Educational Research and Reviews

  • Abbreviation: Educ. Res. Rev.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1990-3839
  • DOI: 10.5897/ERR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 1918

Full Length Research Paper

Household education expenditures in Turkey for higher education exam preparation

Polat Husrevsah? Selda
  • Polat Husrevsah? Selda
  • Department of Educational Sciences, Ere?li of Education Faculty, Zonguldak Bulent Ecevet University, Turkey.
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Yel?z Öztürk
  • Yel?z Öztürk
  • Department of Educational Sciences, Ere?li of Education Faculty, Zonguldak Bulent Ecevet University, Turkey.
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  •  Received: 18 April 2021
  •  Accepted: 04 June 2021
  •  Published: 30 June 2021

Abstract

The study explored the household education expenditures for higher education exam preparation in Turkey. The study employed the case study design, one of the qualitative research designs. The study group consisted of families whose children were preparing for the higher education exam. The families were living in the city of Zonguldak. While determining the study group, criterion sampling technique and snowball sampling technique were used. The study data were collected using a semi-structured interview form. The study showed that households had education expenditures for higher education exam preparation. These expenditures were in the form of exam books and private teaching institutions/private lesson expenditures. Educational expenditures of households affected the economic, social, and individual life of the household. This effect was in the form of postponing or abandoning the basic needs of the household. Families recommended a change in the education system in order to reduce/eliminate household education expenditures. In a period when neoliberal education policies are on the agenda, it can be stated that the contribution of households to education expenditures will continue. Pulling away from the marketized examination approach and strengthening public education expenditures instead of household education expenditures are not limited to education policies, but also depends on the change in political and economic policies.

 

Key words: Higher education, education expenditures, household education expenditures, neoliberalism.