Journal of
Plant Breeding and Crop Science

  • Abbreviation: J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9758
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPBCS
  • Start Year: 2009

JPBCS Articles in press

Article in Press

Effectiveness of pyramided genes in conferring resistance to anthracnose disease in common bean

Anthracnose disease (Colletotrichum lindemuthianum (Sacc. et. Magn) Lams. Scrib.,) is one of the most devastating diseases that constrain common bean production in Uganda. A cascading pedigree pyramiding scheme was used to develop common bean populations to evaluate the effectiveness of pyramided and single resistance genes (Co-42, Co-43, Co-5, and Co-9) on disease development. Detached leaf trifoliates of F4:6 genotypes...

Author(s):Kiryowa M., Nkalubo S.T., Mukankusi C., Gibson P., Tukamuhabwa P and Rubaihayo P

Article in Press

Genetic Variation among White Lupin (Lupinus albus L.) Landraces from Northwestern and Southern Ethiopia for Agronomic Traits and Nutrient Contents of Grain

White lupin (Lupinus albus L.) is rich in quality protein, relatively tolerant to drought, soil salinity and acidity, increase the fertility of soils and can contribute to improved agricultural sustainability, food security and reduce malnutrition which has close associations with climate change. This study was conducted to assess genetic variability of white lupin genotypes for agronomic traits and nutrient contents of...

Author(s):Chaltu Beyene

Article in Press

Selection of Drought Tolerant Genotypes in Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) Using Indices

A study was carried out to evaluate the effect of drought stress on pod yield and other traits of groundnut genotypes to select the ten best performing genotypes using indices. Ninety six genotypes including 90 F2:3 progenies, 4 parents and 2 checks were planted under well-watered (WW) and water-stressed (WS) conditions at the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics ICRISAT Mali. Six selection...

Author(s):Ousmane Sanogo, Pangirayi B. Tongoona, Kwadwo Ofori and Haile Desmae

Article in Press

Growth and yield performance of Okra genotypes in acidic soil

A field experiment was conducted at the field laboratory of Department of Crop Botany and Tea Production Technology, Sylhet Agricultural University from August 2016 to January 2017 to select the best suited okra genotype(s)considering growth and yield performance among elevengenotypes viz. BARI Dherosh−1 (control) and 10 exotic (Japanese okra) cultivable in acidic soil conditions.All okra genotypes were evaluated in...

Author(s):M. Rahman, A. F. M. S. Islam, M. Hasan, M. Uddin

Article in Press

Evaluation of improved pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) varieties for organoleptic dal quality in India

Pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan L.) is an important pulse crop in the Indian diet and one of the most important sources of dietary protein for the population. Organoleptic qualities of pigeon pea dal were tested to draw conclusions on the preferred varieties. Organoleptic qualities such as taste, texture, aroma, tenderness, sweetness and overall acceptance were tested by a trained sensory panel. Available and commercially...

Author(s):Fromm, I., Bollinedi, H., Dheer Meenakshi, Goel P., Nehra, P. , Raje, R. S. , Singh, G., Singh, N. K.., Jha, S.K. and Singh, A.

Article in Press

Inheritance pattern of resistance to Fusarium wilt (Fusarium oxysporum f.sp sesame) in sesame

Fusarium wilts which is caused by Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. sesami is among of the most destructive soil-borne disease of sesame in Uganda. The disease may cause the yield loss of up to 100% if not controlled. Breeding for resistance and use of resistant varieties is the most economic and eco-friendly solution to the disease since majority of sesame growers are resource constrained. Some genotypes were reported to be...

Author(s):Z.S.Ngamba, G.Tusiime, P.Gibson, R. Edema, M.Biruma, P.A.L. Masawe, E. Kafiriti and F. Kapinga

Article in Press

Correlation and Path Coefficient Analysis in Soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merrill) Genotypes at Pawe, Northwestern Ethiopia

Soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merrill) production and productivity in Ethiopia remains low compared to the world average productivity potential due to lack of diversified soybean genotypes. As a result, genotypes that have been introduced from abroad need to be characterized to generate information for further breeding programs. Eighty one genotypes were tested in 9x9 simple lattice design to assess their association of traits...

