International Journal of
Fisheries and Aquaculture

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Fish. Aquac.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9839
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJFA
  • Start Year: 2010
  • Published Articles: 214

Full Length Research Paper

Active surveillance of infection caused by Aphanomyces invadans in Malawi

Barnett Kaphuka
  • Barnett Kaphuka
  • Fisheries Research Unit, P. O. Box 27, Monkey Bay, Malawi.
  • Google Scholar
Gilson R. Njunga
  • Gilson R. Njunga
  • Central Veterinary Laboratory, P. O. Box 527, Lilongwe, Malawi.
  • Google Scholar
Gladson Kamwendo
  • Gladson Kamwendo
  • Central Veterinary Laboratory, P. O. Box 527, Lilongwe, Malawi.
  • Google Scholar
Brino B. Chirwa
  • Brino B. Chirwa
  • Department of Fisheries, P. O. Box 593, Lilongwe, Malawi.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 01 March 2019
  •  Accepted: 18 April 2019
  •  Published: 31 January 2020


Afzali SF, Hassan MD, Sharifpour I, Afsharnasab M, Shankar S (2015). Experimental Infection of Aphanomyces invadans and susceptibility in seven species of Tropical fish. Veterinary World 8(9):1038-1044


Cameron A (2002). Survey Toolbox for Aquatic Animal Diseases. A Practical Manual and Software Package. Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, Canberra, P. 375.


Skelton P (2001). A Complete Guide to Freshwater Fishes of Southern Africa. Struik Publishers, Singapore.


Murphy E, Erickson K, Chima J (2013). USAID Office of Food for Peace: Food Security Country Framework for Malawi. FHI360/FANTA, Washington, DC.


Nsonga A, Mfitilodze W, Samui KL, Sikawa D (2013). Epidemiology of Epizootic Ulcerative Syndrome in the Zambezi River System: A case study for Zambia. HVM Bioflux 5(1):1-8.


McHugh KJ, Christison KW, Weyl OLF, Smit NJ (2014). Histological confirmation of epizootic ulcerative syndrome in two cyprinid species from Lake Liambezi, Zambezi Region, Namibia. African Zoology 49(2):311-316. 


Yadav MK, Pradhan PK, Sood N, Chaudhary DK, Verma DK, Debnath C, Jena JK (2014). Innate immune response of Indian major carp, Labeo rohita infected with oomycete pathogen Aphanomyces invadans. Fish and Shellfish Immunology 39(2):524-531. 


OIE (2015). Infection with Aphanomyces invadans (Epizootic Ulcerative Syndrome). Chapter 10.2. In: Aquatic Animal Health Code 10(2):1-6.


OIE (2018). Manual of Diagnostic Tests for Aquatic Animals. 



Thapa GB, Pal J (2015). Role of physicochemical factors of pond water on the outbreak of epizootic ulcerative syndrome and histopathology of affected fishes from eastern Nepal. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies 2:1-8.


Ilker E, Sulaiman AM, Rukayya SA (2016). Comparison of Convenience Sampling and Purposive Sampling. American Journal of Theoretical and Applied Statistics 5(1):1-4. 


Government of Malawi (GOM) (2016a). National Agriculture Policy. Lilongwe. 



Government of Malawi (GOM) (2016b). National Fisheries and Aquaculture Policy. 2nd Edition, Lilongwe. 


Gomo C, Hanyire T, Makaya PV, Sibanda S (2016). Outbreak of epizootic ulcerative Syndrome (EUS) in Seranochromis robustus Fish species in Darwendale dam, Zimbabwe. African Journal of Fisheries Science 4(1):204-205.


Kar D (2016). Pathology of Epizootic Ulcerative Syndrome. Epizootic Ulcerative Fish Disease Syndrome, pp. 83-93.


FAO (2017). Report of the international emergency fish disease investigation mission on a suspected outbreak of epizootic ulcerative syndrome (EUS) in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, 13-19 March 2015.


Huchzermeyer CF, Huchzermeyer KDA, Christison KW, Macey BM, Colly PA, Hang'ombe BM, Songe MM (2017). First record of epizootic ulcerative syndrome from the Upper Congo catchment: An outbreak in the Bangweulu swamps, Zambia. Journal of Fish Diseases 41(1):87-94.


Kim A, Nguyen TL, Kim D (2017). Modern Methods of Diagnosis. In: Austin B, Newaj-Fyzul A (Eds). Diagnosis and Control of Diseases of Fish and Shellfish. pp. 109-146


Paladini G, Longshaw M, Gustinelli A, Shinn AP (2017). Parasitic Diseases in Aquaculture: Their Biology, Diagnosis and Control. In: Austin B, Newaj-Fyzul A (Eds). Diagnosis and Control of Diseases of Fish and Shellfish, pp. 37-108.


Walakira J (2017). Mapping study of aquatic animal diseases-Southern Africa. AU-IBAR. 



Iberahim NA, Trusch F, Van West P (2018). Aphanomyces invadans, the causal agent of Epizootic Ulcerative Syndrome, is a global threat to wild and farmed fish. Fungal Biology Reviews 32(3):118-130.