African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6688

AJAR Articles

Relationship between physical and physiological quality variables in analyzes of black oat seeds

November 2017

The success of species implantation depends on the quality of seeds used initially. It is therefore important to ascertain that the seed is in an excellent physical, physiological, sanitary and nutritional condition as this will determine the genetic cultivars’ potential. Thus, this research work studied the relationships between physical and physiological variables in the seed. Samples were analysed and grouped...

Author(s): Roberto Carbonera, Alessandro Dal’Col Lúcio, Ubirajara Russi Nunes and Sandra Beatriz Vicenci Fernandes

Agro-morphologic variations among eleven potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) cultivars

November 2017

In this work, we studied agro-morphological parameters that could be used to define variaton among  early, mid-early, mid-late and late potato cultivars, cropped in the main season by quantitaive and qualitative parameters (characters of mother tubers, vegetation cover, height of plants, number of leaves, number of true leaves, number of stems, number of stolons, lenght of first stolon, median diameter of first...

Author(s): Khaoula Mokrani, Wassim Saadaoui, Rym Mediouni and Neji Tarchoun

Temperature and substrate effects on the germination of Caesalpinia ferrea Mart. Ex Tul.

November 2017

Caesalpinia ferrea Mart. Ex Tul. is a tropical arboreal species used in naval and civil construction, and in the recovery of degraded areas. The substrate used and temperature can interfere directly in the germination of this species. This work aimed to evaluate the influence of different substrates and temperature regimes on the seed germination potential and initial growth of C. ferrea seedlings. The experiment was...

Author(s): Luan Danilo Ferreira de Andrade Melo, João Luciano de Andrade Melo Junior, Ivomberg Dourado Magalhães, Aldair de Souza Medeiros, Sebastião de Oliveira Maia Júnior, José Jairo Florentino Cordeiro Junior and Abraão Cícero da Silva

Effect of cover crops on physico-chemical attributes of soil in a short-term experiment in the southwestern Amazon region

November 2017

No-tillage is an agricultural system that is proposed as a sustainable soil management system. This paper aims to evaluate the short-term effects of cover crops on a no-tillage system, by assessing a number of physical and chemical attributes of soil of the Brazilian Amazon region. The experiment was carried out in a typical Ferralsol under a no-tillage system from March to December, 2014. A randomized block design,...

Author(s): Alexandre Martins Abdão dos Passos, Andreia Marcilene Aker, Rogerio Sebastiao Correa Da Costa, Flávia Cristina Dos Santos, Vivianni Pacheco Dantas Leite and Alaerto Luiz Marcolan

Biological control of Anastrepha Schiner (Díptera: Tephritidae) through augmentative releases of Diachasmimorpha longicaudata Ashmead (Hymenoptera; Braconidae) in fruit-producing marginal areas of Northern Nayarit, México

November 2017

In Mexico, fruit flies (Anastrepha Schiner) are one of the main pests that affect production and limit the commercialization of fresh fruits. In regions producing municipalities such as Ruiz (Nayarit), the insect is actively multiplying in marginal areas, in fruits such as Mangifera indica L. (mango), Psidium guajava L. (guava), Spondias sp. (jobo) and Psidium sartorianum (Berg), from where they move to commercial...

Author(s): Isiordia-Aquino N., Robles-Bermúdez A., Cambero-Campos O. J., Díaz-Heredia M., González-Castellón L. and Flores-Canales R. J.

Private initiatives in rural irrigated agriculture towards sustainable livelihoods in Nadowli-Kaleo District, Ghana

November 2017

At the dawn of the 21st Century, the goal of achieving poverty reduction became a global concern. Diverse livelihood public interventions such as the provision of community dams since then have been implemented in rural settings including Nadowli-Kaleo District of the Upper West Region, Ghana to promote food security through dry-season farming. However, the objectives of these interventions have not been realized....

Author(s): Jonas Kannyiri Naaderi and Romanus Dogkubong Dinye

Use of spermidine reduced the oxidative damage in onion seedlings under salinity by modulating antioxidants

November 2017

This research studies the role of spermidine (Spd) in conferring tolerance in onion seedlings under oxidative sress, caused by NaCl. Stress condition was applied on two months old onion seedlings by adding 10 gL-1 of NaCl, where 100 µM of Spd was sprayed twice daily before counting the stress duration. Under salinity stress, seedlings were observed for 7 days, and data were measured on relative leaf water,...

