African Journal of
History and Culture

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Hist. Cult.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6672
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJHC
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 188

AJHC Articles

Zulu monarchy land engagements and the Section 25 of the South African constitution

February 2023

This work is an attempt to highlight some landmarks in how the Zulu descendants engaged the issue of land with the settlers of any time in South Africa. The method of telling as it happened is a way to confront the history and try to find a natural way of rectifying land rights in settings where the customary land tenure system was overturned by the fortress based on the Western ways of land management. Dispossessed...

Author(s): Zondo Lethiwe

Assessing the state (physical and functional) of the heritage buildings in Lagos State

June 2022

Heritage buildings form a critical part of the cultural heritage of any people or group, recognized by the United Nations with several international charters formed to promote, protect, and preserve them. This study assessed the physical and functional state of heritage buildings within Lagos State and determined their preferred state. The study was conducted through questionnaires and case study/observation method. The...

Author(s): Folasiji Anthony Bomi-Daniels

Sociocultural bound illnesses or syndromes: Voices from the traditional medicine markets

May 2022

The culture of the people is central to the traditional medicine knowledge, uses and trade. This indigenous knowledge is orally passed from one generation to the next and is shared through efficacious communication with the ancestral spirits, dreams and oral narratives. This traditional medicine knowledge is invaluable in the treatment of sociocultural illnesses or syndromes, for instance, bad luck, bad dreams, cultural...

Author(s): Willy Kibet Chebii, Karatu Kiemo, John Kaunga Muthee and Kahiu Ngugi

Modernism and the Change of African Gender Relations: Historical Discourses

October 2021

Globally, cases of the so called gender inequality are on increase as social transformation towards modernity and liberal lives. This situation has seriously been contested and reported on matters related to land ownership, employment, education, gender-based violence, marriage lives, decision-making, power struggles, freedom of choice and so forth. Despite its existence, it has been evolving over time in terms of its...

Author(s): Jumanne Kassim Ngohengo

Towards a Kenyan political theology: The importance of church history for contemporary public life

July 2021

Christianity remains a substantive religion in the African continent. With various expressions such as missionary Christianity, indigenous Christianity, and Charismatic Christianity, it remains a critical force in African societies. Christian scholars in post-colonial Africa have engaged important themes in Christianity including the pertinence of African traditional religions, African identity and in the recent decade,...

Author(s): Kevin Muriithi Ndereba

Cultural astronomy in Uganda from the perspectives of the Acholi, Banyankole, Iteso and Lugbara

July 2021

Cultural astronomy in Uganda has been explored a second time considering another set of four ethnic groups, giving a wide range of perspectives in the subject and setting a baseline for exploring cultural astronomy in other African countries. Qualitative data have been collected using interviews and questionnaire survey, conducted with mutual consent of the respondents. Both purposive sampling and snow-ball sampling of...

Author(s): Bosco Oruru, Harriet Najjemba, Caroline Joyce Atim, Ronald Nteziyaremye and Merciline Nayibinga

The origin and disappearance of the Wambambali tradition and the succeeding Wagogo communities in Dodoma: Oral stories from elders

July 2021

The current fast growth of the city of Dodoma in central Tanzania threatens cultural heritage materials scattered on the landscape. However, natural processes such as weathering and erosion also add to this threat. Earlier, we reported on the existence of two cultural traditions on this landscape, the Middle Stone Age artefacts and the much younger Wambambali tradition based on pottery, grinding stones and remains of...

Author(s): Kokeli Peter Ryano, Augustino Mwakipesile, Emanuel Temu, Ngw’inamila Kasongi, Edwin Ngowi, Rehema Kilonzo and Sadasivuni Krishna Rao

Nigeria - United States of America (USA) bilateral ties in historical perspective

January 2021

This work is the analysis of the bilateral relationship between Nigeria and the United States of America (USA) between 1960 and 2016. It carries-out a historical and systemic analysis of the relationship between the two countries in the cold war and post-cold war period. By using the qualitative research methodology, and a narrative and descriptive style, the work shows how both countries leveraged on this relationship...

