Journal of
Horticulture and Forestry

  • Abbreviation: J. Hortic. For.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9782
  • DOI: 10.5897/JHF
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 299

Full Length Research Paper

Effects of seed pre-treatments on the germination and early growth of Echinops giganteus C.D Adam

Francoline Jong Nkemnkeng
  • Francoline Jong Nkemnkeng
  • Department of Plant Biology, University of Dschang, P. O. Box 67 Dschang, Cameroon.
  • Google Scholar
Mendi, Grace Anjah
  • Mendi, Grace Anjah
  • Department of Plant Biology, University of Dschang, P. O. Box 67 Dschang, Cameroon.
  • Google Scholar
Walter Ndam Tacham
  • Walter Ndam Tacham
  • Department of Biological Sciences, University of Bamenda, P. O. Box 39, Bambili, Cameroon.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 03 December 2017
  •  Accepted: 17 April 2018
  •  Published: 31 August 2018


Ajouri A, Asgedom S, Becker M (2004). Seed priming enhances germination and seedling growth of barley under conditions of P and Zn deficiency. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, 16(2):630-636.


Anjah GM, Nkemnkeng FJ, Tacham WN (2016). Effects of different sowing methods on the germination, early growth and yield of Echinops giganteus. Greener Journal of Agronomy, Forestry and Horticulture, 4(1):001-011.


Anjah GM, Fotso E, Tonjock RK, Ndikum VM (2015). Effects of three pre-treatment techniques on dormancy and Effects of varying temperatures, growth media and sowing methods on the germination of Aframomum melegueta. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Science, 4(3):659-665.


Azad MS, Islam MW, Matin MA, Bari MA (2006a). Effect of pre-sowing treatment on seed germination of Albizia lebbeck (L.) Benth. South Asian Journal of Agriculture, 1(2):32-34.


Azad MS, Matin MA, Islam MW, Musa MZA (2006b). Effect of pre-sowing treatment on seed germination of Lohakath (Xylia kerrii Craib & Hutch.). Khulna University Studies, 7(2):33-36.


Azad MS, Musa MZA, Matin MA (2010a). Effects of presowing treatments on seed germination of Melia azedarach. Journal of Forestry Research, 21(2):193-196.


Azad MS, Paul NK, Matin MA (2010b). Do pre-sowing treatments affect seed germination in Albizia richardiana and Lagerstroemia speciosa? Frontiers of Agriculture in China, 4(2):181-184.


Azad S, Manik R, Hasan S, Matin A (2011). Effect of different pre-sowing treatments of seed germination percentage and growth performance of Acacia auriculiformis. Journal of Forestry Research, 22(2):183-188.


Banda T, Mark WS, Tim S (2006). Effects of fire on germination of Pterocarpsis angolensis. Forest Ecology and Management, 233:116-120.


Etèka CA, Ahohuendo BC, Ahoton LE, Dabadé SD, Ahanchédé A (2010). Seeds Germination of Four Traditional Leafy Vegetables in Benin (LFT). Tropicultura, 28(3):148-152.


Garnatje T, Valle J, Garcia S, Hidalgo O, Sanz M, Canela MA, Siljak-akovlev S (2004). Genome size in Echinops L. and related genera (Asteraceae Cardueae): karyological, ecological and phylogenetic implications. Biological Cell, 96(2):117-124.


Hale AN, Gribbins, KM, Yoder JA, Collier MH (2010) Reduced Seed Germination after Pappus Removal in the North American Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale; Asteraceae). Weed Science, 58:420-425.


International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) (2013). IUCN red list of threatened species. Gland, Switzerland‖. 



Karlsson LM, Milberg P (2008). Variation within species and interspecies comparison of seed dormancy and germination of four annual Lamium species. Flora, 203:409-420.


Loutfy IE, Ibrahim MA, Maawiah AA (2009). Effects of different pretreatments on seed germination and early establishment of the seedlings of Juniperus procera trees. World Applied Sciences Journal, 7(5):616-624.


