Journal of
Horticulture and Forestry

  • Abbreviation: J. Hortic. For.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9782
  • DOI: 10.5897/JHF
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 269

Full Length Research Paper

Ecological assessment of plant diversity and associated edaphic and topographic variables in the Gra-Kahsu forests of Ethiopia

Tesfay Atsbha
  • Tesfay Atsbha
  • Tigray Agriculture Research Institute, Alamata Agriculture Research Center, P. O. Box, 56, Alamata, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Anteneh Belayneh Desta
  • Anteneh Belayneh Desta
  • School of Biological Sciences and Biotechnology, Collage of Natural and Computational Sciences, Haramaya University, Ethiopia
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 13 November 2018
  •  Accepted: 18 December 2018
  •  Published: 31 January 2019

References

Acharya BK, Chettri B, Vijayan L (2011). Distribution pattern of trees along an elevation gradient of Eastern Himalaya, India. Oecology 37:329-336.
Crossref

 

Adane G (2011). Plant Communities, Species Diversity, Seedling Bank and Resprouting in Nandi Forests, Kenya. Doctoral dissertation, Universitätsbibliothek Koblenz.

 

Alemayehu M (2003). Country Pasture/Forage Resource Profiles. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: Addis Ababa University, Faculty of Science, Biology Department.

 

Alemayehu WE (2007). Ethiopian Church Forests: opportunities and challenges for restoration, PhD thesis, Wageningen Univeristy, Wageningen, The Netherlands.

 

Alexander R, Millington A (2000). Vegetation Mapping: From Patch to Planet. Chichester, United Kingdom: Wiley.

 

Althof AJ (2005). Human Impact on Flora and Vegetation of Kakamega Forest, Kenya Structure, distribution and disturbance of plant communities in an East African rainforest. PhD Dissertation University of Koblenz-Landau.

 

Amsalu S (2000). Herbaceous species composition, dry matter and condition of the major grazing areas in the middle rift valley, Ethiopia. MSc Thesis. Hramaya University, Dire Dewa, Ethiopia 159 p.

 

Angassa A (2014). Effects of grazing intensity and bush encroachment on herbaceous specie and rangeland condition in southern Ethiopia. Land degradation and Development 25:438-451.
Crossref

 

Austrheim G (2002). Plant diversity patterns in semi-natural grasslands along an elevational gradient in southern Norway. Plant Ecology 161(2):193-205.
Crossref

 

Aynekulu E, Manfred D, Tsegaye D (2009). Regeneration response of Juniperus procera and Olea europaea subsp cuspidata to exclosure in a dry Afromontane Forest in Northern Ethiopia. Mountain Research and Development 29:143-152.
Crossref

 

Bone L, Lawrence M, Magombo Z (1997). The effect of a Eucalyptus camaldulensis (Dehn) plantation on native woodland recovery on Ulumba Mountains, Southern Malawi. Forest Ecology and Management 99:83-99.
Crossref

 

Brinkmann K, Patzelt A, Dickhoefer U, Schlecht E, Buerkert A (2009). Vegetation patterns and diversity along an altitudinal and a grazing gradient in the Jabal al Akhdar Mountain range of northern Oman. Arid Environment 73:1035-1045.
Crossref

 

Brown JH (2001). Mammals on mountainsides: Elevational patterns of diversity. Global Ecology and Biogeography 10:101-109.
Crossref

 

Bruun HH, Moen J, Virtanen R, Grytnes JA, Oksanen L, Angerbjorn A (2006). Effects of altitude and topography on species richness of vascular plants, bryophytes and lichens in alpine communities. Journal of Vegetation Science 17:37-46.
Crossref

 

Carpenter C (2005). The environmental control of plant species density on a Himalayan elevation gradient. Journal of Biogeography 32(6):999-1018.
Crossref

 

Chang-Ming Zhao, Wei-Lie Chen, Zi-Qiang Tian, Zong-Qiang XIE (2005). Altitudinal Pattern of Plant Species Diversity in Shennongjia Mountains, Central China. Journal of Integrative Plant Biology 47(12):1431-1449.
Crossref

 

Chawla A, Rajkumar S, Singh K, Lal B, Singh R, Thukral A (2008). Plant species diversity along an altitudinal gradient of Bhabha Valley in western Himalaya. Journal of Mountain Science 5:157-177.
Crossref

