Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3834

Table of Content: 23 October 2011; 5(23)

October 2011

Review of The therapeutic effects of Camellia sinensis (green tea) on oral and periodontal health

Green Tea is one of the most ancient and popular therapeutic beverages consumed around the world. This product is made from the leaf of the plant called “Camellia sinensis”. It can be prepared as a drink, which can have many systemic health effects or an “extract” can be made from the leaves to use as medicine. Green tea is reported to contain thousands of bioactive ingredients which are almost...

Author(s): Hamidreza Arab, Ahmad Maroofian, Shayan Golestani, Hooman shafaee, Keyvan Sohrabi and Ali Forouzanfar

October 2011

Inhibiting effects of epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) on the formation of age pigment in vitro and in vivo

Lipofuscin age pigment is often considered as a hallmark of aging, which shows an accumulation rate inversely correlated with longevity and it is primarily composed of carbonyl-amino cross linked protein residues. The purpose of this study is to determine whether epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) would inhibit the formation of age pigment in both MDA-modified human serum albumin and D-galactose-induced aging...

Author(s): Shuxian Cai , Jianan Huang, Li-li Wang, Xin-rong Dong, Yu-shun Gong, Juan Li, Qing Li, Zhong-hua Liu,  and Guo-an Luo

October 2011

A detailed chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of Hypericum richeri Vill. subsp. grisebachii (Boiss.) Nyman essential oil from Serbia

The essential oil of fresh aerial parts of Hypericum richeri subsp. grisebachii obtained by hydrodistillation was analyzed by gas chromatography (GC) and gas chromatography/mass spectral GC/MS. One hundred and five constituents identified accounted for 96.1% of the total oil. The major components of the oil were: germacrene D (13.1%), dodecanal (11.9%), β-caryophyllene...

Author(s): Aleksandra ĐorÄ‘ević, Bojan Zlatković, Jelena Lazarević and Radosav Palić

October 2011

Effect of marjoram extract treatment on the cytological and biochemical changes induced by cyclophosphamide in mice

Marjoram (Origanum majorana L., Family: Lamiaceae) is a common spicy medicinal herb, used as a home remedy for the treatment of different ailments. It is well recognized with its popular name “Marjoram”. It is also used worldwide in food for better flavor, both in dry form and as fresh vegetable. Marjoram is a rich source of polyphenols which are known natural antioxidants. Marjoram ethyl alcohol...

Author(s): Naif Obaid Al-Harbi

October 2011

Wheat cold and light stress analysis based on the Arabidopsis homology protein-protein interaction (PPI) network

Light and cold temperature are as two pivotal factors for wheat flowering. To investigate the mechanisms of wheat equipped to reduce cold temperature and light stress, we take advantage of the developed microarray technology. Our analysis revealed that 74 wheat homology genes significantly response to the stress. These genes included; FTSH10, AtCHR12, NF-YB2, HAP3b, GLT1, VHA-A and MPK6, most of which were proved to be...

Author(s): Erhua Rong, Zhiguo Zhao, Zhihong Zhao, Jinhu Ma, Weidong Zang, Lishan Wang, Dongli Xie and Wude Yang

October 2011

Physiological and histological impact of Azadirachta indica (neem) leaves extract in a rat model of cisplatin-induced hepato and nephrotoxicity

This study investigated the protective effect of Azadirachta indica (neem) leaves against cisplatin-induced hepato and nephrotoxicity. Neem leaves showed significant protection as evidenced by the decrease of elevated serum alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, gamma glutamyl transpeptidase, alkaline phosphatase, total bilirubin, creatinine, uric acid and urea. This improvement of physiological...

Author(s): Doaa Ezz-Din, Mohamed S. Gabry, Abdel Razik H. Farrag and Ahmed E. Abdel Moneim

October 2011

Toxicological evaluation of carotenoid-type extracts from Flos Chrysanthemi Indici

Flos Chrysanthemi Indici (FCI) was considered as a traditional medicine and regarded as a conventional food in China, Korea and Japan. Toxicological evaluation of carotenoid-type extracts derived from FCI was investigated in the present paper. Acute toxicity of the extracts was evaluated with a single dose administered by the intragastric route to SD rats in dosages of 15 g/kg. After an observation period of 2...

Author(s): Hai-jin Shen, , Qiao-sheng Guo and Hai-ling Fang

October 2011

The evaluation of contents of nine ginsenoside monomers in ginseng hairy roots by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)

Nine ginsenoside monomers (Rg1, Re, Rf, Rb1, Rg2, Rc, Rb2, Rb3, Rd) of ginseng hairy roots and cultivated ginsenoside monomers were simultaneous determined by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) to assay chemical components of ginseng hairy roots. The results demonstrated that there were no significant difference between Rg2 of  ginseng hairy roots and  Rg2 of six-year-old cultivated...

