Journal of
the Nigeria Society of Physiotherapy

OFFICIAL PUBLICATION OF THE NIGERIA SOCIETY OF PHYSIOTHERAPY
  • Abbreviation: J. Nig. Soc. Physiother.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 0331-3735
  • DOI: 10.5897/JNSP
  • Start Year: 2002
  • Published Articles: 48

JNSP Articles

Health policy development and implementation in Nigeria: The role of physiotherapists

December 2020

This article discussed the historical context of health policy development in Nigeria and the roles physiotherapists can play in its implementation. It also proposed a conceptual framework on the connection between physiotherapy and health policy development and the plausible physical therapy services within the Nigerian national health policy agenda. The issues raised are a call to action for Nigerian physiotherapists...

Author(s): Pascal O. Mogbo and Joseph A. Balogun  

Reach and effect of a virtual campaign for promoting physical activity during the covid19-era

November 2020

Measures put in place to curb the spread of the coronavirus have inadvertently fostered a reduction in physical activity. This study reports a virtual campaign designed to promote the health and physical activity level of individuals and increase awareness on practices to curb the spread of Coronavirus. The campaign enlisted a total of 141 volunteers recruited via a public call for volunteers to share promotional...

Author(s): Similoluwa ODETOLA, Omoniyi OJO, Omobola AKINOLA, Chinwendu NWADIBIA, Martins OLOYEDE, Oluwagbemiga OKUNADE and Echezona Nelson Dominic EKECHUKWU,  

Prevalence, correlates and risk factors of musculoskeletal disorders among Nigerian physiotherapy and architecture undergraduates

November 2020

Physiotherapy students are vulnerable to sustaining Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSD) due to manual handling activities. Also, Architecture students who frequently adopt awkward postures while using the drawing board may equally be exposed to some risks of MSD. The degree of MSDs and their precipitating factors among these cohorts have not been empirically compared. This study therefore assessed and compared the...

Author(s): Ekechukwu E.N.D.,, Aguwa E. N., Okeke T. A., Iroezindu I. C., Onyia S.U., Abaraogu D. O., Ekwo A. C., Ohiagu C., Ekechukwu  N. I., Mgbeojedo U. G., Ekediegwu E. C., Uduonu E. M., Ezema C. I. and Utti V. A.  

The path to our destiny: The transitioning of physiotherapy in Nigeria from occupation to a true profession

November 2020

The themes of the 55th annual conference of the Nigeria Society of Physiotherapy are “Advancing Physiotherapy in Nigeria: The Next Step”, “Physiotherapy in Preventive Healthcare: Challenges and the Way Forward.” I have been asked to tailor my keynote speech to address both themes of the conference. The Biblical metaphor of the Promise Land was utilized as the centerpiece of this presentation. I...

Author(s): Joseph A. Balogun  

Perceptual Learning Exercises: An adjunct to balance exercises for normal healthy geriatric population

December 2011

In older adults, falls commonly lead to injury, loss of independence, associated illness, and early death. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of perceptual learning exercises on static balance in a normal healthy geriatric population. A total of 28 healthy elderly subjects (19 female and 9 male) participated in this randomized two-group parallel controlled trial. The whole population was divided...

Author(s): A KUMAR and J KAUR

  • Article Number: E99A8DD65203

Relationship between parental socioeconomic status and cardiovascular parameters of primary school pupils in Ile-Ife, Nigeria

December 2011

Socioeconomic status has been reported to affect the blood pressure of adults in Nigeria. However, it is yet to be confirmed if it also affects the blood pressure of Nigerian children. The objective of this study was therefore to investigate the effect of parental socioeconomic status on the cardiovascular parameters of primary school pupils in Ile-Ife, Nigeria. The weight, height, abdominal circumference, systolic...

Author(s): GA ADEDEJI MO EGWU RA ADEDOYIN and OB OYELESE    

  • Article Number: 54EA9AB65205

Relationship between pain intensity, activity limitation, static and dynamic back muscles endurance in patients with non-specific long-term low-back pain

December 2011

Research on the correlation of trunk muscles’ endurance with other outcome measures in patients with long-term low-back pain (LBP) is scarce. This study assessed the relationship between pain intensity, activity limitation, and static and dynamic back extensors endurance in patients with non-specific long-term LBP. Sixty-seven patients screened using the McKenzie Institute’s Lumbar Spine Assessment Format...

