Journal of
Economics and International Finance

  • Abbreviation: J. Econ. Int. Finance
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9812
  • DOI: 10.5897/JEIF
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 350

JEIF Articles

Official intervention in the foreign exchange market in Malawi: Evidence from GARCH and equilibrium exchange rate methods

July 2011

This paper analyses the effectiveness of foreign exchange market interventions by the Reserve Bank of Malawi (RBM). The study uses a GARCH (1,1) model to simultaneously estimate the effect of intervention on the mean and volatility of the Malawi Kwacha. The study also run an equilibrium exchange rate model and uses the equilibrium exchange rate criterion to compare results with those from GARCH model. Results from...

Author(s): Kisu Simwaka

The impact of insurance contributions on economic growth in Nigeria

July 2011

  In the last decade, most studies on the interaction between the financial sector and economic growth has focused mainly on the banks and the stock market. Recently, growing attention has shifted to the interaction between the non-bank financial intermediaries (NBFIs) such as the insurance companies and economic growth. In this study, we examined the impact of insurance contributions on economic growth in...

Author(s): Mojekwu, J. N, Agwuegbo, S. O. N and Olowokudejo, F. F.

Information technology and customer relationship management (CRM) in some selected insurance firms in Nigeria

July 2011

  In this study, we explore the question of how IT could enhance firm performance in the areas of customer’s service and organization’s profitability in the Nigerian insurance industry. To draw our sample size of 90, 30 insurance companies were randomly selected from the 49-member insurance umbrella body, the Nigerian Insurers Association. Each company received 3 copies of the questionnaire meant...

Author(s): B. E. A. Oghojafor, S. A. Aduloju and F. F. Olowokudejo

Political crises and risk of financial contagion in developing countries: Evidence from Africa

July 2011

The recent waves of political crises in Africa and the Middle East have inspired the debate over how political instability could pose a risk of financial contagion to emerging countries. With retrospect to the Kenyan political crisis, our findings suggest stock markets in Lebanon, Mauritius were contaminated while Nigeria experienced a positive spillover. Our results have two major implications. Firstly, we have...

Author(s): Simplice A. Asongu

Transmission of returns between the U.S. stock market and four other major international stock market indexes

July 2011

  This paper explored the transmission of returns between the U.S. stock market and four international (Canada, Japan, France, U.K.) stock market indexes from January 1996 to December 2006, using a nonlinear model which focused on threshold effects. The nonlinear, MARS (multivariate adaptive regression spline) model was applied to study this relationship at the general as well as industry specific levels. The...

Author(s): Eun S. Ahn and Franklin T. Kudo

Reforms and terms of trade volatility in an agriculture dependent economy

June 2011

  The issue of food crisis and agricultural price volatility were of critical importance in times of globalization. The present paper examined the potential benefits of trade in agricultural products and analyses the macroeconomic implications of commodity price volatility in the context of agricultural trade liberalization. The reference frame was an emerging market economy with a strong presence of...

Author(s): Jonaki Sengupta, Ranjanendra Narayan Nag and Bhaskar Goswami

Declining use of univariate analysis in managerial decisions (causes, resorts and effects on corporate governance)

June 2011

  This paper examines the diminishing use of univariate analysis in investment and other managerial decisions in Nigeria. It aims at determining the extent new generation managers use financial ratios for corporate decisions, reasons for declining use of ratios, understand the current resorts and effects of these diminishing use on corporate well-being over the last five years. Twenty corporate bodies were...

Author(s): Angus O. Unegbu, James J. Adefila and Abdullah A. Malgwi

Financial development and economic growth in Cameroon, 1970-2005

June 2011

  In this work we investigated the relationship between financial development and economic growth in Cameroon using time series data for the period 1970-2005. Using the Johansen method of cointegration analysis and various measures of financial development, we find that financial development has a positive effect on economic growth in the long run through efficient collection and allocation of financial...

