International Journal of
Nutrition and Metabolism

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Nutr. Metab.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2332
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJNAM
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 127

IJNAM Articles

Dietary intake of omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids among pregnant and breastfeeding women in Morogoro, Tanzania

December 2023

A new-born’s health and wellbeing is determined by the diet and lifestyle of the mother prior, during and after conception. Polyunsaturated fatty acids play an important role for proper development of brain and other organs in the body. This study sought to assess dietary intake of omega 6 and omega 3 fatty acids among pregnant and breastfeeding women in Morogoro municipality, Tanzania. About 318 women completed a...

Author(s): Tesha Anna Peter Tesha, Akwilina Wendelin Mwanri and Cornelio Nyaruhucha  

Effect of junk food on body mass index (BMI) of adolescent school children in Ukwuani Local Government Area (LGA) of Delta State

December 2023

There are great concerns in Nigeria about lifestyle diseases which are now emerging among adolescent school children due to emphasis on the food taste rather than nutritional value of the food. Survey of the consumption pattern of junk foods among adolescent school children drawn from both public and private school in Ukwuani LGA of Delta State, Nigeria was carried out. The study sample is class three (3) of the Junior...

Author(s): Ajieh, G. I., Salami, L. I., Uko-Aviomoh, E. E., Igbinaduwa O., and Okonta V.  

Dietary patterns and nutritional adequacy among the youth (aged 15-24 years) in Ruaka-Nairobi and The Technical University of Kenya

October 2021

Malnutrition, in all its forms, is a problem of global proportions and requires urgent action. In many parts of the world, most adolescents receive inadequate nutrients needed to meet the body’s daily requirements in terms of quantity, frequency, and quality to survive, grow and develop to their full potential. Food systems are therefore important in addressing problems of malnutrition, food insecurity and...

Author(s): Catherine W. Kimani, Mukani Moyo, Lucy Mwaura and Tawanda Muzhingi  

Stunting, feeding practice and its associated factors among children age from 6-59 months in Ziway Dugda Woreda, Arsi Zone, Oromia Region, Ethiopia

May 2021

Adequate nutrition is vital to children’s growth and development. Globally, about 155 million children were stunted. About half of the child's mortality was related to child malnutrition in developing countries, including Ethiopia. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of stunting, feeding practice, and associated factors among children age 6 to 59 months in Zeway Dugda district in 2019. A community-based...

Author(s): Meless Gebrie and Antenh Benti

Change in appetite and food craving during menstrual cycle in young students

July 2020

The change in appetite and food cravings before, during and after menstruation and the relationships between each premenstrual symptom and change in appetite and type of food with increased intake were investigated. This study was conducted by a self-administered questionnaire in 311 female students of health sciences. It was found that the proportion of students who increased the appetite was 70.4% during the...

Author(s): Yukie Matsuura, Aoi Inoue, Mizuki Kidani and Toshiyuki Yasui  

Nutritional status and associated drivers of food choice among lactating women in Debre Birhan Town, North Shoa Zone, Amhara Region, Ethiopia: A community based cross-sectional study

July 2020

People’s perception of food products during food choice is a very complex phenomenon that is influenced by a wide range of characteristics that an individual, groups and local communities make. This study investigated nutritional status and associated motives of food choice among lactating women from Debre Birhan Town. Anthropometric measurements and motives of food choice questionnaire were administered among 423...

Author(s): Gesessew Kibr  

Vitamin D status of pregnant Moroccan women during the last gestational trimester

March 2020

This work is a prospective study that aims to evaluate the vitamin D status of Moroccan women during the last trimester of their pregnancy to establish the prevalence of hypovitaminosis D. We carried out, within the Mohammed V Military Teaching Hospital (HMIMV), a six-month prospective study on the vitamin status D of 152 Moroccan women during their last gestational trimester. Maternal blood was collected at the...