 

De Lafontaine G, Houle G (2007). Species richness along a production gradient: a multivariate approach. American Journal of botany 94(1):79-88.
Crossref

 

Deribe G (2006). Humbo community-managed natural regeneration project final report. Report, Humbo Regeneration Project, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

 

Desalegn W, Beierkuhnlein C (2010). Plant species and growth form richness along altitudinal gradients in the southwest Ethiopian highlands. Journal of vegetation science 21(4):617-626.
Crossref

 

Fetene M, Assefa Y, Gashaw M, Woldu Z, Beck E (2006). Diversity of afroalpine vegetation and ecology of tree line species in the Bale Mountains, Ethiopia, and the influence of fire. In: Spehn EM, Liberman M and Körner C, editors. Land Use Change and Mountain Biodiversity. New York, NY: CRC, pp. 25-38.

 

Feyera S, Christine S, Tadese W, Hans J, Manfred D (2014). Plant diversity, vegetation structure and relationship between Plant communities and environmental variables in The Afromontane forests of Ethiopia, SINET: Ethiopian Journal of Science 37(2):113-130.

 

Ganesan R, Siddappa R (2004). Regeneration of Amla, an important non-timber forest product from southern India. Conservation and Society 2:365-375.

 

Getaneh B (2007). Floristic composition and structure in Beschillo and Abay (Blue Nile) riverine vegetation. Doctoral Dissertation. Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

 

Guarino ESG, Scariot AO (2012). Tree seedling survival and growth in logged and undisturbed seasonal deciduous forest fragments in central Brazil. Journal of Forest Research 17:193-201.
Crossref

 

Gunnar A, Ove E (2001). Plant Species Diversity and Grazing in the Scandinavian Mountains: Patterns and Processes at Different Spatial Scales, Ecography 24(6):683-695.
Crossref

 

Hadera G (2000). A study on the ecology and management of the Dessa forest in the northeastern escarpment of Ethiopia. M.Sc. Thesis A.A.U.

 

Herlocker DJ (1999). Rangeland ecology and resource development in eastern Africa. GTZ, German Technical Cooperation.

 

Hoshino A, Yoshihara Y, Sasaki T, Okayasu T, Jamsran U, Okuro T, Takeuchi K (2009). Comparison of vegetation changes along grazing gradients with different numbers of livestock. Journal of Arid Environments 73:687-690.
Crossref

 

Huston MA (1994). Biological diversity: the coexistence of species. Cambridge University Press.

 

Jentsch A, Beierkuhnlein C, White PS (2002). Scale, the dynamic stability of forest ecosystems, and the persistence of biodiversity. Silva Fennica 36:393-400.
Crossref

 

Jin TZ, Bin X, Min L (2013). Vegetation patterns and species diversity along elevational and disturbance gradients in the Baihua Mountain Reserve, Beijing, China. Mountain Research and Development, 33(2):170-178.
Crossref

 

Jin-Tun Z, Mi Z, Rui M (2016). Effects of altitude and disturbance gradients on forest diversity in the Wulingshan Nature Reserve, North China. Environmental Earth Sciences 75:904.
Crossref

 

Kebrom T, Backeus I, Skuglund J, Zerihun W (1997). Vegetation on hillslopes of Wello, Ethiopia: Degradation and regeneration. Nordic Journal of Botany 17(5):483-493.
Crossref

 

Körner C (2007). The use of altitude in ecological research. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 22:569-574.
Crossref

 

Kumelachew Y, Tamrat B (2002). Plant community analysis and ecology of afromontane and transitional rainforest vegetation of Southwestern Ethiopia, SINET: Ethiopian Journal of Science 25(2):155-175.

 

Leul K, Sileshi N, Zerihun W (2015). The effects of disturbance on the population structure and regeneration potential of five dominant wood species in Hugumburda Gratkhassu National Forest Priority Area, Northeastern Ethiopia. African Journal of Ecology 54(1):20-28.

 

Leul K, Tamrat B, Sileshi N (2010). Vegetation Composition in Hugumbirda-Gratkhassu National Forest Priority Area, South Tigray. Momona Ethiopian Journal of Science 2(2):27-48.

