Educational Research and Reviews

  • Abbreviation: Educ. Res. Rev.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1990-3839
  • DOI: 10.5897/ERR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 1960

Full Length Research Paper

Adaptation of the PERMA well-being scale into Turkish: Validity and reliability studies

Eliüşük Bülbül Ayşe
  • Eliüşük Bülbül AyÅŸe
  • Guidance and Counseling Department, Eregli Education Faculty, Konya Necmettin Erbakan Ãœniversitesi, Turkey.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 23 November 2017
  •  Accepted: 10 February 2018
  •  Published: 23 February 2018


Seligman’s “well-being scale” PERMA evaluates people’s level of well-being in five dimensions: P: Positive and Negative emotions, E: Engagement, R: Relationships, M: Meaning, A: Accomplishment, N: Negative Emotion and H: Health.  This scale measures a person’s level of well being using five components. The measurement scale developed consists of 23 items with a scoring interval from 0 to 10. The  internal consistency coefficient of the scale is 0.82. The adaptation study of the PERMA well-being scale was applied on a group of university students. For language validity, some translation texts (from English to Turkish/from Turkish to English) were given to the students in the department of ELT and positive significant correlations where obtained from the English and Turkish forms (r=0.95, p<0.01; r=0.95, p<0.01). The measurement tool with 23 articles and 8 dimensions tested by confirmatory factor analysis was seen to have enough goodness of fit index (c2/sd=100.96/41, p=0.00, RMSEA=0.076, CFI=0.96, GFI=0.93, NNFI=0.94). As a result of the correlation analyses made for the criterion validity of PERMA well-being scale; a significant positive relation was found with subjective well-being scale and psychological well-being scale. The internal consistency coefficient of the scale was α=0.82 and test retest correlation was found at 0.81. As a result, the 23-item and eight-dimensional measuring tool became ready for use by the researchers.


Key words: Well-being, positive and negative emotions, occupation, relationships, meaning and success, well-being scale, reliability and validity.