African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6824

Full Length Research Paper

Impact of irrigation adoption on rural farmer’s welfare in Eastern Cape Province of South Africa: A propensity score matching approach

Mzuyanda Christian
  • Mzuyanda Christian
  • Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, University of Fort Hare, Private Bag X1314, Alice 5700, South Africa.
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Ajuruchukwu Obi
  • Ajuruchukwu Obi
  • Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, University of Fort Hare, Private Bag X1314, Alice 5700, South Africa.
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  •  Received: 27 February 2018
  •  Accepted: 03 September 2018
  •  Published: 15 November 2018

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to assess the impact of irrigation adoption on farmer’s welfare measured by consumption expenditure and food consumption pattern. The paper was based on cross sectional farm household data collected in 2015 from a sample of 200 households in rural Eastern Cape of South Africa.  The study used a stratified random sampling method to select farming households from three district municipalities of the province. A Propensity Score Matching method was adopted for data analysis. Estimates of the Average treatment of the treated (ATT) suggests that irrigation participation decrease food expenditures, increases consumption and income significantly at 5% level. The study concludes that irrigation participation is one of the viable solutions to increase farmer’s welfare in the study area. Therefore this study recommends a continued public and private investment in irrigation schemes in Eastern Cape.

Key words: Irrigation technology, smallholder farmers, propensity score matching, consumption, South Africa.