Author(s): Modupeolu M. Faseke

A historical glimpse of Hiriyoo: Rethinking the indigenous defense system and military mobilization of the Kingdom of Kafa prior to 1897, Southwest Ethiopia

January 2021

The present article attempts to reconstruct the fascinating nature of the indigenous defense system and means of military mobilization of the kingdom of Kafa prior to 1897. Kafa, located in today’s South-western Ethiopia, was historically one of the powerful and independent kingdoms prior to its subjugation in 1897. In this study, the researcher relied on available previous multiple sources which include oral...

Author(s): Zegeye Woldemariam Ambo

The failure of humanitarian intervention and the role of NGOs in Darfur

January 2021

This article examines the trends and types of arguments by scholars on the issue of humanitarian intervention and situates them within the genocide that occurred in Darfur, Sudan. The article argues that humanitarian intervention postulate by many scholars failed in Darfur and Non-Governmental organizations (NGOs) such as Amnesty International, International Committee of Red Cross, Médecins Sans Frontières...

Author(s): Dele Jemirade

The interface between Igbo traditional religion and christianity

January 2021

The first encounter of Igbo Traditional Religion with Christianity and Western culture was marked by antagonism and the rejection of Igbo traditional belief as “pagan” and “devilish.” A decisive overview by some scholars on belief and worship systems shows that Igbo traditional religion has components of monotheism, polytheism and pantheism. However, Igbo traditional religion proved resilient,...

Author(s): Nwuba Sr. MaryKristel Grace Chinyere

A commentary on Gebreslassie Kiros’s study of social stratification and marginalization in the southern nations, nationalities and people region of Ethiopia: The case of Manjo minority groups

January 2021

This study explored the pitfalls of the Gebreslassie Kiros’s study of social stratification and marginalization in the Southern Nations Nationalities and People Region of Ethiopia. To achieve the purpose of the study, the qualitative research method was employed through semi-structured interviews, participant observation and document analysis. To that end, Six Woreda administration officials, seven educated Manjo...

Author(s): Getachew Robo Gebremariam

The knife of Bursa in Turkish culture: A historical and cultural study

January 2021

Scientists who document the history of humanity 100 thousand years ago claim that the first knife made was of lighters 25 thousand years ago. The 75,000-year time difference between man and the first knife should be the process of transformation of human beings into homo sapiense. Sapiens have started to transfer their experiences which have the power to design the tools they use, to the new generation beyond logical...

Author(s): Gültekin Erdal and Ismet Gucuyener

Civil resistance in Ethiopia: An overview of a historical development

January 2021

A history of anti-government opposition in Ethiopia is a very complex topic and a subject extremely difficult to investigate. It runs through the analysis of intractable social crisis of the entire feudal empire covering a wide range of historical processes across ages to the various people’s movements in contemporary Ethiopia. It also involved different styles and methods over the years ranging from violent to...

Author(s): Amare Kenaw Aweke  

The influence of the African revolution on African theology

January 2021

The main thesis of this work is to portray Pan-Africanism as a movement that is destined to give all people of African descent a sense of identity, self-determination and liberation by supplying significant context for African theologians. Pan-Africanism, notwithstanding all its limitations, can be an effective instrument of African liberation and hence, proffers great opportunity for authentic theological enterprise....

Author(s): Nwuba Sr. Mary Kristel Grace Chinyere

The role of elephants as military pack animals in the Abyssinian Campaign, 1867-1868

September 2020

In late 1867 the British Government authorized a military expedition to effect the release of 59 hostages being held at Magdala by Emperor Tewodros II.  The force consisted of 13,000 soldiers and 40,000 transport and pack animals.  Its formidable task was to travel 650 km and ascend 3,050 m of altitude before it reached its goal. The animals comprised horses, mules, donkeys, bullocks, camels and 44 elephants....

Author(s): R. Trevor Wilson  

The first track of cultural astronomy in Uganda: Perspectives of the Baganda, Bagisu, Banyoro and Langi

September 2020

Uganda is among the most developing countries in Africa where astronomy education and outreach activities are at infant stages. Although Uganda has a long history of organized ethnic groups and cultures, record of cultural astronomy or its exploration is scanty, a challenge that this paper tries to address. A qualitative research design was adopted with emphasis on holistic description of primary data or information....

