African Journal of
Plant Science

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Plant Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0824
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPS
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 718

Full Length Research Paper

Phytochemical studies on the extract and essential oils of Artemisia dracunculus L. (Tarragon)

Irfan-ur-Rauf Tak
  • Irfan-ur-Rauf Tak
  • Centre of Research for Development, University of Kashmir, Srinagar - 190 006, India.
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Dawood Mohiuddin
  • Dawood Mohiuddin
  • Indian Institute of Integrative Medicine (IIIM), Srinagar, Kashmir, India.
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B. A. Ganai
  • B. A. Ganai
  • Centre of Research for Development, University of Kashmir, Srinagar - 190 006, India.
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M. Z. Chishti
  • M. Z. Chishti
  • Centre of Research for Development, University of Kashmir, Srinagar - 190 006, India.
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Fayaz Ahmad
  • Fayaz Ahmad
  • Department of Zoology, University of Kashmir, Srinagar-190 006, Kashmir, India.
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Jehangir Shafi Dar
  • Jehangir Shafi Dar
  • Centre of Research for Development, University of Kashmir, Srinagar - 190 006, India.
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  •  Received: 14 December 2013
  •  Accepted: 08 January 2014
  •  Published: 31 January 2014

Abstract

Artemisia dracunculus L. (Tarragon) is a species of flowering plant within the family Asteraceae, commonly used as a dietary seasoning. During the present study, the plant was collected from Indian Institute of Integrative Medicines (IIIM Srinagar). Air dried shoots (room temperature 25-35°C) were used to extract essential oil using Clevenger type apparatus for 3 h and analyzed. Thirty-four (34) compounds were identified using gas chromatography- flame ionization detector (GC-FID) and Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis. Major constituents of the essential oil were trans-Anethole (28.06%), Z-β-ocimene (15.79%), a- Terpenolene (10.12%), Elemecin (10.08%), 1, 8 cineole (7.71%) and a-copaene (2.78%), etc. Comparing our results with those of other Artemisia species already published in the literature revealed considerable qualitative and quantitative similarity of the major constituents of the essential oils. As trans-Anethole is the major constituent, this chemo type may be useful for industrial exploitation as well as chemotaxonomic characterization.

Key words: Artemisia dracunculus, Terpenolene, Z-β-ocimene, trans-Anethole.