Author(s): MBADA CE AYANNIYI O and OGUNLADE SO

  • Article Number: 7564A7065207

Effects of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation technique on the functional ambulation of stroke survivors

December 2011

This study investigated the effect of an 8-week proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) treatment programme on the functional ambulation of post-stroke individuals measured with the Emory Functional Ambulation Profile (EFAP) - a timed-test instrument comprising 5 subtasks. Seventeen male and female post-stroke individuals (mean age 56.73+8.79 years) were recruited into the study and treated with a PNF protocol...

Author(s): AKOSILE CO ADEGOKE BOA JOHNSON OE and MARUF FA

  • Article Number: A6448BA65210

Relationship among three field methods of estimating percent body fat in young adults

December 2011

A certain amount of fat is essential for normal body functioning and subcutaneous fat is usually considered to represent a good estimate of total body fat. It is uncertain, however, whether the different field methods of estimating percent body fat will give similar values, considering the variations in the methods used in the assessment. This study sought to determine the relationships among percent body fat value...

Author(s): AKINPELU AO GBIRI CA BANKS YO and OYEYEMI AL

  • Article Number: 6E55C2565213

Economic Burden of Low Back Pain on Patients Seen at the Outpatient Physiotherapy Clinics of Secondary and Tertiary Health Institutions in Ibadan

December 2011

A limited amount of data exists on the burden of low back pain (LBP) in developing countries. This study was therefore carried out to determine the economic burden of LBP on patients seen in out-patient physiotherapy clinics of secondary and tertiary health institutions in Ibadan. Forty (25 males, 15 females) individuals with LBP receiving physiotherapy in secondary and tertiary health institutions in Ibadan...

Author(s): ODOLE AC AKINPELU AA ADEKANLA BA and OBISANYA OB

  • Article Number: 4B6FF7565219

Evolving opportunities for people living with a disability and the need to prepare physiotherapists for community-based rehabilitation

December 2011

This paper discusses the relevant issues regarding the role of physical therapists in a community-based rehabilitation (CBR) model that seeks to improve the quality of life of persons with disabilities and their families by meeting their basic needs. CBR focuses on the needs of the individual and the wider population, and extends beyond purely medical interpretation. The traditional institutional-based medical model...

Author(s): HAMZA AM NABILLA AS LOH SY and MISAU YA

  • Article Number: 478310E65216

Ethics and contextual framework for professional behaviour and code of practice for physiotherapists in Nigeria

December 2011

Physiotherapists make decisions that involve ethical judgment in the course of practice and are guided by a code of professional behaviour. The purpose of this review is to elucidate decision-making in physiotherapy practice, highlight the dynamic nature of ethics, and discuss some professional behaviour expectations within the context of the Nigerian society. This paper presents the multidimensional context of ethical...

Author(s): OYEYEMI O.

  • Article Number: 0AA592B65221

Utilizing research findings in physiotherapy: A call for gap bridging

December 2011

The relevance of research in clinical sciences is anchored on the notion to improve practice through the implementation of outcomes. However, realization of this goal remains a mirage because the purposes for which research and publication are meant have not been fully met as a result of failure to apply the results in most clinical settings. The increase in the research-practice gap calls for scrutiny with a view to...

Author(s): BELLO AI

  • Article Number: FD1506865223

Our American Journey: Challenges, threats and opportunities

December 2011

As someone who was not born in this country (United States of America), I feel comfortable discussing this topic from a vantage position as a naturalized citizen of the United States who arrived here at the age of 25. The first general rule of any presentation is to know the composition of your audience. Let us do a check. I am assuming that a majority of the individuals in this hall are Nigerians like me with a...

Author(s): BALOGUN JA

  • Article Number: BB31E1965225

Our Chance, Our Choice, Our Legacy

December 2011

Everyone present is a witness to an event not merely born out of nostalgic yearnings to rendezvous with colleagues and friends after years of hard work and sojourn in the US, but rather, a gathering of professionals, bonded by a shared national and philosophical identity. It was born out of our resolve to look back and discuss our past, present and the future as it relates to our origin. My address will therefore...