Author(s): Bosco Oruru, Harriet Najjemba, Annet Eva Zawedde, Ronald Nteziyaremye, Merciline Nayibinga and Florence Mutonyi D’ujanga

The Amharic proverbs and their use in Gǝʿǝz Qǝne (Ethiopian poetry)

January 2020

This article aims to provide a concise impression of Amharic proverbs and their use in Gəʽəz Qəne. Qəne is an extraordinary Ethiopian poetry with special feature, beauty, and limit. There is no language restriction to compose Qəne; since its introduction in the 15th Century Gəʽəz is predominantly used to compose Qəne in different forms. Adding an Amharic proverb to Gəʽəz Qəne is a great talent which...

Author(s): Hiruie Ermias  

Critical analysis of archaeological research trends in Uganda: 1920-2018

January 2020

Much as the first collections of stone tools in East Africa were made by geologist J.W. Gregory, beginning in 1893, E.J. Wayland’s joined the government service in Uganda in 1919 to set East African Archaeology on the course that it was to follow for the next 40 years or more. However, over 90 years from its inception, a larger percentage of archaeological research in Uganda seems regionally imbalanced, dominated...

Author(s): Charles Kinyera Okeny, Elizabeth Kyazike and Gilbert Gumoshabe  

Pawnship labour and mediation in colonial Osun division of southwestern Nigeria

January 2020

Pawnship was both a credit system and an important source of labour in Yoruba land. It was highly utilised in the first half of the twentieth century Osun Division, sequel to its easy adaptation to the colonial monetised economy. This study examined pawnship as a labour system that was deeply rooted in the Yoruba culture, and accounts for the reasons for its easy adaptability to the changes epitomized by the colonial...

Author(s): Ajayi Abiodun

The shared pain of a culture’s decline: A study of Femi Abodunrin’s ‘The Dancing Masquerade’

January 2020

Although in recent years Africans have, through their very rich indigenous performing traditions, began once again to re-affirm the functionality of their arts, yet not many people today have tried to relate these to questions of mass mobilization and conscientization. It is   believed that African art and particularly traditional African theatre, story-telling or art serve a social function with several...

Author(s): Ogungbemi Christopher Akinola  

Increasing participatory space in Zimbabwean local governance democracy

December 2019

The purpose of this paper is to unpack the extent to which citizen participation has been enhanced in local governance in Zimbabwe. The paper points out that citizen participation in local governance have proved to be of significance to all decision-making processes. Legislative provisions guiding citizen participation in local governance in Zimbabwe are prescribed in the Urban Councils’ Act of 1996 which seeks to...

Author(s): Jephias Mapuva  

Oyo-Ondo relations: A study in pristine inter-group relations in Nigeria

November 2019

The noticeable degree of Benin and Ife influence on Ondo has not obliterated the Oyo factor as a strong force in the history of Ondo, especially its traditions of origin. This paper focuses on Oyo-Ondo connections as a study in pristine inter-group relations. It argues that although Oyo is situated in the savanna region of Yorubaland, while Ondo is placed in the forest region, certain traits offer strong proof that Ondo...

Author(s): Adegboyega Ajayi and Ajishola Omojeje

Democratization and nation-building in Nigeria, from 1914 to 2004: An appraisal

July 2019

Nigeria came into being in 1914 following the British colonial authority's amalgamation of the Northern and Southern protectorates during which various ethnicities were living independently of each other. However, the activities leading up to the 1914 amalgamation predates this date. It would therefore not be out of place to say that the most enduring legacy of British colonialism is the geo-political entity known...

Author(s): David D. Yongo

Beneficiaries’ perceptions of the contributions of community development projects to peacebuilding process in South Sudan: A case of Terekeka State

April 2019

Despite the fact that a lot of research has been done about community development in relations to peacebuilding, there are a few studies available on the contribution of community development projects to peacebuilding process. The intention of this article is to start to fill the gap by investigating beneficiaries’ perceptions of the contribution of the community development projects to peacebuilding process in...

