African Journal of
Microbiology Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0808
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 5223

Full Length Research Paper

Evaluation of hygienic-sanitary quality of honey from Apis mellifera L. obtained in semi-arid region of Piauí, Brazil

Rosana Martins Carneiro Pires*
  • Rosana Martins Carneiro Pires*
  • Instituto Federal de Educacao, Ciencia e Tecnologia do Piaui. Curso Superior de Tecnologia em Alimentos. Teresina, Piaui, Brasil
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Sinevaldo Goncalves de Moura
  • Sinevaldo Goncalves de Moura
  • Universidade Federal do Piaui, Curso de Zootecnia, Bom Jesus, Piaui, Brasil
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Francisco das Chagas Cardoso Filho
  • Francisco das Chagas Cardoso Filho
  • Programa de Pos-Graduacao em Ciencia Animal, Teresina, Piaui, Brasil
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Aline Marques Monte
  • Aline Marques Monte
  • Programa de Pos-Graduacao em Ciencia Animal, Teresina, Piaui, Brasil
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Lucio Fernandes Pires
  • Lucio Fernandes Pires
  • Universidade Federal do Piaui, Nucleo de Pesquisa em Plantas Medicinais, Rede Nordeste de Biotecnologia ? RENORBIO, Teresina, Piaui, Brasil
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Maria Cristina Affonso Lorezon
  • Maria Cristina Affonso Lorezon
  • Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro ? UFRJ, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil
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Romulo Oliveira Barros
  • Romulo Oliveira Barros
  • Instituto Federal de Educacao, Ciencia e Tecnologia do Piaui. Departamento de Informacao Ambiente e Saude e Producao Alimenticia
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Maria Marlucia Gomes Pereira
  • Maria Marlucia Gomes Pereira
  • Universidade Federal do Piaui, Centro de Ciencias Agrarias, Departamento de Morfofisiologia Veterinaria, Curso de Medicina Veterinaria, Teresina, Piaui, Brasil
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Maria Christina Sanches Muratori
  • Maria Christina Sanches Muratori
  • Universidade Federal do Piaui, Centro de Ciencias Agrarias, Departamento de Morfofisiologia Veterinaria, Curso de Medicina Veterinaria, Teresina, Piaui, Brasil
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  •  Received: 06 July 2015
  •  Accepted: 27 July 2015
  •  Published: 29 July 2015

Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate the quality of honey from Apis mellifera L. obtained in Piauí, Brazil. The completely randomized design (CRD) was used in the experiments. Two treatments of honey were prepared: one from beekeepers that use Extraction Units for Bee Products (EUBP) with Best practices for beekeeping (T1), and another one from those which use EUBP without the best practices (T2). Parameters analyzed were: moisture, water activity (aw), pH, acidity, color, detection of Salmonella spp., MPN.g-1 of coliforms at 35°C and at 45°C, counting of coagulase-positive Staphylococcus, standard counting of mesophilic heterotrophic bacteria and detection of yeast and filamentous fungi. The counting of mesophilic heterotrophic bacteria and yeast and filamentous fungi showed abnormalities (p<0.05) in the counting performed in log10.g-1 with samples of T1 and T2, respectively. There were presence of fungi of various genus and species, especially Aspergillus spp. and Penicillium spp. The quality of honey from Apis mellifera bees from Piauí, Brazil, was satisfactory regarding parameters of moisture, aw, pH and HMF. Neither Salmonella spp., nor coliforms, nor coagulase-positive Staphylococcus were found. The presence of filamentous fungi in the samples reinforces the need for quality control of honey from Piauí, Brazil.

Key words: Physical chemistry, Hygiene and sanitary quality, Fungi, Best practices for beekeeping.