Author(s): Md. Motiar Rohman, Tanjina Islam, Mohammed Mohi-Ud-Din, Md. Robyul Islam, Md. Rezwan Molla, Mohammad Golam Hossain and M. A. Z. Chowdhury

Corn productivity in integrated crop-livestock system: Effect of different forage masses post-grazing

November 2017

Forage management in integrated crop-livestock system is a complex activity that increases profitability, when well performed, therefore consequently influencing future crop productivity. This study aimed to evaluate the agronomic performance of corn cultivation in the integrated crop-livestock system using the no-tillage system in different forage masses post-grazing. The experiment was conducted in the municipality of...

Author(s): Paulo Eugenio Schaefer, Rodrigo Pizzani, Thomas Newton Martin and Thomé Lovato

Consortium of maize and cowpea in organic farming - dry grain production

November 2017

Intercropping of maize and cowpea is widely used by Brazilian family farmers. The aim of this work is to compare the grain yield of two maize cultivars, and one cultivar of cowpea in organic system. Treatments of monoculture of cowpea (Poços de Caldas) and maize ('BR106' and 'AG1051') and intercropping were used. A randomized block design with four replicates in an area under conversion to organic...

Author(s): Áurea I. A. Fonseca e Souza, Kerolém P. S. Cardoso, Ana E. de A. Brito, Glauco A. S. Nogueira, Fábio C. Coelho, Jocarla A. Crevelari, Anna C. S. Oliveira, Aurilena A. Silva, Cândido F. Oliveira Neto Diana J. P. Sousa and Jessica S. S. Teixeira

Propagation of Farash (Tamarix aphylla) as affected by cutting lengths under low polytunnel and open air

November 2017

A research study was conducted on Tamarix aphylla in August, 2008, in the experimental area of Department of Forestry, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Punjab to find out the impact of vegetative propagation of Farash (T. aphylla) through different size of cuttings in open air and under low polytunnel. In this study, 2", 4" and 6" long cuttings were planted in shade in polythene bags, with nine...

Author(s): Aitzaz Malik and Shahid Hafeez

Production and leaf nutrient content of okra influenced by soil management

November 2017

A field study was conducted to explore the effect of various rates of organic matter, two water depths, with and without mulching on production of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.) and leaf nutrient content. This study was done for two years, and the experimental design of randomized blocks in a factorial 5 ËŸ 2 ËŸ 2 was used, with four replications. The treatments were five rates of organic matter, necessary for raising...

Author(s): Evandro Franklin de Mesquita, Lúcia Helena Garófalo Chaves, Lourival Ferreira Cavalcante, Rodrigo Jales dos Santos, José Ailton Pereira dos Santos and Anailson da Sousa Alves

Genetic diversity among populations of the xerophytic tree species Balanites aegyptiaca and its morpho-physiological responses to water deficiency

November 2017

Water deficit negatively affects crop development and productivity. With decreasing rainfall and shortage of arable land, there is a demand for alternative drought-tolerant species for use on non-arable land. The tree species Balanites aegyptiaca is considered as drought tolerant and a potential source of many secondary metabolites. The oil-containing seeds may also be used as biofuel. Genetic diversity was investigated...

Author(s): G. Khamis, F. Schaarschmidt and J. Papenbrock

Freezing, cooling and storage of pumpkin (Cucurbita moschata Dusch) seeds produced in biodynamic system

November 2017

Farmer’s dominance depends on seed processing practices that allow seed longevity and sanity throughout storage. In organic systems, seeds cannot be exposed to chemical pesticides. Therefore, organic seed treatment must be conducted by applying techniques which do not contaminate seeds and that can provide physiological and sanitary quality, and also a safe storage. This work aimed to evaluate the physiological...

Author(s): Carolina Olga da Fonseca Ribeiro, Higino Marcos Lopes and Felipe Kuhn Leão de Salles

Preliminary screening of cowpea-Bradyrhizobium symbiotic traits subjected to salinity stress in Senegal

November 2017

Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) is a leguminous plant which is an important source of protein, grown in arid and semi-arid areas of Africa subject to climate changes including soil salinization. The current study aimed to test the hypothesis that screening for salt-tolerant Bradyrhizobim-cowpea combination would promise a salt tolerant symbiotic system. Four selected Bradyrhizobium were characterized for their...