Mabundza RM, Wahome PK, Masariramb MT (2010). Effects of different pre-germination treatment methods on the germination of passion (Passiflora edulis) Seeds. Journal of Agriculture and Social. Sciences, 6(3):57-60.


Menut G, Lamaty P, Weyerstahl H, Marschall SI. Amvam -Zollo PH (1997). Aromatic plants of tropical Central Africa. Part XXXI. Tricyclic sesquiterpenes from the root Essential oil of Echinops giganteus var. lelyi C. D. Adams. Flavour Fragrance Journal, 12(6):1026-1099.


MINEPDED (2014). République du Cameroun cinquième rapport national du Cameroun à la convention de la diversité biologique.


Muhammad SS, Muhammad S, Zaheer A, Saeed A, Nazeer A, Muhammad SUI (2014). Effect of Seed Soaking On Seed Germination and Growth of Bitter Gourd Cultivars. Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science, 6(6):07-11.


Ngamo TSL, Ngatanko I, Ngassou MB, Mapongmestem PM, Hance T (2007). Insecticidal efficiency of essential oils of 5 aromatic plants tested both alone and in combination towards Sitophilus oryzae (L.) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Research Journal of Biological Sciences, 2(1):75-80.


Niang-Diop F, Sambou B, Lykkem A (2010). Constraintes de regeneration naturelle de Prosopsis africana: Facteur affectant la germination des grains. Institut des Science Anta Diop. BP:5005. Daker Fanna, Senegal, 4(5):1693-1705.


Noggle GR, Fritz GJ (1986). Introduction to Plant Physiology, 2nd Ed. PrenticeHall of India Private Limited, New Delhi-110001.


Noumi E (1984). Les plantes à épices, à condiments et à aromates du Cameroun. Thèse de Doctorat en Sciences Biologiques, Université de Yaoundé, pp. 22-24.


Olayode OO, Gbadamosi AE (2009). Seed sources and pre-treatment effects on the emergence of Velvet Tamarind (Dialium guineense Wild) seedlings. Journal of Sustainable Forestry, 28:895-903.


Pérez SG, Ramos-López MA, Zavala-Sánchez M, Cárdenas-Ortega NC (2010). Activity of essential oils as a biorational alternative to control coleopteran insects in stored grains. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, 4(25):2827-2835.


Schaal BA (2000). 'Reproductive capacity and seed size in Lopimiumtexenis. America Journal of Botany, 6:703-709.


Singh NI, Verma AA, Chauhan SG (2010). Comparative efficacy of different vigour test parameters of pea (Pisum sativum L) seed testing. Libian Agriculture Research Center Journal International, 1(5):332-335.


Suh C, Meka SS, Ngome AF, Neba DA, Kemngwa IT, Sonkouat AD, Njualem D (2015). Effects of organic and inorganic fertilizers on growth and yield of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) in the western highlands of Cameroon. International Journal of Development Research, 05(2):3584-3588.


Tankou CM, De-Snoo GR, Persoon G, De-Iongh HH (2013). Variation of Biodiversity in Sacred Groves and Fallows in the Western Highlands of Cameroon. African Journal of Ecology, 97-126.


Tchatat M (1999). Produits forestiers autres que le bois d'œuvre (PFAB): place dansl'aménagement durable des forêts denses humides d'Afrique Centrale. Projet regional de capitalisation et transfert des recherches sur les écosystèmes forestiers de l'Afrique humide. Série Forafri. Document 18. Yaoundé.


Tchiegang C, Mbougueng D (2010). Composition chimique des épices utilisées dans la réparation du na'a poh et du kui de l'Ouest Cameroun. Tropicultura, 23(4):193-200.


Tene M, Tane P, Sondengam BL, Connolly JD (2004). Lignans from the roots of Echinops giganteus. Phytochemistry, 65(14):2101-2105.


Yakubu FB, Bolanle–Ojo OT, Ogunade OJ, Yahaya DK (2014). Effects of water soaking and light on the dormancy of Garcinia kola (Heckel) seeds. European Journal of Agriculture and Forestry Research, 2(2):17-26.