Author(s): Aleu Garang Aleu, Paul Bukuluki and Christine Mpyangu Mbabazi

Facing social-politcal challenges: A historical examination on the survival methods of the Nubi ethnic minority in Uganda

April 2019

Since the pacification of Uganda by the British Imperial Government in 1894, up to the time Nubians were recognized as an ethnic community in 1995, they continue to retain their indigenous ethnic identity, through professing Islam, speaking their traditional language (Ki-Nubi) and practicing their own traditional values, for example traditional dressings and foods. Nubians quest for survival as an ethnic group has been...

Author(s): Mahajubu A., Khanakwa P. and Musisi F.  

‘‘We Did Not Come as Mercenaries…!’: Linking the Origin, Ethnic Identity and Settlement of the Nubis in Uganda

March 2019

Focusing on the period 1894 to 1995 and drawing on both written and oral sources, this article explores the origin, ethnic identity and settlement of the Nubians since their advent in Uganda. Ugandan Nubians abandoned some aspects of their former African traditional customs and adopted new ones borrowed from the Arabic culture, constituting a unique and distinct ethnic group. Using a historical research design and...

Author(s): Abudul Mahajubu, Balunywa M. and Musisi F.  

The cultural factor in conflict management/resolution: A case study of the Acholi of Northern Uganda

February 2019

The research was purposed to explore the role of positive practices in culture(s) that support the resolution and management of conflicts. The government’s militaristic options achieved no meaningful results. Lack of peace eluded the 2006 Juba Peace negotiations. This necessitated exploration of alternative approaches to conflict resolution and peace building. The main thrust of this study was the exploration of...

Author(s): Catherine Jendia  

The predicaments of the“Grand narrative” of Ethiopian history:The challenges of post modernism

February 2019

The shadow of skepticism that post –modernist casted on the Meta narrative is so encompassing that it led to conspicuous cynicism on the objectivity of history as a scientific discipline. This article raises this issue by discussing and analyzing the arguments of Samir Yusuf; a post-modernist critique of Bahiru Zewdie’s A history of modern Ethiopia.  The research, using such analytical tools as...

Author(s): Dagmawie Tesfaye  

The unwritten historical perspectives of Akan spokespersons staffs

January 2019

The Akan of Ghana are one of the ‘richest’ ethnic groups in the country. They are known to be the first ethnic group that settled in Ghana, hence the reason for the name “kan (e)” which means ‘the first’. There are several subgroups that are classified under the eight main clans of the Akan and all of these subgroups are well known for their rich culture. Among the Akan culture the...

Author(s): Eric Appau Asante, Alice Korkor Ebeheakey, Kwame Opoku-Bonsu and John (Junior) Cornah

Revisiting the socio-economic implications of local-level political competition in Harena, Northern Ethiopia

December 2018

In Harena, Northern Ethiopia, local-level political competition for the post of metehadaderi (governor) had twofold impacts. On one hand, it played a role in ensuring the right of every person to participate in the political process, usually exercised by supporting one of the village contenders. On the other hand, it was a cause for social and economic conflict within the community. In other words, it brought winners...

Author(s): Abraha Weldu Haile-Mariam

Muslim settlement in a Christian environment in the city of Dolisie (Republic of Congo) from 1937 to 2007

December 2018

Dolisie is the third largest city of Congo, located at the enterance of the Mayombe forest. This city became an urban center when, in 1933, the colonial administrator Blanchet set Chemin de Fer Congo-Océan (CFCO) in the center for the construction and management of the country’s main railways. At that time, Protestant and Catholic missionaries had settled there for a longtime. But at the end of the CFCO...

Author(s): Martin Pariss Vounou and Célestin Désiré Niama  

Theorizing Namummaa: Oromo relational philosophy (Oromos’ Gift to the World)

November 2018

This article attempts to theorize the concept of namummaa, Oromo relational philosophy which is complex, dynamic and has values that are connected to behavior and character of a person. Namummaa is Oromo philosophy of humanness that claims what makes a person human being, not just human, is her or his potential to grow into good and mature vertical and horizontal relationships: relationship with community in which a...