Author(s): Abdoulaye Soumare, Mbaye Wade, Francis Do Rego, Saliou Fall and Tatiana Krasova Wade

Farmer segmentation for enhancing technology adoption and smallholder dairy development

November 2017

Despite various interventions, smallholder dairy farming in large parts of the tropics remain characterised by low productivity, restricted market participation, and viability challenges. The problem lies in the unavailability, low adoption rates and non-adoption of available improved smallholder dairying technologies. Using Rusitu and Gokwe smallholder dairy projects in Zimbabwe as a case study, this paper explored...

Author(s): Benjamine Hanyani-Mlambo, Maxwell Mudhara, Kefasi Nyikahadzoi and Paramu Mafongoya

Uprooting resistance of two tropical tree species for sand dune stabilization

November 2017

Coastal windbreak restoration is important in Taiwan for agroforestry and sand dune stabilization. Australian pine (Casuarina equisetifolia Forst.) is the main species in windbreaks. It often suffers from serious uprooting and waterlogging damages, whereas sea hibiscus (Hibiscus tiliaceus L.) is more resistant to wind and tolerant to waterlogging. It is suggested that sea hibiscus can be substituted for Australian pine...

Author(s): Jung-Tai Lee, Sung-Ming Tsai and Ming-Jen Lee

Genetic diversity among muskmelon (Cucumis melo L.) germplasm in Bangladesh as revealed by microsatellite markers

November 2017

Information about genetic variation has become more critical and deciding factor for any breeding and improvement effort,is difficult inefficient and inaccurate when based on morphological traits only. Therefore, this investigation was conducted using nine microsatellite DNA markers to evaluate genetic variation among 96 muskmelon germplasm in Bangladesh. All nine microsatellite markers were polymorphic. Lower values...

Author(s): Md. Rezwan Molla, Iftekhar Ahmed, Sajia Rahman, Md. Amjad Hossain, Md. Abdus Salam, Md. Aziz Zilani Chowdhury and Md. Motiar Rohman

Records of sub family Scelioninae (Hymenoptera: Platygastridae) from oriental region with description of one new species

November 2017

A new species from genus Cardalnamannus and re-description of species from genus Encyrtoscelio Dodd (Hymenoptera: Platygastridae) is being described, which were collected by sweet net collection from the state of Uttarakhand, India. The species Cardalnaumannus ramamurthyum sp. nov. is described as new species and re-description of species Encyrtoscelio apterus (Szelényi) for the first time from Uttarakhand,...

Author(s): K. Managanvi, M. A. Khan and A. K. Karnatak

Use of house cricket to address food security in Kenya: “Nutrient and chitin composition of farmed crickets as influenced by age”

November 2017

House cricket is currently introduced for scaled-up production in farming systems in Kenya and other parts of the world, as an alternative source of animal proteins. The aim of this study was to assess the nutritional composition in farmed cricket as influenced by age in order to ascertain the optimal harvesting time for possible utilization of crickets in improving child nutrition in Kenya. Sampling was carried out...

Author(s): Carolyne Kipkoech, John N. Kinyuru, Samuel Imathiu and Nanna Roos

Effect of modified spacing arrangements, fertilizer use and legume intercrop on prevalence of cassava brown streak disease in Western Kenya

November 2017

Cassava is an important food security crop in Western and Coastal counties of Kenya. As a food security crop, it is continuously cultivated with minimal inputs. Its production is constrained by factors like declining soil fertility, poor agronomic practices, pests and diseases. Cassava brown streak disease (CBSD) is a viral infection attacking the cassava crop causing yield losses of up to 100%. The current study was...

Author(s): Isabella Kanaga Ememwa, Hassan Were, Vitalis Ogemah, Hannington Obiero and Moses Wekesa

Practices of farmers in processing and marketing of crayfish in Akwa-Ibom State, Nigeria

November 2017

The study was undertaken to assess farmer’s practices in processing and marketing of crayfish in Akwa-Ibom State, Nigeria. Ninety crayfish farmers systematically selected from two zones, four blocks and twelve circles formed sample for the study. An interview schedule was used to collect data while percentage, mean score and multiple regression were used in data analysis. Findings show that the majority (95.6%) of...