Author(s): Tabi Atemnkeng Johannes, Aloysius Mom Njong and Neba Cletus

Hypothetical impacts of Mercoeuro on the Brazilian sugar exports

June 2011

  This study suggests a hypothetical formation of a free trade area between Mercosur and the European Union (EU) with the intention of studying the trade between Brazil and European Union in relation to sugar. Sugar is an important product for the human consumption and Brazil has a great potential for the production and export of the product, due to the abundance of natural and human resources. The question of...

Author(s): Maria Virginia de Andrade and Márcia Batista da Fonsêca,

A model for a sustainable energy supply strategy for the social-economic development of Togo

June 2011

  Sustainable energy supply is necessary for the economic development of a country. Over 80% of the populations of African countries lack an access to sufficient and sustainable energy. Moreover, 3.5 billion people are without electricity, hence a significant number depends on biomass fuels such as charcoal, wood, dung and crop residues for lighting and cooking. This high dependency on fuelwood and lack of...

Author(s): Kossi Ayenagbo, Josphert Ngui Kimatu and Wang Rongcheng

Training, manpower development and job performance: Perception and relevance among civil servants in Ebonyi State, Nigeria

June 2011

  The paper examined perception and relevance of influence of training and manpower development on employee performance, using civil servants in Ebonyi State, Nigeria as reference. A pre-coded questionnaire was administered on 300 civil servants stratified into three categories: GL 04-06; GL 07-12 and GL 13+. The purpose was to ensure equitable representation of civil servants in the study area and to elicit...

Author(s): Chukwunenye Iheanacho Okereke and Igboke, Beatrice Nnenna

Fiscal policy: Its impact on economic growth in Nigeria 1970 to 2006

June 2011

  This study involves comparative analysis of the impact of fiscal policy on economic growth in Nigeria during regulation and deregulation periods. Econometric analysis of time series data from Central Bank of Nigeria was conducted. Results obtained showed that there is a difference in the effectiveness of fiscal policy in stimulating economic growth during and after regulation periods. The impact was...

Author(s): Ogbole F. Ogbole, Sonny N. Amadi and Isaac D. Essi

Validation Panzar-Rosse Model in determining the structural characteristics of Tunisian banking industry

May 2011

  This paper investigates the market structure of banking industry in Tunisia and evaluates the degree of competition. The current analysis employs a widely used non-structural methodology put forward by Panzar and Rosse (1987), the so-called H-statistic, and draws upon a comprehensive panel dataset of Tunisian banks covering the period 1999 to 2008. The estimated H statistics for the whole sample periods are...

Author(s): Raoudha Abbes Hamza

The long run effects of monetization on the Nigerian economy

May 2011

  This article uses a dynamic, dual-economy general equilibrium model that is adapted and modified to suit Nigeria’s situation to analyze the long-run effect of monetization policy on the Nigerian economy.  The model provides a complete analysis of how output equation using Generalized Moments Method (GMM) variations affect aggregate consumption expenditure, investment, capital stock, labor, job cuts...

Author(s): Abdulrasaki Saka

Training and utilization of staff and job performance in post primary education board, in North Senatorial District of Delta State, Nigeria

May 2011

  This is an empirical study which examined the relevance of training and utilization of staff for job performance in Post Primary Education Board, in North Senatorial District of Delta State, Nigeria. To guide this study, three null hypotheses were formulated. The design of the study was survey. The sample of the study was 20 (13.24%) schools / offices and 200 (3.5%) staff, drawn from 5,734 staff of Post...

Author(s): E. D. Nakpodia

The nature of inflation in Malawi up to the early 2000s

May 2011

  This paper examines the possible sources of inflation in Malawi’s economy since 1970s. Using vector autoregressive models of order two in changes of the variables, impulse response functions as well as error variance decomposition analysis, this study has established that changes in money supply, exchange rates, past values of inflation, recessions and booms were the main determinants of inflation....

