Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3834

Table of Content: 23 December, 2011; 5(31)

December 2011

Flavonoids and phenolic acids: Role and biochemical activity in plants and human

Flavonoids and phenolic acids make up one of the most pervasive groups of plant phenolics. Due to their importance in plants and human health, it would be useful to have a better understanding of flavonoid concentration and biological activities that could indicate their potentials as therapeutic agents, and also for predicting and controlling the quality of medicinal herbs. Plants and herbs consumed by humans may...

Author(s): Ali Ghasemzadeh and Neda Ghasemzadeh

December 2011

Efficiency of ethanol extract of Moringa oleifera lam leaves for the treatment of Staphylococcus aureus infections in chicks

The efficiency of ethanol’s extract of Moringa oleifera was evaluated in Staphylococcus aureus infection on Harco chicks. For this, 150 Harco chicks divided in 5 lots were used: A negative control (not inoculated and not treated); 0.5 g/L; 1.5 g/L of M. oleifera; 0.5 g/L of Flumequine®50 and a positive control (inoculated but not treated). The test of c2 was used for the...

Author(s): Dougnon J. T., Edorh A. P., Bankole H. S., Kpodekon M. and Gbenou J.

December 2011

Activity of saponin fraction of Anisopus mannii against some pathogenic microorganisms

Partially purified saponin fraction was obtained from column chromatography of crude saponin precipitate of the aerial part of Anisopus mannii, and subjected to antimicrobial susceptibility study against pathogenic microorganisms using the disc diffusion technique. The result of the antimicrobial activity indicated by zone of inhibition of growth ranged from 13.0 to 22.2 mm. The fraction was more potent...

Author(s): A. B. Aliyu, A. M. Musa, M. S. Abdullahi, M. A. Ibrahim, M. B. Tijjani, M. S. Aliyu and A. O. Oyewale

December 2011

Free radical scavenging and antibacterial activities of Malaysian guttiferae plants

Guttiferae family is well known to have wide range of biological activities. The family is distributed throughout Malaysia, especially the genus of Calophyllum and Garcinia. Some of the species  shows interesting bioactivity, such as Calophyllum lanigerum found in Borneo exhibited anti- human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) properties. The study was conducted to determine the...

Author(s): Deny Susanti, Muhammad Taher, Nissad Attoumani and Farediah Ahmad

December 2011

Effects of physiological stage and solvent on polyphenol composition, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of Limonium densiflorum

Halophyte ability to withstand salt-triggered oxidative stress is governed by the synthesis of power antioxidant enzymes and substances. This might explain the utilization of some halophytes as traditional medicinal plants such as Limonium genus. In the present study ten extracts were used to examine the effects of solvent and physiological development stage on tissue phenolic contents, antioxidant and...

Author(s): Faten Medini, Riadh Ksouri, Hanen Falleh, Wided Megdiche, Najla Trabelsi and Chedly Abdelly

December 2011

Ocotillol-type derivatives (II) synthesis and protective effects on cultured anoxia/reoxygen injury myocardiocytes

The ocotillol-type derivatives (3β, 12β)-12, 25-dihydroxy-20S, 24R-epoxy-dammar-24-en-3-yl-2-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-β-D-glucopyranoside and (3β, 6α, 12β)-3, 12, 25- trihydroxy- 20S, 24R- epoxy- dammar-24-en-6-yl-2-O-[6-deoxy-α-L-mannopyranosyl]-β-D-glucopyranoside (3a and b) had been designed and synthesized from 20 (S)-Rg3 and 20 (S)-Rg2 which structures were confirmed...

Author(s): Yi Bi, Jingwei Tian, Chunmei Ji, Jiangfeng Zhang, Nan Wang, Naicai Jiang, Haijun Sun and Qingguo Meng

December 2011

Phytochemical profile and evaluation of insecticidal efficacy of Calotropis procera against defoliators

Calotropis procera belonging to family Asclepiadaceae, is one of the important medicinal plants that is being used since years to treat many ailments. It is used either alone or with other medicines to treat common diseases such as fever, rheumatism, indigestion, cough, cold, eczema, asthma, elephantiasis, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. According to ayurveda, dried whole plant is a good tonic, expectorant,...

Author(s): Rashmi, K. P. Singh and Suchita Arya

December 2011

Development of simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers to study diversity in the herbaceous peony (Paeonia lactiflora)

The herbaceous peony (Paeonia lactiflora Pall.) is a well-known herbaceous flowering plant that yields high medicinal and economic value in Korea and China. In this study, 14 novel polymorphic microsatellite markers were developed and characterized through the construction of a simple sequence repeat (SSR)-enriched library from genomic deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) of P. lactiflora. In total, 103 alleles across...

