Journal of
Entomology and Nematology

  • Abbreviation: J. Entomol. Nematol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9855
  • DOI: 10.5897/JEN
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 130

JEN Articles

Bio-efficacy of synthetic chemicals, botanicals and microbial derivatives against scale insect Coccus hesperidum Linn. in arecanut

September 2011

  Ignorance of plant protection in areca palms at early stages can cause considerable loss from the sucking pests, particularly, Coccus hesperidum Linn. (Hemiptera: Coccidae) during unfavorable weather conditions. In order to overcome this, replicated field trials at five different locations were conducted during 2008/2009 and 2009/2010. Synthetic chemicals (chlorpyriphos 20 EC at 2.5 ml/l, endosulfan...

Author(s): B. K. Shivanna, S. Gayathridevi, R. Krishna Naik, B. Gangadhara Naik, H. Shruthi and R. Nagaraja

Quantitative survey of stored products mites infesting wheat flour in Jeddah Governorate

August 2011

  In this study, a faunistic survey of mites was conducted in different product stores such as bakeries, warehouses, mills, department stores and houses during a nine month study period (October 2009 to June 2010), in Jeddah governorate. The survey was carried out on wheat flour as different samples 150 gm each were collected monthly from three regions; North, Middle and South. The results of the current study...

Author(s): Abir Sulaiman Al-Nasser

Botanicals for the management of insect pests in organic vegetable production

August 2011

  This study was conducted to evaluate the efficacies of some botanical products on insect populations associated with two vegetables; Eggplant and Okra. Two field experiments were conducted on-station at the CSIR-Crops Research Institute, Kwadaso, Kumasi, and on-farm at Eatwell farm at Agona-Mampong all in the Ashanti region of Ghana from December 2009 to March 2010 and September to December 2010,...

Author(s): Mochiah M. B., Banful B., Fening K. N., Amoabeng B. W., Offei Bonsu K.,Ekyem S., Braimah H. and Owusu-Akyaw M.

Pathogenicity of the entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae to the red-legged tick, Rhipicephalus evertsi evertsi

July 2011

  Rhipicephalus evertsi evertsi is an economically-important tick of livestock in Africa mainly due to its ability to transmit Babesia equi to horses, Anaplasma marginale to cattle and to cause paralysis in lambs, adult sheep and calves. This study investigated the pathogenicity and hence the bio-control potential of Metarhizium anisopliae to eggs and all other off-host stages...

Author(s):   Marius Hedimbi, Godwin P. Kaaya, G.P, Michael Samish, M, Galina Gindin and Itamar Glazer

Pseudomonas fluorescens as an efficient entomopathogen against Oligonychus coffeae Nietner (Acari: Tetranychidae) infesting tea

July 2011

  The biocontrol efficacy of the bacterium, Pseudomonas fluorescens was evaluated against the red spider mite (RSM), Oligonychus coffeae in laboratory. Both bacterial suspension and extra cellular filtrate of 24, 48 and 72 h old were sprayed to test the efficacy of bacterium against adult mites. The mortality due to P. fluorescens increased as the age and percentage of culture...

Author(s): Amsalingam Roobakkumar, Azariah Babu, Duraikkannu Vasantha Kumar, Vattakandy Jasin Rahman and Soumik Sarkar

Assessment of Drosophila diversity during monsoon season

April 2011

  Two months survey was conducted to analyze the altitudinal variation in diversity ofDrosophila in Chamundi hill of Mysore, Karnataka state, India.  Drosophila flies belonging to 15 species were collected from 680, 780, 880 and 980 m altitudes. The species diversity according to the biodiversity indices was very high in 680 m compare to other higher altitudes.   Key...

Author(s): Guruprasad B. R., Pankaj Patak and Hegde S. N.

Study of using the Bacterium Bacillus thuringiernsis israelensis in microbial control of Musca domestica vicina, Diptera Muscidae (Muscidae, Diptera)

April 2011

  The second instar larvae of Musca domestica were treated with Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis, (B.t.i.) at concentrations of 0.5, 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0% under laboratory conditions. Cumulative mortality percentage increased gradually with the increase in B.t.i concentrations and this is represented by straight regression lines indicating homogenity. The LC30 and LC50were 0.87 and...