Author(s): OYEYEMI A.

  • Article Number: F3A45DE65227

Relative effectiveness of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation and hot packs in the management of hemiplegic shoulder pain

June 2009

Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) and hot packs (HP) are among the common modalities used in the management of hemiplegic shoulder pain (HSP). The choice of either of the modalities is dependent on personal discretion rather than on proven relative effectiveness. This study examined the relative effectiveness of TENS and hot both groups. However, there was equal statistically significant improvement...

Author(s): AI Bello and MY Amedzo

  • Article Number: 516DE7865375

Relationship between functional abilities confidence level and performance of motor function after stroke

June 2009

This study investigated the relationship between motor function and functional abilities confidence level among community-dwelling stroke survivors. Fifty patients (mean age 54.84±10.68 years) who suffered first incidence hemispheric cerebrovascular accident and were undergoing physiotherapy on outpatient basis at the University College Hospital, Ibadan. a tertiary health institution in Nigeria, took part in the...

Author(s): TK Hamzat, O Agbomeji, GO Peters

  • Article Number: 3DC94AB65377

Effects of continuous exercise training on white blood cell count in men with essential hypertension

June 2009

White blood cell (WBC) count is considered a biomarker of the inflammatory processes that result from vascular injury that actively contributes to the development of cardiovascular diseases, precisely hypertension. The positive role of exercise in the management of hypertension has long been established. However, the relationship between WBC count and hypertensive management, particularly in a non pharmacological...

Author(s): S Lamina,  CG Okoye

  • Article Number: 974BC3065379

Patterns in Nigerian physiotherapy and rehabilitation journals: are Nigerian physiotherapists publishing?

June 2009

In order for any clinical science based profession to advance, there is need to update its knowledge base through research. The results of such research endeavours are usually disseminated through publications in scientific journals. The authorship pattern in two Nigerian physiotherapy and rehabilitation journals was studied. The aim was to establish the involvement of Nigerian physiotherapists in research and...

Author(s): TK Hamzat and MB Fatudimu  

  • Article Number: 21BEB8965381

Where is the Evidence?

June 2009

In the past, many professionals practiced without evidence. Practice was based mainly on a loose body of knowledge. Some of the knowledge was simply lore that drew upon the experiences of generations of practitioners, and much of it had no truly scientific evidence on which to justify various practices.

Author(s): Rufus A Adedoyin

  • Article Number: 521AF3A65383

Comparison of patients’ satisfaction with physio- therapy care in private and public hospitals

June 2009

Patient satisfaction is an important measure of quality of care. This study compares the level of satisfaction in patients who receive physiotherapy care in private and public hospitals. The subjects (N=639) were patients who received physiotherapy care as outpatients in four (4) private and three (3) public hospitals, and who completed a 63-item closed-ended structured questionnaire titled, Modified Patient...

Author(s): DO Odebiyi, CB Aiyejusunle, TS Ojo, BA Tella

  • Article Number: 1E3E14F65399

Fifty years of physiotherapy in Nigeria: trends, perspectives and future direction

June 2009

Knowledge of the determinants and evolution of quality in health practice and training enriches our understanding and interpretation of the current trends and also deepens our perspective on the future direction of the physiotherapy profession and training. This article describes the emergence of the dominant model of physiotherapy practice and training. The paper discusses historical trends in the perception of medical...

Author(s): A Oyeyemi

  • Article Number: 6E1D7DD65401

Physiotherapy management of sub-acute post- partum diastasis of pubic symphysis: a case report

June 2009

A thirty-five year old woman who complained of excruciating pain in the pelvis, the right hip and the lower back region, associated with inability to stand or walk without extreme discomfort, was referred to the in-patient physiotherapy department of the Lagos University Teaching Hospital. A working clinical and radiological diagnosis of post-partum pubic diastasis was made by the referring physician. She had had a safe...

Author(s): UAC Okafor and TF Sokunbi

  • Article Number: 4F6795D65403

Assessment of back extensor muscles endurance of apparently healthy Nigerian adults

December 2008

Studies on gender differences in back extensors muscles endurance has been inconsistent and inconclusive. The objective ofthis study was to evaluate gender differences in timed isometric back extensor muscles endurance among apparently healthy adult Nigerians. 376 apparently healthy consecutive adults whose ages ranged between 21 to 62 years with the mean aged 38.9 ± 13.5 years participated in this study. This...

