African Journal of
Business Management

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Bus. Manage.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1993-8233
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJBM
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 4131

Full Length Research Paper

Can training and career development be considered best practices using the universal and contingency approaches?

Pedro Nunez-Cacho
  • Pedro Nunez-Cacho
  • Facultad de Ciencias Sociales y Juridicas.Universidad de Jaen, Campus Universitario de las Lagunillas s/n23071-JAEN- Spain.
  • Google Scholar
Felix A. Grande-Torraleja
  • Felix A. Grande-Torraleja
  • Facultad de Ciencias Sociales y Juridicas. Universidad de Jaen, Campus Universitario de las Lagunillas s/n23071-JAEN- Spain.
  • Google Scholar
Jose Daniel Lorenzo-Gomez
  • Jose Daniel Lorenzo-Gomez
  • Facultad de Ciencias Economicas y Empresariales.Universidad de Cadiz Avenida Duque de Najera, 8 11002, Cadiz L, Spain.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 14 June 2012
  •  Accepted: 22 September 2014
  •  Published: 14 October 2014



Because human resource management is a challenge for mostorganizations, many companies seek practices that will enable them to compete with other companies. In our work, we examine the study of training and career development and their consideration as high-performance practices by considering the universal and contingency approaches for a sample of 560 companies. If practitioners know the effects of these practices, they can apply it in their firms. The results show that both training and career development can be considered to be best practices and that they influence organizational performance either as isolated practices or as practices that are aligned with other best practices. Thus, we conclude that both approaches can be used in a complementary manner, depending on the nature of the investigation.


Key words: Training, development, high performance, configurational, universal approach.



JEL: J28, M12, O15.