International Journal of
Nursing and Midwifery

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Nurs. Midwifery
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2456
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJNM
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 192

IJNM Articles

Low birth weight knowledge among postnatal mothers in a resource restricted urban setting in Zimbabwe

April 2012

This study aimed to establish the knowledge of postnatal mothers about low birth weight (LBW) in a resource restricted urban setting. A non-experimental descriptive study was conducted using a systematic sampling method to select fifty mothers aged between 15 and 41 years with babies below five years born with LBW of below 2500 grams. The women were selected as they sought health care at Mabvuku Satellite Clinic in...

Author(s): Helen Vupenyu Gundani and Jesca Mutowo

Impacts of virulence factors of Streptococcus mutans isolates on the pathogenesis of acute vaginitis

March 2012

Streptococcus mutans, known to be an etiologic agent of dental caries, also causes infective endocarditis. Adherence of these bacteria results from the interaction of adhesions that form part of their structure with salivary components (or other body’s fluids), specifically those that compose the acquired pellicle. In the present study, acute vaginitis samples (vaginal swabs) were investigated from pregnant women...

Author(s): Mohammed Sh. Jebur

Awareness on HIV/AIDS and prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV/AIDS among stake holders and people living with HIV/AIDS in Dharan municipality, Sunsari, Nepal

March 2012

PMTCT (prevention of mother to child transmission) is a commonly used term for an intervention programme designed to reduce the risk of mother to child transmission of HIV. In 2008, there were more than 40 million people living with HIV/AIDS worldwide out of which, 2.5 million were children under 15 years old. Mother to child transmission is the largest source of HIV infections in Nepal. Out of the estimated 900,000...

Author(s): Nirmala Pokharel, Mangala Shrestha and Sami Lama

Breast self examination among female undergraduates in Enugu, Southeast, Nigeria.

January 2012

This study was a cross sectional descriptive survey that assessed the knowledge, attitude and practice of breast self examination (BSE) among university female nursing undergraduates. It also identified the factors that affected their practice of BSE. The total population of the female students (200) was used. The instrument used for data collection was the questionnaire and descriptive statistics were used to summarize...

Author(s): Okolie, Uchenna Virginia

Evaluation of the Mother-to-Infant relation and feeling scale: Interviews with first-time mothers’ for feelings and relation to their baby three days after birth

January 2012

Mothers’ perception of their relationship with their baby might affect sensitive parenting. This study aimed to explore first time mothers’ feelings for and their relation to the baby associated with how they responded to the “mother to infant relation and feelings (MIRF) scale” as a step in the validation process of the scale. Interviews with ten first-time mothers, three days after birth, were...

Author(s): Thorstensson, Stina , Hertfelt Wahn, Elisabeth , Ekström, Anette , and Langius-Eklöf, Ann ,

An appraisal of non-staff visitor involvement in bedside patient care in a specific hospital in the Midwest United States

November 2011

  A descriptive study was conducted to understand the prevalence of non-staff visitor presence in acute inpatient care settings. This paper also summarizes recent studies on the issues related to promoting efficient and effective care transitions and the recent movement of embracing family and non-family visitor involvement in patient care. This descriptive study was conducted in three inpatient care units of a...

Author(s): Huey-Ming Tzeng and Chang-Yi Yin M. A.

Evaluation of the fallopian tubes in infertile women by hysterosalpingography in Tikur Anbessa Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

November 2011

  Infertility is a common public health problem especially in sub-Saharan Africa. Hysterosalpingography (HSG) has for many years been employed in the evaluation of infertility for assessment of tubal patency and tubal or intrauterine lesions. The objective of this paper is to evaluate the structural abnormality of the fallopian tubes in infertile women with hysterosalpingography in Tikur Anbessa Hospital (TAH)....

Author(s): Daniel Admassie and Yewebdar Negatuy

The relationship between thrombophilia and intrauterine growth restriction

October 2011

  Approximately 0.7 to 2% of the general population have thrombophilia, but it is estimated that intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is due to thrombophilia in 35% of cases. Although the role of thrombophilia in IUGR is not completely known but its destructive effect on placental vasculature is the pathophysiologic cause of defect in transfer of oxygen for fetal growth. The aim of the present study was to...

