African Journal of
History and Culture

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Hist. Cult.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6672
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJHC
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 173

AJHC Articles

From disillusionment to protest: Poems by Haile Selassie I University students

August 2015

This paper analyzes Amharic poems written in the 1950s and 1960s during annual College Day competitions held by students of the then Haile Selassie I University in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The contemporary global and local socio-political situations are given as background to help understand the context in which the poems were written. The poems have been grouped into two categories, as poems of disillusionment and poems...

Author(s): Tesfaye Dagnew

Skewed rural development policies and economic malaise in Zimbabwe

July 2015

Rural development hinges on the dictates of the growth poles theory. François Perroux introduced the idea of economic Growth Poles in 1949 whose central notion is based on the concept of abstract economic space. The theory argues that decentralization of activities from the centre to the periphery enables the general populace to access services and opportunities better and helps to curtail migration to the...

Author(s): Jephias Mapuva

The contributions of Ilorin scholars to Islam in West Africa: A study of Alfa Salaudeen (a.k.a. Alfa Parakoyi) in Ijesha land

July 2015

Despite the fact that, the actual date of the introduction of Islam to the Yoruba speaking people of south western Nigeria is not known, it is believed that the Muslim empires in West Africa knew of Yoruba land long before its introduction to Islam. The spread of Islam to other areas is very important in Islam and this serves as a challenge to all Islamic scholars to champion the course of evangelizing the non-believers...

Author(s): Agunbiade Nurudeen

Syncretism of Basotho traditional religion and Christianity: Gateway to the syncretistic teaching of Basotho traditional religion and Christianity in Lesotho schools

July 2015

The article recommends that the teaching and learning of religious education in Lesotho schools should capitalize on the existing syncretism of Basotho Traditional Religion and Christianity in the church to extend it to the classroom setting. The discussion begins with a brief history leading to the acceptance of syncretism in the Church, then argues for the use of the term “syncretism” instead of the...

Author(s): Mokotso Rasebate Isaac

Animated graphic film for the rejuvenation of a fading culture: The case of an African oral heritage

June 2015

Many Nigerian folk heritages including that of the Igbo race are going extinct. The oral nature of folklore is largely responsible for this gradual extinction. One way of preserving such heritage is by making folk stories accessible to the very young because generational transfer of folk heritage ensures that cultures do not die out. Therefore, a paradigm for transmitting culture to the children must be developed and...

Author(s): Toni Duruaku

The impact of colonial rule on the agricultural economy of Mbaise, Imo State, 1500-1960

June 2015

At present, there is no reasonably full account of the economic history of Mbaise in Imo State, Nigeria. The reason for this is obvious. Among others, enough attention has not been given to economic and social developments of mini-polities that dot Igbo land, east of the Niger. Existing historical studies in the area though valuable, are politically biased as early scholars on African past concentrated on documenting...

Author(s): Paul Uche Mbakwe

Theophanu Evangelium: Greco-Egyptian treasure of the North

May 2015

In the Frankish period of the 7th and 8th centuries, settlements along the Dussel (thusila or Doson) included farming and fishing outposts where the tributary flowed into the Rhine. The women's community in Gerresheim, Dusseldorf was a foundation of the Frankish nobleman Gerricus, established towards the end of the 9th century. The Magyar invasion of Gerresheim in 919 led to a transition of leadership of the female...

Author(s): Kathleen Broer

The Breton Lai as protest, mirror and proverb

May 2015

A Breton lai or lay is a lyrical, narrative poem written in couplets and refrains and is based on Greek, Arabic and Persian poetic structures and themes. Lais were mainly composed in France, England, the Pays-Bas and Germany during the 12th, 13th and 14th centuries. The Breton lai was similar in purpose to Skolion σκόλιον or Roman Fescennine which were songs sung by invited guests at...

