Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3834

Table of Content: 18 June 2011; 5(12)

June 2011

Antimicrobial properties of leaves of Calycopteris floribunda Lam.

The antimicrobial activities of leaf extracts of Calycopteris floribunda in three different solvents such as diethyl ether-methanol, aqueous 90% methanol extract and petroleum ether-butanol extract were tested against Bacillus cereus, Bacillus subtilis andStaphylococcus aureus. The diethyl ether-methanol extract of the leaves and its petroleum ether-butanol fraction showed significant antibacterial...

Author(s): P. Rama Bhat, P. S. Prajna, V. Kumar, M. Adarsh Hegde and L. Singh

June 2011

Nutritional analysis, micronutrients and chlorophyll contents of Cichorium intybus L.

In this study, the nutrient levels and chlorophyll contents of roots, leaves, seeds and seeds (market) of Cichorium intybus were determined. The nutritional analysis revealed that C. intybus is to be rich in crude proteins, fats and carbohydrates (indicating its suitability as a fodder crop). There was significant difference in the crude protein, fats, crude fiber in all parts and seeds both wild and...

Author(s): Gul Jan, MirAjab Kahan, Mushtaq Ahmad, Zafar Iqbal, Aftab Afzal, Muhammad Afzal, Ghulam Mujtaba Shah, Abdul Majid, Muhammad Fiaz, Muhammad Zafar, Abdul Waheed and Farzana Gul

June 2011

Arthritis database: A composite web interface for anti-arthritic plants

A number of plants have been described in Ayurveda and other traditional medicine for the management of Arthritis. However, information about them is not easily available. We developed a database to maintain the record of medicinal plants having anti-arthritic activity. The database contains information such as plant name, botanical name, useful plant parts, its geographical distribution, taxonomy, clinical/experimental...

Author(s): Siddiqui M. Asif, Amir Asad, Vats Poonam, Rani Kalpana, Malik S. Anjali, Arya Arvind, Kapoor Neelesh and Kumar Hirdesh

June 2011

Enhancement of gastric ulcer by Areca catechu nut in ethanol-induced gastric mucosal injuries in rats

Areca catechu L. (Arecaceae) nuts have been used in traditional medicine for the treatment of different diseases. The present study was performed to investigate the enhancement of ulcerogenic activity of ethanol extract from nuts of A. catechu in ethanol induced gastric mucosal injury in rats. Four groups of adult Sprague Dawley rats were orally pre-treated respectively with carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC)...

Author(s): Mahmood A. A., Al-Bayaty F. H., Salmah I., Nor Syuhada A. B., Harita H. and Mughrabi F. F

June 2011

In vitro antimicrobial activity of some phytochemical fractions of Euphorbia pulcherima L. (Poinsettia)

The antimicrobial activities of aqueous and ethanolic extracts of flower, leaf, stem and whole plant of Euphorbia pulcherima were evaluated against bacteria and fungi by agar disc diffusion and macro broth dilution techniques. This was with the aim of substantiating the ethno medicinal use of the plant as anti-typhoid. The bacterial isolates showed sensitivity at discs concentrations of 1000 μg/disc to 1000...

Author(s): Yakubu A. I and Mukhtar M. D

June 2011

Extracts of Eremophila longifolia inhibit the cariogenic activities of Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sobrinus

Plants belonging to the Eremophila genus are an integral part of the traditional medicine of indigenous Australian populations. Extracts of a number of Eremophilia species have demonstrated the presence of bioactivity, including inhibitory effects against Gram positive bacteria. The aim of the present study was to determine the activity of solvent and aqueous extracts of Eremophilia...

Author(s): E. J. Hayhoe and E. A. Palombo

June 2011

Effect of water stress on leaf relative water content, chlorophyll, proline and soluble carbohydrates in Matricaria chamomilla L.

The effect of water stress, excess water and water deficit, on the leaf relative water, amounts of proline, water soluble sugars and total chlorophyll and chlorophyll a, b were examined, to characterize the involvement of these components in the adaptive processes. An experiment was carried out with four irrigation levels (W1, W2, W3 and W4 consisting 100, 85, 70 and 55% of field capacity, respectively) arranged in...

Author(s): Alireza Pirzad, Mohammad Reza Shakiba, Saeed Zehtab-Salmasi, Seyed Abolghasem Mohammadi, Reza Darvishzadeh and Abbas Samadi

June 2011

Proposed active compounds from Ouratea parviflora

Ten known compounds, four flavonoids Agathisflavone (1), 7”-methyl-agathisflavone (2), amentoflavone (3), apigenine (4), three steroids sitosterol (5), stigmasterol (6), campesterol (7) besides three terpenoids, lupeol (8), friedeline (9) and α-tocoferol (10) were isolated from leaves of Ouratea parviflora (Ochnaceae). The structures were proposed on basis of 1D- and 2D-NMR, mass spectra...