Author(s): Fakhrolmolouk Yassaee, Parisa Taherzadeh and Ali Reza Abadi

Pre-screening counseling in cervical cancer prevention: Implications for nursing

October 2011

  Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer among women worldwide, with an estimated 529,409 new cases and 274,883 deaths in 2008, about 86% of the cases occur in developing countries, representing 13% of female cancers (IARC, GLOBOCAN, 2008). All sexually active women are at risk for the development of this disease and it is one of the leading causes of death for middle-aged women in the developing...

Author(s): Chizoma Millicent Ndikom and Bola Abosede Ofi

The effect of foot and hand massage on postoperative cardiac surgery pain

October 2011

  This study was conducted to determine the effects of foot and hand massage on postoperative pain and sedative drug use in cardiac surgery patients. One of the most important problems and complaint that have been experienced by patients who are influenced by surgery is the pain. Physiological responses to pain create harmful effects on the body recovery after cardiac surgery, and they routinely...

Author(s): Marziyeh Asadizaker, Alizaman Fathizadeh, Amanollah Haidari, Shahin Goharpai and Sedighe Fayzi

Task analysis: An evidence-based methodology for strengthening education and training of nurses and midwives in Liberia

September 2011

  Liberia suffers from high maternal, infant and child mortality. In response, the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare prioritized a basic package of health services in 2007. Ensuring health workers are competent to deliver these services is crucial for safe and effective health care. A task analysis survey of health workers was conducted to determine how often recently graduated health workers perform tasks...

Author(s): Annamma Udaya, Marion Subah, Mary Drake, Crystal Ng and Peter Johnson

The perceptions of visitors at acute care units in two private hospitals in Gauteng, South Africa regarding the image of nurses and nursing

September 2011

  The aim of this study was to determine and describe the perception that visitors to acute care units have, regarding the image of nurses and nursing and to make appropriate recommendations to raise the profile of nurses and to encourage more respect for the profession.  The public’s image of nurses is tarnished by newspaper reports on poor patient care. A questionnaire was used to collect data from...

Author(s): Alida van Tonder and Neltjie C. van Wyk

The nuclear patient “risk or no risk” guidelines for haemodialysis

September 2011

  Humans are all exposed to many different forms of radiation - radio waves, microwaves, ultraviolet, X-rays, etc. The form of radiation involved in Nuclear Medicine is called ionising radiation. This article will provide advice to haemodialysis staff that may have to carry out dialysis on patients who have received ionising radiation as part of a medical investigation. All patients who are referred to the...

Author(s): Frank Kelly, Aidan O’Connor, Michelle McQuaid, Michael Casey and Alan Watson

Patients’ perceptions of quality nursing care in a Chinese hospital

September 2011

  The purpose of this study is to explore patients’ perceptions of quality nursing care. Under the changing health care environment, more emphasis is placed on patient-cantered care. To meet patients’ needs and expectations, patients’ perceptions of quality nursing care must be given more concern 440 patients (purposive sample) in 18 inpatient nursing units in a China hospital were selected....

Author(s): Shi H. Zhao and Thitinut Akkadechanunt

Women living with obstetric fistula and nurses’ role in preventive measures

September 2011

  Obstetric fistula is a devastating and preventable tragedy that primarily affects young, poor women who lack the means to access quality maternal care. Women living with fistula are constantly wet from the leaking of urine and often experience genital ulceration, infections and a humiliating odor. About 20% of women with fistula also develop unilateral or bilateral foot drop that limits their day-to-day...

Author(s): Devkumari Shrestha Rai

An appraisal of non-staff visitor involvement in bedside patient care in a specific hospital in the Midwest United States

August 2011

  LA descriptive study was conducted to understand the prevalence of non-staff visitor presence in acute inpatient care settings. This paper also summarizes recent studies on the issues related to promoting efficient and effective care transitions and the recent movement of embracing family and non-family visitor involvement in patient care. This descriptive study was conducted in three inpatient care units of...