Author(s): Kathleen Broer

“Troubled and troubling souls: The case of african churches”

May 2015

The African [Initiated] Churches has shown a phenomenal growth in the past century and today as people speak of the ‘Christian South’ or shift of the centre of gravity of christianity from the West to the South they definitely include these churches in their category. Their growth in the Sub-Sahara Africa has increasingly manifested a great challenge to European mission churches. The emergence and expansion...

Author(s): Selaelo Thiaskgatla Kgatla

The Kamerun society: A missing link in the independence struggle in the British Southern Cameroons, 1956–61

April 2015

The history of the liberation struggle in Cameroon is a half written story. Like in the history of Africa, many of the actors in this struggle have been deliberately or inadvertently written off and/or forgotten. This explains why the Kamerun Society (KS) is seldom mentioned in most colonial Cameroon historiography. In passing, some actors in the politics of the period made reference to the KS dismissing it as a group...

Author(s): Damian Akara

An assessment of potential resources of tourism development in Ethiopia: The case of Dejen Wereda

April 2015

The main purpose of this paper is conduct survey study so as to reveal extent to which Dejen Wereda, which is one of the Weredas of East Gojjam Administrative Zone, has numerous tourist attraction sites. This study uncovers that the absence of research works in this Wereda, however, affected the development of tourism in the area. It recommends the preservation of the precious resources in Wereda so that they could be...

Author(s): Atsbha Gebreigziabher Asmelash

States creation since 1967: An imperative of the military contribution to nation-building in Nigeria

March 2015

The structural defects in the creation of the Nigerian state by the colonialists which suited their interest of continued subjugation and exploitation of Nigeria were inherited by the civilian leadership. This class that appropriated state power to further their economic interest played down the prospects of nation-building. It is against this background that this work assesses the role of the military in tackling the...

Author(s): David D. Yongo

A social institution of slavery and slave trade in Ethiopia: Revisited

March 2015

Ethiopia was the last strong hold of slavery. Slavery and slave trade were abolished by the active intervention of the British in the middle of 18th century. However the institution of slavery and slave trade continued in the eastern part of Africa until the middle of 19th century. The objective of this paper is to show the institutional feature of slavery in Ethiopia in general and the historical kingdom of Jimma in...

Author(s): SEID A. Mohammed

The postponed discourse in Habasha identity: Real or performance?

March 2015

Founded on different written sources and personal accounts, this article aims to caution the taken for granted suppositions behind Habasha identity. The term Habasha is challenged that it does not really denote a unitary identity, culturally or historically. The history of Habasha, its origin and representation somehow has been written and rewritten on ideological positions that are often incompatible. Three...

Author(s): Ameyu, Godesso Roro

Re-Africanizing the educational system of Ethiopia

February 2015

This paper tries to show the evolutionary development of education in Ethiopia along with its historic dysfunctions on the prospect of social transformation. The historical backdrop that centered on traditional educational system, which was predominantly ecclesiastical, is also briefly outlined for the sake of coherent understanding of the link and the miss-link in the educational system of the country. Ethiopia had...

Author(s): Wuhibegezer Ferede and Gezae Haile

Historiographical review of the current debate on Ethiopian land tenure system

February 2015

During the period of the Transitional Government of Ethiopia (TGE), that took power following the downfall of the Socialist Derg Government, the issue of land tenancy has hotly debated among politicians. At the ratification of the 1995 Constitution, though the ruling party, EPDRF, made attempt to formally end this debatable agenda by formally enshrining state ownership in the 1995 constitution, the ruling party is not...

Author(s): Binayew Tamrat Getahun

The humanity of the foetus: A Yoruba perspective

February 2015

The question of when life begins in the foetus remains a serious philosophical debate which cuts across philosophies and philosophers of all intellectual traditions. Principally, the question has led to the evolution of different schools of thought in western bioethics discourse. However, in spite of the numerous responses generated in reaction to the personhood of the foetus, no particular answer has been accepted,...