Author(s): Marcelo F. de Araújo, Claudiana B. dos Santos, Jéssica F. Cavalcanti, Fernanda S. Pereira, Gabriella S. Mendes, Alceni A. Werle, Maria Teresa V. Romanos and Mário G. de Carvalho

June 2011

Regulatory effect of Laggera alata extract on immune mediated liver injury

The immune factors were the main reasons of hepatic damage in hepatitis. To validate the beneficial effects of Laggera alata on hepatitis in humans, regulatory properties of L. alataextract (LAE) was studied using a Bacillus Calmette-Guerin- Lipopolysaccharide (BCG-LPS) induced immune liver injury model in mice. Quantificational analysis of LAE indicated that isochlorogenic acids were the major...

Author(s): Yi-Hang Wu, , Bing-Jie Hao, E. Shen, Xiao-Meng Zhangand Yu Zhao

June 2011

Antiproliferation and apoptosis induced by Bisdemethoxycurcumin in human ovarian cancer cell SKOV3

Bisdemethoxycurcumin, an active ingredient from the rhizome of the plant, Curcuma longa, has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer activities. It has recently been demonstrated that the anticarcinogenic activities of Bisdemethoxycurcumin might be due to its ability to inhibit cell growth and induce apoptosis. In the present study, we have investigated the effects of Bisdemethoxycurcumin on growth and...

Author(s): Hai–xia Duan#, Xiang-dong Ma#, Xing-Ma, Yong-Wu Hu and Bi-Liang Chen

June 2011

Effect of the route of garlic treatment on modulation of erythrocytes and plasma redox status in rats

Garlic is a widely used medicinal plant exhibiting beneficial health effects such as antidiabetic, antioxidant or hypolipidemic. However several controversies persist about the beneficial or toxic effects of garlic according to its mode of administration in rat. We studied the ability of high dosage garlic to modulate erythrocytes and plasma antioxidant status when administered orally (p.o.) or through intraperitoneal...

Author(s): Sonia Hamlaoui-Gasmi, Meherzia Mokni, Ferid Limam, Ezzedine Aouani, Mohamed Amri and Lamjed Marzouki

June 2011

Prevention of KBrO3-induced cardiotoxicity by Sonchus asper in rat

The protective effects of Sonchus asper methanol extract (SAME) against KBrO3-induced oxidative damage in heart tissues of rat were determined in this study. Sprague-Dawley male rats (180 to 200 g) were divided into five groups. Group I: received saline (1 ml/kg b.w., 0.85% NaCl) and DMSO (1 ml/kg b.w.); group II: were injected with KBrO3 (20 mg/kg b.w., i.p.); group III and IV: treated with...

Author(s): Muhammad Rashid Khan, Javeria Haroon, Rahmat Ali Khan, Jasia Bokhari, Maria Shabbir and Umbreen Rashid

June 2011

Evaluation of hypolipidemic and potential antioxidant effects of Pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan (l) mill sp.) leaves in alloxan-induced hyperglycemic rats

Antioxidant and hypolipidemic activity of the methanolic leaf extract from Cajanus cajan was carried out in alloxan induced hyperglycemic rats. A significant (p<0.05) reduction in the levels of blood glucose, serum triglyceride, cholesterol, high density lipoprotein and low density lipoprotein cholesterol was observed in the hyperglycemic-extract treated rats. The administration of the extract (200 mg/kg)...

Author(s): Akinloye O. A. and Solanke, O. O.

June 2011

Bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity of different extracts from Vitex negundo leaf

The study was conducted to assess the antioxidant activity of methanol and hexane extract and essential oil from Vitex negundo leaf using different in vitro antioxidant assays. Antioxidant property was tested using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrozyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging capacity, ferric ion reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) and β-carotene-linoleic acid assays. Total phenolic contents...

Author(s): M. Zargar, A. H. Azizah, , A. M. Roheeyati, A. B. Fatimah, F. Jahanshiri and M. S. Pak-Dek

June 2011

In vitro testing of a laxative herbal food supplement for genotoxic and antigenotoxic properties

Chronic constipation (CC) is one of the most common functional gastrointestinal disorders and despite it is a rarely life-threatening condition, its effects can lead to discomfort and diminish the quality of life. Laxatives are commonly prescribed in CC patients including herbal products in standardized forms. The aim of the present study was to evaluate a commercially available herbal formulation (Sollievo Bio,...

