Traditional medicine has remained the most affordable and readily available source of treatment for primary care in poor African communities. Despite the increasingly common practices of traditional medicine to treat animal diseases, this rich endogenous knowledge is not sufficiently documented. The objective of this review is to synthesize information on ethnoveterinary practices to treat bovine trypanosomiasis in Africa. A systematic review was conducted in two search engines (Google scholar and Scopus) to obtain articles. The PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) guideline was followed for the review. Boolean operators "AND" or "OR" with keywords were used to search for relevant articles. Seventy-seven articles published in french and english between 2010 and 2020 on trypanocidal medicinal plants used in veterinary medicine in cattle were considered. Thus, 62 plants belonging to 34 families including Leguminosae (11.82%), Maliaceae (8.47%) and Fabaceae (6.77%) were identified. Barks (50.20%), leaves (19.27%) and roots (14.45%) were more used. The examination revealed that decoction (35.79%) and maceration (25.69%) were the main methods of preparation of medicinal plants. The remedies are mainly administered orally. This preliminary work opens the prospect of inventorying and analyzing trypanocidal medicinal plants of the African pharmacopoeia involved in the control of bovine trypanosomosis.
Key words: Medicinal plants, Ethnoveterinary practices, Trypanocidal properties, Cattle, Africa.
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