Author(s): Najlaa, Y. Abozinadah, Faten, F. Abuldahb, Nawal and S. Al- Haiqi

Estimation of virulence type and level of soybean cyst nematode field populations in response to resistant cultivars

March 2011

  The use of resistant cultivars is the most common practice in managing the soybean cyst nematode (SCN), Heterodera glycines. Currently, most commercial SCN-resistant soybean cultivars were developed from a single source of resistance, plant introduction (PI) 88788. The effect of crop sequences including rotations of SCN-susceptible soybean ‘sturdy’ with SCN-resistant soybean...

Author(s): J. W. Zheng, and S. Y. Chen

Phytosanitary irradiation in South Asia

March 2011

  Irradiation has the potential to solve phytosanitary problems related to trade in South Asia. In general, it is the phytosanitary treatment most tolerated by fresh agricultural commodities. Irradiation technology is available in some countries of the region but is only used for phytosanitary purposes for mangoes in India exported to the United States of America since 2007. In this review,...

Author(s): M. Aftab Hossain, J. Guy Hallman, A. Shakil Khan and M. Saidul Islam

Nematicidal effect of Acacia nilotica and Gymnema sylvestris against second stage juveniles of Meloidogyne incognita

February 2011

  The nematicidal effect of different extracts of Acacia nilotica leaves/seeds andGymnema sylvestre leaves were tested against Meloidogyne incognita larvae at the concentrations of 1, 0.5, 0.25 and 0.125%, up to three days. All extracts showed nematicidal mortality. Nematicidal mortality was 100% with the use of 1% concentration of leaves ethyl alcohol extract of G....

Author(s): Nighat Sultana, Musarrat Akhter, Muhammad Saleem and Yousaf Ali

Stoneflies (Insecta: Plecoptera) in Malaysian tropical rivers: Diversity and seasonality

February 2011

  Adult stoneflies (Plecoptera) were trapped in. light trap from January to December 2008 in Tupah River, Malaysia. Plecoptera was only represented by two families viz., Perlidae and Nemouridae in the study region. Abundance was less but nine species recorded. Abundance of Plecoptera was more affected in the wet seasons especially for the family Nemouridae. N. asperata was a common species...

Author(s): Suhaila, A. H. and Che Salmah, M. R.

Purification and characterization of an endo-beta-D-xylanase from major soldier salivary glands of the termite Macrotermes subhyalinus with dual activity against carboxymethylcellulose

January 2011

  An enzyme with apparent dual functions as a xylanase and carboxymethylcellulase was purified from the major soldier salivary glands of the termite Macrotermes subhyalinus. The preparation was found homogeneous by gel electrophoresis after successive chromatography on anion-exchange, cation-exchange and hydro- phobic interaction columns. The specific activities towards carboxymethylcellulose and...

Author(s): H. S. Blei, S. Dabonné, Y. R. Soro and L. P. Kouamé

Chromosome study in few species of Acridids (Acrididae: Tryxalinae): Karyotypic analysis and distribution patterns of constitutive heterochromatin

January 2011

  Chromosomes with detailed karyotypic information (nature, number, size, relative length, length of X-chromosome, nature of X-chromosome) and C-banding patterns of few species of grasshoppers belonging to sub-familiy Tryxalinae are discussed. The karyotypes comprises of acrocentric chromosomes with complement number 2n = 23 (male). Constitutive heterochromatin distribution was found at centomeric,...

Author(s): Pooja Chadha and Anupam Mehta

Managing nematode pests and improving yield of pineapple with Mucuna pruriens in Ghana

January 2011

  We investigated the potentials of a non-traditional legume crop, Mucuna pruriensand fallow treatments in managing plant parasitic nematodes population and improving the yield of pineapple in 2008 to 2009 at Asamankese in the Eastern region of Ghana. Nematode population density/200 cm3 soil at 6 months of application of treatments and at harvest, population/g-1 of pineapple root and yield of...

Author(s): K. Osei , R. Moss, A. Nafeo, R. Addico, A. Agyemang and J.S. Asante

Contribution of mosquito vectors in malaria transmission in an urban district of Southern Cameroon

September 2010

  In order to observe the role of vectors in malaria transmission in an urban area, a 12-month longitudinal entomological survey was conducted from January to December 2007 at Ekombitié, a central district of Ebolowa, south Cameroon. Mosquitoes captured indoors by human volunteers were identified morphologically. Among the 14.468 mosquitoes captured, three vectors were...

