Journal of
Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences

  • Abbreviation: J. Toxicol. Environ. Health Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9820
  • DOI: 10.5897/JTEHS
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 217

Short Communication

Prospects and processes of human waste management in the rural areas of Nigeria

Otti V. I.
Civil Engineering Department, Federal Polytechnic Oko, Nigeria.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 22 May 2011
  •  Published: 31 May 2011


The effect of indiscriminate defecation in the rural areas has degenerated into deadly disease such as, typhoid, tuberculosis, cholera, dysentery, diarrhoea etc. Even some of these killer diseases cause food poisoning when infecting human bodies by causing the various symptoms in some parts of the bodies, such symptoms include abdominal pains, diarrhea, gastroenteritis, prostration and vomiting. In the villages, disposal of night soil is the most neglected element of village sanitation. Open areas are used by grown-up people for answering the call of nature, while front or back of the houses are used by the old, sick and children. Such filthy conditions form very suitable breeding places for flies. These flies carry deadly disease bacteria, such as those that cause cholera, dysentery, small pox, tuberculosis and typhoid. This paper will examine the prospects and processes of human waste management in the rural areas of Nigeria, using ventilated improved-pit latrine (VIP)


Key words: Waste management, human, disease, ventilated improved pit latrine.