Journal of
Electrical and Electronics Engineering Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Electrical Electron. Eng. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2367
  • DOI: 10.5897/JEEER
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 57

Full Length Research Paper

Wire antennas for textiles applications

Abraham T. Wiri
  • Abraham T. Wiri
  • Department of Electrical Engineering, Rivers State University, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 12 August 2018
  •  Accepted: 07 November 2019
  •  Published: 31 March 2021

Abstract

This paper investigates the use of a Genetic Algorithm to produce an optimized compact monopole antenna for textile application. The antenna characteristics are examined using the Numerical Electromagnetic code (NEC2) with genetic algorithm (GA). The design objective for the antennas considered here is to drive the S11 to be less than or at least, as close as possible to -10dB, targeting this application (850-950 MHz) band. Results of return loss are also presented. The purpose of this study is to build a genetic algorithm (GA) optimisation of wire antennas for application at 900MHz. These antennas are fully textile, flexible and wearable. Measurement test was performed by placing the textile antenna sample close to the human chest while results were compared with simulation on a body phantom. Specific absorption rate was evaluated in CST Microwave Studio. To validate our results, four linear wire antenna designs, planar and embroidered antennas were fabricated, measured and compared with the simulation. Simulated and measured results show that all the antennas can operate at 900 MHz band.

Key words: Genetic algorithm, linear wire, segment length, population, chromosome, specific absorption rate.