Author(s): Zang Pu#, Pengju Zhang#, Gao Yugang#, Hao Jianxun, Wang Yaxing, Li Ran, Yang He, Li Xue, Li Ping, Daowei Zhou and Lianxue Zhang

October 2011

Indigenous medicinal knowledge of common plants used by local people of Hattian Bala District, Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK), Pakistan

The mainstream of people residing in Hattian Bala District, Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK), Pakistan are dependent on medicinal plants for their healthcares. The indigenous medicinal knowledge is in serious danger, as this knowledge is being shifted from generation to generation. Now, modern generation is not paying much attention to save this treasure due to western medicines. This study’s aim is to report the use...

Author(s): Adeel Mahmood, Aqeel Mahmood, Ishrat Naveed, Mazhar Mustafa Memon, Hadi Bux, M. Younas Majeed, Ghulam Mujtaba and M. Saqlain Mumtaz

October 2011

Effect of thyme and lavender essential oils on the qualitative and quantitative traits and storage life of apple ‘Jonagold’ cultivar

An experiment was conducted in order to evaluate the effect of the thyme and lavenderessential oils on some qualitative and quantitative traits and storage life of 'Jonagold' apple. The study was arranged as factorial experiment based on a completely randomized design with three replications. The first factor included different levels of thyme essential...

Author(s): Vali Rabiei, Elham Shirzadeh, Hosaine RabbiAngourani and Yavar Sharafi

October 2011

Growth, herb yield and phytochemical contents in a medicinal herb Andrographis paniculata under saline irrigation

Andrographis paniculata (King of bitters/Hempedu Bumi) is a traditional medicinal herb of family Acanthaceae. It is commonly used to cure a variety of ailments and diseases. This study was designed to evaluate the herb yield and phytochemical contents in two germplasm accessions of Malaysian A. paniculata, viz. 11261 and 11265, grown with different quality of irrigation water, that fresh...

Author(s): I. Rajpar, Y. M. Khanif, Zia-ul-hassan, A. N. Shah, M. Arshad and S. Galani

October 2011

In vitro antiviral activity of Fisetin, Rutin and Naringenin against Dengue virus type-2

In vitro antiviral activities of three flavonoids; fisetin, naringenin and rutin against DENV-2 (NGC strain) were evaluated. Inhibitory effects of each compound at the different stages of DENV-2 infection were examined using foci forming unit reduction assay (FFURA) and quantitative real-time polymerase chain amplification (qRT-PCR). Fisetin, rutin and naringenin showed cytotoxic effects against Vero cells with 50%...

Author(s): Keivan Zandi, Boon-Teong Teoh, Sing-Sin Sam, Pooi-Fong Wong, Mohd Rais Mustafa and Sazaly AbuBakar

October 2011

Setting pharmacognostic standards for Convolvulus arvensis Linn.

Convolvulus arvensis Linn. (Convolvulaceae) was studied to determine the various parameters for pharmacognostical standards. The present investigation deals with the report on macro and microscopical, vein islet and vein termination numbers, palisade ratio, stomatal index (upper and lower surfaces of the leaf) and different chemical parameters. The present study reports some quantitative parameters needed for...

Author(s): Zaman Sher, Mohammad Ibrar and Ishfaq Hameed

October 2011

Antibacterial and antifungal potential of leaves and twigs of Viscum album L.

The leaves and twigs of Viscum album L. (Family: Loranthaceae) were extracted successively with various organic solvents and water. These crude extracts were assessed for antimicrobial activities against three gram positive bacteria that is Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Enterococcus faecium, five gram negative bacteria that is Escherichia coli,Bordetella bronchisiptica, Salmonella...

Author(s): Muhammad Altaf Hussain, Muhammad Qayyum Khan, Nazar Hussain and Tariq Habib

October 2011

Anti fungal activity of alcoholic extract of Peganum harmala seeds

In our study, it was aimed to determine antifungal activity of Peganum harmala on medically important yeasts and molds in vitro. Fungal suspensions of Candida spp. and aspergillus spp. isolated from the clinical specimens were treated with serial dilutions of P. harmalaalcoholic extract in Sabouraud Broth. The titers included: 1/20, 1/40, 1/80, 1/160, 1/320, 1/640, and incubated...