Author(s): Raoul Karfo,, Marie-Christelle Yélamto Touré, Aboubacar Dit Tietie Bissan, Elie Kabré, Jean Sakandé, Rahali Driss Moussaoui, and Saida Tellal,  

The level of adherence to food by prescription (FBP) program among adults living with HIV/AIDS in Addis Ababa City, Ethiopia: A facility-based cross-sectional study

March 2020

Considering the importance of nutritional health for people living with HIV, programs delivering nutritional support have been scaled up globally. Among various programs, the Food by Prescription (FBP) program has been implemented in Ethiopia since 2010. This study was undertaken to assess the level of adherence to the FBP program and identify the associated factors among HIV infected adults. Facility-based...

Author(s): Biniyam D. Kabtyimer, Ribka D. Gebre and Tesfalem T. Tessema  

Evaluation of the nutritional status of adult subject with cancer at the Treichville University hospital center

November 2019

While multidisciplinary consultation meetings on therapeutic protocols, psychological management, treatment of pain for patients living with cancer are setting up, their nutritional status in Côte-d'Ivoire is almost absent in oncology units. This study aimed to assess the nutritional profile of adult patients with cancer, followed at the oncology service of the University Hospital of Treichville. A descriptive...

Author(s): Bile Arthur Gerard, Soumaila Dabonne, Gbogouri Grodji Albarin, Toure Moctar and Adoubi Innocent  

Appropriate complementary feeding practice among mothers of 6-23 months old children in Kedida Gamela district, south Ethiopia: A community based cross-sectional study

July 2019

Introduction of complementary foods to infants is a common practice. However, according to recommended infant and young child feeding protocol the timing of introduction, frequency of feeding and the quality of diet are not appropriate. Thus, the aim of this study is to determine the magnitude and identify the predictors of appropriate complementary feeding practice among mothers of children 6-23 months of age in Kedida...

Author(s): Derebe Gebreyesus Himbego, Lolemo Kelbiso Hanfore and Samson Kastro Dake  

Production and nutritional evaluation of cookies blended from sorghum, cowpea, plantain and sweet potato

July 2019

This study was carried out to produce and evaluate the nutritional quality of cookies formulated from sorghum and fortified with cowpea, plantain and sweet potato. The sorghum and cowpea were subjected to processing technique of sprouting while plantain and sweet potato was peeled oven dried at 45°C. The sorghum variety used was Chakalari white, a low tannin variety, cowpea (Borno red), plantain (unripe) and sweet...

Author(s): Fateema U. M., Falmata A. S., Bintu B. P., Raihanatu M. B., Chellube Z, Hauwa H, Modu S., and Maryam B. K.  

Protective effect of vitamin C against theobromine induced hepatorenal and cardio toxicity in male albino Wistar rats

March 2019

The protective effect of vitamin C against theobromine induced toxicity in male albino Wistar rats was investigated. Twenty-five (25) male Wistar rats weighing between 140 – 160 g were divided into 5 groups with 5 rats in each group. Group 1 served as the control. Group 2 received 700 mg/kg body weight of theobromine daily for 4 days. Group 3 was administered 100 mg/kg body weight of Vitamin C daily for 21 days....

Author(s): Utibe Evans Bassey, Edet Okon Akpanyung, Dennis Uju Nwaokonko and Burch Takim Ndifon

Acute glycemic level and its association with physical activity recommendation among type 2 diabetic patients in Illubabor zone oromiya, Ethiopia

January 2019

Poor and inadequate glycemic control among patients with Type 2 diabetes constitutes a major public health problem and major risk factor for development of diabetes complications. In clinical practice, optimal glycemic control is difficult to obtain because the reasons for poor glycemic control in Type 2 diabetes are complex. This study aims to determine Acute glycemic level and its association with physical activity...

Author(s): Beakal Zinab and Rukiya Debalke  

Factors associated with nutritional status among lactating mothers at Shashemene Woreda, West Arsi Zone, Oromia, Ethiopia: A comparative cross-sectional study

November 2018

Inadequate nutritional intake prior to pregnancy, during pregnancy and lactation process increases postnatal nutritional stresses and health risk of the mother resulting in a high maternal mortality. The aim of this study was to compare nutritional status and associated factors of urban  and  rural  lactating  women  from  Shashemene  Woreda,  West  Arsi  Zone ...

