Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3709

Full Length Research Paper

Chemical composition and antioxidant activity in the essential oil of Cinnamomum zeylanicum Nees with medicinal interest

Ribeiro P. R. E.
  • Ribeiro P. R. E.
  • Biodiversity and Biotechnology (Rede Bionorte),State Coordination of Roraima, Federal University of Roraima, Campus Paricarana, Brazil.
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Montero I. F.
  • Montero I. F.
  • Department of Organic and Inorganic Chemistry, University of Extremadura, Cáceres, Spain.
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Saravia S. A. M.
  • Saravia S. A. M.
  • Faculty of Earth Sciences and Conservation, National University of Agriculture, Catacamas, Olancho, Honduras.
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Ferraz V. P.
  • Ferraz V. P.
  • Chromatography Laboratory, Institute of Exact Sciences, Department of Chemistry, UFMG, Belo Horizonte-MG, Brazil.
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Santos R. A.
  • Santos R. A.
  • Departament of Food Science, Louisiana State University, United States.
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Marcía J. A. F
  • Marcía J. A. F
  • Faculty of Technological Sciences, National University of Agriculture, Catacamas, Olancho, Honduras.
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Linhares B. M.
  • Linhares B. M.
  • Departament of Chemistry. Federal Institute of Roraima. Av. Glaycon de Paiva, 2496 - Pricumã, Boa Vista - RR, 69303-340, Brazil.
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  •  Received: 17 April 2020
  •  Accepted: 15 May 2020
  •  Published: 31 July 2020

Abstract

Cinnamon is an evergreen tree belonging to the genus Cinnamomun; it is commonly founded in various tropical countries, consisting of more than 250 species of trees and shrubs in the Lauraceae family. This plant has had great medicinal importance in traditional medicine since ancient times. In this research, the chemical composition of the essential oil of Cinnamomum zeylanicum Nees was evaluated. The samples were extracted from the leaves and stem. The main components founded from the leaves were: Benzyl benzoate (74.2%), α-felandrene (6.9%), α-pinene (3.0%), and linalool (2.7%). Cinnamaldehyde (31%), linalool (13.3%), benzyl benzoate (11.3%), and cinnamaldehyde acetate (8.2%) stood out in the essential oil of the stem. The antioxidant activity was determined by the DPPH method, obtaining an inhibition percentage for concentrations of 80 g mL-1, 59.17 ± 0.11% for the leaves and 61.34 ± 0.11% for the stem.

Key words: Benzyl benzoate, medicinal plant, cinnamon, free radicals.