community and Mental Health Nursing Department, College of Nursing, King Saud University, Saudi Arabia.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 18 June 2012
  •  Published: 27 October 2012


The aim of the present study is to identify the relationship between caregivers' burnout and elderly emotional abuse. Descriptive correlation research design was utilized in this study to achieve the stated aim. The sample consisted of 40 Saudi female elderly clients aged 60 years and over and 15 caregivers. This study was conducted in geriatric home in El-Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Data were collected by using three tools: a) Socio-demographic data sheet of the caregivers and elderly personal profile, b) Maslach Burnout Inventory which is divided into three subscales: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and personal accomplishmentand c) Elder Abuse Screening Instrument which was used to assess client’s safety and client’s access to services. Results showed that there was statistically significant negative correlation between caregiver’s age and emotional exhaustion and depersonalization. There was a statistically significant positive correlation between emotional exhaustion and depersonalization. While, there was statistically significant negative correlation between emotional exhaustion and personal accomplishment. Emotional exhaustion had statistically significant negative correlation with elderly safety. Based on the results of the present study, the researcher recommended: establishment policies and protocols aimed at improving coordination and communication with programs that serve caregivers. These programs should include provisions for collaborative investigations, assessments and care planning when appropriate. Legal frameworks, health care and social services need to be applied with a strong sense of equity, reinforcing the civil and human rights of elderly people, regardless of sex, ethnic origin, socioeconomic status and age.


Key words: Burnout, emotional abuse, elderly, caregivers.