Author(s): Bereket Duko, Melese Gebrie and Dejene Hailu  

Wearable nutrition and dietetics technology on health nutrition paradigm shift in low and middle income countries

July 2018

Real-time, effective and affordable nutrition and dietetics wearable technology and sensors are emerging field with immense opportunities and benefits to the global nutrition challenge. As a powerful public health nutrition game changer, it requires more research and development support in tackling food security and nutrition safety challenges and evidence in local and global priorities needs worldwide. Such revolution...

Author(s): Ernest Tambo, and Jeanne Yonkeu Ngogang,  

Effects of a pasture-based pork production system on the expression of genes involved in lipid metabolism and meat quality characteristics

June 2018

Studies have shown that pasture-raised pork is fresher and of higher nutritional value than its conventional counterpart. This study was to determine the effect of grazing systems on meat quality, carcass traits, and on lipid metabolism gene expressions. Control pigs were fed 100% commercial diet. Fifty/fifty (50/50) group was placed on 50% of the diet consumed by control group plus free access to ryegrass-clover...

Author(s): N. Okoli, N. Ceron-Romero, Y. Meng and M. O. Ezekwe

Quantitative estimation of the caffeine content in some energy drinks on the Ghanaian market

May 2018

The consumption patterns of energy drinks in the Tema Municipality of the Greater-Accra region of Ghana were investigated via a cross sectional survey and the caffeine contents of these energy drinks were determined by iodimetry. The survey showed that more males than females consume energy drinks.  Five types of energy drinks; Lucozade (LU), Rush (RU), Red Bull (RB), Five Star (FS) and Monster (MT) were revealed....

Author(s): Michael Worlako Klu, David Ntinagyei Mintah, Bright Selorm Addy, John Antwi Apenteng and Gloria Obeng

Dietary intake and factors affecting food service of male prisoners living with human immunodeficiency virus at selected prisons in Kenya

February 2018

Adequate dietary intake is important in achieving optimal nutrition and health for people before and during treatment of HIV. Inadequate nutrition causes health issues and fatalities among prisoners. Thus, this study assesses dietary intake and factors affecting food service among male prisoners living with HIV at selected prisons in Kenya. A cross sectional analytical study design was adopted on a sample of 113 male...

Author(s): Kavithe K. Rachel, Dorcus Mbithe D. Kigaru and Maoga W. Nyamota

Evaluation of effects of various rapeseed oils on serum lipids and cardio-hepatic enzymes in experimental rats

January 2018

Rapeseed oils are commonly used as edible oil in rural and urban areas in Bangladesh. This study used various rape seeds like mustard, rai and canola oils to investigate the effect on lipids and cardio-hepatic enzymes in experimental rats. Body weight, food efficiency ratio (FER), serum lipids and cardio hepatic enzymes were measured in this study. Body weights were reduced in fried rai (37.67%) and mustard oils...

Author(s): Md. Hafizur Rahman, Shaikh Shahinur Rahman, Dipa Mandal and Md. Nazibur Rahman  

Potential probiotics from traditional fermented milk, Mursik of Kenya

December 2017

Commercial fermented milks have health benefit potential attributed to pure probiotics used as starter culture. Lactic acid bacteria (LABs) are the probiotics and promote stabilization of the gastrointestinal microecology of humans by producing secondary metabolites like lactic, acetic and propionic acid, hydrogen peroxide and bacteriocins (bactericidal proteins produced by the lactic acid bacteria). These metabolites...

Author(s): Digo C. A., Kamau-Mbuthia E., Matofari J. W. and Ng’etich W. K.

Undernutrition and its predictors among people living with HIV/AIDS attending antiretroviral therapy clinic in Jimma University Specialized Hospital

September 2017

HIV is one of the most serious health and development challenge of the globally  with approximately 36.9 million people currently living with HIV and tens of millions of people having already died since the emergence of the pandemic. Food insecurity and poor nutritional status could enhance the progression to AIDS-related illnesses and compromise adherence and response to antiretroviral therapy. However, factors...