Author(s):Asmamaw Amogne, Mulugeta Atnaf

Article in Press

Studies on character association and path coefficient analysis in potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) for tuber yield and its attributes

Measurement of correlation coefficients helps to identify the relative contribution of component characters towards yield. The present study was conducted to estimate association among traits and direct and indirect effects of traits on tuber yield under the rain fed condition in 2017 in two locations of central Ethiopia. A total of 20 improved varieties and one local farmers` potato cultivar were field tested in a...

Author(s):Lemma Tessema, Wassu Mohammed and Tesfaye Abebe

Article in Press

Multi Environment Trial and Spatial Analysis for Yield Performance of Sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] Hybrids in Dry Lowland Sorghum Growing Areas of Ethiopia

Sorghum is one of the most widely preferred and cultivated crops in Ethiopia which is grown for food and feed components. In the developed world exploitation of heterosis in most of crops (Maize, Sorghum, Rice, etc.) is high. There is a clear need to develop sorghum hybrids in Ethiopia to improve the lively hood by increasing sorghum production and productivity. One of the strategies for increasing sorghum yield is through...

Author(s):Kidanemaryam Wagaw, Amare Seyoum, Amare Nega, Taye Tadesse, Daniel Nadew, Habte Nida, Alemu Tirefessa, Adane Gebreyohannes

Article in Press

Genetic diversity among colored cotton genotypes to obtain potential parent plants

The objective of this study was to analyze the genetic diversity among colored cotton fiber genotypes using technological characteristics of the fiber, seed cotton yield and percentage of fiber, to identify potential parents with high performance. The experiment was conducted in the Brazilian city of Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, during the 2016/2017 harvest. Twelve colored fiber genotypes were used in a randomized block...

Author(s):Cardoso Daniel Bonifácio Oliveira, Miranda Melissa Cristina De Carvalho, Belchior Júnior Vádio Neves, Garcia Myllena Fernandes, Pimentel Izabela Motta, Cruz Vinícius Mendes Parreira, Leite Marley Aparecida Souza, Valiati Daniela, Venâncio Andrezza Santos, De Sousa Larissa Barbosa

Article in Press

Pearl millet (Pennisetum gluacum L.) yield as affected by allelopathic and self-toxic effects under monocroping conditions

Pennissetum glaucum L. the poaceae family used to be grown under monocroping conditions where its succeeding yield in the same field is severely affected because of self toxicity. The present study was conducted to evaluate the self-toxic effect of P. gluacum (seeds and whole plant extracts) on its growth rate. It came out that pearl millet growth was enhanced by 5% of its aquous extract but significantly affected at...

Author(s):Ijaz Ahmed Qureshi, Alia Abbas, Iram Us Salam and Saira Qadir

Article in Press

Preliminary studies on seed retention capacities and shattering resistance of Ethiopian sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) accessions in Sheraro, Northern Ethiopia

Sesame is a very important oil crop produced in Ethiopia mainly for export purposes. Regardless of wide cultivation of the crop it’s susceptibility to shattering is highly affecting yield and quality. Studies suggest that there is some natural variation towards shatter resistance in sesame. This study aims to quantify and screen non shattering capacities of seventy eight sesame accessions collected from different parts of...

Author(s):Abadi Girmay and Tesfahun Makuanint

Article in Press

Differential Yield Response of Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) Genotypes under Different Water Regimes in Central Zone of Tigray, Ethiopia

Groundnut is an important legume crops for small scale farmers in different parts of Tigray region where recurrent drought stress and land degradation severely affects its yield and quality. Drought stress is the main yield and quality limiting factors in most of the groundnut producing regions. This study aimed at assessing the effect of drought stress on groundnut performance and differential yield response of genotypes...