Author(s): Olanrewaju Abdul SHITTA-BEY

British colonial reform of indigenous medical practices amongst the Asante people of the Gold Coast, 1930-1960

February 2015

This paper focuses on the influence of the colonial administration on indigenous medical practices amongst the Asante people of the Gold Coast. The extent of the influence caused the indigenous medical practitioners to form herbalist unions and associations among others. The British Colonial administration further introduced through some advanced native heads, the registration of indigenous healers. These, among other...

Author(s): Samuel Adu-Gyamfi

Inter-ethnic relation among Awi and Gumuz, Northwestern Ethiopia since 1974: A shift from hostile to peaceful co-existence

February 2015

Longstanding relationship (amicable and hostile) has existed between Awi andGumuz nationalities since Aksumite era. Their early relationship had been full of pain because of the fact that the successive highland kings had appointed Awi chiefs to run state affairs in Gumuz community, which left bad seed on the future relation between two generations.  As time went on, a shift from hostile to friendly relation marked...

Author(s): Alemayehu Erkihun Engida

Prosperity, penury and polarization: Disaggregating the peasantry in the historiography of colonial Zimbabwe

January 2015

Underdevelopment and modernization theorists have long agreed that peasant agriculture was not universally damaged and curtailed, but the two schools remain very much at odds over the general trajectory of peasant agriculture during the colonial period. This dichotomy, however, is unwarranted. In the canonical literature there is a pervasive ambiguity surrounding the term “peasant,” an ambiguity that allows...

Author(s): Gary Blank

Is culture a restraining or a driving force for entrepreneurship in Sri Lanka?

January 2015

Being entrepreneurial is vital for a country to ensure sustainability. Sustainability is ensured by high levels of opportunity recognition of ventures. Given this, this paper seeks to investigate context specific problems. Does entrepreneurship exist in a country like Sri Lanka? Are entrepreneurial activities limited due to the inherent culture in Sri Lanka? And does culture act as a driving force or a restraining force...

Author(s): Dissanayake D.M.N.S.W and Semasinghe D.M.

Globalization, Culture mutation and new identity: Implications for the Igbo cultural heritage

January 2015

The paper engages in globalization debate to explore culture mutation and resurgent new identity in the periphery societies of Africa. It focuses on the Igbo of Eastern Nigeria. The study of Igbo culture mutation is particularly interesting because 'traditional' scholarship presents the people as 'acephalous','egalitarian' and “republican”. It locates culture mutation within a social...

Author(s): Luke Amadi and James E. Agena

A Short Political Biography of Kibur Ato Haddis Alemayehu

January 2015

The main purpose of this paper is to reconstruct the political biography of Kibur Ato Haddis Alemayehu who was one of the senior officials of Ethiopia during the reign of Emperor Haile Selassie I and the author of the most accomplished Amharic novel, Feqer Eska Meqaber (“Love unto Grave”). In order to undertake this study, both primary and secondary sources were used. The source analysis revealed that after...

Author(s): Alemu Alene Kebede

Can the centre hold for Arnstein’s ladder of participation in Zimbabwe?

December 2014

One of the most contentious issues in Zimbabwe’s post-colonial history has been the law and practice of democracy. Electoral processes as a tenets of democracy has continued to produce contested and disputed electoral results. Politically-motivated violence has also reared its ugly head on Zimbabwe’s political landscape. The dictates of Arnstein’s Ladder of Participation which presents a normative...

Author(s): Jephias Mapuva

Land reform and deforestation in the Gish Abbay Area: A historical perspective

December 2014

The Gish Abbay area is among one of the environmentally most affected areas where environmental deterioration has prevailed. A lot of factors have contributed to this negative development. The major ones are rapid population growth, poverty and inappropriate forest and land related laws and legislations. Among others, however, this paper attempted to highlight how government land policy over many years was responsible...

