African Journal of
Microbiology Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0808
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 4983

Full Length Research Paper

Antibacterial activities of aqueous and methanol leaf extracts of Solanum incanum Linn. (Solanaceae) against multi-drug resistant bacterial isolates

Ayodele Oluwasoji Akanmu
  • Ayodele Oluwasoji Akanmu
  • Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Medical Sciences, University of Maiduguri, P. M. B.1069, Maiduguri, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Yakaka Alhaji Bulama
  • Yakaka Alhaji Bulama
  • Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, College of Medical Sciences, University of Maiduguri, P. M. B. 1069, Maiduguri, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Sulayman Tunde Balogun
  • Sulayman Tunde Balogun
  • Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Medical Sciences, University of Maiduguri, P. M. B.1069, Maiduguri, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Samaila Musa
  • Samaila Musa
  • Department of Medical Microbiology, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Medical Sciences, University of Maiduguri, P. M. B. 1069, Maiduguri, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 27 August 2018
  •  Accepted: 06 December 2018
  •  Published: 28 January 2019

References

Alam N, Shim MJ, Lee MW, Shin PG, Yoo YB, Lee TS (2009). Phylogenetic relationship in different commercial starins of Pleurotus nebrodensis based on ITS sequence and RAPD. Mycology 37:183-188.

 

Alamri SA, Moustafa F (2012). Antimicrobial properties of 3 medicinal plants from Saudi Arabia against some clinical isolates of bacteria. Saudi Medical Journal 33(3):272-277.

 
 

Anselem A (2004). Herbs for healing pax herbals.Edo state, Nigeria.

 
 

Augustine EC, Ugoha R, Azubuike MI (2017). The contributions of African traditional medicine to Nigeria's health care delivery system. IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science 22(5):32-43.
Crossref

 
 

Bauer AW, Kirby WM, Sherris JC, Turck M (1966). Antibiotic susceptibility testing by a standard single disk method. American Journal of Clinical Pathology 45:493-496.
Crossref

 
 

Bonev B, Hooper J, Parisot J (2008). Principle of assessing bacterial susceptibility to antibiotic using the agar well diffusion method. Journal of Antimicrobial Agent Chemotherapy 61(9):1295-1301.
Crossref

 
 

Brian KR, Turner TD (1975). Practical Evaluation of Phytochemicals. Wright Scentechnical, Bristol, UK. pp. 57-59.

 
 

Britto SJ, Senthinkumar S (2001). Antimicrobial activities of Solanum incanum leaf extract. Asian Journal of Microbiology, Biotechnology and Environmental Sciences 3(1-2):65-66.

 
 

Doss A, Anand SP (2012). Preliminary phytochemical screening of asteracantha longifolia and pergularia daemia. World Applied Sciences Journal 18(2):233-235.

 
 

Emad MA (2011). Plants: An alternative source for antimicrobials. Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science 01(06):16-20.

 
 

Evans CW (2009). Trease and Evans Pharmacognosy. 16th edition. Saunders Elsevier: Edinburgh pp. 196-197, 225-227, 229-232, 561.

 
 

Fair RJ, Tor Y (2014). Antibiotics and bacterial resistance in the 21st century. Perspectives in Medicinal Chemistry 6:25-64.
Crossref

 
 

Ghalem BR, Ali B (2017). Preliminary phytochemical screening of five commercial essential oils. World Journal of Applied Chemistry 2(4):145-151.

 
 

Ibrahim S (2014). Application of medicinal plants to overcome antibiotic resistance in some selected multi-drug resistant clinical isolates. Research and Reviews: Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 2(4):48-52.

 
 

Jhambh R, Dimri U, Gupta VK, Rathore R (2012). Identification and antibiogram of bacterial isolates from dairy cows with clinical mastitis. Veterinary Practitioner 13(2):358-359.

 
 

Khan AU, Musharraf A (2004). Plasmid-mediated multiple antibiotic resistance in Proteus mirabilis isolated from patients with urinary tract infection. Medical Science Monitor 10:598-602.