Author(s): Iwuchukwu Juliana Chinasa, Eke John Nnanna and Udoye Charles Ekene

Performance of the Brachiaria hybrid ‘Mulatto II’ under different doses and forms of limestone application in the Amazon

October 2017

Acid soils have been responsible for the poor performance of most plant species, and liming is an efficient way of correcting the pH of such soils. The aim of this study was to assess the performance and establishment of the Brachiaria hybrid ‘Mulatto II’ under different doses and forms of limestone application. The experimental design was of five doses of limestone (0, 0.5, 1, 2, and 4 t ha-1) and two forms...

Author(s): Ana Caroline Messias de Magalhães, Luís Henrique Ebling Farinatti, Maurifran Oliveira Lima, Edson Alves de Araújo and Fernando Bezerra Lopes

Rice false smut and its management in major rice growing areas in Ashanti region of Ghana

October 2017

Ustilaginoidea virens, the pathogen that causes rice false smut (RFS) disease induces infertility in infected spikelets, reduces grain weight and caused up to 75% yield loss. Surveys on RFS disease were conducted from September to December, 2015 in 60 rice farms within three districts: Ejisu-Juaben, Ejura-Sekyedumase and Asante Akim-North, in the Ashanti region of Ghana. Incidence and severity, as well as farmers’...

Author(s): Daniel Dokie Tokpah, Charles Kwoseh, Eric Saye Tokpah and David Kolleh

Relative competitiveness of Phaseolus vulgaris with Bidens pilosa

October 2017

In agriculture, weeds tend to compete with the crop for scarce resources like water, light and nutrients, which incurs losses to farmers. Consequently, farmers must deal with weeds to derive maximum benefits for their crops and the environment. The aim of this paper was to assess the competitiveness of common bean crops in the presence of hairy beggarsticks (Bidens pilosa) at different population densities. The...

Author(s): Pedro Valério Dutra Moraes, Andressa Camana, Jhessica Bortolotti, Maira Cristina Schuster, Cristiana Bernardi Rankrape, Lucas da Silva Domingues and Paulo Fernando Adami

The effect of vegetation covers on the physical properties of a red latosol

October 2017

In this study, the physical properties of a red latosol were assessed under Cerrado (a Savannah like vegetation type) and under of Eucalyptus grandis cultivation. Two contiguous sites of 14 ha each showing similar original vegetation cover, slope, topographic position, soil type, and sun exposure (aspect) were selected. Systematically, 20 sampling points were distributed in each site, from which soil deformed samples...

Author(s): Mauro Eloi Nappo, Reginaldo Sérgio Pereira, Eder Pereira Miguel, Ricardo de Oliveira Gaspar, Eraldo Aparecido Trondoli Matricardi, Humberto Angelo, Milton Serpa de Meira Junior, Ailton Teixeira do Vale and Ildeu Soares Martins

The effects of interest rates on access to agro-credit by farmers in Kaduna State, Nigeria

October 2017

This study examined the effect of interest rates on access to agro-credit by farmers in Kaduna State, Nigeria. This study employed survey research methodology which covered the three agricultural zones in the study area. The data generated were analyzed using descriptive statistics, multiple regression and 4-point likert scale rating. It was shown that, majority (40%) were aged between 31 and 40 years and about 41.20%...

Author(s): B. M. Ali, F. U. Agbo, I. C. Ukwuaba and C. J. Chiemela

Influence of pre-germination treatments on germination seed in Melanoxylon brauna Schott

October 2017

This study evaluated the presence of integument dormancy in Melanoxylon brauna seeds by testing the influence of nine pre-germination treatments on seed germination compared to a control (no pre-germination) treatment. Pre-germination treatments include; immersion in sulfuric acid for 5 min, 10 min, 15 min and 30 min, hot water at 80°C without soaking, hot water at 80°C with soaking for 30 min, 90 min, 24 h, and...

Author(s): Juliana Müller Freire, Thasso José Silva e Sousa, Glauciana da Mata Ataíde, Tiago Böer Breier and Janaína Ribeiro Costa Rouws

The latest research progress of forest economics and analysis: Based on the review and analysis of studies in the two international authoritative journals

October 2017

As a cross discipline, the study scope of the forest economics has expanded continuously. Based on the review and analysis of the study in the two international authoritative journals, “Journal of Forest Economics” and “Forest Policy and Economics” from 2010 to 2014, this paper discussed the latest research progress of forest economics and the main contents of the study in order to provide a...

