Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3778

Table of Content: 9 December, 2011; 5(29)

December 2011

Black soybean peptide mixture purified from Rhynchosia volubilis exerts antioxidant activity against H2O2-induced cytotoxicity and improves thrombosis

Oxidative stress has been reported to be associated with cellular injury. Here, we investigated the antioxidant ability of a novel peptide mixture purified from black soybean (Rhynchosia volubilis) that exhibited significant antioxidant ability (IC50 = 119.8 ± 1.2 µg/ml) under in vitro ABTS assay conditions. To confirm this result, we next examined the antioxidant ability of the peptide...

Author(s): Jin-Taek Hwang, Chang Won Ahn, Hyun Jin Kim, Kyung Ae Lee, Ock Jin Parkand Dae Young Kwon

December 2011

Antimicrobial and anticholinesterase activities of the essential oils isolated from Salvia dicroantha Stapf., Salvia verticillata L. subsp. amasiaca (Freyn and Bornm.) Bornm. and Salvia wiedemannii Boiss.

In this study, the essential oil compositions and antimicrobial and anticholinesterase activities of three Turkish endemic Salvia species were investigated. The gas chromatography(GC) and gas chromatography - mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis of the essential oils obtained from Salvia dicroantha, Salvia verticillata subsp. amasiaca, and Salvia wiedemanniishowed...

Author(s): Buket Kunduhoglu, Mine Kurkcuoglu, Mehmet Emin Duru and Kemal Husnu Can Baser

December 2011

Average stem biomass of Prangos cheilanthifolia as a medicinal plant in Shanjan Rangelands, East Azerbaijan, Iran

Plants can be used for animal grazing, in wind erosion control, to reduce water flow rates, and to increase evaporation and transpiration. In the Northwest (NW) of Iran (East Azerbaijan Province), rangelands previously used to animal grazing were changed to agricultural land use; this vegetation is unsuitable vegetation coverage. We studied Prangos cheilanthifolia to determine its stem biomass characteristics....

Author(s): Ghassem Habibi Bibalani

December 2011

Antagonism activity against acute myocardial ischemia of Paeoniflorin and its pharmacokinetic/ pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) modeling in rats

The aim of the present work was to investigate the effects of paeoniflorin (PF) on acute myocardial ischemia in rats. Meanwhile, after intravenous and oral administration of PF, the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic characters of PF in rats were also studied. Plasma concentration of paeoniflorin was determined using a simple and rapid HPLC method. Nonlinear mixed-effect modeling (NONMEM) method was used for...

Author(s): Wenqian Chen, Yanqing Zhang,, Junbo Xie, Tianyan Zhou, and Wei Lu,

December 2011

Chemical constituents and antioxidant properties of Rosmarinus officinalis L. essential oil cultivated from the South-Western of Tunisia

Essential oil extracted from the aerial parts of plant by hydrodistillation from Rosmarinus officinalis was analyzed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry and the components identified were 15. The major constituents of the essential oil were 1, 8-cineole (35.32%), trans-caryophyllene (14.47%), borneol (9.37%), camphor (8.97%), α-pinene (7.9%) and α-thujone (6.42%). The R....

Author(s): Adel Kadri, Zied Zarai, Ines Ben Chobba, Ahmed Békir, Néji Gharsallah, Mohamed Damak and Radhouane Gdoura

December 2011

Nutritional prospects and mineral compositions of selected vegetables from Dhoda sharif – Kohat

Kohat, a semi arid region, has bestowed with ample natural wealth of vegetables and plant species. Local people are depending, one way or the other, on these vegetable species for food and medicine. To fulfill the nutritional needs of the local people, various vegetable species are cultivated. In the present study, Momordica charantia, Cucurbita maxima, Solanum melongena var. esculentum, Allium sativum, Capsicum...

Author(s): Javid Hussain, Najeeb ur Rehman, Ahmed Al-Harrasi,  Liaqat Ali, Riaz Ullah, Fazal Mabood, Hidayat Hussain and Mohammad Ismail

December 2011

Tropane alkaloids of Atropa belladonna L. and Atropa acuminata Royle ex Miers plants

The purpose of the present study was to determine the tropane alkaloid content in different parts of the wild and cultivated Atropa belladonna L. and wild Atropa acuminata Royle ex Miers in Iran. Determination of alkaloids was performed by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method. Samples were extracted with chloroform- methanol- cc. ammonia 15:15:1(v/v/v). HPLC separation was performed...

Author(s): Fatemeh Ashtiania and Fatemeh Sefidkonb

December 2011

Comparative analysis of morphological characteristics and effective composition content of wild and cultivated Epimedium pubescens and Epimedium wushanense (Berberidaceae)

The effective composition content were determined in Cultivated and wild of Epimedium pubescens and Epimedium wushanense by High-Pressure Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) and ultraviolet-visible (UV), and the difference of morphological parameters and effective composition content were analyzed by one-way ANOVA statistical analysis. The results showed that because of the relative...