Author(s): O Ayanniyi, CE Mbada and RA Adedoyin

  • Article Number: FF52EBA65347

Assessment of patients satisfaction with physiotherapy care

December 2008

Patients' satisfaction has not been closely monitored in Physiotherapy and limited studies exist in this area ofallied health services. This study focused on patients' satisfaction with Physiotherapy services in the Federal Medical Centre, Abeokuta, Nigeria (FMCA). A self administered questionnaire in English and Yoruba versions, was distributed to 51 respondents (Patients and Patients' proxies) who had...

Author(s): T. O. Olatunji, M. O. Ogunlana, M. A Bello, and S. O. Omobaanu, 

  • Article Number: 79911F365349

Rehabilitation care outcome of lower limb fractures in a Nigerian Teaching Hospital-A retrospective study

December 2008

Fracture is a common cause ofinjuries to lower extremities. It is clinically assumed that younger and male patients have better outcome following acute care rehabilitation of lower limb fractures. This study was therefore carried out to investigate pattern and outcome oj acute care rehabilitation of lower limb fractures. All cases of unilateral lower limb fractures referred for physiotherapy at LAUTECH Teaching...

Author(s): O Akande and OA Olakulehin

  • Article Number: 9F29E5665351

Opinion of a section of Nigerian physiotherapists on training and utilization of middle level worker

December 2008

Delegation is the process of entrusting authority and responsibility to others. The support worliforce across the whole health care sector in some countries is growing in terms of number and developing in relation to its scope of activity but it appears as if Nigerian physiotherapists are divided in opinion on utilization ofmiddle level workers and there is still dearth ofempirical data to establish this. The primary...

Author(s): OA Obembe, AT Onigbinde, RA Adedoyin and OG Adetlinmbi

  • Article Number: 504F66265353

Shortwave diathermy in the management of chronic pelvic inflammatory disease pain: case reports

December 2008

The purpose of this case study was to determine the therapeutic effect of Short Wave Diathermy (SWD) in the symptomatic management of chronic Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) pain. Three cases of chronic PID were referred from the Obstetric and Gyneocology department of Murtala Muhammed Specialist Hospital (MMSH) and a Private Gyneocology Hospital in Kano, Nigeria, for Physiotherapy. SWD was administered to 2 of the...

Author(s): Lamina S and Hanif S

  • Article Number: 5BDF07265355

Physiotherapy in primary health care: are we ready?

December 2008

Given the growing interest of the Nigerian physiotherapists in primary care, it is important to understand the general concept of this health care delivery system and the responsibilities associated with being a primary care provider. Physicians are historically trained to shoulder the responsibilities of a primary care provider. Other professionals are also redesigning their curriculum in order to be able to provide...

Author(s): LO Ganiyu

  • Article Number: 211916065357

Physiotherapy in health care delivery

December 2005

Physical therapy (PT) in health care delivery is not confmed to rehabilitative management or treatment of musculoskeletal injuries or diseases alone. It has continued to be relevant in areas of preventive medicine and in the prevention of primary and secondary conditions that may lead to disability. Some techniques of physical therapy have also been employed as panacea to some musculoskeletal conditions that have proven...

Author(s): Mathew O B Olaogun

  • Article Number: 1F80EF765309

Risk factors for low back pain among hospital workers in Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria

December 2005

This study investigated the risk factors for low back pain among workers in hospitals in Ibadan under the Oyo State Hospital Management Board. A crosssectional survey was carried out using a two-part questionnaire. Six hundred and seventy-five questionnaires were circulated and self administered out of which 446 were duly completed and returned, representing a response rate of 66 %. The data was analysed with the...

Author(s): Sanya A. O, Omokhodion F. O, and Ogwumlke O. O.

  • Article Number: 29B3E9C65311

Influence of age on hamstring tightness in apparently healthy Nigerians

December 2005

Purpose: Hamstring tightness has been documented in apparently healthy Nigerian adults and in those with musculoskeletal problems, but the influence of age on hamstring tightness has not been studied. This study was therefore designed to determine the influence of age on hamstring tightness in apparently healthy subjects. Methods: Hamstring tightness was measured using the active knee extension test (AKET) in 240...