Author(s): Wake Jeo Gerbi  

The use of the History of Science to improve the understanding of the thematic of reproduction: A study with students of secondary school

September 2018

The History of Biology teaching offers immense advantages in students’ success, this fact being supported by many authors. This study mainly aims to identify the knowledge of the sample students about the reproduction of living beings. A qualitative methodology and questionnaire were used to collect data. The sample consists of 18 students from a secondary school, in North Portugal. For comparison, the same...

Author(s): Francisco Silva, Andreia Carneiro-Carvalho and Isilda Rodrigues

The new Gojjame rule and the Oromo resistance in Abbay Choman, North East Wallaga, Oromiya, Ethiopia, 1850s-1882

June 2018

This paper deals with the new administration system under Gojjame rules and the Oromo people resistance to them in Abbay Choman, South of Abbay River from 1850 to 1882. The year 1850’s was a turning point in the history of the Oromo of Abbay Choman Oromo because it was a period when the system was transformed into a semi- monarchical administration. On the other hand, the year 1882 was the period when Horro Guduru...

Author(s): Gemechu Kenea

Marriage practices and gender role socialization among the Gumuz of Ethiopia

May 2018

The Gumuz are indigenous peoples in Northwest Ethiopia having their own unique cultural values and traditions among which marriage practices and gender role socialization are just two of them and this study aimed to explore these practices. The study was conducted in Dibate District, Benishangul Gumuz Region, using inductive qualitative ethnographic design. Participants were adolescent school girls, mothers, elderly...

Author(s): Wohabie Birhan and Teka Zewdie  

A discourse on the fundamental principles of character in an African moral philosophy

April 2018

This research attempts to throw light on the indigenous African moral philosophy from the yorùbá socio-cultural paradigm, espousing the adequacy of its authentic ontological and ethical principles towards sustainable development in the contemporary period. Indigenous African morality revolves around the notion of character and character traits which aim at analyzing actions and motive of a moral agent....

Author(s): Oyebade Oyewole and Azenabor Godwin 

Women empowerment through ‘Abegar’ in South Wollo: A critical ethnography

February 2018

It is the objective of this study to describe, explain and critically analyze the role of the traditional social practice of ‘Abegar’ to empower women in South Wollo, Ethiopia. Data were collected through participant observation, record of social events and in-depth interview. The study was conducted from April to June 2014 E.C. Five social events known as ‘Wodaja’ were recorded. The result of...

Author(s): Rukya Hassen

Global networking and the fate of family in Ethiopia

February 2018

Globalization is largely the gift of networking. In global networking, Information Technology is the leading actor which plays a role of catalyst. The process of globalization is intensifying as different parts of the world are increasingly linked with one another as a result of this global networking. This article claims that while global networking has brought the people of the world, who are spatially far away...

Author(s): Belayneh Girma

Assessing potentials and challenges of Haiq Estifanos Communal Monastery for cultural heritage tourism development

January 2018

The main purpose of this research is to assess the potential of Haiq Estifanos Communal Monastery to become tourist destination and to identify the major hindering factors of tourism development in the site. To attain this objective, the researcher employed qualitative research method. To assess the potential and challenges of the monastery for tourism development, primary and secondary data were collected. To collect...

Author(s): Zelalem Getnet 

Equines in military operations in Sudan in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries

January 2018

Equines (horses, mules and donkeys) have been used in warfare for thousands of years. In Sudan, they were used in the 18th and 19th centuries in inter-tribal fighting. Their principal use in the period under review, however, was in the Egyptian/British fight against the Mahdist forces between 1884 and 1898. At least seven regular British Army cavalry Regiments served in Sudan either as horse cavalry or as part of the...

Author(s): R. Trevor Wilson 

Reason of state in the philosophical works of Niccolo Machiavelli

December 2017

Every state has its own reason of survival whether it is democratic or undemocratic, constitutional or unconstitutional, tyrannical or republican. Thus, the concept of reason of state depends on the nature of the state. Reason of state in a democratic order is different from that of undemocratic state. This study gave more emphasis on the philosophical works of Niccolo Machiavelli. Based on his philosophical works, the...

