African Journal of

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Biotechnol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1684-5315
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJB
  • Start Year: 2002
  • Published Articles: 12485

Table of Content: 27 July, 2016; 15(30)

July 2016

Bioactivity of basil (Ocimum basicilum L.) on control of the spider mite (Tetranychus urticae Koch.) in peanut

Essential plant oils contain biopesticides that could be used to control many crop pests. Tetranychus spp. are mites that cause damage to several crops and are primarily controlled by synthetic pesticides. Literature showed that mites can be controlled with essential oils of plants containing eugenol. In this work, we evaluated the bioactivity of basil (Ocimum basicilum) accessions for peanut-spider mites control based...

Author(s): Maria Isabel G. Martins, Antonio Euzébio G. Sant&#;Ana, Felipe Matheus T. Vasconcelos, Wbyratan L. Silva, Liziane M. Lima, Reginaldo Carvalho, Péricles A. Melo Filho and Roseane C. Santos

July 2016

Bioethanol production from cassava peels using different microbial inoculants

The potential of bioethanol production using different microbial inoculants for the simultaneous saccharification and fermentation of cassava peels from three cassava cultivars was investigated. Peels obtained from three cassava cultivars namely TME 0505, TME 419 and TME 4779, were washed, dried in a laboratory air oven dryer at 120°C for 3 h, ground into a fine texture and sieved with 1.5 µ nylon sieve. The...

Author(s): Obianwa Chibuzor, Edak A. Uyoh and Godwin Igile

July 2016

Evaluation of ethanol production from pito mash using Zymomonas mobilis and Saccharomyces cerevisiae

This study investigated the potential of pito mash (waste from sorghum brewing) as alternative and cost-effective feedstock for bioethanol production by means of fermentation using Zymomonas mobilis and Saccharomyces cerevisiae isolated from freshly tapped palm wine. Fermentation parameters such as pH, temperature and incubation period were studied. The fermentation microbes, Z. mobilis and S. cerevisiae were identified...

Author(s): Ofosu-Appiah C., Zakpaa H. D., Mak-Mensah E. and Bentil J. A.

July 2016

Bioethanol production from date palm fruit waste fermentation using solar energy

Every year, more than 236,807 tons, equivalent to 30% of date-palm fruits produced in Algeria, is lost during picking, storage, and commercialization processes. Gasification of this huge biomass can generate biogas such as bioethanol, biodiesel, gasoline and other useful substances. Bioethanol is becoming the main biofuel produced by chemical synthesis or anaerobic fermentation from biomass and is significant for...

Author(s): Ahmed Boulal, Mabrouk Kihal, Cherif Khelifi and Boudjemâa Benali

July 2016

Modulation of biochemical stress initiated by toxicants in diet prepared with fish smoked with polyethylene (plastic) materials as fuel source

This study investigated the oxidative modulation potentials of diets supplemented with Solanum lycopersicum and Allium cepa against biochemical changes initiated in rats fed diet prepared with fish smoked with polyethylene material (FSP) and fish smoked with firewood (FSF). Thirty male Wistar albino rats were randomly grouped into six with five rats in each group. The biochemical parameters analyzed indicated...

Author(s): Ujowundu C. O., Ogbede J. U., Igwe K. O. and Nwaoguikpe R. N.

July 2016

Genetic variation within and between three Vietnamese pine populations (Pinus merkusii) using random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers

Pinus merkusii is an important species in Vietnam with many economic and biological contributions. The information on diversity within and between populations of a species is necessary for plantation programs, breeding and conservation strategies. Genetic diversity of three Vietnamese populations (NA, QB and QN) was analyzed using the random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers. Nine RAPD primers produced 82...

Author(s): Ho Manh Tuong, Nguyen Thu Giang, Chu Hoang Ha and Le Van Son