International Journal of
Fisheries and Aquaculture

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Fish. Aquac.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9839
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJFA
  • Start Year: 2010
  • Published Articles: 234

Full Length Research Paper

Enhancing the fisheries sector of African Great lakes: Value chain analysis of the Tanganyika Sardine (Limnothrissa miodon, Boulenger 1906) from Lake Kivu, Rwanda

A. Murera
  • A. Murera
  • Rwanda Agriculture and Animal Resources Development Board (RAB), P. O. Box 5016 Rwanda.
  • Google Scholar
M. Verschuur
  • M. Verschuur
  • Agricultural Production Chain Management (APCM),Van Hall Larenstein University of Applied Sciences, Velp, Netherlands, P. O. Box 9001, 6880 GB Velp, Netherlands
  • Google Scholar
Donald R. Kugonza
  • Donald R. Kugonza
  • Department of Agricultural Production, School of Agricultural Sciences, College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 02 October 2019
  •  Accepted: 15 February 2021
  •  Published: 31 March 2021


Lake Kivu is experiencing unprecedented decline in production of Tanganyika Sardine (Limnothrissa miodon). This study sought to characterise the value chain of this fish species so as to chart its sustainable utilisation. The study performed in 2015 found two chains; an informal chain that takes 30% of the production and a formal chain that handles 70%. The average catch of sardine was 30 kg/day in the high production season and <15 kg/day in the low season. Two thirds of the fishers were not aware of the governing law. Fishing malpractices included fishing in prohibited sites, beach seining and fishing during moratorium period. Majority of fishers were not satisfied with the price offered in the market as costs involved in fishing was 701 Rwanda Francs/kg caught. This is despite the shift in time since the study was performed. Therefore, there is need for re-training of value chain actors, increasing lake surveillance, strengthening internal controls of the Fishers’ Cooperatives and improving information sharing and communication among value chain actors.

Key words: Chain mapping, fisheries, Lake Kivu, stakeholder analysis, Tanganyika Sardine.