2D imaging involving geoelectrical resistivity and time domain induced polarization has been used to assess the spatial variability of the physical properties of subsurface soil in Covenant University Farm, southwestern Nigeria. Apparent resistivity and chargeability of the induced polarization effect were concurrently measured along six traverses using Wenner array. The observed data were processed to produced 2D inverse models of the subsoil resistivity and chargeability. Soil samples were also collected and analysed for conductivity and salinity levels. The results show that the salinity level in the soil is within the range for normal soil and therefore healthy for plant growth. The inverse model sections were integrated with the laboratory test to qualitatively assess the salinity, degree of compaction, and thickness of the soil in the farm. Other petrophysical properties such as clay volume, moisture content and organic matter which are related to soil conductivity were also inferred. The study demonstrates that geoelectrical resistivity imaging can be a useful tool for effectively assessing the variations of soil condition in large tracts of land for precision agriculture.
Key words: Soil salinity, 2D imaging, geoelectrical resistivity, induced polarization, precision farming.
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