Author(s): Yi Cheng, Chang-Ho Kim, Dong-Il Shin, Seong-Min Kim, Han-Mo Koo and Yong-Jin Park

December 2011

In vitro rapid multiplication of a highly valuable medicinal plant Naringi crenulata (Roxb.) Nicolson

An efficient plant regeneration system has been developed from nodal segments of Naringi crenulata (Roxb.) Nicolson used as a medicinal plant. Nodal segments, after being sterilized with 0.1% mercuric chloride were inoculated in Murashige and Skoog’s (MS) medium with varied concentrations of BAP, Kn and their combinations. Different parameters including frequency, number of shoots per explant, length of...

Author(s): Neelam Singh, Mukesh Kumar Meena and Vidya Patni

December 2011

Effects of plant growth regulators and temperature on seed germination of yellow nut-sedge (Cyperus esculentus L.)

Effects of temperature, concentrations of plant growth regulators on germination of yellow nut-sedge seeds was studied under controlled environmental conditions. Yellow nut-sedge seeds were placed in Petri dishes with filtration papers and the germination and radical development followed during eleven days periods. Germination development of radical length was significantly influenced by both light and temperature....

Author(s): Yan Shen, Wei-Jun Chen, Xin-Tao Lei, Hong-Bo Shao, Min-MinTang and Yan Li

December 2011

Cytotoxic activities of some selected medicinal plants of the genus Euphorbia

The present study was undertaken to evaluate the cytotoxic activities of extracts ofEuphorbia genus plants, Euphorbia fischeriana, Euphorbia tirucalli, Euphorbia humifusa and Euphorbia antiquorum. The plant selection was based on ethnobotanic information and interviews with local healers. Cytotoxic activities were screened by an in vitro assay system of growth inhibition against two human cancer cell...

Author(s): Xiao-yang Wang, Li-ping Liu, Rui-xin Zhu, Ting-guo Kang, Ling-jiang Tong, Hua Xie and Hong-bing Wang,

December 2011

Antibacterial and antimutagenic activity of extracts aboveground parts of three Solidago species: Solidago virgaurea L., Solidago canadensis L. and Solidago gigantea Ait.

Hexane and ethanolic extracts obtained from aboveground parts of three Solidago species (Solidago virgaurea L., Solidago canadensis L. and Solidago gigantea Ait.) were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Thirty nine and forty nine volatile compounds were detected, respectively in ethanolic and hexane extracts of S. virgaurea, sixty two and forty six...

Author(s): Barbara KoÅ‚odziej, RadosÅ‚aw Kowalski and Bogdan KÄ™dzia

December 2011

Phytochemical screening and in vitro antifungal activities of extracts of leaves of Morinda morindoides (Morinda, Rubiaceae)

The aim of the present study was to compare antifungal activity of various extracts (aqueous, ethanol, ethyl acetate and hexane extracts) of Morinda morindoides (Baker) Milne-Redh (Rubiaceae) and investigate their phytochemical screening in order to determine which components give potency to the extract that show highest antifungal activity. M. morindoidesleaves were extracted in water (Etaq), ethanol...

Author(s): Abdoulaye Touré, Calixte Bahi, Karamoko Ouattara, Joseph Alico Djama and Adama Coulibaly

December 2011

Putative medicinal properties of plants from the Kavango region, Namibia

Namibia has over 4,334 different plant taxa. Although, some of these plants may potentially be used as herbal medicines, there is limited knowledge about their efficacy and safety. This is partly due to the fact that screening of plants for pharmacological activity and characterization of their active chemical compounds is expensive. In order to circumscribe this problem, this paper presents data on the putative...

Author(s): Kazhila C. Chinsembu, Marius Hedimbi and Wellencia C. Mukaru

December 2011

Protective effect of far-infrared treated rice hull extract on lipid peroxidation in phospholipid bilayer

The protective effect of methanolic extract of far-infrared treated rice hull (FRH) on phospholipid peroxidation of liposome was compared with that of natural antioxidants (ascorbic acid, morin, quercetin and α-tocopherol). With induction of phopholipid peroxidation by 2,2’-azobis (2-amidinopropane), dihydrochloride (a water-soluble radical generator), 2,2’-azobis (2,4-dimethylvaleronitrile)...

Author(s): Han-Yeol Yang, Sang-Wook Lim and Seung-Cheol Lee

December 2011

Antioxidant activities, a-glucosidase inhibitory effect in vitro and antihyperglycemic of Trapa acornis shell in alloxan-induced diabetic rats

Activity of Trapa acornis shell (TAS), including antioxidant and α-glucosidase inhibitory activity, was assayed in vitro. Extracts of ethyl acetate (EtOAC) (TASEA) and n-butanol (n-BuOH) (TASBU) were studied on protective effects of alloxan-induced diabetic rats in vivo. The antioxidant activity was determined by the method of 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH),...