Author(s): Melese Sinaga Teshome, Selam Bogale Gissa, Beakal Zinab Tefera and Tefera Belachew Lema

Effect of Commiphora swynnertonii resin on liver functions and levels of plasma glucose and lipids in carbon-tetrachloride treated chickens

August 2017

A 21-day study was carried out to determine the effect of resin from Commiphora swynnertonii on plasma levels of glucose and lipids together with liver functions in both normal and carbon-tetrachloride-treated chickens. Sixty growing male broiler chickens were randomly assigned into six groups (n = 10). G1 was a negative control, which received distilled water throughout the experiment. G2 was a positive control and...

Author(s): Maghembe R. S., G. G. Bakari, R. A. Max and S. T. Balthazary

Biochemical properties and chromatographic investigation of rape seed oils in Bangladesh

July 2017

Rapeseed oil is commonly used as cooking oil in Bangladesh especially in the rural areas and traditionally used with other food items in urban societies. This study evaluated the biochemical properties and chromatographic picturesque of various rapeseed oils namely mustard (wild and hybrid), rai (wild and hybrid) and canola oil in both raw and fried state. The qualitative tests such as acid value, iodine value, peroxide...

Author(s): Md. Hafizur Rahman#, Shaikh Shahinur Rahman#, Lubna Nasreen, Umme Hafsa Begum, Mithila Yesmin and Md. Nazibur Rahman

Metabolic syndrome within freshman students; Case study in Jazan Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA)

June 2017

As well as many countries, in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), non-communicable diseases are becoming an epidemic health problem. Scientific studies prove that these diseases are related to the nutritional types adopted in the last decades and which could be predicted by control of metabolic biomarkers during lifespan. Saudi Arabia has experienced marked nutritional changes and rapid urbanization in recent decades and in...

Author(s): Maha Abdallah Mahmoud, Iman Abdulhadi El-Blooni, Saif Elden Babiker Abdalla and Saida Ncibi,

Magnitude of double burden of malnutrition and its associated factors among selected in-school adolescents: Evidence from South Ethiopia

May 2017

The coexistence of both under nutrition and over nutrition or known as double burden of malnutrition (DBM) is a recent emerging nutritional problem documented in most developing countries. In Ethiopia, though there are various studies documenting the magnitude of under-five children nutritional problem, there is a research gap on DBM among adolescents. To fill the identified gap, the extent of the problem among...

Author(s): Dessalegn Ajema Berbada, Jemal Haidar, Gebrekiros Gebremichael and Desta Haftu

Dietary pattern as a predictor of colorectal cancer among general health population in Arusha Tanzania: A population based descriptive study

March 2017

Proper diet is important in preventing many diseases, and colorectal cancer is no exception. The aim of this study was to identify major dietary patterns among the general population in Arusha Tanzania to determine whether diet is one of the predictors contributing to the observed pattern and distribution of colorectal cancer in Tanzania. A population based cross-sectional study recruited a sample of self-reported...

Author(s): Leonard Kamanga Katalambula, , Julius Edward Ntwenya, Twalib Ngoma, Joram Buza, Emmanuel Mpolya, Edwin Paul and Pammla Petrucka

Under nutrition and associated factors among adult on highly active antiretroviral therapy in Wolaita Sodo teaching and referral hospital, southern nation’s nationalities people’s region, Ethiopia

February 2017

Malnutrition can be defined as a state of nutrition in which there is a deficiency, excess or imbalance of energy, protein and other nutrients. This study was conducted to assess the magnitude of under nutrition and associated factors among adult on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in Wolaita Sodo teaching and referral hospital, SNNPR, Ethiopia. Institutional based cross sectional study design was used among...

Author(s): Lula Amza, Tsegaye Demissie and Yoseph Halala

Predictors of nutritional status among adolescent school girls in Southwest Ethiopia

January 2017

Total nutrient needs of adolescents are higher than any other time in the Lifecycle making susceptible to malnutrition. Any nutritional deficiency experienced during this critical period of life can have long lasting effect on the future health of the individual and also her offspring. Hence this study was to assess nutritional status and predictors of malnutrition among adolescent school girls, in south west...