Author(s): Birtukan Atinkut Asmare

The ripple effects of electoral experience in a frontier community in Nigeria: A study of a micro revolution in Ilorin, 1955-1959

December 2014

The adoption of Arthur Richards Constitution in 1946 and its implementation from the 1st January, 1947 translated to different things in different parts of the present day parts of Nigerian. Being an imperial order that extended the electoral principle in Nigeria, beyond Lagos and Calabar that have been having elected representatives in the European dominated councils in their respective areas since 1922, it was bound...

Author(s): Omoiya Yusuf Saad

Socio-economic and family planning aspects of rural people in Bangladesh: A case study of Comilla District

December 2014

The main focus of this study is to investigate the socio-economic and demographic characteristics of some villages in a particular area of Bangladesh. Since Bangladesh is a rural based country, it is essential to study a village in particular to conclude on the socio-economic characteristics and family planning of Bangladesh as a whole. For this study, some villages have selected from Comilla District. Initially, the...

Author(s): Md. Shahidul Islam

Therapeutic flora in Holy Quran

November 2014

Civilizations have a tendency to revolve around meaningful concepts of a theoretical nature which more than anything else gives them their distinctive character. Such concepts are to be found at the very beginning of a rising civilization or they may signalize, when they first make their appearance, an entirely new departure towards the eventual transformation of the environment generous to them. This signifies a...

Author(s): Ali Muhammad

An assessment of impact of neglect of history on political stability in African countries: The case of Cote d’Ivoire

November 2014

African countries had been engulfed in political crises soon after they regained independence from their respective European colonial masters. Almost all the conflicts witnessed in post-independence Africa were blamed on the former colonial Powers. This article argued that rather than blaming the West for political instability, African political leaders should be blamed for neglecting the discipline of history that...

Author(s): Bassey, Joseph Robert

Education nexus politics in Agame Awraja during the imperial regime

November 2014

During the imperial regime of Emperor Haileslasie, there were only three secondary schools in Tigray Province. These were Atse Yohannis of Enderta, Nigiste Saba of Adwa and Agazi of Agame Awrajas. These secondary schools were centers of dissent. Linguistic oppression, maladministration and lack of adequate social institutions created very strong dissatisfaction among the people of Tigray Province. As what was happening...

Author(s): Atsbha Gebreigziabher Asmelash

The Role of women in Tebhaga movement in Jalpaiguri District and to preserve their identity

November 2014

The roots of the Indian women’s movement go back to the 19th century male social reformers who took up issues concerning women and started women’s organizations. Women started forming their own organization from the end of the nineteenth century first at the local and then at the national level. In 1946, the two main issues they took up were political rights and reform of personal laws. Women’s...

Author(s): Shyamal Chandra Sarkar

Contributions of Ilorin scholars to Arabic and Islamic studies in Yoruba land: Focus on Shaykh Adam Abdullah Al-Iluri

October 2014

Ilorin, the haven of Arabic and Islamic scholars, is multi-lingual and multi-ethnic community popularly known to some people as “GerinAlimi” (the town of Alimi) and to many others as “Ilorin Afonja” (Ilorin of Afonja); it has contributed and still contributing in no small measure to development of Arabic and Islamic studies not only in Yorubaland but also in Nigeria and beyond. As one of the...

Author(s): F.O. Jamiu

Fifty years after: Rethinking security/national security discourse and practice to reinvent its future

October 2014

Fifty years after independence, the discourse and practice of security/national security in Nigeria needs re-examination. Security is a contested terrain amongst nation at different stages of development. At the moment, the contest is over the referent-state or people. Have Nigerians ever face national security threat of the scale in countries of the North that threatened the existence of the state in the last fifty...

Author(s): Adoyi Onoja

A shift from peasant to intellectual-led political opposition in Tigray during the imperial regime (up to 1974)

October 2014

This paper examines how the educated people of Tigray took over the illiterate ones to fight against the imperial government. Local songs, poems and sayings used against Emperor Haileslasie are discussed. Following the liberation of Ethiopia from the Italian occupation in 1941, Emperor Haileslasie introduced a number of reforms, many of which were rejected by the people of Ethiopia. The imperial government used...

