Educational Research and Reviews

  • Abbreviation: Educ. Res. Rev.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1990-3839
  • DOI: 10.5897/ERR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 1851

Full Length Research Paper

An examination of the programme for international student assessment (PISA) 2003 Turkish database with the aim of exploring the relationship between homework variables and mathematics achievement

Cem Oktay Güzeller1 and Ayça Akın2*
  1Department of Education Sciences, Faculty of Education, Akdeniz University, Konyaaltı, Antalya, 07058, Turkey. 2Department of Elementary Education, Faculty of Education, Akdeniz University, Konyaaltı, Antalya, 07058, Turkey.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 30 September 2011
  •  Published: 05 October 2011

Abstract

 

The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between the amount of time spent on homework in all subjects (HTAS), the time spent on mathematics homework (MHT), confidence in doing mathematics homework (HCM) and the mathematics achievement of students in Turkey, based on data from the programme for international student assessment (PISA, 2003). According to the results of the multiple regression analysis, the positive variable which best predicts mathematics achievement is the students' HCM. The next best variable for predicting mathematics achievement is a negative one, which is MHT. There is no significant relationship between HTAS and mathematics achievement. The negative relationship between MHT and mathematics achievement can be explained by the fact that, in Turkey, the same amount of homework is given to all students, without taking their individual differences into account.

 

Key words: Homework, homework time, homework confidence, mathematics achievement, programme for international student assessment (PISA).