Author(s): Huey-Ming Tzeng and Chang-Yi Yin

The effect of working conditions on the family, daily and social lives of the nurses employed at Çukurova University, Balcali Hospital

August 2011

  This study is performed in order to specify the working conditions and the issues of the nurses working in Adana City of Turkey at Çukurova University Balcalı Hospital; and to examine the effects of these on their family, daily and social lives. This was a descriptive study applied by distributing the survey form on 15.02.2008 to 238 nurses, which was prepared by benefitting from the literature; and...

Author(s): Åženay ÇETÄ°NKAYA

Long term effects of professional breastfeeding support - An intervention

August 2011

  Professional support is important for women during pregnancy, but more research is needed to provide a better understanding of how this support affects the mother's experience of support and breast-feeding behavior the first days after birth and its relation to the duration of breastfeeding.  This study aims to evaluate the effects of a professional support during pregnancy in relation to...

Author(s): Anette Ekström, Kristin Guttke, Marika Lenz and Elisabeth Hertfelt Wahn

Helping patients in cataract peri- and post-surgery: A simple intervention addressing anxiety

July 2011

  The aim of this study is to propose patients a psycho educational intervention before, during and after a stay in a hospital to undergo a cataract surgery, in order to meet their doubts and fears. The objective is to find if by lowering the anxiety state, the suffering would be reduced and the quality in the rehabilitation process would be fostered (Hesbeen, 1996). The design chosen was a RCT (Randomised...

Author(s): Maria Luisa Ramos , Margarida Gaspar de Matos , Cátia Branquinho and Leonor Moniz Pereira

Mobility and quality of life in elderly and geriatric patients

July 2011

  Quality of life in older people is significantly influenced by their mobilization. Using the statistical comparison of observed groups we found out that the mobilization of elderlyand geriatric patients improves their quality of life. We used nonparametric Mann -Whitney test as ...

Author(s): Anna Hudakova and Anna Hornakova

Relationship between backache and psychological and psychosocial job factors among the nurses

July 2011

  Quality of life in older people is significantly influenced by their mobilization. Using the statistical comparison of observed groups we found out that the mobilization of elderlyand geriatric patients improves their quality of life. We used nonparametric Mann -Whitney test as ...

Author(s): Hamid Sharif Nia, Ali Akbar Haghdoost, Zahra Beheshti, Mohammad Ali Soleymani, Nasim Bahrami, Hamid Hojjati and Fatemeh Haji Hosseine

Investigating an autonomous system in nursing

June 2011

  The term E-nursing has been used to refer to the incorporation of ICT into nursing. Point-to-point connections using private networks are used by hospitals and clinics that deliver services directly or contract out specialty services to independent nursing service providers at ambulatory care sites. Radiology, mental health and even intensive care services are being provided under contract using Tele-nursing...

Author(s): Mohammad Reza Nami and Jila Saneipour

Experiences of expert midwives in a training program aimed at decreasing perineal tears

June 2011

  This descriptive study explored the roles and responsibilities of expert midwives involved in teaching staff from midwifery students to senior consultants/physicians. We have earlier conducted an intervention project, aimed at decreasing the number of anal sphincter tears. During this intervention a local core team of expert midwives was established. These experts continued the training of...

Author(s): Tiina Pirhonen RN, Mika Gissler, Tom Hartgill and Jouko Pirhonen

A randomized controlled trial comparing the physiological and directed pushing on the duration of the second stage of labor, the mode of delivery and Apgar score

May 2011

  In recent year, there has been an increased trend to the physiological approach to labor. Physiological (spontaneous) pushing in upright position is one of the practices that promote the normal physiological process. Effect of physiological pushing versus directed pushing on the duration of the second stage of labor, mode of birth and Apgar. A randomized controlled trial was completed on 191 women who gave...

Author(s): Freshteh Jahdi, Maryam Shahnazari, Maryam Kashanian, Mansoureh Ashghali Farahani and Hamid Haghani

The attitudes of women toward mode delivery after childbirth

May 2011

  The aim of this study was to determine the attitudes of the women toward mode of delivery during postpartum period. The descriptive study was conducted in 600 puerpera women at a private hospital in Istanbul, Turkey. We collected data with “attitudes toward mode of delivery” (ATMOD) form during face to face interview. The researchers prepared the ATMOD form according to the...