Author(s): Tezera Moshago Berheto, Feleke Hailemichael Astawesegn and Bedilu Girma Weji

Anti-hyperglycemic effect of cocoyam (Xanthosoma sagittifollium) corm in alloxan-induced diabetic albino rats

July 2016

Diabetes  mellitus constitutes a global public health concern and dietary approach is key to the control and prevention of lethal complications. This study investigated the hypoglycemic and anti-hyperglycemic effects of Xanthosoma sagittifolium-incorporated diets in normoglycemic and alloxan-induced diabetic rats. Seventy normoglycemic male Wistar strain albino rats (120 to 200 g) were divided into two groups...

Author(s): Oluyemisi Folake FOLASIRE, Olayinka Ayotunde ORIDUPA, Adedotun Joshua OWOLABI and Oladejo Thomas ADEPOJU

Treatment outcome of severe acute malnutrition and determinants of survival in Northern Ethiopia: A prospective cohort study

April 2016

Ethiopia has long history of food insecurity and nutritional problems affecting large proportion of the population caused by successive droughts. Despite of different interventions to tackle the problem there is no explicit data showing treatment outcome of the children generally in Ethiopia and specifically in the study area. Institutional based general prospective cohort study was employed. The respondents were 332...

Author(s): Desalegn Massa, Kifle Woldemichael, Birtukan Tsehayneh, and Amanuel Tesfay ,

Enhancement of flavor and analyte balance of freeze-dried coconut water

March 2016

There is a high incidence of gastro-intestinal and viral diseases after natural disasters, particularly in rural areas in third world countries. Oral rehydration salts (ORS) are used, but there is need for a better tasting substitute which has improved quality, accessibility and storage. Fresh coconut is the preferred choice, but is limited by availability, and rapid nutritional deterioration. Reconstituted powdered...

Author(s): Puran Bridgemohan and Ronell S. H. Bridgemohan

Marked differences of fat taste sensitivity between obese and lean subjects

January 2016

Obesity is a risk factor for several diseases such as diabetes and cardiovascular complications. It is established that there is a difference of taste perception between lean and obese subjects. We used alternative forced-choice method to evaluate linoleic acid (LA) sensitivity in 58 West African subjects. LA sensitivity is inversely correlated with the body mass index and the waist circumference, and obesity biomarkers...

Author(s): Gado Dramane, Samuel Gnanka and Virgile Ahyi

Gender differences in factors associated with overweight and obesity among civil servants in Lagos, Nigeria

September 2015

Overweight and obesity constitute global public health problems with consequences on health and productivity of workers. This study was designed to describe the gender variation in the factors associated with overweight, obesity and hypertension among civil servants in Lagos, Nigeria. This comparative cross-sectional study was conducted in 280 civil servants recruited from seven local government areas in Lagos state...

Author(s): Sanusi Rasaki Ajani, Holdbrooke Jennifer Abba Susan and Ariyo Oluwaseun  

Utilization synergistic effect of plant food consumption in meeting vegetable consumption in South-East (SE) Nigeria

August 2015

Survey research design was used in the study of 900 adults from 9 senatorial zones of South Eastern Nigeria that aimed at using the correlation coefficient matrix to evaluate the synergic effect of various plant food diet of South Eastern Nigeria to meet the vegetable consumption requirement of the people. Twenty four hour food recall was conducted using questionnaire while the quantity of vegetable consumed by the...

Author(s): Ndie Elkenah Chubike

Comparative study on the antibacterial and chemical constituents of Pennisetum glaucum (pearl millet) and Zea mays (maize)

April 2015

The use of indigenous foods dates back to the colonization of Africa. The shift from the use of indigenous foods to the use of nutritiously inferior non-indigenous cereals is a common trend in many developing countries. The adoption of global food systems has led to simplification of East African cultural practices adversely affecting peoples’ health. The current study compared the antibacterial activity and...

Author(s): Hellen Mueni Ndiku and Mutuku Chrispus Ngule  

Moderate exercise training has anorexogenic effect associated with improved oxidative stress in obese women

April 2015

Endocrine derangement and oxidative stress are two distinguishing features of obesity that have limited the success rate of various management strategies, especially physical activities. The objective of the current study was to examine the effect of 8 weeks of moderate-intensity regular exercise training on oxidative stress, appetite and weight loss in obese women compared with normal-weight women. Sixteen...

