African Journal of
Food Science

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Food Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0794
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJFS
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 857

Full Length Research Paper

A review of explored uses and study of nutritional potential of tamarind (Tamarindus indica L.) in Northern Ghana

Chimsah F. A.
  • Chimsah F. A.
  • Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, University for Development Studies, Tamale, Ghana.
  • Google Scholar
Nyarko G.
  • Nyarko G.
  • Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, University for Development Studies, Tamale, Ghana.
  • Google Scholar
Abubakari A-H.
  • Abubakari A-H.
  • Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, University for Development Studies, Tamale, Ghana.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 30 July 2018
  •  Accepted: 01 September 2020
  •  Published: 31 October 2020

Abstract

Tamarind (Tamarindus indica) is increasingly becoming a commercially important underutilized tree crop worldwide. Due to its multi-purpose use and market demand the tree and its processed products are been traded in many towns and villages. Despite its potential, major setbacks are the lack of knowledge on its uses and nutritional potential within the Ghanaian context. This study reviews and exposes the beneficial potential of tamarind whiles studying with empirical data its nutritional composition for proximate analysis. Indigenous to tropical Africa and naturalized to many regions of the world, the tree is seen in over 50 countries. Within Ghana and other parts of the world, tamarind is distinctively called by different vernacular names either referring to the tree or its product. Almost every part of the tree is used in one way or the other from food including beverage drinks, jams, and curries, to pharmaceutical, textile, timber, fodder, and as a fuel source. It is rich in vitamins, minerals and other proximate elements. Proximate composition of locally sourced fruit pulp showed high levels of fats and oils 51.39% and fibre 15.10% while other parameters like protein, ash, vitamin C and moisture were similar to test results from other countries. The tamarind plant has undoubtedly great potential based on its benefits, and uses.

 

Key words: Tamarind, Tamarindus indica, Ghana, multipurpose, benefits, nutritional potential, medicinal, proximate composition.