Author(s): Asli KarakuÅŸ and Nevin Hotun Sahin

Effect of treatment for labor pain: Verbal reports versus visual analogue scale scores - A prospective randomized study

April 2011

  Assessing pain in relation to childbirth is one of the midwife’s more important tasks. However, pain research shows that health care professionals often assess patients’ pain inaccurately. The Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) is one of the most used instruments for assessing pain and pain relief both in research and clinical practice. On the other hand, a patient’s verbal report is considered to...

Author(s): Lena Mårtensson and Ingrid Bergh

The psychometric assessment of the Nottingham health profile for menopausal women in Turkish society

April 2011

  The Nottingham health profile (NHP) is a measurement of 38 items that was designed for measuring quality of life. The present study was conducted in order to determine evaluation of validity and reliability of the NHP for menopausal women. Ninety one (91) women who were menopausal were included in the sample of the study. The comparison of total scores of NHP and the (Medical Outcomes Study) MOS 36...

Author(s): Mürüvvet BaÅŸer, Lale TaÅŸkın and Bahar Güçiz DoÄŸan

Maternal satisfaction with care during labour: A case study of the Mampong-Ashanti district hospital maternity unit in Ghana

March 2011

  This study was conducted to assess the care and satisfaction of expectant mothers during labour, birth and lying-in period in Ghana. Purposive sampling was employed to recruit participants, based on the needs of the study and on predetermined variables. Participants were second or third time mothers, who were admitted in the first stage of labour with a cervical dilatation of not more than 5 cm. They were...

Author(s): Dzomeku, M. V.

Cultural competence outcomes assessment: A strategy and model

March 2011

  The nursing profession has acknowledged its responsibility to prepare all practitioners to provide culturally respectful care to diverse patient populations. A culturally competent academic and clinical teaching milieu is a strategy for shaping clinical nursing expertise. It is a vital link between theory and practice. This article presents a replicable model of the process in which one U.S. University School...

Author(s): Lori A. Escallier, Judith T. Fullerton and Barbara Ann M. Messina

Irish staff nurses perceptions of clinical incident reporting

February 2011

  Clinical incident reporting identifies actual and potential risks to patient safety and then eliminates those risks through a system of procedural changes, policy enactment or changes in staff education. This constitutes the first study to explore perceptions of registered nursing staff towards efficacy of clinical incident reporting in Ireland since the launch of the national “STARSweb”...

Author(s): Elizabeth Fitzgerald, Desmond Cawley and Neil J. Rowan

First time stroke survivors' perceptions of their health status and their goals for recovery

February 2011

  Stroke is an intensely individual, complex and life changing experience. Stroke recovery has many dimensions, and perceptions of health status are thought to affect recovery. The purpose of this qualitative study was to describe patients' perceptions of their health status and their goals for recovery from early post stroke. Following ethical approval, semi structured interviews were conducted with...

Author(s):   Irene Hartigan, Elizabeth O’Connell Geraldine McCarthy and Denis O&#;Mahony

Assessing the effects of industrial unrest on Ghana health service: A case study of nurses at Korle-Bu teaching hospital

January 2011

  This paper assessed the effects of industrial unrest from the perspectives of a cross-section of fifty nurses and patients at the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital (KBTH), Accra, Ghana in West Africa, spanning the period of 2004 to 2008. The deductive study was based on descriptive analyses of statistical data gathered from the data subjects, who were randomly selected. The study revealed that strikes by the nurses...

Author(s): Gerald Dapaah Gyamfi

Helpless patients’ satisfaction with quality of nursing care in Federal tertiary hospitals, Enugu, Southeast, Nigeria

January 2011

  The satisfaction of patients with the care they receive from healthcare providers has become one of the most important approaches to the measurement of the quality of care in recent times as against the predominantly clinical and administrative approaches. This is because patients’ satisfaction could serve as index for compliance and non-compliance with care regimen. The study was to determine helpless...

Author(s): Ehiemere Ijeoma O., Nwaneri Ada, Iheanacho Peace and Akpati V.

Beliefs of patients about the causes of Tuberculosis in rural Andhra Pradesh

October 2010

  This paper explores the beliefs concerning cause of tuberculosis (TB) in Nalgonda district, Andhra Pradesh (A.P.). Health care professionals primarily attribute TB causation to germs such as bacteria. However, patients with TB described the causation of their disease in multiple ways that differ significantly from that of health professionals. Results indicate that causation beliefs held by TB patients can be...