Author(s): Nesreen Nabil and Mohsen El Sayyad  

Counting carbohydrates as an educational tool to reduce fat consumption in obese children exposed to videogames: A pilot study

March 2015

This study aimed to use carbohydrate counting as an educational tool to improve the diet habits and reduce fat mass in obese children exposed to videogames. It involved analytical and comparative pilot study in 10 children, 5 to 10 years of age with obesity and who were exposed to video games for more than five hours a day. It formed two study groups (five in each). One used carbohydrates count tool plus a diet plan and...

Author(s): Adriana Y. Lopez Gutierrez and Rebecca Monroy Torres,  

Maternal anthropometry in rural and urban areas of Ogun-East senatorial district, Nigeria: A comparative study

March 2015

Maternal nutrition is a well documented determinant of pregnancy outcome. Maternal anthropometry has been shown to be a predictor of the occurrence or otherwise of low birth weight, foetal macrosomia, increased maternal and newborn morbidity and mortality. Rural-urban differences in nutritional status have been documented in literature. A cross-sectional comparative study of the anthropometric indices of 720 pregnant...

Author(s): Jeminusi, O. A., Sholeye, O. O. and Abosede O. A.  

Triglyceride lowering by chromium picolinate in type 2 diabetic people

February 2015

In some studies in diabetic people, chromium picolinate supplementation has lowered readings for both plasma triglycerides and blood sugar. In the present study, relatively low dose supplementation (200 µg chromium) did not lower blood sugar readings, but did lower triglyceride values in people with the following characteristics: type 2 diabetes, moderately elevated blood sugar, and not using insulin therapy....

Author(s): Elizabeth Joseph, Robert DiSilvestro and Esperanza J. Carcache de Blanco  

Malnutrition in Albania, related problems and flour fortification as a solution

February 2015

Micronutrient deficiencies are caused mainly by an inadequate intake of vitamins and minerals, as a consequence of an unbalanced diet composed mostly of carbohydrates in the conditions of poverty, the inability to take a variety of nutrients, the lack of knowledge on the most appropriate feeding practices and the relatively high incidence of infectious diseases. From a public health perspective, the importance of these...

Author(s): Pellumb Pipero⊃, Gazmend Bejtja⊃, Klodian Rjepaj⊃, Ehadu Mersini⁴, Mario Pipero⁵ and Alban Ylli⁶

Prevalence of food aversions, cravings and pica during pregnancy and their association with nutritional status of pregnant women in Dale Woreda, Sidama zone, SNNPRS, Ethiopia

January 2015

Food aversions, cravings and pica during pregnancy are commonly known all over the world. They are documented starting from long period of time, and their prevalence varies from 50 to 90% of pregnant women. Although pica behavior is practiced globally, it is more prevalent within African countries. To know prevalence of these practices and their association with nutritional status of pregnant women, community based...

Author(s): Yoseph Halala Handiso

Urban-rural differentials in child undernutrition in Ethiopia

January 2015

Empirical evidence on the impacts of household poverty and other socio-demographic factors regarding child undernutrition is essential in targeting resources appropriately to raise the health of the poor and most vulnerable groups. There is a paucity of such evidence in Ethiopia. The present study identified urban-rural differences in the magnitude and determinants of under-five child undernutrition in Ethiopia....

Author(s): Sebsibe Tadesse and Yinges Alemu

Nutritive composition of omega-3 fatty acids-rich Ricinodendron heudelotii and its potential for nutrition

December 2014

Njangsa (Ricinodendron heudelotii), a tropical tree that grows in the forest of West and Central Africa, produces fruits that are manually shelled to collect oil seeds and dried. A compositional analysis of njangsa revealed a unique nutrient presence of long chain omega-3 fatty acids not usually associated with plant materials. The seed had 31.4% crude protein and 44.7% lipid. Of this lipid, about 73% was composed of...