Author(s):Abadi Girmay, Yemane Tsehaye, Alemtsehay Tsegay

Article in Press

The role of Local Seed Businesses in Food Security: Current status, Achievements and Challenges in North Western Ethiopia

Quality seed is a key input for agriculture, with a direct impact on agricultural production and productivity. Local seed business (LSB) development in Ethiopia is focusing on organizing and supporting groups of farmers to produce and market quality seed of local preferences. The activities of four local seed businesses supported by University of Gondar and other partners are assessed from 2012 till 2018. These LSBs...

Author(s):Daniel Tadesse

Article in Press

Agro-morphological characterization of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan L. Millspaugh) landraces grown in Benin: implications for breeding and conservation

Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan L. Millspaugh) is a neglected and under-utilized crop consumed in several regions ofword. In order to assess performance of pigeonpea landraces grown in Benin for useful breeding programs, 50 accessions were collected from 39 villages. These accessions were characterized by using 12 qualitative and 11 quantitative traits. Based on the seeds morphological characteristics, the 50 accessions were...

Author(s):Géofroy Kinhoégbè, Gustave Djèdatin, Laura Estelle Yêyinou Loko, Ignace Relique Agbo , Rachit Kumar Saxena, Rajeev Kumar Varshney , Clément Agbangla, Alexandre Dansi

Article in Press

Genotype by Environment Interaction for grain yield of extra early tropical maize hybrid in Guinea and Sudan savanna of Ghana

Extra-early maize cultivars offer a means to reduce the losses from recurrent drought stress in sub-Saharan Africa but limited knowledge on the stability and adaptability of these genotypes offer some set back on their importance. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the stability and adaptability of tropical extra-early maize genotypes for grain yield and key agronomic traits in Ghana. Thirty-three regional...

Author(s):Ibrahim D., I.I. Adejumobi, Abdoulaye Camara, D. Nyadanu, A. Richard and Z.M.M. Issa

Article in Press

Screening of Field Pea (Pisum sativum L.) Germplasm against Powdery Mildew (Erysiphe polygoni) Disease at Kulumsa, Arsi, South East Ethiopia

Field Pea (Pisum sativum L.) is an important food crop ranks fourth among pulse crops in Ethiopia. The yield of field pea is hampered due to the prevalence of powdery mildew disease. In view of the cost-effective solution for powdery mildew disease, host plant resistance is one of the most widely used control measure for this disease. Sixty nine field pea gene pools including one released variety were screened against...

Author(s):Kedir Yimam,Gizachew Yilma, Deresa Tesfaye and Aliyi Robsa

Article in Press

Screening of Field Pea (Pisum sativum L.) Germplasm against Powdery Mildew (Erysiphe polygoni) Disease at Kulumsa, Arsi, South East Ethiopia

Field Pea (Pisum sativum L.) is an important food crop ranks fourth among pulse crops in Ethiopia. The yield of field pea is hampered due to the prevalence of powdery mildew disease. In view of the cost-effective solution for powdery mildew disease, host plant resistance is one of the most widely used control measure for this disease. Sixty nine field pea gene pools including one released variety were screened against...

Author(s):Kedir Yimam,Gizachew Yilma, Deresa Tesfaye, Aliyi Robsa

Article in Press

Variation among Colletotrichum Isolates Associated with Coffee Berry Disease in Ethiopia

Variations among the populations of Colletotrichum species from diseased coffee berries were studied. A total of 35 Colletotrichum isolates representing 24 districts from major coffee producing regions of Ethiopia were studied on the basis of cultural, morphological and pathological characteristics. Isolates differed on their colony color, density, sector and acervuli. Mycelial growth rate varied significantly (p

Author(s):Kumlachew Alemu, Girma Adugna, Fikre Lemessa and Diriba Muleta

Article in Press

Evaluation of Lentil Varieties for Adaptation and Yield Performance under Midland Ecology of Kaffa zone, South-West Ethiopia

A field experiment was conducted to identify the best adapted and high yielding lentil variety at Shishinda sub-testing site of Bonga Agricultural Research Center. The experiment was carried out in randomized complete block design with three replications. Eleven improved lentil varieties were used for this study. The varieties included in the study were Teshale, Alemaya, Alemtena, Assano, Gudo, EL-142, R-186, Ada’a, Derso,...