Author(s): Milena Villarini, Cristina Fatigoni, Barbara Cerbone, Luca Dominici, Massimo Moretti and Rita Pagiotti

June 2011

Chemical analysis and antimicrobial effects of essential oil from Limoniastrum guyonianum growing in Tunisia

Medicinal Limoniastrum guyonianum (Plumbaginaceae) growing in Tunisia was studied for the first time for volatiles from leaves, flowers, seeds and roots. The chemical analysis of the essential oil obtained from different organs was performed by gas chromatography-flame ionization detector (GC-FID) and gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (GC-MS). In roots and leaves oils, monoterpenes...

Author(s): Saoussen Hammami, Asma Nguir, Dhouha Saidana, Jihène Cheriaa and Zine Mighri

June 2011

Anticancer activity of persimmon (Diospyros kaki L.) calyx extracts on human cancer cells

Natural products are the source of numerous therapeutic agents. Recent progress in the discovery of drugs from natural products has resulted in development of compounds for use in cancer treatment. Results from this study demonstrated that methanolic extracts of persimmon calyx (PCE) have cytotoxic effects in human cancer cells. Through MTT reduction assay, lactate dehydrogenase release assay, morphological assay, and...

Author(s): Kyung-Jin Jo, Jeung-Min Lee, Seung-Cheol Lee and Hae-Ryong Park

June 2011

Acute toxicity study and wound healing potential of Gynura procumbens leaf extract in rats

A. A. Zahra1, F. A. Kadir2*, A. A. Mahmood1, A. A. Al hadi3, S. M. Suzy, S. Z. Sabri 3, I. I. Latif1 and K. A. Ketuly3

Author(s): A. A. Zahra, F. A. Kadir, A. A. Mahmood, A. A. Al hadi, S. M. Suzy, S. Z. Sabri , I. I. Latif and K. A. Ketuly

June 2011

Loganin production in Palicourea rigida H.B.K. (Rubiaceae) from populations native to Brazilian Cerrado

Palicourea rigida HBK, known as “douradinha”, “bate-caixa” and “douradão” is endemic to Brazilian Cerrado and belongs to the Rubiaceae family. The aqueous and hydroalcoholic extracts of P. rigida have been traditionally used in the treatment of urinary tract disorders. The aim of this work was to study the chemical diversity of eight populations of P....

Author(s): Lucas Junqueira de Freitas Morel, Danilo Morais Baratto, Paulo Sérgio Pereira, Silvia Helena Taleb Contini, Henrique Garcia Momm, Bianca Waléria Bertoni, Suzelei de Castro França and Ana Maria Soares Pereira

June 2011

Phytomedicinal study of coastal sand dune floras in Puducherry

Coastal dune floras play a key role in dune stabilization and restoration, a part from this, their unique important medicinal values remains unexplored to most of the people, thus results in destruction and removal of dune floras. This communication addresses the composition and distribution of CSD medicinal floras surveyed during March-December 2010 by direct interviews with ethnic groups dwelling in the proximity of...

Author(s): A. Padmavathy and M. Anbarashan

June 2011

Identification of different stages of hepatitis B infection with ELISA and PCR assay

Despite the existence of hepatitis B vaccination, hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is still prevalent worldwide and accounts for significant morbidity and mortality. In chronic infection with hepatitis virus B the fact that HBeAg becomes negative does not always means suppression of viral replication. It is encouraging that majority of patients do recover from the acute infection, however, those that progress to...

Author(s): Rubina Ghani, Asif Iqbal,  Naveed Akhtar, Arshad Mahmood, Nida Shamshad Malik, Muhammad Usman, Hasan Ali, Mohammad Akram , H.M.Asif

June 2011

Anti-Helicobacter pylori and antioxidant properties of Emblica officinalis pulp extract: A potential source for therapeutic use against gastric ulcer

We report a novel property of ethanolic extract of Emblica officinalis (amla) fruit pulp in inhibiting the growth of Helicobacter pylori in-vitro. In this study, three standard laboratory strains, and five clinical isolates of H. pylori showed sensitivity towards amla extract with minimum inhibitory concentration values ranging from 0.91 to 1.87 µg/µl. Out of five clinical isolates...

Author(s): Shubhi Mehrotra, Rohitash Jamwal, Radhey Shyam, Dharmendra Kumar Meena, Kshipra Mishra, Rajashree Patra, Ronita De, Asish Mukhopadhyay, Ashwani Kumar Srivastava and Shoma Paul Nandi

June 2011

Effect of leaves of Apocynum venetum L. on the activity of MAO in mice

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of leaves of Apocynum venetum L.(AV) on the monoamine oxidase (MAO) activity in mice whole brain. After 7 days oral administration, we assayed spectrophotometrically the activity of MAO. The ethanolic extract of leaves of A. venetum (EAV) showed a tendency to inhibit MAO activity in animal brain. However, the aqueous phase of EAV (EAV-4)...

Author(s): Benhong Zhou, Xiaojun Li, Zhenpeng Qiu and Gang Liu