Author(s): Wen-yi Kang, Yuan-yuan Li, Xue-zhu Gu, Qi-tai Xu and Xuan Huang

December 2011

Brassica rapa L. extract alleviate early hepatic injury in alloxan-induced diabetic rats

Liver insufficiency is one of the most important consequences of diabetes mellitus. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the protective effect of turnip root ethanolic extract (TREE) on early hepatic injuries in alloxanized-diabetic rats. Eighty male Wistar rats were randomly assigned into 4 equal groups including: normal healthy, normal+TREE, diabetic and 4- diabetic+TREE. Diabetes was induced with a single...

Author(s): Mohajeri Daryoush, Amouoghli Tabrizi Bahram, Doustar Yousef and Nazeri Mehrdad

December 2011

Estrogen-like activities and cytotoxicity effects of Thai herbal medicines as natural ingredients in anti-ageing

The objective of the study was to search for the appropriate herbal extracts by comparative analysis of their estrogenic and cytotoxic activities. Some potentially estrogenic activity of herbal extracts in the management of female disorder symptoms was investigated by E-screen assay. The extracts having a promising activity were further evaluated in vitro for their cytotoxic activity. Of 13 herbal...

Author(s): Pornkamon Sakong, Tueanjit Khampitak, Ubon Cha’on, Chadamas Pinitsoontorn, Pote Sriboonlue, Puangrat Yongvanit and Patcharee Boonsiri

December 2011

Antioxidant activity and bioactive phytochemical contents of traditional medicinal plants in northeast Thailand

Traditional medicinal plants are efficacious for many ailments, but most of them still lacked the supportive scientific information for their therapeutic properties. We collected 31 medicinal plant species from 19 families commonly used as traditional medicine in northeast Thailand and classified into digestive tonic, diarrheal relief, anti-tussive and anti-inflammation groups. Their total antioxidant activity, free...

Author(s): Pornkamon Sakong, Tueanjit Khampitak, Ubon Cha’on, Chadamas Pinitsoontorn, Pote Sriboonlue, Puangrat Yongvanit and Patcharee Boonsiri

December 2011

In vitro antioxidant properties of aqueous and ethanolic extracts of walnut (Juglans regia)

Walnut has been reported to exhibit several pharmacological properties and widely used in folkloric medicine for the traditional treatment of ailments. Hence, this study sought to investigate the antioxidant properties of the aqueous and ethanolic extract of walnut seed using several antioxidant parameters. Both extracts were tested for free radical scavenging ability against 2, 2 diphenyl-1-picryl hydrazyl (DPPH)...

Author(s): Ogunmoyole T., Kade I. J. and Korodele B.

December 2011

Comparative pharmacokinetics of icariin in plasma after oral administration of Er-Xian decoction or pure icariin in rats

The present study was to investigate the pharmacokinetics of icariin in rat after oral administration of single dose of Er-xian decoction (EXD) and pure icariin. Blood samples were collected by orbital vein at time intervals after drug administration and the plasma concentrations of the studied components were determined by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) after the plasma protein was precipitated directly...

Author(s): Zheng Zhu, Qiao-Yan Zhang, Lu-Ping Qin, Han-Chen Zheng, Zai-Xing Chen, Dong-Fang Zhang, Li-Hong Li,  Xin Jin, Chang-Ji Yuan and Yu-Shan Li

December 2011

Effect of Nigella sativa and bee honey on pulmonary, hepatic and renal function in Sudanese in Khartoum state

Nigella sativa seeds and Bee honey (BH) had been widely used in traditional medicine. In the present study we assessed their effect in treating asthma. A dose of 2 g of whole N. sativaseeds and 1 teaspoon full of BH per day were taken by the subjects -5 asthmatics and 22 non-asthmatics, 8 to 40 years in Khartoum for three month. They were also asked to smell crushed seeds that were warped in porous cloth three...

Author(s): Nahid Mahmoud AL Ameen, Faisal Altubaigy, Tamanna Jahangir, Idriss Abdalla Mahday, Esmaeel Abdurrahman Mohammed and Omer Abdel Aziz Musa

December 2011

Effect of saponosides crude extract isolated from Citrullus Colocynthis (L.) seeds on blood glucose level in normal and streptozotocin induced diabetic rats

The effect of saponosides crude extract isolated from the seeds of Citrullus Colocynthis L. Schrad (Cucurbitaceae) on blood glucose level were investigated in normal and diabetic rats (streptozotocin induced). A single and non toxic dose (20 mg/kg bw) of saponosides crude extract were administrated to animals by intraperitoneal route. Lethal doses of saponosides crude extract in healthy rats (DL50 and...