Author(s): Greenwell C. Matchaya

Modelling daily value-at-risk using realized volatility, non-linear support vector machine and ARCH type models

May 2011

  The aim of this paper is to compare the performance of the daily nonlinear support vector machines, the new semi-parametric tool for regression estimation, heterogeneous autoregressive (SVM-HAR)-ARCH type models based on the daily realized volatility (which uses intraday returns) with the performance of the classical HAR-ARCH type models by using different innovation distribution when the one-day ahead...

Author(s): Md. Ashraful Islam Khan

External debt and economic growth in Iran

May 2011

  In this paper, balance relation and the long term of five variables (gross domestic product, private investment, public investment, external debt and imports) and also their influences on each other in Iran for the period of 1974 to 2007, were analyzed. As such, the vector autoregressive model (var) was used. First, stability of variables by the use of dickey-fuller test was examined, after which analysis of...

Author(s): Mehdi Safdari and Masoud Abouie  Mehrizi

ARIMA (autoregressive integrated moving average) approach to predicting inflation in Ghana

May 2011

  Inflation is defined as an increase in the general price level of goods and services within a period of time. For any economic agent to formulate a policy, it must take into consideration inflation and the aim of this study is to use autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) model to predict inflation in Ghana. In order to fulfil this objective, monthly inflation figures were collected from Ghana...

Author(s): Samuel Erasmus Alnaa and Ferdinand Ahiakpor

Dynamics of short selling: An empirical investigation

April 2011

  We examine short selling activities on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) from July to October 2007, a period during which the uptick rule was permanently removed by theSecurities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Short sellers have a tendency to increase their trading following negative market returns and positive individual stock returns. Short sellers target stocks with positive returns and...

Author(s): Kevin M. Zhao and Ghassem A. Homaifar

Recognition of good prediction of gold price between MLFF and GMDH neural network

April 2011

  Studies show neural networks have better results in predicting of financial time series in comparison to any linear or non-linear functional form to model the price movement. Neural networks have the advantage of simulating the non-linear models when little a priori knowledge of the structure of problem domains exist or the number of immeasurable input variables are great and system has a chaotic...

Author(s): Vida Varahrami

Technical efficiency of maize production in Oyo state

April 2011

  Using a cross sectional data obtained through a multistage sampling technique this study estimates the technical efficiency of maize producing-farmers in Oyo State, Nigeria and further examined the factors that determines the differential in efficiency index. A multistage sampling technique was used to select 120 maize farmers in the study area. Data were collected and subjected to inferential statistics;...

Author(s): Oyewo, Isaac. O

Macroeconomic factors and stock returns: Evidence from Taiwan

April 2011

  Increasing attention is being paid to the relationship between share prices and the macroeconomic variables by both economists and finance specialists. In the present-day scenario, where there is an increasing integration of the financial markets and implementation of various stock market reforms, the activities in the stock markets and their relationships with the macro economy have assumed significant...

Author(s): Tarika Singh, Seema Mehta and M. S. Varsha

Causality analysis among electricity consumption, consumer expenditure, gross domestic product (GDP) and foreign direct investment (FDI): Case study of Malaysia

April 2011

  The current paper attempts to examine the causal relationship between electricity consumption (EC), consumer price index (CPI), gross domestic product (GDP) and foreign direct investment (FDI). Time series data were used for these variables for 1971 to 2009 period. The vector error correction model (VECM) was employed to estimate the causal relationship between electricity consumption with respective...

Author(s): Hussain Ali Bekhet and Nor Salwati bt Othman

Analysis of fiscal deficits and interest rates in Nigeria

April 2011

  This study investigates the effect of fiscal deficits on nominal interest rate in Nigeria. Cointegration techniques and structural analysis were adopted for the study. Empirical evidence emerges that the coefficient of fiscal deficit variable is positive and statistically significant. This indicates that the elasticity of fiscal deficit with respect to income is 0.114, an indication that large deficit causes...

