African Journal of
Pure and Applied Chemistry

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Pure Appl. Chem.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0840
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPAC
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 357

Full Length Research Paper

Amino acid content, fatty acid content and anti nutritional factor of seeds of new hybrid varieties of Echinochloa frumentacea (Sanwa) minor millets

S. Gupta
  • S. Gupta
  • Department of Applied Chemistry, Jabalpur Engineering College, Jabalpur-482011(M.P.) India.
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S. K. Shrivastava
  • S. K. Shrivastava
  • Department of Applied Chemistry, Jabalpur Engineering College, Jabalpur-482011(M.P.) India.
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M. shrivastava
  • M. shrivastava
  • Department of Chemistry Govt. M. H. College of Home Science and Science for Women Jabalpur (M. P.) India.
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  •  Received: 08 January 2014
  •  Accepted: 04 November 2014
  •  Published: 16 January 2015

Abstract

Cereals are the staple diet of most of the world’s population. The millets are very important staple food in the rural parts of India. Millets can secure India’s food and farming in future because it is amazing in their nutrition contents. Echinochloa frumentacea (Sanwa) millet is good source of energy and provide protein, fatty acid, minerals, vitamins, dietary fibre and polypheonals. Proteins present in various foods differ in their nutritive value on account of the difference in the amino acid contents. The amino acid content, fatty acid content (TSFA and TUFA) and anti nutritional factor  ranged from 0.0008 to 0.522%, 24.2 to 26.0%, 73.5 to 75.4% and 0.301 to 0.302, 0.0202 to 0.0204 g/100 g and 31.95 mg/100 g respectively. No cyanide content and haemagglutinin activity were found. Nutritionally the seeds of E. frumentacea variety DFM-1 and HR-374 are rich in aspartic acid (essential amino acid) content and total unsaturated fatty acid content.

 

Key words: Amino acid, fatty acid content, anti nutritional factor, minor millets variety of Echinochloa frumentacea