Author(s): Tadie Degie Yigzaw  

Recalling the history of Sultan Mohammed Hanfare “Illalta”: Was he a democratic Sultan of Aussa in Afar, Ethiopia?

October 2017

Recalling past history is pertinent to constructively rewrite the history of the future. Thus, recalling the history of Aussa Sultans best examines and analyzes their leadership style and development endeavors. This study aims to analyze the democratic nature of Sultan Mohammed Hanfare “Illalta”, his political lifespan vis-à-vis the leadership styles of his predecessors and successors. After a...

Author(s): Berihun Kassa Hailu and Jemal Abebe Jemere

The Nigerian child in war and peace, 1960 to 2010

August 2017

Peace as the absence of both direct and indirect violence in Nigeria has eluded the Nigerian child. From the perspective of direct violence, the Nigerian child has not been spared the horrors of wars that have dotted Nigeria’s geographical space since independence. From the perspective of indirect violence, the Nigerian child has been thrown to the center stage of structural and cultural violence. This has...

Author(s): C. C. C. Osakwe and A. Lipede

Missionary education: An engine for modernization or a vehicle towards conversion?

July 2017

It is now 460 years since the arrival of the first Jesuits who came to implant Catholicism in Ethiopia. In order to promote their evangelical activities, these Catholic missionaries managed to open the first mission schools in the country. The Jesuits are, therefore, regarded as pioneers of missionary education in Ethiopia. Their missionary work was not, however, successful for the introduction of Catholicism resulted...

Author(s): Fantahun Ayele

The religious cycle in Sudan history: Case study on the Sudanese religious conflicts up to 1983

June 2017

This article aims to give an insight to the role of religion in Sudanese history through the centuries before the birth of Christ to the present time by discussing; (a) Impact of Ancient Egyptian religions. (b) Judaism and its influence on Sudanese social transformation. (c) Entry of Christianity and its role in dividing the Nubian society into three kingdoms between two denominations Catholic and Orthodox. (d) Entry of...

Author(s): Samuel, J.B.M., Catherine, J. and Paddy, M.

A note on Abebe Reta’s role in the Ethio-Swedish contacts

May 2017

Persons who are in one way or another had been involved in the Ethio-Swedish contacts, have not been well studied. The research behind the present study has purposes. First and foremost, it intends to trace personal files and memories with information significant to understand the Ethio-Swedish contacts, which could not be gotten from official archives. Secondly, to gain authentic sources which could not be obtain from...

Author(s): Abraha Weldu

Introduction of evangelical Christianity in Oromia: The five major expeditions

April 2017

This study tried to discuss the introduction of Evangelical Christianity in Oromia in five major expeditions attempts that foreign and local missionaries have made to reach the Oromo people with Gospel. To this end, the necessary information were collected from written documents related to the topic, and then chronologically ordered and narrated. As discussed in this article, the Western missionaries had given much...

Author(s): Wake Jeo Gerbi

Mahebär: Dynamics of a social self-help association

April 2017

The paper examines the dynamics of a socio-religious self-help association by looking at the celebration of Mahebär, a religious-oriented association, in Adi Ei’rä, Ethiopia. Mahebär is an indigenous socio-religious organization of individuals who pledge as members to treat one another as equals. It is dedicated to honor a particular sacred religious figure. Like Equb and Edir, Mahebär is by...

Author(s): Abraha Weldu

Change and continuity in the indigenous institution of Qoollee deejjoo ritual practice and its role in forest resource management among the Kafecho: The case of Gimbo Woreda

March 2017

This ethnographic article explores the changes and continuities of indigenous Qoollee Deejjoo ritual practice, and its role in forest resource management among Kafecho peoples. The Kafecho people, who live in Southwestern Ethiopia have enormous indigenous intangible ritual practices which have never been well investigated and recognized clearly. This study focuses on Qoollee deejjoo ritual practice in Gimbo woreda. The...

Author(s): Zegeye W/Mariam

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