Author(s): Zhang Ying, Aijun Yi and Xianlei Cao

Nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium fertilizer effects on cassava tuber yield in the coastal district of Dondo, Mozambique

October 2017

Meeting an increasing demand for cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) by industrial and commercial food sectors requires basic agronomic information on fertilizer requirements and appropriate fertilizer recommendations for high tuber yield and quality. A no-till study involving twenty fertilizer treatments consisting of different combinations of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K) fertilizer rates was...

Author(s): Ivan B. Cuvaca, Neal S. Eash, Dayton M. Lambert, Forbes R. Walker and William Rustrick

Potential of plant ethanolic extracts on Meloidogyne incognita control in tomato

October 2017

Nematodes are obligatory parasites that compromise agricultural production worldwide. The use of alternative methods to replace the chemical pesticides in the control of this pest is increasingly growing, due to its pollution to the environment. In order to evaluate the biocidal effect of plant extracts, combinations of extracts of Neem (Azadirachta indica), croton (Croton campestris) and manioc (Manihot esculenta) were...

Author(s): Fernandes Antonio de Almeida, Carmem Lucia Pereira Abade, Maria Lúcia Tiburtino Leite, Antonio Francisco de Mendonça Junior, Wéverson Lima Fonseca, Ancélio Ricardo de Oliveira Gondim, Rezanio Martins Carvalho, Luana Maria Alves da Silva and Francisco Fernandes Pereira

Agronomic performance of wheat as a function of different spacing and sowing densities in two agricultural years

October 2017

Optimization of the use of agricultural inputs and the efficient management of the wheat crop can increase the yield potential per unit area. Thus, the objective of this study was to evaluate the agronomic performance of a wheat cultivar in function of different spacing and sowing densities in two agricultural years. The experiment was performed during the 2010 and 2011 agricultural years.  The experimental design...

Author(s): Gerson Sander, Antonio Carlos Torres da Costa and José Barbosa Duarte Júnior

Characterization of sweet potato accessions in Malawi using morphological markers and farmers’ indigenous knowledge system (IKS)

October 2017

Characterization of landraces is central to any conservation measures devised for sweet potato in Malawi. Studies were therefore conducted using seven morphological descriptors and farmers’ indigenous knowledge systems (IKS) to investigate the phenotypical diversity of 286 landraces and 35 introductions of sweet potato from the north, south east and lower Shire. The accessions were planted in a check plot design...

Author(s): Felistus Chipungu, Wisdom Changadeya, Aggrey Ambali, John Saka, Nzola Mahungu and Jonathan Mkumbira

Livestock herders’ perception on the causes and effects of Senna obtusifolia L. invasion in rangelands of Northern Ethiopia

October 2017

Livestock herders’ perception on the invasion and effects of Senna obtusifolia L. were gotten from two locations (Kafta Humera and Tsegede) in Northern Ethiopia. From each location, three peasant associations were selected using key formants and group discussion. The invasion level of S. obtusifolia L. was higher near settlements and road side of continuously grazed lands of the study area. S. obtusifolia L....

Author(s): Gebrekiros Maru Gebreyesus

Induction of antioxidant system in niger (Guizotia abyssinica Cass.) under drought stress

October 2017

Drought stress is a highly pervasive and economically damaging abiotic stress that affects plant yield and productivity worldwide. Physiologically, drought stress in plants is associated with oxidative stress leading to tissue damage. Drought stress imposed over 72 h in 10 days old seedlings of Guizotia abyssinica Cass, niger (cv; RCR-18) under greenhouse conditions resulted in elevated levels of oxidative stress...

Author(s): Kavya H. Naik and Varadahalli R. Devaraj

Characterization of the levels of cassava commercialization among smallholder farmers in Kenya: A multinomial regression approach

October 2017

Cassava commercialization is a concept that has been used by many development practitioners because of its possible strategic role in transforming livelihoods of smallholder farmers in sub-Saharan Africa, including Siaya and Kilifi Counties in Kenya. This concept can easily be implemented when the levels of commercialization is known. However, empirical evidence reveals little information on the levels of cassava...

Author(s): Florence Achieng Opondo, Peter Dannenberg and Maximilian Willkomm

Promoting micro, small and medium enterprises in beekeeping in Zambia’s Central Province: Making a case for the adoption of business incubation strategy

October 2017

Beekeeping has been a thriving enterprise among farmers in selected parts of Zambia. However, despite its enormous potential for transforming rural communities and through income generation, the beekeeping sector has experienced stunted growth for many years (or has not experienced meaningful growth for many years). Therefore, this study investigates the nature of beekeeping in selected parts of Zambia’s Central...