Author(s): Vincent N. Ezeabasili and Joseph N. Mojekwu

An integrated analytic hierarchy process- linear programming (AHP-LP) model for capital budgeting

April 2011

  Capital budgeting is the planning process used to determine the best long-term investment options for an organization. Usually, projects compete for limited available capital and hence the problem is to find the best way of prioritizing the projects in accordance with the organization objectives and then allocating available capital in an optimal manner that will maximize profit. The commonly used methods are...

Author(s): Joseph, Innocent Gandpa, Oyatoye Emmanuel Olateju and Ike Ehie

The transportation and marketing implications of sand and gravel and its environmental impact in Lome-Togo

March 2011

  Proper infrastructure is a crucial factor for the socio-economic development of a country. Suburbs of Agouényivé, Adidogomé, and Banguida in Lome once sparsely populated, are now experiencing large influx of people causing environmental problems. Throughout Togo, sand and gravel is widely exploited as aggregate for construction. If river mining of sand is not carefully controlled it can...

Author(s): Kossi Ayenagbo, Josphert Ngui Kimatu, James Gondwe and Wang Rongcheng

An analysis of real estate consumers’ perception of service quality in estate agency practice in Lagos metropolis, Nigeria

March 2011

  The role of real estate consumers in estate agency practice cannot be over-emphasized. They are involved in service production and affect the overall service delivery. This study provides an analysis of the real estate consumers’ perception of service quality in Lagos metropolis, Nigeria for the purpose of creating better consumers’ satisfaction and improving service quality in the real estate...

Author(s): Araloyin, F. M. and Olatoye O.

Trade openness, foreign aid and economic growth in post-liberalisation Ghana: An application of ARDL bounds test

March 2011

  The extent to which trade openness and foreign aid impacts on economic growth, has for years been an issue of global debate. Being one of the forerunners to adopt liberalisation policies in sub-Saharan Africa, Ghana’s post-liberalisation economic growth performance has received commendations from international institutions. This has increased government commitment in recent years to open the economy to...

Author(s): Daniel Sakyi

Integrative funding and effective implementation of Universal basic education programme in Central Senatorial District of Delta State, Nigeria

March 2011

  This paper was an empirical study on the integrative funding of universal basic education (UBE) and effective implementation in Central Senatorial District of Delta State, Nigeria. The researcher adopted a descriptive survey design. Three research questions were posed. The study involved a population of 733 Principals and 1103 Head teachers in the public primary schools and junior secondary schools in the...

Author(s): E. D. Nakpodia

The industrial challenges for African countries in the era of globalization and information and communication technology

March 2011

  The African economic development forums of the year 2009 marked opportunities for African leaders to unite in meeting the challenges of globalization and the emerging information economy. This advent coupled with the exponentially rapid spread of information and communication technology (ICT) is deeply affecting the social, political, economic and cultural spheres in most African countries. Furthermore,...

Author(s): Kossi Ayenagbo⊃, Josphert Ngui Kimatu⊃, Zhang Jing⊃, Cowell Evadne and Wang Rongcheng

An empirical analysis of remittances-growth nexus in Pakistan using bounds testing approach

March 2011

  This paper empirically examines the impact of remittances, exports, money supply (a broad measure for financial development) on economic growth in the context of Pakistan using bounds testing approach. Data set from 1976-2009 have been used for time series analysis. The result shows that remittances inflow and the lag effect of real output () are significant in short run and long run. Remittances have a...

Author(s): Junaid Ahmed, Khalid Zaman and Iqtidar Ali Shah

Analysis of risk among agribusiness enterprises investment in Abia State, Nigeria

March 2011

  The study analysed risk among agribusiness enterprises investment in Abia State of Nigeria. Specifically, it examined types of risk and the degree of influence on the agribusiness enterprises. The study also examined common risk reducing strategies among the agribusiness enterprises in the area. Primary data collected from 40 formal agribusiness firms were used in the study. The data were analysed with...