Author(s): Eric Moise Bakwo Fils, Patrick Akono Ntonga, Philippe Belong and Jean Messi

An assessment of microbial formulations of Bacillus thuringiensis and Bacillus sphaericus for the management of mosquito larvae causing malaria and filariasis

September 2010

  Two biological formulations of microbial agents Bacillus thuringiensis and Bacillus sphaericus known by their trade names as Vectobac 12 AS and VectoLex CG (corn cob) granules, respectively were obtained from Abbott Laboratories of North Chicago, USA. The B. sphaericus formulation was used in trials against Culexmosquito larvae in choked gutters at Labadi, Ashaiman...

Author(s): Felix Jerry Akpabey and Michael Ocran

A review of on Aleurodicus dispersus Russel. (spiralling whitefly) [Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae] in Nigeria

February 2010

  The developmental biology of Aleurodicus dispersus Russel., have been investigated. It was found to have a cumulative developmental period of (23 - 41) days. The mean numbers of egg developing to adult have been found to be 138.1 per thousand eggs. The spread of the insect have been found to be connected to human traffics. The oviposition and feeding occurs simultaneously and occur more on their...

Author(s): A. D. Banjo

Damage assessment and management of cucurbit fruit flies in spring-summer squash

January 2010

  Cucurbit fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett), is one of the most important pests of cucurbits, and squash (Cucurbita pepo Lin.) is highly prone to damage by this pest in Nepal. Because of the difficulties associated with the control of this pest by chemical insecticides, farmers experienced great losses in cucurbits. Therefore, a participatory field experiment was...

Author(s): R. Sapkota, K. C. Dahal and R. B. Thapa

The theoretical approach of ecoplexivity focusing on mass outbreaks of phytophagous insects and altering forest functions

December 2009

  Epidemics of forest insects can have deep impacts on ecosystem functioning and dynamics, with consequences for forest economics and forest carbon feedback to climate change. Despite the many roles that insects fulfil in terrestrial ecosystems, their importance in nutrient cycling is not well known (Kosola et al., 2001). The only instances where herbivores are recognized to have a large effect on ecosystem...

Author(s): Anne le Mellec, Jerzy Karg, Jolanta Slowik, Ignaczy Korczynski, Andrzej Mazur, Timo Krummel, Zdzislaw Bernacki, Holger Vogt-Altena, Gerhard Gerold and Annett Reinhardt

Histological study on the body wall of Ascaridia galli (Nematoda)

December 2009

  The body wall of Ascaridia galli has been investigated using 1-2 µ thick sections and stained with Toludin Blue. It is found to consist of three layers, cuticle, hypodermis or subcuticle and muscle layer. The cuticle in turn consists of three layers namely cortex or upper layer deeply stained with TB, 1.7 µ in thickness, middle layer or matrix 3.15 µ in thickness with no distinct...

Author(s): Zohair I. F. Rahemo and Sagida S. Hussain

Habitat association and movement patterns of the violet copper (Lycaena helle) in the natural landscape of West Khentey in Northern Mongolia

November 2009

We studied the habitat association and movement patterns of the Lycaenidae species, Lycaena helle using the mark-release-recapture method in a heterogenous natural habitat of West Khentey in Northern Mongolia. Butterfly individuals were collected using nets during a standardized one hour sampling in different biotopes. L. helle was found to predominantly inhabit the wet mesophile grasslands and herb meadows,...

Author(s): Gantigmaa Chuluunbaatar, Kamini Kusum Barua and Michael Muehlenberg

Larvicidal activity of the saponin fractions of Chlorophytum borivilianum santapau and Fernandes

November 2009

  The present communication deals with the laboratory studies carried out to ascertain the larvicidal properties of Chlorophytum borivilianum Sant. and Fernand.saponin extracts for the mosquito species Anopheles stephensi, Culex quinquefasciatus and Aedes aegypti. Methanolic extract (ME), crude saponin extract (CSE) and purified saponin fractions (PSF) were used as test solutions....

Author(s): S. L. Deore and S. S. Khadabadi

Soil arthropods recovery rates from 5 - 10 cm depth within 5 months period following dichlorov (an organophosphate) pesticide treatment in designated plots in Benin City, Nigeria

September 2009

  Soil arthropods recovery rate was monitored for five months (April - August) 2007 to ascertain whether the application of dichlorov (an organophosphate) pesticide, in varying concentration levels of 0 L (control), 0.25 L (low) and 0.75 L (high) per 25 m2 would adversely affect the rate of sampling soil arthropods within a 5 - 10cm depth. Berlese Tullgren Extraction method, sorting and identification of...