Author(s): Hamauswa S., Mulenga J., Shula R. B. and Malunga M. M.

Multi-locational evaluation of cooking banana cultivars ‘NARITA 4’ hybrid and ‘Mpologoma’ in Rwanda

October 2017

This study assessed the growth and yield of two introduced cooking banana cultivars ‘Mpologoma’ and ‘NARITA 4’ relative to seven local highland cooking cultivars, across three sites in Rwanda, namely Karongi (1496 m a.s.l.), Gatore (1523 m a.s.l.) and Rwinzuki (1671 m a.s.l.). Data were obtained during two cropping cycles (plant crop cycle and the 1st ratoon). Data on pseudostem girth (cm) at 100...

Author(s): Ndayitegeye O., Blomme G., Ocimati W., Crichton R., Ntamwira J., Muchunguzi P., Van Asten P., Bahati L. and Gaidashova S.

Slaughter performance and meat quality of intact and castrated Washera sheep kept under feedlot condition

October 2017

A study was conducted to evaluate the feedlot performance in carcass traits and meat quality of intact and castrated Washera sheep under low (300 g/day) and high (450 g/day) dry matter (DM) levels of concentrate mix supplementation. The concentrate mix contained 68% wheat bran and 32% noug seed cake. 24 sheep (12 intact and 12 castrated) with age range of 9 to 10 months and initial weight of 24.1±1.8 kg (mean...

Author(s): Melese Gashu, Mengistu Urge, Getachew Animut and Dereje Tadesse

The influence of organic manure formulated from goat manure on growth and yield of tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum)

October 2017

The influence of organic hydroponic nutrient solution on tomato growth and yield was studied using a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three treatments (organic nutrient solution, conventional hydroponic fertiliser (as positive control) and plain tap water (as negative control)) replicated three times. Determinate tomato seeds were germinated and transplanted into the 3 treatments. Twenty days after...

Author(s): Edgar Mowa, Levi Akundabweni, Percy Chimwamurombe, Effiom Oku and Hupenyu Allan Mupambwa

Comparison of five different methods in estimating reference evapotranspiration in Cape Coast, Ghana

October 2017

A number of methods have been developed to estimate reference crop evapotranspiration (ETo), but most of the reliable methods are complex and parameter rich models and therefore difficult to apply in data scarce regions. This study was conducted to determine suitable simple ETo methods in Cape Coast by comparing estimated ETo values of three indirect-measurement methods: Hamon, Hargreaves, Blaney Criddle; and two...

Author(s): Joshua D. Owusu-Sekyere, Edward A. Ampofo and Ofosu Asamoah

Organizational and institutional environment in wheat production chain in Mozambique

October 2017

Wheat’s production chain is one of the sectors that have received a lot of attention not only by the Mozambican government, but also by its national and international partners alike. This is due to the interest of the government and its partners to raise production levels and as such, lower the need of importing these goods in the coming years. Due to efforts from Mozambican government to elevate production levels...

Author(s): Ivandro Xavier Lucas Bauaze, Dércio Edvaldo Torcida Felimone and Glauco Schultz

Yields and forage nutritive quality of high-yielding dual purpose cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp.) varieties in the Sahelian low-input cropping system

October 2017

Cowpea is a major food legume crop in the Sahel with tolerance to drought and to the nutrients-leached acid sandy soils of this region. However, the existing cowpea varieties grown by farmers are low yielding and pest sensitive which make them unsuitable to satisfy farmer’s needs. The objective of this study was to identify high-yielding cowpea varieties which are well adapted to the Sahelian ecosystem. Eight...

Author(s): Ibrahim Ali and Pasternak Dov

Production systems of village chickens in the Abu-Dhabi Emirate, UAE

October 2017

The study was undertaken to establish the village chicken (VC) production systems and to generate information on VC utilization, management practices, opportunities and challenges, using a survey. Only 20% of VC owners were females. The VC are raised mainly (80%) as dual purpose, eggs and meat. The average flock size is 457 layer hens, with 7:1 hens to cocks. Chickens houses were semi-closed cages (47%) partly shaded...

