Journal of
Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy

  • Abbreviation: J. Pharmacognosy Phytother.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2502
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPP
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 193

Full Length Research Paper

Pharmacognosy and phytochemical standardization of Albizia Ferruginea (Guill and Perr) pulps

Rose Ngono Mballa Abondo
  • Rose Ngono Mballa Abondo
  • Department of Galenical Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Legislation, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaound´e I, Yaound´e, Cameroon.
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Aude P´erine Minyem Ngombi
  • Aude P´erine Minyem Ngombi
  • National Drug Quality Control and Evaluation Laboratory (LANACOME), Yaounde, Cameroon Universit´e de Yaound´e I, Cameroon.
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Joseph Ngoupayo
  • Joseph Ngoupayo
  • Department of Traditional Medicine and African therapeutic, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon.
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Bonaventure Ngadjui Tchaleu
  • Bonaventure Ngadjui Tchaleu
  • Department of Traditional Medicine and African therapeutic, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon.
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Beyeme Fridoline-Victorine
  • Beyeme Fridoline-Victorine
  • Cameroonian Higher Council for Traditional Medicine, (COSMETRAC), Yaounde, Cameroon.
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  •  Received: 15 September 2017
  •  Accepted: 05 January 2018
  •  Published: 28 February 2018

Abstract

In Africa and Cameroon in particular, people tend to use medicinal plants as the first approach to cure their illness or disease. In order to improve the safety and the progressive integration of those plants in our health systems, it is important to set a system and protocol that would permit an easy characterization, quality and safety control of medicinal plants through a standardization of their recipes. Thus, we develop a Pharmacognosy and phytochemical study of Albizia ferruginea pulps and complete by a monograph for each plant. A macroscopic and microscopic analysis of the drugs is done, followed by a study of the weight loss due to desiccation. Furthermore, the ratio of ashes in the powders was investigated in conformity with the European pharmacopeia. We further extract and perform a phytochemical screening. From the macroscopic analysis, it is observed that the pulp was strong, fibrous crack and powder brown with an aromatic smell. The micrographic analysis shows the presence of various tissues such as suber, fiber, liber, sclerotic cells as well as the calcium oxalate. The ashes percentage of A. ferruginea powder is 1.16%, whereas the weight loss due to desiccation is 7.6 % and inflation indices, 4 mL. The phytochemical screening showed the presence of alkaloids, flavonoid, polyphenols, mucilages, anthocyanins, and saponins. The information gathered throughout this study will contribute to the fast identification, quality control, and characterization of A. ferruginea pulps.

Key words: Standardisation, pulps, quality control, Albizia ferruginea.