African Journal of
Business Management

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Bus. Manage.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1993-8233
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJBM
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 4094

Full Length Research Paper

Attaining competitive advantage through energy efficiency: A cooperative strategic perspective

Kiptum Henry Yatich
  • Kiptum Henry Yatich
  • School of Business and Economics, Department of Management, Mount Kenya University, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 25 April 2018
  •  Accepted: 18 May 2018
  •  Published: 14 July 2018


Alegana MH (2014). The Effect of Tax Incentives on Economic Growth in Kenya. Research Project Submitted In Partial Fulfillment of The Requirements For The Award of The Degree in Masters of Science In Finance, University Of Nairobi.


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Bai M (2013). Energy efficiency indicator survey: A global analysis of trends in energy efficiency. Johnson Controls. A paper presented at the world workplace 2013 conference and exhibitions, September, 2013 by Johnson Controls at Shanghai Marriot Hotel. Shanghai: China.


Beck S, Chaves A (2011). The Impact of Taxes on Trade Competitiveness. Department of Economics, University of Delaware, Newark.


Carbon Trust (2011). Energy management: A comprehensive guide to controlling energy use. London.


Centre for Cooperation with the Private Sector (CCPS) (2013). Kenyan manufacturers save costs by improving energy efficiency, A business case in corporate social responsibility. Journal of Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit Bonn.


Conti J (2013). Annual Energy Outlook. A Publication of the U.S. Energy Information.



Energy Regulatory Commission (ERC) (2013). Energy Performance Baselines and Benchmarks and The Designation of Industrial, Commercial and Institutional Energy Users in Kenya. 


Fischer B (2013). Energy efficiency: Greentechmedia. 


Government of Kenya (GOK) (2007). Kenya Vision 2030, The popular version. National Economic and Social Council of Kenya, Nairobi. Kenya.


Hartmann A, Huhn W (2009). Energy: A key to competitive advantage-New sources for growth and productivity. McKinsey & Company, Inc.


Henri LF, Erik TV, Peter N (1999). Energy saving by firms: decision-making, barriers and policies. Amsterdam. Department of Spatial Economics, Vrije Universiteit. 



Hill J, Gareth C (2007). Strategic management theory (7th ed.). Boston, USA: Houghton Mifflin Company. pp. 3, 6, 77, 110-126.


Institute of Economic Affairs IEA (2012). Energy Management Programmes for Industry: Gaining Through Savings. Institute for Industrial Productivity. International Energy Agency.


Jamieson M, Hughes D (2013). A practical guide to sustainability and energy management in retail environments. Schneider Electric. White Paper Revision 1. USA. Schneider Electric.


Jasinowski JJ (2000). Energy efficiency toolkit for manufacturers: eight proven ways to reduce your costs. National Association of Manufacturers. USA. 



Johnson R (2012). Industrial Lighting Best Practices. US Lamp, Inc. 



Kenya Association of Manufacturers (2013). High Energy Prices erodes Competitiveness in trade. The Standard Newspaper, March 8 p.33. 



Kenya Association of Manufacturers (2015). KAM Sectors. 


Kiema M (2014). 10th Energy Awards celebrate over Sh10bn in energy savings. 


Kinyanjui S (2015). Response by Kenyan Firms to Globalization: A Survey of Manufacturing Firms in Nairobi and Athi – River. Unpublished Thesis. Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology. Nairobi, Kenya.


Kenya Institute for Public Policy Research and Analysis (KIPPRA) (2016). Kenya Economic Report 2016. Kenya Institute for Public Policy Research and Analysis (KIPPRA). Nairobi, Kenya.


Kirai P (2004) Removal of barriers to energy efficiency and conservation in small and medium scale enterprises (SME) in Kenya. Industrial energy efficiency project Kenya. Presentation at UNFCCC mitigation in Buenos Aires.


Kirai P (2007). Promotion of energy efficiency in industries: experiences from Kenya. Kenya Association of Manufacturers. Paper presented at the UN Forum on Energy Efficiency and energy security in Seoul, Korea 17-18 December 2007. Nairobi: Kenya.


Kenya Association of Manufacturers (KNBS) (2012). Kenya Facts and Figures. Kenya National Bureau of Statistics Nairobi. Kenya.


McCoy K, Eve T, Marcia M (2014). Energy management and company competitiveness. Melbourne, Victoria. Climate Works Australia.


Olingo A (2016). Cheap Imports, High Power Costs Pushing Manufacturers out of Kenya. The Standard. 


Singh EH (1995). Energy Price Increases in Developing Countries. Washington: The World Bank, Policy Research Department.


Taylor M (2012). Energy efficiency and alternative energy programmes. Legislative Analyst's Office, CA. p3. 



The Regulatory Assistance Project (2012). Best Practices in Designing and Implementing Energy Efficiency Obligation Schemes. RAP publications, 



United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) (2011). Developing a National Vehicle Fuel: Economy Database & Baseline: UNEP. Kenya United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) (2012). Energy for sustainable development: Policy options for Africa. UN- Energy/Africa publication to CSD15. United Nations Economic Commission for Africa.


Victoria (2007). Energy Management in Practice Manual. Melbourne, Victoria. Sustainability Victoria.


Wakiaga F (2017). Manufacturing Priority Agenda 2017. Driving Industrial Transformation for Job Creation and Inclusive Economic Growth- Kenya Association of Manufacturers. Nairobi, Kenya.


Willox RT (2012). Energy shock: pressure mounts for efficiency action. Australian Energy Group report, pp. 6-12.