International Journal of
Nutrition and Metabolism

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Nutr. Metab.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2332
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJNAM
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 118

IJNAM Articles

July 2019

Appropriate complementary feeding practice among mothers of 6-23 months old children in Kedida Gamela district, south Ethiopia: A community based cross-sectional study

Introduction of complementary foods to infants is a common practice. However, according to recommended infant and young child feeding protocol the timing of introduction, frequency of feeding and the quality of diet are not appropriate. Thus, the aim of this study is to determine the magnitude and identify the predictors of appropriate complementary feeding practice among mothers of children 6-23 months of age in Kedida...

Author(s): Derebe Gebreyesus Himbego, Lolemo Kelbiso Hanfore and Samson Kastro Dake  

July 2019

Production and nutritional evaluation of cookies blended from sorghum, cowpea, plantain and sweet potato

This study was carried out to produce and evaluate the nutritional quality of cookies formulated from sorghum and fortified with cowpea, plantain and sweet potato. The sorghum and cowpea were subjected to processing technique of sprouting while plantain and sweet potato was peeled oven dried at 45°C. The sorghum variety used was Chakalari white, a low tannin variety, cowpea (Borno red), plantain (unripe) and sweet...

Author(s): Fateema U. M., Falmata A. S., Bintu B. P., Raihanatu M. B., Chellube Z, Hauwa H, Modu S., and Maryam B. K.  

March 2019

Protective effect of vitamin C against theobromine induced hepatorenal and cardio toxicity in male albino Wistar rats

The protective effect of vitamin C against theobromine induced toxicity in male albino Wistar rats was investigated. Twenty-five (25) male Wistar rats weighing between 140 – 160 g were divided into 5 groups with 5 rats in each group. Group 1 served as the control. Group 2 received 700 mg/kg body weight of theobromine daily for 4 days. Group 3 was administered 100 mg/kg body weight of Vitamin C daily for 21 days....

Author(s): Utibe Evans Bassey, Edet Okon Akpanyung, Dennis Uju Nwaokonko and Burch Takim Ndifon

January 2019

Acute glycemic level and its association with physical activity recommendation among type 2 diabetic patients in Illubabor zone oromiya, Ethiopia

Poor and inadequate glycemic control among patients with Type 2 diabetes constitutes a major public health problem and major risk factor for development of diabetes complications. In clinical practice, optimal glycemic control is difficult to obtain because the reasons for poor glycemic control in Type 2 diabetes are complex. This study aims to determine Acute glycemic level and its association with physical activity...

Author(s): Beakal Zinab and Rukiya Debalke  

November 2018

Factors associated with nutritional status among lactating mothers at Shashemene Woreda, West Arsi Zone, Oromia, Ethiopia: A comparative cross-sectional study

Inadequate nutritional intake prior to pregnancy, during pregnancy and lactation process increases postnatal nutritional stresses and health risk of the mother resulting in a high maternal mortality. The aim of this study was to compare nutritional status and associated factors of urban  and  rural  lactating  women  from  Shashemene  Woreda,  West  Arsi  Zone ...

Author(s): Bereket Duko, Melese Gebrie and Dejene Hailu  

July 2018

Wearable nutrition and dietetics technology on health nutrition paradigm shift in low and middle income countries

Real-time, effective and affordable nutrition and dietetics wearable technology and sensors are emerging field with immense opportunities and benefits to the global nutrition challenge. As a powerful public health nutrition game changer, it requires more research and development support in tackling food security and nutrition safety challenges and evidence in local and global priorities needs worldwide. Such revolution...

Author(s): Ernest Tambo, and Jeanne Yonkeu Ngogang,  

June 2018

Effects of a pasture-based pork production system on the expression of genes involved in lipid metabolism and meat quality characteristics

Studies have shown that pasture-raised pork is fresher and of higher nutritional value than its conventional counterpart. This study was to determine the effect of grazing systems on meat quality, carcass traits, and on lipid metabolism gene expressions. Control pigs were fed 100% commercial diet. Fifty/fifty (50/50) group was placed on 50% of the diet consumed by control group plus free access to ryegrass-clover...

Author(s): N. Okoli, N. Ceron-Romero, Y. Meng and M. O. Ezekwe

May 2018

Quantitative estimation of the caffeine content in some energy drinks on the Ghanaian market

The consumption patterns of energy drinks in the Tema Municipality of the Greater-Accra region of Ghana were investigated via a cross sectional survey and the caffeine contents of these energy drinks were determined by iodimetry. The survey showed that more males than females consume energy drinks.  Five types of energy drinks; Lucozade (LU), Rush (RU), Red Bull (RB), Five Star (FS) and Monster (MT) were revealed....

Author(s): Michael Worlako Klu, David Ntinagyei Mintah, Bright Selorm Addy, John Antwi Apenteng and Gloria Obeng

February 2018

Dietary intake and factors affecting food service of male prisoners living with human immunodeficiency virus at selected prisons in Kenya

Adequate dietary intake is important in achieving optimal nutrition and health for people before and during treatment of HIV. Inadequate nutrition causes health issues and fatalities among prisoners. Thus, this study assesses dietary intake and factors affecting food service among male prisoners living with HIV at selected prisons in Kenya. A cross sectional analytical study design was adopted on a sample of 113 male...