Author(s):Merkine Mogiso Geja

Article in Press

Genetic Progress for Tuber Yield and Related Traits of Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) in Ethiopia

Little work has been done to evaluate the progress made in potato improvement in Ethiopia during the past three decades and information about traits most contributing to progress in yield is scarce. Hence, this experiment was conducted to estimate rate of genetic improvement made over time in yield and to determine traits most contributing to progress in tuber yield. Twenty varieties of potato released in Ethiopia between...

Author(s):Lemma Tessema Gebrehanna, Wassu Mohammed Ali, Tesfaye Abebe Desta

Article in Press

Adaptation Trial of Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum.L.Emm. Thell) Varieties for Optimum areas, at Central Tigray, Ethiopia

Wheat is a polygenic inherited trait and the product of several attributing factors for this reason it fluctuates widely as a result of its interaction with environment. In Ethiopia a number of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum) varieties have been released by the national and regional research centers, however all the varieties were not tested at Axum district. Randomized Complete Block Design was used to test twenty bread...

Author(s):Berhanu Meles, Haftamu Hailekiros

Article in Press

Genetic Diversity of Sugarcane Crosses and their Reciprocals following some A gronomic Traits in China

In sugarcane and many other crops, crossing of varieties stand as the best was to generate variations for breeding and selection purposes. The research aimed to examine the performance of the reciprocal crosses in comparison with their bi-parental crosses. Twenty four bi-parental crosses were evaluated in a randomized complete design, at the breeding nursery of Sugarcane Research Institute, Yunnan Academy, China. The...

Author(s):Fenggang Zan, Fouz F. Aboelenen, Zhuandi Wu, Eid M. Mehareb, Qin Wei, Yao Li, Hongming Xia, Liping Zhao, Zhao Jun, Jiayong Liu and Wu Caiwen

Article in Press

Univariate stability analysis and relationship among parameters for grain yield and related agronomic traits of striga resistant sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] hybrids in Ethiopia

The procedures in the selection of good performing and stable genotypes are complicated by the phenomenon of genotype by environment interaction to recommend new sorghum genotypes for different environments. Therefore, 49 genotypes (hybrids + varieties) were tested at five locations in a simple lattice design with two replications during the 2016 main cropping season to estimate the magnitude and nature of GEI for yield...

Author(s):Fantaye Belay, Firew Mekbib and Taye Tadesse

Article in Press

Combining ability analysis and gene action for yield and yield related traits in rice (Oryza sativa L.) under saline condition

Salinity is a major abiotic constrain faced by farmers in most rice cultivating areas of the world and improving grain yield in rice is the most important breeding objective. Twenty seven hybrids were generated in a line x tester mating design and were evaluated with their parents in a Randomized Complete Block Design at the fadama site of Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta (FUNAAB) during the 2014/2015 and...

Author(s):Kargbo S.S, Showemimo F.A, Akintokun P.O and Porbeni J.B.O

Article in Press

Genotype by environment interaction and phenotypic stability of malt barley varieties IN Tigray region, Ethiopia

Field experiment was done for eight malt barley varieties with the aim of estimating the magnitude of genotype by environment interaction and recommend stable variety. The design was randomized complete block with three replication in 2012-2013.The combined analysis of variance showed significant differences (P

Author(s):Muez Mehari, Sentayehu Alamerew , Berhane Lakew ,Haddis Yirga and Mizan Tesfay

Article in Press

Study of genetic diversity and agronomic potential of food barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) landraces in Western Oromia, Ethiopia

Information on the genetic diversity and agronomic prospective of barley landraces is a central duty to plan strategic exploitation, directed collections and introductions of germplasms. Study on barley landraces revealed that, the variability among the tested 100 barley landraces is highly sufficient to implementing selection for high yielding and early maturing landraces appropriate for areas. The result revealed, the...