Author(s): Bojja Venkatraju and Sheela Prasad

The effects of pre-pregnancy body mass index and gestational weight gain on neonatal birth weight in Taiwan

October 2010

  The aim of this retrospective study was to explore the effects of pre-pregnancy body mass index and gestational weight gain on neonatal birth weight in Taiwan.Study subjects included two hundred and sixty three women who delivered their babies at two local hospitals in southern Taiwan. Initial data included maternity records on age, parity, socio-economic status, body mass index (BMI), pregnancy weight...

Author(s): Mei-Yueh Chang, Chun-Hua Kuo and Kuei-Feng Chiang, MPH, RN

Influence of nurses' characteristics and education on their attitudes towards death and dying: A review of literature

June 2010

  Nurses working in cancer centers deal frequently with the phenomenon of death and dying during the daily care of patients. Their demographic and experiential characteristics and previous educational background can shape their attitudes toward care for dying patients. To review relevant literature related to nursing care at the end of life and nurses’ attitudes towards death and dying, a literature...

Author(s): Khaled Abdallah Khader, Samiha Suhail Jarrah and Jafar Alasad

A comparison of low-risk women’s birth outcomes and experiences in different sized midwifery practices in The Netherlands

June 2010

  To examine maternal birth outcomes and birth experiences of low-risk women in the Netherlands in different sized midwifery practices. Descriptive study was using postal questionnaires six weeks after the estimated due date. Women were recruited from urban, semi-rural and rural areas from small-sized practices (1-2 midwives), medium-sized practices (3-4 midwives) or large-sized practices (5 or more). 718 Dutch...

Author(s): Yvonne Fontein

Adult sickle cell diseased patients’ knowledge and attitude toward the preventive measures of sickle cell disease crisis

November 2009

  Sickle cell crisis is preventable most of the times. However, in Bahrain sickling crisis is the most complained and cause of hospital admission. No data is available regarding the extent of knowledge and attitudes towards the sickling crisis’s preventive measures the adult Bahraini sickle cell patients have. The purpose of this paper is to explore the extent of knowledge and attitude of Bahraini adult...

Author(s):   Dihya Ebrahim Jaffer, Fatima Khairallh Amrallah, Khadija Mohammed Ali, Nafeesa Abdulla Mohammed, Ridha Abdulla Hasan and Zainab Mahdi Humood  

Relationship between levels of burnout of midwives who work in Sivas, Turkey province center and identified socio-demographic characteristics

November 2009

  This study was conducted for the purpose of investigating the relationship between some burnout-related socio-demographic and professional variables and level of burnout of midwives working as health care workers. Burnout is a prolonged response to chronic emotional and interpersonal stressors on the job and is defined by the three dimensions of exhaustion, cynicism and inefficacy. It a special...

Author(s): Ozgur Alparslan⊃ and Gulbahtiyar Doganer

Exciting times in nursing practice

July 2009

Author(s):   Alleene Ferguson Pingenot, RN, PhD       

Perceived positive effects of illness following acute myocardial infarction

July 2009

  Myocardial infarction (MI) is a traumatic health event in most patients' lives and their families. Posttraumatic responses to life-threatening events are not necessarily negative rather they may result in positive changes. The negative psychological reactions following myocardial infarction are well documented; however, little attention was paid to the positive effects of the illness. The aim of this...

Author(s): Parkhideh Hassani, Ardeshir Afrasiabifar, Masoude Fallahi Khoshknab and Farideh Yaqhmaei

750 cases of home delivery and its outcomes in Koohdasht-Iran

July 2009

  In 1986, World Health Organization (WHO) suggested the home as a suitable place for delivery process of pregnant women. Home delivery (HD) has been considered less or not at all in developing countries. Based on official reports the rate of HD in Iran 2000 was 5.2% for urban areas. This study reports the reasons and outcomes of HD in 750 pregnant women of Koohdasht-Iran. All the women who resided in Koohdasht...

Author(s): Abbasi Marani Fatemeh, Safari Saeed,  and Forogirad Parveen

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