Author(s): Atsbha Gebreigziabher Asmelash

War saved in verse: Politics in Ezra Pound’s Canto XVI and T. S. Eliot’s The Waste Land

September 2014

Modernist poetry is rarely examined in the light of the very social and political agitations which accompanied its production. Some theorists claim that modernist poetry is apolitical; neglecting the fact that the poet can never exist in vacuum. Unquestionably, the poet is the product of his immediate conditions of existence. No matter how he conceals his social reality, his words reveal it all. This paper looks at two...

Author(s): Bouzzit M’bark

Cultural values influence on learning style preferences: A case of Leribe Senior Secondary School, Lesotho

September 2014

This study was conducted with senior secondary schools Form Four learners doing science in the Leribe District of Lesotho. It sets out to probe the possibility of the influence of cultural values on students’ learning style preferences and their possible differences by gender. Filled questionnaires were collected from the eleven schools from which the study was conducted. Also, focus group discussions, with equal...

Author(s): Mpholo Leoisa and Shanah Mompoloki Suping

A comparative analysis of the post-colonial culture and democratization processes in Kenya and Zimbabwe to 2012

August 2014

  During the past four decades, no international political phenomenon has been more significant than the worldwide call and expansion of democratic governance. Holding elections in almost all of Africa has turned out to be a norm. Clearly observable has been a gradual evolution of democratic institutions and consolidation of democratic practices. The prospects for fostering democracy in Kenya and Zimbabwe have...

Author(s): Gilbert Tarugarira

The socio-cultural functions of Kafa proverbs

August 2014

  The objective of this study was to examine the social and cultural functions of proverbs told by the Kafa people in southern Ethiopia. Accordingly, field visits were made to the area to collect data. Fifteen proverbs were selected and classified to study issues related to agriculture, forestry and other social and cultural beliefs of the society. The analysis showed that the proverbs emphasized the hard work...

Author(s): Tesfaye Dagnew and Mesfin Wodajo

The horn of Africa: Intra-state and inter-state conflicts and security. By Redie Bereketeab. London and uppsala: Pluto press and Nordic Africa institute, 2013, XI, 208 pp. Paperback. No price

June 2014

Conflicts are natural and historical and hence they are everywhere and every time. They are part of social phenomenon of  human life. The difference lies on the magnitude, complexity, sequel and repercussion. The horn of Africa, with some exceptions, is one of the most politically sensitive and fragile regions of the world.  The virtue of this book lies in its providing comprehensive and critical examination...

Author(s): Temesgen Gebeyehu Baye

Lessons in translation: The English to Tiv example

June 2014

This paper examines the art of translation, the necessity of translation, the odd ends of translation, and how mistranslation can cause drastic changes in perceptions and policies and also alter a course of life and culture of a people. The paper supports its presentation with a historical analytical survey of misguided translation of English to Tiv lexicon and sentences, and how it affected an appreciation of the Tiv...

Author(s): Ikyer, Godwin Aondofa

Cultural values: A conduit of shaping managerial thinking in Zimbabwe’s industrial relations

June 2014

Knowledge production remains a game of power. Over the years certain discourses have tried to naturalise and reinforce the position that  world’s best practices are defined as Eurocentric and henceforth anything that is African is viewed as ‘traditional’ , ‘barbaric’ and ‘bush’. The European ‘supremacy’ in knowledge production has been emphasised across...

Author(s): Farai Ncube

Challenges and prospects of lake Tana island monasteries as a tourist site since 1950’s: The case of Kebran Gabriel

May 2014

Nowadays, tourism plays pivotal role for economic and social development of many nations. It is considered as the world’s first investment movement of the 21st century. Thus, developing countries are giving due attention to service delivery industries like tourism that contributes a lot to their economy. Ethiopia has its own long centuries of history and rich culture. For instance, Amhara national regional state...