 

Loreau M, Naeem S, Inchausti P (2001). Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning: Current knowledge and future challenges. Science 294:804-808.
Crossref

 

Lovett JC, Marshall AR, Carr J (2006). Changes in tropical forest vegetation along an altitudinal gradient in the Udzungwa Mountains National Park, Tanzania. African Journal of Ecology 44:478-490.
Crossref

 

Maestre FT (2004). On the importance of patch attributes, environmental factors and past human impacts as determinants of perennial plant species richness and diversity in Mediterranean Semiarid Steppes. Diversity and Distributions 10:21-29.
Crossref

 

Magurran AE (2004). Measuring Biological Diversity. Blackwell publishing. Australia.

 

Markos K, Simon S (2015). Floristic composition, vegetation structure, and regeneration status of woody plant species of Oda forest of Humbo Carbon Project, Wolaita, Ethiopia. Journal of Botany. ID 963816, 9p. 
Crossref

 

Melese B, Wendawek A (2016). Floristic Composition and Vegetation Structure of Woody Species in Lammo Natural Forest in Tembaro Woreda, Kambata-Tambaro Zone, Southern Ethiopia. American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 4(2):49-55.
Crossref

 

Mueller-Dombois D, Ellenberg H (1974). Aims and Methods of Vegetation Ecology. John Wiley and Sons, London.

 

Muhumuza M, Byarugaba D (2009). Impact of land use on the ecology of uncultivated plant species in the Rwenzori mountain range, mid-western Uganda. African Journal of Ecology 47:614-621.
Crossref

 

Oba G, Veetas OR, Stenseth NC (2001). Relationships between biomass and plant species richness in arid zone grazing lands. Journal of Applied Ecology 38:836-845.
Crossref

 

Ole R Vetaas, John-Arvid G (2002). Distribution of vascular plant species richness and endemic richness along the Himalayan elevation gradient in Nepal. Global Ecology and Biogeography 11:291-30.
Crossref

 

Otypkova Z, Chytry M, Tichy L, Pechanec V, Jongepier JW, Hajek O (2011). Floristic diversity patterns in the White Carpathians biosphere reserve, Czech Republic. Biologia, 66:266-274.
Crossref

 

Pavlu V, Hejcman M, Pavlu L, Gaisler J (2003). Effect of rotational and continuous grazing on vegetation of an upland grassland in the Jizerske Hory Mts., Czech Republic. Folia Geobot 38(1):21-34.
Crossref

 

R Development Core Team (2015). R: a language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing

 

Rahbek C. 2005. The role of spatial scale and the perception of large-scale species richness patterns. Ecology Letters 8:224-239.
Crossref

 

Rembold K (2011). Conservation status of the vascular plants in East African rain forests. PhD Dissertation, University of Koblenz-Landau.

 

Ru W, Zhang JT (2012). Ecological study of forests dominated by endangered species, Taxus chinensis var. mairei, in Shanxi of China. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research 10(4):457-470.
Crossref

 

Shannon CE, Weaner W (1949). The Mathematical Theory of Communication: Unknown Distance Function. Urbana, IL: Illinois Press.

 

Sharma CM, Suyal S, Gairola S, Ghildiyal SK (2009). Species richness and diversity along an altitudinal gradient in moist temperate forest of Garhwal Himalaya. Journal American Science 5(5):119-128.

 

Smet M, Ward D (2005). A comparison of the effects of different rangeland management systems on plant species composition, diversity and vegetation structure in a semi-arid savanna. African Journal of Range and Forage Science 22(1):59-71.
Crossref

 

Soromessa T, Teketay D, Demissew S (2004). Ecological study of the vegetation in Gamo Gofa zone, southern Ethiopia. Tropical Ecology 45(2):209-222.

 

Sproull GJ, Quigley MF, Sher A, Gonzalez E (2015). Long-term changes in composition, diversity and distribution patterns in four herbaceous plant communities along an elevational gradient. Journal of Vegetation Science 26:552-563
Crossref

 

Tefera J, Minyishaw E, Kebenu F, Nurhusen A, Gufran M (2015). Woody species diversity, management and contribution of local community in Protected Forest of Kuneba District, Afar Region Ethiopia. Journal of Environmental Science and Technology 8(4):172-179.
Crossref

 

Tefera M, Teketay D, Hulten H, Yemshaw Y (2005). The role of enclosure in the recovery of woody vegetation in degraded dry land hillsides of central and northern Ethiopia. Journal of Arid Environments 60(2):259-281.
Crossref

 

Teshome S. Demel T, Sebsebe D (2004). Ecological study of the vegetation in Gamo Gofa zone, Southern Ethiopia, Journal of Tropical Ecology 45(2):209-221.