Author(s): Mohammad Jihad Tabbaa, and Hussein Husiny Hassanin

Effect of lime and phosphorus fertilizer on acid soil properties and barley grain yield at Bedi in Western Ethiopia

October 2017

Soil acidity associated with soil fertility problems are the main constraints hindering barley production in most highlands of Ethiopia. Field experiment was conducted to evaluate effects of lime and phosphorus (P) fertilizer application to acid soils on grain yield of barley and soil chemical properties during 2009 to 2013 cropping seasons at Bedi in Western Ethiopia. The experiment was laid out in randomized complete...

Author(s): Getachew Alemu, Temesgen Desalegn, Tolessa Debele, Ayalew Adela, Geremew Taye and Chelot Yirga

Spatial distribution of adults and nymphs of stink bug, Edessa meditabunda (Fabricius, 1974) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) on soybean Bt and non-Bt

October 2017

Knowledge of the dispersion of adults and nymphs of Edessa meditabunda in soybean model is needed to determine the control actions and thus enable proper use of strategies to avoid losses in production. This research aimed to conduct probabilistic analysis of the spatial distribution patterns of adults and nymphs of E. meditabunda in two regions in soybean Bt and non-Bt. For the evaluations, the method of cloth-to- beat...

Author(s): Paulo Rogério Beltramin da Fonseca, Marcos Gino Fernandes, Wagner Justiniano, Leonardo Hiroito Cavada, Cácia Leila Tigre Pereira Viana and João Alfredo Neto da Silva

Evaluation of ‘Tifton 85’ during hay production using different nitrogen fertilization rates and dehydration methods

October 2017

The objective of this study was to evaluate Cynodon species ‘Tifton 85’ at different hay production phases (harvest, baling, and storage) and different (N) rates. Dehydration of the first crop was carried out in the field, while the second crop was in the shed. Dry matter and protein content increased linearly with the N rates. Dehydration in the shed was not effective for hay production, since dry matter...

Author(s): Loreno Egidio Taffarel, Eduardo Eustáquio Mesquita, Deise Dalazen Castagnara, Patricia Barcellos Costa and Paulo Sérgio Rabello de Oliveira

Detection and identification of bacterial soft rot of potato Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. carotovorum using specific PCR primers in Jordan

September 2017

Potato soft rot is one of the major destructive diseases affecting potato plants throughout the world. In a survey of different potato growing seasons in different regions of Jordan, samples of rotten potato tubers were collected and 131 isolates identified biochemically as Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. carotovorum (Pcc). The PCR primer pair (EXPCCR/EXPCCF) was used to detect these Jordanian isolates. The primer set...

Author(s): Ibtihal Abu-Obeid, Hamed Khlaif and Nida Salem

Phosphorus, copper and zinc leached in lysimeters with red-yellow latosol subjected to different rates of reused swine water and irrigation water

September 2017

This study evaluates some micro- elements, phosphorus, copper and zinc leached in lysimeters with red-yellow Latosol under different rates of reused water and irrigation water. This was done for a period of 40 days (August to October 2014) at the initial cycle of cauliflower cultivar ‘Verona CMS’, in Sinop/Mato Grosso. Reused swine water (0, 50 and 150 m3 ha-1) was applied in one portion before...

Author(s): Talita Dantas Pedrosa, Henrique Takyiuki Ozima, Roselene Maria Schneider, Adilson Pacheco de Souza, Ednaldo Antonio de Andrade and Luciana Vieira Mattos

Oil palm Fusarium wilt distribution and incidence in Southern Region of Ivory Coast

September 2017

Fusarium wilt of oil palm is caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. elaeidis (Foe) and is particularly prevalent in Africa. This work shows prospect in the industrial and village oil palm plantations in the Southern region of Ivory Coast, used to assess the incidence and distribution of this disease. The method used entailed taking an inventory of all the plants in a given plot, noting the presence or absence of symptoms...

Author(s): GOGBE Balé Françoise Epse Dibi, DIABATE Sékou, KONAN Jean Noel,  KABLAN Kan Aurore Bel Martine, and DOGBO Denézon Odette

Challenges to the efficacy of forestry and wildlife policies in Ghana for environmental protection: A review

September 2017

Despite the promulgation of various forest and wildlife policies aimed at ensuring the sustainability and conservation of the environment since 1874, Ghana continues to trail in issues regarding environmental control, especially in mitigating the upfront menace of deforestation and pollution of the environment. The desk review study, driven by qualitative research approach with document analysis, was undertaken to...

Author(s): Dickson Adom

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