Author(s):Geleta Negash, Dagnachew Lule, Zerihun Jaleta

Article in Press

Stability and Adaptability Analysis in Fine Grain Rice for Yield Attributes

The analyses like Additive Main effect and Multiplicative Interaction (AMMI) and Genotypic and Genotypic-by-Environment (GGE) analysis are being used world-wide to interpret Multiple Environment Trial (MET) very successfully by many researchers especially plant breeders. Measurement of relevant performance of tested genotypes and their stability over a number of tested environments particularly in terms of their yields, is...

Author(s):Rana Ahsan Raza Khan, Muhammad Ramzan, Zulqarnain Haider, Muhammad Akhter, Misbah Riaz, Syed Sultan Ali and Abid Mahmood

Article in Press

Correlation and path coefficient studies for some agronomic characters in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes at Ofla district, Northern Ethiopia

Interrelationships between quantitatively inherited plant traits and their direct and indirect effects on grain yield are very important in plant breeding. To generate such information, a field experiment was conducted in 2014 cropping season at Ofla District, Northern Ethiopia. Twenty six bread wheat genotypes were planted in Randomized Complete Block Design with 3 replications. Twelve quantitative traits were subjected...

Author(s):Reta Adhiena Mesele

Article in Press

Progress of soybean (Glycine Max (L.) Merrill) breeding and genetics research in Ethiopia: a review

Ethiopia the second largest population in Africa and is one of the five fastest growing economies in the world. The global population is expected to increase by roughly 20% in the next 20 years. Agro-industries in Ethiopia like Jimma, Hawasa ,Mekele, Kombolcha and the like needs providing tax exemptions for oil processing plants to use the close destination opportunity to the European markets for contributing for foreign...

Author(s):Hailemariam Mesfin

Article in Press

Biplot analysis of multi- environment yield trial of bread wheat genotypes growing in Tigray Northern, Ethiopia

The adaptation nature and pattern of a variety is important in variety recommendation to target environment. Nineteen bread wheat varieties were tested across sixteen environments of Tigray with the objective of identifying higher yield and stable variety across wider environments. The experiment was carried out in randomized complete block design. The combined analysis of variance revealed significant difference for...

Author(s):Muez Mehari

Article in Press

Assessment of Genotype and Environment Interaction (GEI) to determine Mega-environment in Cotton

Cotton is a cash crop which contributes avalueaddition in the economy of Pakistan. The 65 genotypes were tested in 14 unique environments (areas) through a graphical approach of GGE biplot to decide the mega environment/s. The GGE biplot was made by plotting the scores of genotypes and environments of PC1 against their respective scores of second principal component (PC2). The GGE biplot of mega-environmental investigation...

Author(s): Muhammad Zubair

Article in Press

Response of zero tillage cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) genotypes to irrigation scheduling in wheat based copping system

Cotton is a major export product of Pakistan. Drought stress is the major environmental factor that negatively impacts cotton yield and quality. A field experiment was conducted in 2015 and 2016 at Cotton Research Station, Dera Ismail Khan, Pakistan to evaluate the effects of four moisture regimes on yield and quality attributes of four cotton genotypes. The trial laid-out in randomized complete block design with...

Author(s):Niamat Khan

Article in Press

GGE-Biplot Analysis of Multi-Environment Yield Trials of common bean (Pharsalus vulgaris L.) in the southern Ethiopia

The present study was conducted on thirty-six common bean (Pharsalus vulgaris L.) Genotypes across six contrasting environments defined for its different soil fertility status and located at the southern Ethiopia. The genotypes were arranged in 4 x 4 triple lattice design and executed for two successive main cropping seasons with the objectives to evaluate yield performance of common bean genotypes and identification of...

Author(s):Yayis Rezene Tedla

Article in Press

Participatory variety selection of improved bread wheat varieties for moisture stress areas of Guji Zone, Southern Oromia

Wheat is a major cereal crop produced at different agro-ecologies of Guji Zone, Southern Oromia. However, an access of improved bread wheat variety is highly limited, especially for moisture stressed areas of the Zone. Due to this and other preceding factors, the potential of the area to wheat crop is not exploited. So, there is a need to develop and promote technologies that suit for the area. As a result, the current...