 
 

Kokwaro JO (1993). Medicinal plants of East Africa, 2nd Edition East African Literature Bureau, Nairobi pp. 222-223.

 
 

Li B, Webster TJ (2018). Bacteria Antibiotic Resistance: New challenges and opportunities for implant-associated orthopaedic infections. Journal of Orthopaedic Research 36(1):22-32.

 
 

Mandal SM, Chakraborty D, Dey S (2010). Phenolic acid acts as signaling molecules in plants microbes symbioses. Plant Signaling and Behavior 5:359-368.
Crossref

 
 

Markham KR (1982). Techniques of Flavonoids Identification. Academic Press: New York, USA. pp. 1-113.

 
 

Mazid M, Khanb TA, Mohammada F (2012). Medicinal Plants of Rural India: A Review of Use by Indian. Folks Indo Global Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 2(3):286-304.

 
 

Mbaya B, Muhammed S (1976). Antibiotic action of Solanum incanum L. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 6:920-927.
Crossref

 
 

Mwonjoria JK, Ngeranwa JJ, Kariuki HN, Githinji CG, Sagini MN, Wambug SN (2014). Ethno medicinal, phytochemical and pharmacological aspects of Solanumincanum (Lin.). International Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology 2(2):17-20.
Crossref

 
 

Owino J, Omundi J, Njeru SN (2015). Antibacterial activity of methanol crude extracts of Solanum incanum L. Kenyan traditional medicinal plants. International Journal of Science and Research 4(2):560-563.

 
 

Pavitra PS, Janani VS, Charumathi KH, Indumathy R, Sirisha P, Rama SV (2010). Antibacterial activity of plants used in Indian herbal medicine. International Journal of Green Pharmacy 4(1):23-28.

 
 

Rios JL, Recio MC (2005). Medicinal plants and antimicrobial activity. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 100:80-84.
Crossref

 
 

Sheel R, Nisha K, Kumar J (2014). Preliminary phytochemical screening of methanolic extract of Clerodendron infortunatum. IOSR Journal of Applied Chemistry 7(1):10-13.
Crossref

 
 

Shu-Hui TA, Chung-ming LB, Tzoa-Yin LC, Shan-Chwen CD, Feng-Yee C (2011). Emergence and spread of multi-drug resistant organisms. Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection 44:157-165.
Crossref

 
 

Silva LG, Lee IS, Aflinnghorn DA (1998). Special problem with extraction of plant in Natural product isolation. Human Press Inc. 999, Review drive, suite 208, Totowa, New Jersey, USA 072512. pp. 343-364.

 
 

Sofowora A (2008). Medicinal plants and traditional medicine in Africa.3rd Edition, Spectrum Books limited, Ibadan, Nigeria. pp 289.

 
 

SPSS (2006). Statistical Package for Social Science Windows version 16.0. SPSS Inc, Chicago, IL, USA.

 
 

Taye B, Giday M, Animut A, Seid A (2011). Antimicrobial activity of selected plants in traditional treatment of wounds in Ethiopia. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine 1(5):370-375.
Crossref

 
 

Tripathi IP and Mishra C (2015). Phytochemical screening of some medicinal plants of Chitrakoot region. Indian Journal of Applied Research 5(12):56-60.

 
 

Usman M, Osuji JC (2007). Phytochemical and in vitro antimicrobial assay of the leaf extracts of new bouldia leaves. African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines 4(4):1476-1480.

 
 

Vineetha N, Vignesh RA, Sridhar D (2015). Preparation, standardization of antibiotic discs and study of resistance pattern for first-line antibiotics in isolates from clinical samples. International Journal of Applied Research 1(11):624-631.

 
 

Vishnoi NR (1979). Advanced practical chemistry. Ghaziabad-India: Yikas Publication House, PVT Ltd. pp. 447-449.

 
 

Williams R (2000). Antimicrobial resistance a global threat. Essential Drug Monitor 1:28-29.