 

Tessema ZK, De Boer WF, Baars RMT, Prins HHT (2011). Changes in vegetation structure, herbaceous biomass and soil nutrients in response to grazing in semi‐arid savannas in Ethiopia. Journal of Arid Environment 75:662-670.
Crossref

 

Tibebu Y, Teshome S (2015). Carbon Stock Variations along Altitudinal and Slope Gradient in the Forest Belt of Simen Mountains National Park, Ethiopia. American Journal of Environmental Protection 4(4):199-201.
Crossref

 

Vetaas OR, Grytnes JA (2002). Distribution of vascular plant species richness and endemic richness along the Himalayan elevation gradient in Nepal. Global Ecology and Biogeography 11:291-301.
Crossref

 

Virtanen R, Luoto M, Rama T, Mikkola K, Hjort J, Grytnes JA, Birks HJB (2010). Recent vegetation changes at the high-latitude tree line ecotone are controlled by geomorphological disturbance, productivity and diversity. Global Ecology and Biogeography 19:810-821.
Crossref

 

Wana De, Carl B (2010). Plant species and growth form richness along altitudinal gradients in the southwest Ethiopian highlands, Journal of Vegetation Science 21:617-626.

 

Wereda Alamata Office of Agricultural and Rural Development (WAOARD) (2017). Natural Resources Core Process, annual report. Alamata Wereda Office of Agriculture and rural Development, Unpublished, Tigrigna version.

 

Wolde M, Veldkamp E, Corre MD (2011b). Restoration of ecosystem carbon stocks following enclosure establishment in communal grazing lands in Tigray, Ethiopia. Soil Science Society of America Journal 75(1):246-256.
Crossref

 

Wolde M, Veldkamp E, Mesfin T, Olschewski R (2011c). Economic valuation of land restoration: The case of exclosures established on communal grazing lands in Tigray, Ethiopia. Land degradation and development 22:334-344.
Crossref

 

Wolde M, Aynekulu E (2011a). Enclosure land management for restoration of the soils in degraded communal grazing lands in northern Ethiopia. Land Degradation and Development 24:528-538.

 

Xiang CL, Zhang JT (2009). Changes in species diversity and contributing factors in subalpine meadows in Dongling Mountain. Journal of Beijing Normal University (Natural Science) 45(3):275-278.

 

Yohannes H, Teshome S, Mekuria A (2015). Carbon stock analysis along altitudinal gradient in gedo forest: Implications for forest management and climate change mitigation. American journal of environmental protection 4(5):237-244.

 

Zewde A (2014). Distribution of the Woody Vegetation along the Altitudinal range from Abay (Blue Nile) Gorge to Choke Mountain, East Gojjam Zone, Amhara National Regional State, Northwest Ethiopia. MSc. Thesis, Department of Plant Biology and Biodiversity Management, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia.

 

Zhang JT, Zhang F (2007). Diversity and composition of plant functional groups in mountain forests of the Lishan Nature Reserve, North China. Botanical Studies 48:339-348.

 

Zhang JT, Ru WM, Li B (2006). Relationships between vegetation and climate on the Loess Plateau in China. Folia Geobotanica, 41:151-163.
Crossref

 

Zhang JT, Xu B, Li M (2013). Vegetation patterns and species diversity along elevational and disturbance gradients in the Baihua Mountain Reserve, Beijing, China. Mountain Research and Development 33(2):170-178.
Crossref

 

Zhang JT, Zhang B, Qian ZY (2015). Functional diversity of Cercidiphyllum japonicum, communities in the Shennongjia Reserve, central China. Journal of Forest Research 26(1):171-177.
Crossref

 

Zhao CM, Chen WL, Tian ZQ, Xie ZQ (2005). Altitudinal pattern of plant species diversity in Shennongjia Mountains, Central China. Journal of Integrative Plant Biology 47:143-449.
Crossref