Author(s):Obsa Chimdesa

Article in Press

Heritability, genetic advances and correlation of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) germplasms Traits in Bench Maji, Southwest Ethiopia

Twenty one tomato (Lycoperscion Esculentum Mill.) genotypes were evaluated during 2011/2012 to estimate the magnitude of heritability, genetic advances, and to obtain information on association of different characters with fruit yield and among themselves. The experiment was conducted at Mizan-Tepi University trial field using Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replications. High genetic advance accompanied...

Author(s):Gobena Tango

Article in Press

Correlation and Path Coefficient Analysis Among yield and yield related traits of Maize (Zea mays L.) Inbred Lines

The experiment was conducted at Jimma Agricultural Research Center during 2016 cropping season. With the objective of to determine the phenotypic and genotypic association and thereby comparing the direct and indirect effect of traits on grain yield of maize inbred lines. The highest phenotypic and genotypic coefficients of variation were observed for grain yield per hectare, thousand kernel weight, ear height, ear...

Author(s):Leta Tulu

Article in Press

Heritability, corelation, GCV, PCV and pathcofficient analysis of promising spring rice genotypes in western hills of Nepal

A participatory varietal trial on Spring Rice (Oryza sativa L.) was conducted at farmer’s field of Dhamilikuwa, Lamjung with an objective to find out high yielding spring rice genotypes of farmer’s interests with study of variability, heritability, GCV, PCV, preference score and character association between yield and yield attributes during spring season 2017. Seven spring rice genotypes were laid out in randomized...

Author(s):S. Subedi

Article in Press

Growth, yield and grain quality response of durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L. Var. Durum) to blended NPS fertilizer supplemented with N rates at Arsi Negelle central Ethiopia

Proper type and amount of fertilizer application is the major factor that affects grain quality of durum wheat. Hence, field experiment was carried out on farmer’s field to determine the effect of blended NPS in combination with nitrogen on grain quality of durum wheat during 2016 cropping season. Factorial combinations of three blended NPS levels (100, 150, and 200 kg ha-1) each supplemented with five levels of nitrogen...

Author(s):Tilahun Abera

Article in Press

Genetic studies of Grain Yield and other agronomic Traits of Low-N Maize (Zea mays L.) Using a Diallel Cross

Ten low-N open pollinated maize varieties were converted to inbred line after six generations of selfing and used to study the genetic effects of grain yield and other agronomic traits. The 10 inbred lines were crossed in all possible combinations to generate 90 F1 hybrids (45 crosses and 45 reciprocals). The 90 F1 along with their parents were evaluated at the Teaching and Research Farms of Ekiti State University,...

Author(s):Michael Segun Afolabi

Article in Press

Comparison of grain yield based drought tolerance indices under normal and stress conditions of rice in Egypt

The objective of this study was to evaluate the ability of several indices to identify drought resistant genotypes of rice under normal and stress conditions in Egypt. Thirteen drought tolerance indices including stress susceptibility index (SSI), tolerance index (TOL), mean productivity index (MP), geometric mean productivity (GMP), stress tolerance index (STI), yield index (YI), yield stability index (YSI), drought...

Author(s):E. F. El-Hashash and R.Y.A. EL-Agoury

Article in Press

A study on Phenotypic and Genotypic Coefficient of Variations for Morphological and Agronomic Traits in Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Genotypes Under the Arid Conditions of Northern Sudan

Genetic diversity is important for crop improvement. An experiment was carried out at Merowe Research Station, Northern state of Sudan, during two consecutive winter seasons 2013/14 and 2014/15 to estimate the phenotypic and genotypic coefficients of variations, heritability in broad sense, genetic advance and genetic advance as percentage of the mean for yield and other growth attributes in twenty four bread wheat...

