Scientific Research and Essays

  • Abbreviation: Sci. Res. Essays
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-2248
  • DOI: 10.5897/SRE
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2748

Full Length Research Paper

The effects of humic acid application upon the phosphorus uptake of the tomato plant (Lycopersicum esculentum L.)

Sezer Åžahin
  • Sezer Åžahin
  • Department of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, Faculty of Agriculture, GaziosmanpaÅŸa University, Tokat, Turkey.
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M. Rustu Karaman
  • M. Rustu Karaman
  • Department of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, Faculty of Agriculture, GaziosmanpaÅŸa University, Tokat, Turkey.
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Naif Gebologlu
  • Naif Gebologlu
  • Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, GaziosmanpaÅŸa University, Tokat, Turkey.
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  •  Received: 24 January 2014
  •  Accepted: 04 June 2014
  •  Published: 30 June 2014

Abstract

Humic acid can transform mineral nutrients into available forms for the plants. High lime content, low organic matter content, high pH, low moisture content and insufficient profile characteristics all higher plant phosphorus uptakes and consequently regress plant growth and development. The present research was conducted to investigate the effects of humic acid treatments (H.A.) (0, 60, 120 mg/kg) on phosphorus use efficiency (PUE) (0, 50, 100 mg/kg P) of grape and pole tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum L.) varieties. Pot experiments were carried out in a glasshouse in randomized block design with three replications. As basic fertilization, 250 mg/kg N and 200 mg/kg K was applied to the pots. Plants were harvested when they had their 5th raceme. Dry matter yields, N, P and K contents were analyzed. Dry matter yields increased with humic acid and phosphorus treatments. Phosphorus contents also increased with increasing phosphorus doses. While humic acid and phosphorus treatments affected the potassium contents, Ca contents increased through only the humic acid application.

 

Key words: Humic acid, phosphorus use efficiency, tomato plant.