Author(s): Michael O. Ezekwe, Samuel A. Besong and Ramon Johnson

Comparision between the effects of dietary suplements of sun dried or sulfur fumigated apricots on the telomerase activity and oxidatıve stress parameters in azoxymethane administered rats

November 2014

This study was conducted to evaluate the protective effects of organic and sulfur treated apricot on the azoxymethane-induced carcinogenesis by antioxidant markers and telomerase activity. Spraque Dawley rats (n = 35) were fed with  two kinds of  dried apricots (sun-dried or sulfur fumigated), with or without azoxhymethane (AOM). Rats were sacrificed after seven weeks for measurement of reduced ...

Author(s): Aysun Bay Karabulut, Dinçer Özgör, Simay Gürocak, Nese Karadag, Onder Otlu and Cemil Colak

Dietary habits of pregnant women in Ogun-East Senatorial Zone, Ogun State, Nigeria: A comparative study

August 2014

Poor maternal nutrition in pregnancy leads to increased morbidity and negative pregnancy outcomes including low birth weight and peri-natal mortality. Pregnancy places extra demands on the body systems of pregnant women, necessitating optimal intake of essential nutrients. Rural and urban disparities in nutritional status have been documented in literature. A cross-sectional comparative assessment of the dietary intake...

Author(s): Oluwafolahan O. Sholeye, Catherine A. Badejo and Olubukunola A. Jeminusi

Serum lipid peroxide and antioxidant vitamins (E, C) in neonates with respiratory distress syndrome

July 2014

Respiratory distress syndrome occurs mostly in premature infants with high risk of oxidative stress, free radicals and other reactive species which are constantly generated in vivo and cause oxidative damage to DNA and lipid. Antioxidants delay or inhibit cellular damage mainly through their free radical scavenging property, some of it including vitamins C and E. The study was done on sixty preterm neonates with...

Author(s): Ahmad S. Elshemy, Ismail Lotfy Mohamad and Mohamad Sayyed Bakheet

Influence of foliar applications of chelator and micronutrients on antioxidants in green chilli

February 2014

The aim of the present work was to study the influence of foliar applications of chelator [Humic acid: HA1(0%) and HA2(0.05%)] and micronutrients [Zinc: Zn1(0%); Zn2(0.05%) and Boron: B1(0%); B2(0.02%)] on the antioxidant compounds in green mature chilli fruits cv. Bullet (Capsicum annum L.), a pot experiment in factorial randomized block design with three replications was conducted in the net house of Bidhan Chandra...

Author(s): Denre Manas, Bandopadhyay P. K., Chakravarty A., Pal S. and Bhattacharya A.

Probiotic oligosaccharides improve the recovery of intestinal mucosa and biochemicals parameters in malnourished rats

February 2014

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of probiotic oligo saccharides (POS) on the recovery of the bowel atrophy induced by protein malnutrition (PM) in rats. Thirty male Wistar rats (200 to 250 g) were fed with a conventional diet for 10 days of adaptation. After this period, the rats are divided into 3 groups. A control group was fed with a conventional diet (n = 10), and a group of 20 rats was subjected to...

Author(s): Benakriche Ben Mehel, Bekada Ahmed Mohamed Ali, Idris Khodja Fatila Zohra and Kheroua Omar

Effects of exclusive breastfeeding on babies’ health in Ife Central Local Government of Osun State

January 2014

The wealth of a nation depends largely on the extent of the health of its citizens and the children are the future generation who are expected to grow up into healthy productive adults, able to make full contribution towards the economic and social development of their countries. A child malnourished cannot grow up to meet this task. Therefore the challenges of the effects of exclusive breastfeeding on the health of...

Author(s): Ogunrinade S. A.

Dietary pattern, lifestyle, nutrition status and prevalence of hypertension among traders in Sokoto Central market, Sokoto, Nigeria

January 2014

Poor diet (high consumption of sugar, salt, saturated fat, etc) and unhealthy lifestyle (smoking, alcohol consumption and physical inactivity) have been identified as major risk factors of cardiovascular disease and other non-communicable diseases (NCDs). NCDs are the leading causes of death globally, killing more people each year than all other causes combined. This study was conducted to assess the dietary pattern,...

Author(s): Awosan, K. J., Ibrahim, M. T. O., Essien, E., Yusuf, A. A. and Okolo, A.C.

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