Author(s): K. Diba, M. Gerami Shoar, M. Shabatkhori and Z. Khorshivand

October 2011

Evaluation of anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and anti-nociceptive activities of six Malaysian medicinal plants

The anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and anti-nociceptive properties of six Malaysian medicinal plants, including Carica papaya, Musa acuminata, Oenanthe javanica, Piper sarmentosum, Psophocarpus tetragonolobus and Sauropus androgynus were investigated. The anti-inflammatory effects of the methanolic plant extracts were evaluated by using Griess assay on nitric oxide inhibitory activity upon...

Author(s): K. H. Lee, A. M. Padzil, A. Syahida, N. Abdullah, S. W. Zuhainis, M. Maziah, M. R. Sulaiman, D. A. Israf, K. Shaari, and N. H. Lajis,

October 2011

Effects of electroacupuncture at Quchi point on vascular smooth muscle cells apoptosis of two kidney one clip hypertensive rates (2K1C-RHR) in carotid artery

To observe the effects of electroacupuncture at Quchi point on carotid artery vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) apoptosis of 2K1C-RHR and expression of Bcl-2 and Bax. The therapy methods in electroacupuncture group and electroacupuncture control group were carried out through the Quchi point and the WaiGuan point, respectively, on base of 2K1C-RHR model. The expression of Bcl-2 and Bax protein in carotid...

Author(s): Chunyan Qian

October 2011

Congruence of inter simple sequence repeats (ISSR) and random amplification of polymorphic deoxyribonucleic acid (RAPD) markers in genetic characterization of Artemisia annua in the Trans-Himalayan region

Artemisia annua is an important medicinal plant valued all over the world. Genetic characterization of 20 genotypes of A. annua collected from two valleys viz. Nubra (9,600 ft) and Leh (11,500 ft) of the Trans-Himalayan (Ladakh, India) region were analyzed using 37 polymerase chain reaction (PCR) markers (20 random amplification of polymorphic deoxyribonucleic acid. (RAPDs) and 17 inter simple sequence...

Author(s): Jitendra Kumar, Gyan P. Mishra, Harvinder Singh, Ravi B. Srivastava and Pradeep K. Naik

October 2011

Anti-ulcerogenic effects of Nagilla sativa in ethanol-induced gastric injuries in rats

Nagilla sativa is a medicinal plant commonly used traditionally in the treatment of many aliments. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the protective effect of ethanolic extracts of N. sativa ethanolic seed extract (NSESE) against absolute ethanol-induced gastric mucosal damage in experimental rats. The rats were divided into five groups, respectively pre-treated orally...

Author(s): Mahmood A. A., Fouad AL-Bayaty, Noor S. M., Wasman S. Q. and Saba F. Hussain

October 2011

Antioxidant and cytotoxic activity of the acetone extracts of root of Euphorbia hylonoma and its ellagic acid derivatives

The acetone extracts and fractions prepared from the roots of Euphorbia hylonoma were investigated for 1, 1-diphenyl-2-pycrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical, superoxide anion and hydroxyl radical scavenging activity and cytotoxic activity against the human hepatoma cell line SMMC-7721, human cervix epitheloid carcinoma cell line HeLa and the human gastric cancer cell line SGC-7901. The acetone extract...

Author(s): Zengjun Guo, Ying Xu, Ling Han, Xiaoqian Bo, Chen Huang and Lei Ni  

October 2011

Influence of bio, organic and chemical fertilizers on medicinal pumpkin traits

Cropping systems in farmland areas of Iran are characterized by consumption of chemical fertilizers (C) leading to serious erosion and fertility decline. Information regarding the influence of bio, organic fertilizers (O) and C on pumpkin traits is not available. Therefore, a field experiment was conducted at research farm of Kurdistan university in 2009. Fourteen compositions of bio, O and C were done as treatments....

Author(s): Azam Habibi, Gholamreza Heidari, Yosuf Sohrabi, Hedieh Badakhshan and Khosro Mohammadi

October 2011

Characterization of physicochemical parameters and the effect on the labeling of blood constituents with technetium-99m of a Solanum melongena commercial extract

This investigation evaluated physicochemical parameters and the effect on the labeling of blood constituents with technetium-99m of a Solanum melongena aqueous extract. A commercial S. melongena was used to prepare an aqueous extract and visible absorbance spectrum, electric conductivity and refractive index were determined. Blood samples fromWistar rats were incubated with S....

Author(s): Carmo, F. S., Diniz, C. L., Pereira, M. O., Santos-Filho, S. D. and Bernardo-Filho, M.,

October 2011

Antifungal activity of extracts by supercritical carbon dioxide extraction from roots of Echinacea angustifolia and analysis of their constituents using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS)

In this work the supercritical fluid extraction with carbon dioxide was applied to obtain the extracts from roots of Echinacea angustifolia DC. The extracts were evaluated through the antifungal in vitro assay against fungal strain Botrytis cinerea. Furthermore, the active compounds from the extracts were separated by macroporous resin and analyzed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry...