Author(s): B. N. Iloba and T. Ekrakene

Studies on some economic traits and biological characters of regular and reciprocal cross between a multivoltine and bivoltine race of the silkworm Bombyx mori

September 2009

  In order to understand the genetics of cross breeding system between multivoltine and bivoltine race, a hybridization experiment was conducted by crossing females of multivoltine Pure Mysore race (PM) with males of a bivoltine race C108 and its reciprocals. The F1 and F2 progenies of the above crosses were derived in order to study the economic traits and biological characters. The results of...

Author(s): M. S. Doddaswamy, G. Subramanya and E. Talebi ,

Variation of resistance to endosulfan in tea mosquito bug, Helopeltis theivora waterhouse (heteroptera: miridae) in the tea plantation of the Sub-Himalayan Dooars, northern west Bengal, India

August 2009

  The tea mosquito bug, Helopeltis theivora Waterhouse, from the Dooars tea plantations, North Bengal, India, was tested for susceptibility change and resistance development to endosulfan. Six different H. theivora populations collected from six subdistricts of the Dooars and their responses to endosulfan were investigated by probit analysis and compared with those of a susceptible reference...

Author(s): Somnath Roy, G. Gurusubramanian and Ananda Mukhopadhyay

Population dynamics of the leaf curl aphid, Brachycaudus helichrysi (Kalt.) and its natural enemies on subtropical peach, Prunus persica cv. Flordasun

August 2009

  Population dynamics of leaf curling aphid, Brachycaudus helichrysi (Kalt.) and natural enemies associated with the pest were studied. The initial occurrence of the alate forms of B. helichyrsi on peach was noticed as the first alates (1.33/10 leaves) in the 3rd week of October, 2004. In the aphid colonies, alates appeared (2.33 alates/10 leaves) in the 3rd week of February and...

Author(s): R. K. Arora, R. K. Gupta and K. Bali

Plasmodium and intestinal helminths distribution among pregnant women in the Kassena-Nankana District of Northern Ghana

June 2009

  Parasitic infection during pregnancy is a major cause of anaemia in Africa. Social and environmental risk factors for the transmission of human parasites vary according to geographical location. Knowledge of the geographical distribution of parasitic helminths and malaria parasites is key to any interventional programme. Thus, in August-November 2005, a hospital-based study was conducted on 300 pregnant women...

Author(s): Godwin Fuseini, Dominic Edoh, Bugre Gumah Kalifa and Dave Knight

Nematode diversity in a soybean-sugarcane production system in a semi-arid region of Zimbabwe

June 2009

  This study was done to investigate the nematode diversity in a soybean-sugarcane production system in a semi- arid region of Zimbabwe .Results indicated thatPratylenchus, Helicotylenchus and Scutellonema had the highest populations per 100 cubic centimeters of soil before the planting of soybeans. Pratylenchus andCriconemella were not present after the harvesting of...

Author(s): M. D. Shoko and M. Zhou

Diversity of aphids in the central rift valley of Ethiopia and their potential as vectors for Ethiopian Pepper Mottle Virus (EPMV)

May 2009

  Pepper mottling is an endemic and important disease of pepper in Ethiopia. It is caused by non-persistently aphid transmitted Ethiopian Pepper Mottle Virus(EPMV) (Potyvirus, Potyviridae). The disease occurs at epidemic level in the region. The exact roles of aphid vectors in the field epidemiology of the virus are not known. Identifying the roles of aphid vectors is useful in forecasting the epidemics of...

Author(s): Simon Atsebeha, Tameru Alemu and Ferdu Azerefgne

Annotated catalogue of whiteflies (Hemiptera: Sternorrhyncha: Aleyrodidae) from Arasbaran, Northwestern Iran

May 2009

  The fauna of whiteflies (Hemiptera: Sternorrhyncha: Aleyrodidae) was studied in Arasbaran region, Northwestern Iran. A total of 25 species of 15 genera were collected which of these, two species including, Tetralicia ericae Harrison andTrialeurodes ericae Bink-Moenen are new records for Iran.   Key words: Aleyrodidae, fauna, new record, arasbaran, Iran

Author(s): Hassan Ghahari, Shaaban Abd-Rabou, Jiri Zahradnik and Hadi Ostovan

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