Author(s): Akinpelu AO, Bakare U and Adegoke BOA

  • Article Number: AA1043B65313

Management of uterine with electrostimulation - A Case Report

December 2005

A thirty-year-old woman with a history offirst degree prolapse with cystocele and enterocele after ten days of normal delivery was referred for physiotherapy. The patient complained of general discomfort and low back pain while walking. She was treated using faradic electrical stimulation with 2000ms pulse duration and lOOOms pulse interval at an intensity of 37mA. This output was used for 20 minutes at each treatment...

Author(s): Adedoyin RA, Oyelese OB, Ezeukwu V, Oyebami OM, Adeyemi AB and Akinola TO  

  • Article Number: 566CE9965315

Gender distribution of physiotherapy graduates from Nigerian Universities

December 2005

Physiotherapy has been reported to be a predominantly  female   profession  in  the   United Kingdom. There is a paucity  of socio-demographic literature on Nigerian physiotherapists generally and the  gender   distribution   of   the  practitioners   in particular.   The  objective   of  this ...

Author(s): Odebiyi Daniel O and Adegoke BOA

  • Article Number: 35ABCC465317

Hamstring and quadriceps strength ratio: effect of age and gender

December 2005

This study was carried out to investigate how age and gender influence hamstring-quadriceps (knee flexor-extensor) muscle strength ratio in a Nigerian urban population. One hundred and fifty apprently healthy male and female subjects in 3 age groups (group I, 11-20 years; group II, 21-40 years and group III, 41-60 years) participated. The hamstrings and quadriceps isometric muscle strength of all the patients was...

Author(s): Jaiyesimi AO and Jegede JA

  • Article Number: 93E96E765319

Relevance of physiotherapy in the management of faecal incontinence

December 2005

Pelvic floor dysfunction usually results infaecal incontinence. The dysfunctions are decreased rectal sensation, impaired anal sensation, rectal prolapse, and weakness of the pelvic muscles due to complicated birth delivery or prolonged  labour. Trauma to the perineum or the sacral nerve roots is also a cause of pelvic dysfunction. The management involves   medical, surgical and physiotherapy...

Author(s): Onigbinde AT, Adedoyin RA, Obembe AO, Johnson OE, Emechete AAI, Akinwande A, Aikomo T, Awotidebe T

  • Article Number: 24F586365321

Abdominal muscle strength and some respiratory function indices in subjects of varying parity status

December 2002

This clinical evaluation study was carried out to compare the strength of abdominal muscles and some respiratory function indices in volunteer women of childbearing  age. The  population   for this   study comprised: volunteer  female   staff   of  the   University   College Hospital (UCH) Ibadan; female students of the College of...

Author(s): Sanya AO and Famuyide AO

  • Article Number: 5D1E23865331

Participation level of Nigerian physiotherapists in clinical research

December 2002

Research is a systematic process of investigation with thepurpose of contribution to the body of knowledge that helps to shape and guide an academic and/or clinical discipline. This study ir;vestigated the participation level of selected Nigerian physio­ therapists  in clinical research. Clinicphysiotherapists from one orthopaedic, 4 teaching and 2 general hospitals in south western Nigeria participated in this...

Author(s): Hamzat TK, Odole AC and Amusa TNT

  • Article Number: C4A71E765333

Range of motion in selected joints of diabetic and non-diabetic subjects

December 2002

Thepurpose of the study was to compare the mobility of selected joints of the limbs in diabetic and non­ diabetic subjects. One hundred volunteer subjects comprising 50 diabetic and 50 non-diabetic subjects participated in this study. The range of motion of the shoulder, elbow, wrist, fingers, hip and knee joints were measured. The occurrence offinger deformities was also studied. The range of motion was measured...

Author(s): Sanya AO and Obi CS

  • Article Number: 95847FE65335

Cardiovascular responses of paraplegic bedridden and normal subjects to head-up tilting

December 2002

This study compared the cardiovascular parameters of paraplegic, bedridden and normal subjects aged 23-55 years during head-up tilting at 0, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, and 60 degrees. There were 45 subjects in three groups. All subjects wereplaced on a manually operated tilt table and their heart rate- (HR), systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) measured. The data were analyzed using descriptive...