Author(s): Gizachew Andargie

Aspects of Ughievwen Culture of Western Delta of Nigeria and the Influence of Westernism

May 2014

The culture and tradition of a people represent their source of identity, pride and dignity. The Ughievwen people of Western Delta of Nigeria are no exception to this generalisation. However, the introduction of colonial rule to that part of Nigeria in the nineteenth century commenced a phase in the history of the Ughievwen, in which the people began to experience culture conflict. This eroding force gradually...

Author(s): Felix Ejukonemu Oghi

Ethnic politics and post-election violence of 2007/8 in Kenya

May 2014

Based on primordial and essentialist theories of ethnicity, the paper critically interrogates the trajectory of politics since 1963 in Kenya. The objective was to explain the causes of ethnic politics in Kenya which led to the political assassination of  the 1960s under Jomo Kenyatta, the ethnic clashes of Moi era and culminated into the 2007/8 post election violence of Kibaki presidency. Under Kenyatta...

Author(s): Opondo P. A

The role of cultural diversity in the enhancement of international co-operation: A Muslim perspective

April 2014

The environment in which man is born or evolved plays a significant role in his life.  It emits in him a special way of living a life which later develops to what is known as a culture. Thus man is caught in meshes of customs, superstitions, selfish desires and, possibly, incorrect teachings which, sometimes have undesirable bearing on him. This development may make him pugnacious, unclean, false, and slavish and...

Author(s): H. A. Abdulsalam

Study on historical memorial archways in ancient Huizhou: Tangyue memorial archway group

April 2014

Memorial archways were built in ancient Huizhou as early as in 14th century. And they were regarded as culture symbols of Chinese ancient architectures of feudal society. Owing to the natural and man-made factors, many of them were damaged and even vanished. In this paper, the origin, evolution and culture connotation of Huizhou memorial archways were discussed with examples of existing Tangyue memorial archway group....

Author(s): Tao Chen and Zeneng Wei

Indian education development and school administration with special reference to Tamil Nadu- A historical perspective

April 2014

Educational administration means the capacity of an individual or organization to manage all the activities of that educational institute. It is also defined as, the activity of a government or state in the exercise of its powers and duties. Educational administrators have education backgrounds similar to school guidance counsellors, librarians, curriculum coordinators, educational specialists and teachers....

Author(s): S. Kannan

Igue festival and the British invasion of Benin 1897: The violation of a people’s culture and sovereignty

March 2014

The Benin Kingdom was a sovereign state in pre-colonial West Africa. Sovereign in the sense that the Kingdom conducted and coordinated its internal and external affairs with its well structured political, social-cultural and economic institutions. One remarkable aspect of the Benin culture was the Igue festival. The festival was unique in the sense that it was a period when the Oba embarks on spiritual cleansing and...

Author(s): Charles .O. Osarumwense

Poultry industry in the Wa Municipality of the Upper West Region of Ghana: Prospects and challenges

March 2014

The poultry industry is known to be a major contributor to Ghana’s economy through employment creation and the enhancement of nutrition and food security. In spite of these contributions, the poultry industry is faced with a number of problems that necessitate solution. The study was conducted in the Wa Municipality of the Upper West Region of Ghana, with the prospects and challenges of the local poultry industry...

Author(s): Isaac Agyemang

Bahru Zewde (2002). A History of Modern Ethiopia (1855-1991), 2nd ed. Oxford: James Currey; Athens: Ohio University Press; Addis Ababa: Addis Ababa University Press. xviii + 300 pp. ISBN 0821414402 12.95.

January 2014

In accordance to Bahru, one of Ethiopia's eminent historians, the underlying principle and the inspiration for the preparation of the first edition of his book (1991), a History of Modern Ethiopia (1855-1974), was to provide solution for the jarring scarcity of general history of Ethiopia that could serve specialists and educators alike. Thus, he responded to quench the quest of historians and educators for...

Author(s): Wuhibegezer Ferede

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