Author(s):Fatih E. A. Hamza

Article in Press

The impact of climate change on coffee production and genetic resources

Coffee is one of the most valuable traded commodities and comprises about 1% of the overall value of world trade. Coffee is today grown in more than 60 tropical countries of the world and accounts for a significant part of the foreign exchange earnings of many countries in Africa, Latin America, Asia and Central America. An estimated 25 million farmers depend on coffee for their livelihoods. Despite its importance for...

Author(s):Abrha Getachew WeldeMichael, Demelash Teferi

Article in Press

Variation in Seed Yield and Yield Related Traits of Released Ground nut (Arachis hypogaea L.) Varieties in Abergelle District, Northern Ethiopia

Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.), also known as monkey nut and peanut is the second most important lowland oilseed after sesame, and has become an important high value crop grown in the dry land areas of Tigray region, Northern Ethiopia. However, its production and productivity is considerably low in Abergelle due to insufficient improved and disease resistant/ tolerant varieties. Thus, a field experiment was conducted...

Author(s):FANTAYE BELAY MARIE

Article in Press

Seed Yield Stability and Genotype × Environment Interaction in Common Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) Varieties in Dawro Zone, Southwestern Ethiopia

Stable yield performance of genotypes is very important in countries like Ethiopia where means to modify environments are limited. However, occurrence of significant genotype X environment interaction (GEI ) complicates selection of stable genotypes. In Ethiopia, the yield potential of common bean varieties is underutilized due to poor addressing of all potential areas and mismatch between selection and production...

Author(s):Ashango Zeleke

Article in Press

Antifungal activity of crude leaf extract of melia azedarach against selected fungal disease of agricultural crops

Developing and formulation of plant base fungicides is a new approach in the management of plant diseases that avoids enviromental pollution and enables a more efficient control of pathogenic fungal diseases of agricultural plants. Extracts from leaf part of Melia azedarach were studied as potential antifungal agents for selected phytopathogenic fungi. Melia azedarach is a small to medium deciduous tree, an attractive...

Author(s):Setegn Abi

Article in Press

Physiological, Biomass Production and Yield Responses of Three Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) Accessions Subjected to Water Deficit Stress at Two Phosphorus Levels

Water deficit and phosphorus deficiency are important limiting factors in crop production in tropical Africa. The physiological, biomass production and yield responses of three chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) accessions namely; Yaya Gulele, Legambo and Moretina Jiru were evaluated at three water deficit and two phosphorus levels under glasshouse condition. The water deficit treatments were imposed at the vegetative (28 days...

Author(s):Yemata Getahun

Article in Press

ESTIMATION OF GENETIC VARIABILITY, HERITABILITY, GENETIC ADVANCE, CORRELATIONS AND HETEROSIS IN BREAD WHEAT FOR DIFFERENT YIELD AND YIELD COMPONENTS UNDER DIALLEL COMBINATIONS

Understanding methods of genetic estimations and implementing through appropriate way in wheat breeding can predicts the desirable and productive crosses which help plant breeder in selection of desirable and acceptable crosses for future selection strategy. The present study were conducted during winter 2013-14 and 2014-15 at Agricultural Research Station, Chitral, KP-Pakistan for the estimation of heterosis,...

Author(s):Ayaz Khan

Article in Press

Combining Ability and Gene Action Estimation in Elite Maize (Zea mays L.) Inbred Lines at Bako, Ethiopia.

Maize (Zea mays L.) is an important food crop in Ethiopia, but its productivity in farmers’ field through out the country is generally low due to limitation of high yielding improved maize hybrid varieties. Knowledge of combining ability and gene action is essential to identify good combiner inbred lines and high yielding potential hybrids to replace the local open-pollinated varieties. The objectives were to evaluate...

Author(s):Kinfe Hailegebrial

Article in Press

Studies on heterosis in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

A 6 × 6 parent full diallel set of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L) was studied for better parent and standard variety. The magnitude of heterosis from F1s was calculated for days to heading, days to maturity, tillers per plant, plant height, spike length, spikelets per spike, grain yield and 1000 grain weight. This study showed that the manifestation of heterosis in F1 hybrids over better parents and standard variety...

Author(s):Asit Baran Mandal, DEBASHIS SAREN

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