Author(s): Adegoke  BOA, Ogwumike OO, and Oyewo OS

  • Article Number: 4BF648865337

Physiotherapy management of the sickle cell hemiplegic patient A Case Report

December 2002

Sickle cell anaemia patients commonly have several complications that may negatively affect their health and quality of life. Treatment of this condition usually involves different experts in the medicalfield. This case report evaluates the effect of electrical stimulation in conjunction with other physiotherapy modalities in managing spasticity secondary to cerebrovascular accident in a sickle cell anaemia patient. The...

Author(s): Onigbinde AT

  • Article Number: A0F3DB065339

Management of faecal incontinence by pelvic floor muscle exercise, faradic electrostimulation and behavioural training - A Case Study

December 2002

The existing methods of faecal incontinence management have met with mixed success. Recently, there has been increased interest in pelvic floor contraction and electrostimulation of the pelvic floor muscles. Thispaper presents a case study of a 10-year old girl with a diagnosis of faecal incontinence secondary to sexual assault. Before tlze commencement  of  treatment,  the  strength  of ...

Author(s): Sokunbi OG and Okusanya E

  • Article Number: 2BB302665341

Effects of strengthening of lower limb muscle groups on some gait parameters in adult patients with stroke

December 2002

Gait re-education and mobility act1 vztzes  are important physiotherapy interventions for patients following stroke. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of strengthening of affected lower limb muscle groups on some gait parameters in adult patients  with stroke. Twelve patients (6 men and 6 women) with stroke participated in the study. Each patient went through a six-week muscle strengthening...

Author(s): Olawale OA and Akinfeleye AM

  • Article Number: DBBC93965343

Identifying with our knowledge base

December 2002

There is need for physiotherapists to identify with the science or the knowledge base of the profession -.which is pathokinesiology. The NUC (1989) "Minimum Standards ... for Training ... of Physiotherapists ... "simply defines patholkinesiology as the science of physiotherapy. A broader definition coins pathokinesiology as the kinesiology of the human body under pathological condition or the analytical and...

Author(s): Matthew OB Olaogun

  • Article Number: BE8752165345

Effect of two selected postural drainage positions and percussion on the blood pressure of healthy subjects

June 2002

This study examines the blood pressure responses of apparently healthy subjects to two postural drainage positions and percussion. Forty-one subjects (29 males and 12females ) participated in the study and were randomly assigned into four groups,  with  three  groups having JO subjects (7 males and 3 females ) each and the fourth group having 11 subjects (8 males and 3females). All of the subjects were...

Author(s): Arigbabowo A and Adedoyin RA

  • Article Number: 5B069E065323

Transmissivity of some local couplants and phonophoretic drugs

June 2002

This study was designed to compare the transmissivity of ultrasonic energy through Feldene gel, Bengay ointment, shea butter, and honey with that of Aquasonic gel . The subjectsfor the Study were eight normal undergraduate students aged 21-24 years. The pre-insonation skin temperature in the mid-anterior aspect of the subjects' thighs was recorded. The selected area was then insonated for two minutes using the...

Author(s): Adegoke BOA and Edeni KO

  • Article Number: CDCF86165325

Patterns of musculoskeletal pain in selected occupations

June 2002

The objective of this study was to identify the patterns of chronic or recurrent musculoskeletal pain in selected occupations (auto-mechanics, typists and secretaries, fashion designers and market traders) and to discuss the prospect of introducing an educational package for the prevention/rehabilitation of such chronic pains. A survey was conducted using a questionnaire that Was circulated to randomly selected...

Author(s): Olaogun MOB, Oladimeji BY, Adedoyin RA, Olaogun AAE, Akinloye AA,  Egwu MO, Oyelese BO and Folorunso TJ  

  • Article Number: 55047DB65327

Aerobic exercise training and quality of life in stroke patients

June 2002

There is an increasea appreciation of the need to include endurance exercise training in the overall management of stroke victims by the physio­ therapist. Raising the patient's level of physical fitness through aerobic exercise would help to reduce the incidence of secondary health condi­ tions, such as obesity, hypertension; and depre­ ssion, which may result from the patients reduced mobility. This...

Author(s): Hamzat TK

  • Article Number: C19D2BD65329

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