Author(s): Benmehdi Houcine, Azzi Rachid, Djaziri Rabah, Lahfa Farid, Benariba Nabilaand Tabti Boufeldja

December 2011

Chemicals profiling and antioxidants activities of Acacia seeds

This study reported investigations on phytochemical screening and antioxidants activities of seeds from seven Acacia species. Storage proteins and mineral contents were determined. The seed extracts of Acacia species were evaluated for their total phenols, flavonoids, carotenoids contents and total antioxidant capacity assessed by 2,2-azino-bis-3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS) and...

Author(s): Hédia Hannachi, Walid Elfalleh, Imen Ennajeh, Mejda Laajel, Mohamed-Larbi Khouja, Ali Ferchichi and Nizar Nasri,

December 2011

Liquid chromatographic (LC) determination of four bioactive compounds in the Portulaca oleracea L.

The present article described a simple high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method for the simultaneous determination of hesperidin, caffeic acid, ferulic acid and p-coumaric acid in Portulaca oleracea L., using a Phenomsil C18 analytical column (5 µm, 250 × 4.6 mm, Feinami Technologies, Beijing, China) and mobile phase consisting of methanol-acetonitrile-tetrahydrofuran-0.1%...

Author(s): Lan Cheng, Zhongzhe Cheng, Haixing liu, Hui Zhang#, Wenjie Zhang, Yang Du, Yunjiao Wang, Haibo Li, Xixiang Ying and Tingguo Kang   #This author contributed equally.  

December 2011

Anti-tuberculosis activity of commonly used medicinal plants of south India

Tuberculosis (TB) has been a major health problem in developing countries including India. Due to increase in multidrug-resistant (MDR) and extensively drug-resistant (XDR) strains ofMycobacterium tuberculosis, there is an urgent need of finding newer anti-mycobacterial agents to combat this problem. Natural sources provide numerous examples of interesting secondary metabolites with anti...

Author(s): A.Sivakumar and G. Jayaraman

December 2011

Alternate therapy of Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with Nigella (Ranunculaceae)

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is being more incurable due to its complex patho-physiology and failure of conventional anti-diabetic agents to restore the normal architecture and morphology of pancreatic islets and some potential side effects and weight gain. Many agents of plant origin have been used as anti-diabetic agents since ancient time. Among them Nigella sativa L. (Ranunculaceae) is being more...

Author(s): M. S. H. Akash, K. Rehman, F. Rasool, A. Sethi, M. A. Abrar, A. Irshad, A. Abid and G. Murtaza

December 2011

DNA isolation and optimization of sequence-related amplified polymorphism-polymerase chain reaction (SRAP-PCR) condition for endangered Polyporus umbellatus

To provide a fast genetic diversity survey of endangered Polyporus umbellatus (Pers.) Fries for immediate conservation, DNA isolation and optimization of polymerase chain reaction(PCR) assay of sequence-related amplified polymorphism (SRAP) were investigated. Due to high amount of polysaccharide contained in mycelium, three special approaches were adopted to eliminate it during DNA isolation, including...

Author(s): Yuejin Zhang, Yalin Qin, Zhen Wang, Lijun Guo, Xin Chen, Zongsuo Liang and Hongbo Guo  

December 2011

Biological effects based quality control of a traditional Chinese medicine

The main objective of this paper is to establish a quality control method based on lipid-lowering and anti-oxidation effect of Jiang-Zhi-Ning (JZN). Biological effects based quality standard of its active components was investigated. Two kinds of cells: oxidized low-density lipoprotein (Ox-LDL) injured human umbilicalvein endothelial cell (HUVEC) and human hepatoma cell line Bel-7402 were employed to investigate the...

Author(s): Jianxin Chen, Xueling Ma, Huihui Zhao, Ying Yang, Jing Han, Shuzhen Guo, Bing Liu, Jian Ni and Wei Wang

December 2011

Comparison of the tissue distributions of flavonoids after oral administration of pure baicalin, Radix scutellariae and Scutellariae-Paeoniae couple extracts to rats

Baicalin, baicalein, wogonoside and wogonin are the major flavones of Radix scutellariae with various beneficial biological activities. The purpose of this study was to investigate the tissue distribution and compare the differences of these flavones after orally administrating the pure baicalin, R. scutellariae and Scutellariae-Paeoniae couple extracts with the same dose of 200 mg/kg...

Author(s): Liu Wei, Li Feng, Zhuang Li and Zhang Zhen-Qiu

December 2011

Traditional knowledge for modern ailments – plants used for the treatment of diabetes and cancer in Northern Peru

Various cancers and tumorous conditions were treated by healers. A total of 47 plant species belonging to 42 genera and 30 families were documented and identified as anti-cancer and anti-diabetic herbal remedies in Northern Peru, with 31 plants used for diabetes treatment and 17 species used for conditions identified by local healers as cancer. Most species used were Asteraceae, followed by Gentianaceae. Asteraceae as...

Author(s): Rainer W. Bussmann and Ashley Glenn