International Journal of
Fisheries and Aquaculture

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Fish. Aquac.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9839
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJFA
  • Start Year: 2010
  • Published Articles: 197

Full Length Research Paper

Performance of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) fed with diets containing caffeine

Barbara de Cassia Ribeiro Vieira
  • Barbara de Cassia Ribeiro Vieira
  • Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora-MG, Brazil.
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Pedro Pierro Mendonca
  • Pedro Pierro Mendonca
  • Federal Institute of Espírito Santo, Alegre-ES, Brazil.
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Bruno Borges Deminicis
  • Bruno Borges Deminicis
  • Federal University of Southern Bahia, Itabuna-BA, Brazil.
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Paula Del Caro Selvatici
  • Paula Del Caro Selvatici
  • Federal University of Espirito Santo, Alegre-ES, Brazil
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Renata Gomes da Silveira Deminicis
  • Renata Gomes da Silveira Deminicis
  • State University of Santa Cruz, Ilhéus-BA, Brazil.
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  •  Received: 05 June 2018
  •  Accepted: 04 July 2018
  •  Published: 30 September 2018

Abstract

The objective of this study was to investigate the possible effects of caffeine on the performance of juveniles of Nile tilapia. One hundred and forty four (144) juveniles of Nile Tilapia with mass, total length and initial mean height of 2.94 ± 0.16 g, 5.19 ± 0.14 cm and 1.49 ± 0.04 cm, respectively, were used. The fishes were housed in 24 plastic boxes in a closed water recirculation system, where each box contained six fishes. A completely randomized design with six treatments and four replicates was used. The treatments tested were 0.0; 0.5; 1.0; 1.5; 2.0 and 2.5 g of caffeine/3 kg of feed. The experiment lasted for 40 days. Caffeine levels, up to and including 1 g/3 kg of diet, positively affected weight, total length, standard length, height, weight gain, feed intake and specific growth rate. Dosages higher than 1 g/3 kg resulted in negative results. Caffeine can be added in up to 1 g/3 kg of feed without negatively affecting the productive performance of juvenile Nile Tilapia fingerlings.

Key words: Production index, metabolism, fish, trimethylxanthine.