Author(s): Li Dahui, Wang Zaigui and Zhang Yunhua

October 2011

Effects of vermicompost and amino acids on the flower yield and essential oil production from Matricaria chamomile L.

The main objective of this study was to determine the effects of vermicompost and amino acids on the qualitative and quantitative yield of chamomile. The experiment was conducted during the growing season of 2010 at the Alborz Medical Research Center. The treatment groups consisted of vermicompost (0, 5, 10, 15 and 20 tons/ha) and the sprays of amino acids (budding stage, flowering stage, and budding + flowering stage)....

Author(s): Mohammad Reza Haj Seyed Hadi, Mohammad Taghi Darz, Zohreh Ghandehari and Gholamhossein Riazi

October 2011

Malaysian gelam honey reduces oxidative damage and modulates antioxidant enzyme activities in young and middle aged rats

Honey contains antioxidants such as phenolic compounds that prevent cellular oxidative damage that lead to aging, diseases and death. The aim of this study is to determine the effect of local gelam honey supplementation on oxidative status of young and middle-aged rats. Thirty-six male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into two age groups; young (2 months) and middle aged (9 months). Each group was further divided into...

Author(s): Lee Ke Yao, Sarah Liana Abdul Razak, Nazhirah Ismail, Ng Chun Fai, Mohd. Hafis Asyraf Muhamad Asgar, Nursyahirah Mohd Sharif, Goon Jo Aan and Zakiah Jubri

October 2011

Influence of dietary supplemented medicinal plants mixture (‌‌Ziziphora, Oregano and Peppermint) on performance and carcass characterization of broiler chickens

An experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary supplementation of ‌‌Ziziphora (Thymyus valgaris), Oregano ‌(Oreganum valgare) and Peppermint (LamiaceaeMentha‌ piperita) on performance [feed intake, weight gain and feed conversion ratio (FCR)] and carcass characterization of broiler chickens. 240 ROSS strain broiler chicks were selected and divided into 4 treatments and 3 replicates...

Author(s): Mohammad Narimani-Rad, Ali Nobakht, Habib Aghdam Shahryar, Jafar Kamaniand Alireza Lotfi

October 2011

Simultaneous determination of seven effective constituents in the leaves of bamboo by reversed phase high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC)

A reversed phase high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) method was described for simultaneous determination of seven effective constituents (orientin, isoorientin, vitexin, isovitexin, chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid and ferulic acid) in Bamboo leaf from nine cultivars of Phyllostachys pubescens. The seven compounds were simultaneously determined by HPLC with Sunfire C18 ODS column (4.6 ×...

Author(s): Yong-chun Jin, Hua-liang Liu and Ke Yuan

October 2011

Evaluation of clonal fidelity of in vitro raised plants of Guadua angustifolia Kunth using DNA-based markers

Guadua angustifolia Kunth a large and multipurpose bamboo has extensive utility in pharmaceutical, paper, charcoal, and construction industries. Therefore, it is pertinent to scale up their production through micropropagation technique. This would enable us to meet the growing demand for quality planting material. Although, the common practice to use axillary bud method allows large-scale production, there are...

Author(s): Harleen Kaur Nadha, Rahul Kumar, Ram Kumar Sharma, Manju Anand and Anil Sood 

October 2011

Antibacterial, phytotoxic, insecticidal and cytotoxic potential of Vitex agnus-castus

Vitex agnus-castus is a folkloric medicinal plant widely used in traditional medicines against various diseases. The agrochemical potential of crude methanolic extract of plant and its hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate and butanol fractions were assessed through measuring their antibacterial, phytotoxic, insecticidal and cytotoxic activities (in vitro). All the fractions exhibited excellent herbicidal activity...

Author(s): Azizuddin and Muhammad Iqbal Choudhary

October 2011

Volatile constituents and antimicrobial activities of Pterocephalus canus

The volatile constituents from the aerial parts of Pterocephalus canus growing wild in Iran was obtained by hydrodistillation and analyzed by GC and GC-MS. Twenty three components representing 95.3% of the oil were identified. The main constituents of the oil were naphthalene (42.4%), tridecanoic acid (7.9%), hexadecanoic acid (7.9%), tetradecamethylcycloheptasiloxane (3.4%), 2,3-butanediol (3.1%) and...

Author(s): Hooshang Vahedi, Maliha Nasrabadi, Jalil Lari and Majid Halimi