Author(s): Qiu-Mei Quan, Zeng-Li Fang, Wei Wu and Yun-xiang Li

December 2011

Investigation of fermentation conditions and optimization of medium for taxol production from taxol-producing fungi

The monofactor-design test was used to optimize the culture conditions for the fermentation of taxol-producing fungus UV40-19 as follows: the initial pH value of the fermentation broth was 5.5, the culture temperature was 25°C, and the rotational speed was 150 r/min. Orthogonal design was used to optimize the fermentation medium of taxol-producing fungi. The optimized medium increased the yield of taxol to...

Author(s): Kai Zhao,#, Zhugang Li#, Nan Ge, Xiuliang Li, Xin Wang and Dongpo Zhou

December 2011

Inhibitory activity and phytochemical assessment of ethno-medicinal plants against some human pathogenic bacteria

The present investigations evaluate the inhibitory efficacy of different solvent extracts prepared from seven ethno-medicinal plant species against four human pathogenic bacteria. Antibacterial activity, tested by agar well diffusion method revealed that, Boerhaavia diffusaand Andrographis paniculata showed maximum inhibitory activity on pathogenic bacteria comparable with streptocycline efficacy. The...

Author(s): Sumana Das, Kuntal Das and Veenapani Dubey

December 2011

Allicin and alliin content and antifungal activity of Allium senescens L. ssp. montanum (F. W. Schmidt) Holub ethanol extract

Allium senescens ssp. montanum ethanol extract analysis by liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry detection (LC/MS) revealed 58.37 µg alliin/ml extract and 0.919 mg allicin/ml plant extract. The plant extract had antifungal effects against all tested speciessuch as Aspergillus niger, Botrytis cinerea, B. paeoniae, Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. tulipae, and Penicillium...

Author(s): Marcel Pârvu, Alina Elena Pârvu, Laurian Vlase, Oana RoÅŸca-Casian, Ovidiu Pârvu and Mihai PuÅŸcaÅŸ

December 2011

Enhancement of diosgenin production in Dioscorea zingiberensis seedling and cell cultures by beauvericin from the endophytic fungus Fusarium redolens Dzf2

Diosgenin production in seedling and cell suspension cultures of Dioscorea zingiberensis C. H. Wright was enhanced by treatment with beauvericin obtained from its endophytic fungusFusarium redolens Dzf2. Optimal elicitation of diosgenin production by beauvericin in D. zingiberensis seedling and cell cultures was achieved when beauvericin was added to the medium at a concentration of 100 mg/L (in...

Author(s): Chunhui Yin, Peiqin Li, Hongjun Li, Lijian Xu, Jianglin Zhao, Tijiang Shan and Ligang Zhou

December 2011

Impact of different colored shade polyethylene and maturation on development of flavonoids and phenolic acids in flowers of Chrysanthemum indicum L.

Chrysanthemum indicum L. is a significant medicinal plant, which flowers (capitula) are usually used as Chinese medicine. The phytochemical test analyzed the regularity of biosynthesis and degradation of flavonoids and phenolic acids in flowers which grown under colored polyethylene and harvested from five flowering stages. Dry weight of one thousand buds or flower heads from different maturation...

Author(s): Hai-jin Shen, Qiao-sheng Guo and Hai-ling Fang

December 2011

Evaluation of in vitro antioxidant and antitumour activities of Astragalus membranaceus aqueous extract

Aqueous extracts of Astragalus membranaceus (AMEE) were prepared in this study. In vitroantioxidant and antitumour activities of aqueous extracts of A. membranaceus were evaluated. The aqueous extracts exhibited could effectively scavenge superoxide anion, Hydrogen peroxide, 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radicals and reduce 2,2'-azobis(2-amidinopropane) hydrochloride (AAPH)-induced...

Author(s): Xian-zhong Peng, Shao-shui Chen, Fang-ling Ning, Mian-li Li

December 2011

Investigation of decontamination effect of Phragmites australis for Konya domestic wastewater treatment

In this study, decontamination effect of Phragmites australis for Konya domestic wastewater treatment was searched. For this reason, pilot subsurface horizontal flow constructed wetland including 3 pools was formed by using reed (Phragmites australis). The mean decontamination rate of domestic wastewater, retention time for 3.96 days in the pool, was 64.5% for biological oxygen demand (BOD), 68% for chemical...

Author(s): Erkan Kalipci

December 2011

Medicinal potentials of Alpinia galanga

Author(s): E. Mohiuudin, M. Akram, Naveed Akhtar, H. M. Asif, Pervaiz Akhtar Shah, Tariq Saeed, Arshad Mahmood and Nadia Shamshad Malik

December 2011

Inhibition effects on HBV replication by hydrophobic extracts from Ferula ferulaeoides (Steud.) Korov

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a worldwide public health problem, which can lead to life threatening chronic hepatitis, liver cirrhosis and cancer. Despite this, treatments for chronic HBV infection are still very limited. In our investigation herbal medicines as antiviral agents, FF, the lipid soluble fraction of Ferula ferulaeoides, which has been used as a traditional Chinese medicine, showed a significant...

Author(s): L. L. Zhai, T. Liu, H. Q. Xie, Y. H. Xie and Q. Mu