Author(s): Nto P. O. O., Mbanasor J. A. and Nwaru J. C.

A survey on the requirements of applying the framework of inflation targeting in Iran's economy

February 2011

  Harmful impacts of high chronic inflation on economy have always required the governors and monetary officials of countries to eliminate the problem and its negative economic consequences. Different methods and monetary systems have been applied to serve the purpose, namely various kinds of exchange rate targeting and monetary variables improvement rate targeting. Studies have shown that in order for...

Author(s): Elham Mohamadi

An evaluation of exchange rate models by carry trade

February 2011

We evaluate the effectiveness of economic fundamentals in enhancing profit of carry trades. We simulate carry trades in Japanese yen and Swiss franc against six target currencies based on forecasts of exchange rate models of economic fundamentals. The performance results are compared against those of the benchmark random walk and AR (1) models. We find that carry trades perform better in risk-adjusted returns and...

Author(s): Ming Li

Doing business with China: Is China keeping its legal WTO obligations?

February 2011

  Is China keeping its legal world trade organization (WTO) obligations?  On December 11, 2001, China became the 143rd member of the WTO after 15 years of negotiations. The accession package approved in Qatar for the People's Republic of China includes commitments on transparency and predictability, tariffs, trading rights and distributions, service agreements, TRIPS, import licensing importation and...

Author(s): Isola Oluwabusuyi

Nature and association of public and private investment: Public policy implications for South Africa

February 2011

  South Africa has a low investment-to-GDP ratio compared to other developing countries. The share of government investment in the total investment has also been declining. In this context, the paper uses quarterly data from 1960 to 2005 to analyse the nature and relationship between public and private investment in South Africa. The findings of the study have strong policy implications and indicate that...

Author(s): Umakrishnan Kollamparambil and Michael Nicolaou

The Pension Reform Act (PRA) 2004 and retirement planning in Nigeria

February 2011

  The surest way most old people who have retired from active service solve their financial and other problems in Nigeria is mostly through their pension packets. It is however sadly observed that these monies are usually unreachable to them as at when due because of the manner in which government and other employers handle pension issues. Because of this, some persons who are due for retirement manipulate and...

Author(s): Nyong B. C. and Duze C. O.

On multicollinearity in nonlinear econometric models with mis-specified error terms in large samples.

February 2011

  The Cobb-Douglas model is a common occurrence in econometrics and other areas of research. Earlier results show that the consequence is more serious when a multiplicative error plagued data set is fitted with an additive error based model than vice-versa. In this study, involving large samples, we investigate the impact of multicollinearity in nonlinear econometric models with mis-specified error terms. .As...

Author(s): Isaac D.  Essi, E. C. Chukuigwe and Nathaniel A. Ojekudo

Does the Zimbabwean exchange rate follow a random walk: January 2000 -December 2008?

February 2011

  The Purchasing Power Parity [PPP] theory says the price of internationally traded goods should roughly be the same anywhere in the world once the price is expressed in a common price. The question however is that does this theory hold in an economy that has experienced long period of high inflation. In this study, monthly data from January 2000 to December 2008 was used. Unit root tests were applied to the...

Author(s): Garikai Makuyana, Simon Munongo and James Zivanomoyo

Behavioral governance, accounting and corporate governance quality

January 2011

  The article explores the concepts of behavioral governance and behavioral accountability both of which look at the quality of the behavior of organization members, especially directors, as the foundation for sound corporate achievement. This author posits that the effectiveness of governance in general and corporate governance in particular is dependent on the behavioral effectiveness of those who govern and...

Author(s): Ronald Chibuike Iwu-Egwuonwu

Estimating the impacts of global system for mobile telecommunication (gsm) on income, employment and transaction cost in Nigeria

January 2011

  This study investigated the impact the Global System for Mobile Telecommunication (GSM) has made on the provision of employment opportunities; income of the masses and transaction cost of various economic activities of the masses. Linear regression analytical techniques were used for data analysis. The study made use of primary data obtained from 1,000 respondents’ from 20 selected communities in Ilorin...

