African Journal of
Microbiology Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0808
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 5124

Full Length Research Paper

Detection of Legionella pneumophila as the cause of atypical pneumonia in the water sources of the holy places of Makkah

Sami S. Ashgar
  • Sami S. Ashgar
  • Department of Microbiology, College of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Saudi Arabia.
  • Google Scholar
Hamdi M. Al-Said
  • Hamdi M. Al-Said
  • Department of Microbiology, College of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Saudi Arabia.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 27 February 2021
  •  Accepted: 16 August 2021
  •  Published: 31 August 2021

Abstract

Legionella pneumophila is an important pathogen and is involved in more than 95% of cases of severe atypical pneumonia. The current study focused on the ablution water in the grand mosque in Makkah as well as water tanks in hotels surrounding the holy mosque.  A total of 100 water samples were collected from ablution water in the Haram and the hotels in the central area around the grand mosque and sent to the research laboratory of microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Umm Al Qura. Samples were filtrated and inoculated onto buffer charcoal-yeast extract agar base and incubated at 37°C in a CO2 incubator. The plates were examined after seven days of incubation. Isolated organisms were confirmed by using the “Microgen Legionella” (latex agglutination test). Out of the 100 water samples tested, 11 samples were positive for L. pneumophila. All positive water samples were from hotels water tanks. This indicates that this type of bacteria existing in the water sources. So requires further research to cover all sources of water to avoid an outbreak of this infection among the pilgrims. To avoid the possibility of this, constant maintenance of hotel water tanks regularly and the use of chlorine in specific proportions according to recommended specifications can help reduce the spread of these microbial infections.

 

Key words: Holy Mosque, Legionella pneumophila, water tanks, environmental.