Author(s): Bakare A. S. and Gold Kafilah ‘Lola

Has education (human capital) contributed to the economic growth of Nigeria?

January 2011

  Education, generally believed, contributes to the growth of an economy through acquisition of training and skills. For over 160 years, Nigeria had embarked on implementation of education policies affecting primary school, secondary school and tertiary institutions. This study used an econometric model to examine the contributions of primary education, secondary education and tertiary education to economic...

Author(s): M. A. Adawo

The impact of fiscal policies on consumers’ spending

January 2011

  The economic impasse experienced in the UK is being counteracted by aggressive fiscal policies geared toward encouraging spending on consumables. Using the retail price index and data obtained from the Office of National Statistics, this paper assessed the effectiveness of the government’s fiscal measures to stabilize the economy through spending. The article developed a consumer spending model (CSM)...

Author(s): Matthias Nnadi

Economic innovation challenges of financial and tax auditing

December 2010

  This paper is concerned with the economic innovation challenges of financial and tax auditing. Current economic conditions provide particular challenges for the Thai government to establish new practices towards auditing profession advancement. The ‘Federation of Accounting Profession and the Revenue Department’ both claim to promote and protect the public interest. The tax auditing is the...

Author(s): Jarunee Wonglimpiyarat

Agricultural trade liberalization and food security in Nigeria

December 2010

  It is a fact that the unilateral trade liberalization of 1986 did not produce any sustainable impact on the development of agriculture in Nigeria. It is however, not clear whether the Uruguay Round Agreements on Agriculture (URAA) and the optimism of the Doha Round and its Agenda (DRA) has done any better. Even then Nigeria’s external trade has been conducted within the framework of neutrality or open...

Author(s): Usman Abdullateef and Abdulgafar T. Ijaiya

Cost-push shocks and inflation: An empirical analysis from the economy of Pakistan

December 2010

  The present study was designed to examine the validity of cost-push and monetary diagnosis of inflation through empirical analysis. The empirical analysis had been conducted by using the technique of ordinary least square using annual data for the periods from 1971 to 1972 and 2006 to 2007. Before applying OLS, the stationarity of the data was checked by augmented Dickey Fuller (ADF) test. Regression analysis...

Author(s): Zahoor Hussain Javed, Muhammad Farooq and Shama Akram

Staff welfare and productivity in Patani local government council, Delta State Nigeria

December 2010

  The paper examined staff welfare and organization’s productivity, using Patani Local Government Council in Delta State, Nigeria as a reference. The methodology was primarily qualitative and involved use of In-Depth Interviews (IDIs) and Focus Group Discussion (FGDs) to secure information from employees at the Council. Motivational models and conflict theory of Dahrendorf were used as the theoretical...

Author(s): Chukwunenye Iheanacho Okereke and Amgbare Daniel

An application of analytic hierarchy process (AHP) to investment portfolio selection in the banking sector of the Nigerian capital market

December 2010

  The importance of investment to the individual, a nation and the world economy cannot be over emphasized. Investment involves the sacrifice of immediate consumption to achieve greater consumption in the future. The Nigerian banking sector has made tremendous success in the recent past. All the banks that approached the capital market through public offers and right issues to raise their capital base recorded...

Author(s): E. O. Oyatoye, G. U. Okpokpo and G. A. Adekoya

Exchange rate volatility, stock price fluctuations and the lending behaviour of banks in Nigeria

November 2010

  Following the recent global economic crisis, so many macroeconomic maladjustments have unfolded in the Nigerian economy. First, the naira exchange rate depreciated sharply and became more volatile than any other time in nearly a decade; the stock market indices have dived very south relative to their previous year's levels and banks, because of their exposure to foreign credit lines, the stock market by...

Author(s): Mbutor O. Mbutor

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