Author(s): Kavithe K. Rachel, Dorcus Mbithe D. Kigaru and Maoga W. Nyamota

January 2018

Evaluation of effects of various rapeseed oils on serum lipids and cardio-hepatic enzymes in experimental rats

Rapeseed oils are commonly used as edible oil in rural and urban areas in Bangladesh. This study used various rape seeds like mustard, rai and canola oils to investigate the effect on lipids and cardio-hepatic enzymes in experimental rats. Body weight, food efficiency ratio (FER), serum lipids and cardio hepatic enzymes were measured in this study. Body weights were reduced in fried rai (37.67%) and mustard oils...

Author(s): Md. Hafizur Rahman, Shaikh Shahinur Rahman, Dipa Mandal and Md. Nazibur Rahman  

December 2017

Potential probiotics from traditional fermented milk, Mursik of Kenya

Commercial fermented milks have health benefit potential attributed to pure probiotics used as starter culture. Lactic acid bacteria (LABs) are the probiotics and promote stabilization of the gastrointestinal microecology of humans by producing secondary metabolites like lactic, acetic and propionic acid, hydrogen peroxide and bacteriocins (bactericidal proteins produced by the lactic acid bacteria). These metabolites...

Author(s): Digo C. A., Kamau-Mbuthia E., Matofari J. W. and Ng’etich W. K.

September 2017

Undernutrition and its predictors among people living with HIV/AIDS attending antiretroviral therapy clinic in Jimma University Specialized Hospital

HIV is one of the most serious health and development challenge of the globally  with approximately 36.9 million people currently living with HIV and tens of millions of people having already died since the emergence of the pandemic. Food insecurity and poor nutritional status could enhance the progression to AIDS-related illnesses and compromise adherence and response to antiretroviral therapy. However, factors...

Author(s): Melese Sinaga Teshome, Selam Bogale Gissa, Beakal Zinab Tefera and Tefera Belachew Lema

August 2017

Effect of Commiphora swynnertonii resin on liver functions and levels of plasma glucose and lipids in carbon-tetrachloride treated chickens

A 21-day study was carried out to determine the effect of resin from Commiphora swynnertonii on plasma levels of glucose and lipids together with liver functions in both normal and carbon-tetrachloride-treated chickens. Sixty growing male broiler chickens were randomly assigned into six groups (n = 10). G1 was a negative control, which received distilled water throughout the experiment. G2 was a positive control and...

Author(s): Maghembe R. S., G. G. Bakari, R. A. Max and S. T. Balthazary

July 2017

Biochemical properties and chromatographic investigation of rape seed oils in Bangladesh

Rapeseed oil is commonly used as cooking oil in Bangladesh especially in the rural areas and traditionally used with other food items in urban societies. This study evaluated the biochemical properties and chromatographic picturesque of various rapeseed oils namely mustard (wild and hybrid), rai (wild and hybrid) and canola oil in both raw and fried state. The qualitative tests such as acid value, iodine value, peroxide...

Author(s): Md. Hafizur Rahman#, Shaikh Shahinur Rahman#, Lubna Nasreen, Umme Hafsa Begum, Mithila Yesmin and Md. Nazibur Rahman

June 2017

Metabolic syndrome within freshman students; Case study in Jazan Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA)

As well as many countries, in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), non-communicable diseases are becoming an epidemic health problem. Scientific studies prove that these diseases are related to the nutritional types adopted in the last decades and which could be predicted by control of metabolic biomarkers during lifespan. Saudi Arabia has experienced marked nutritional changes and rapid urbanization in recent decades and in...

Author(s): Maha Abdallah Mahmoud, Iman Abdulhadi El-Blooni, Saif Elden Babiker Abdalla and Saida Ncibi,

May 2017

Magnitude of double burden of malnutrition and its associated factors among selected in-school adolescents: Evidence from South Ethiopia

The coexistence of both under nutrition and over nutrition or known as double burden of malnutrition (DBM) is a recent emerging nutritional problem documented in most developing countries. In Ethiopia, though there are various studies documenting the magnitude of under-five children nutritional problem, there is a research gap on DBM among adolescents. To fill the identified gap, the extent of the problem among...

Author(s): Dessalegn Ajema Berbada, Jemal Haidar, Gebrekiros Gebremichael and Desta Haftu

March 2017

Dietary pattern as a predictor of colorectal cancer among general health population in Arusha Tanzania: A population based descriptive study

Proper diet is important in preventing many diseases, and colorectal cancer is no exception. The aim of this study was to identify major dietary patterns among the general population in Arusha Tanzania to determine whether diet is one of the predictors contributing to the observed pattern and distribution of colorectal cancer in Tanzania. A population based cross-sectional study recruited a sample of self-reported...

Author(s): Leonard Kamanga Katalambula, , Julius Edward Ntwenya, Twalib Ngoma, Joram Buza, Emmanuel Mpolya, Edwin Paul and Pammla Petrucka

February 2017

Under nutrition and associated factors among adult on highly active antiretroviral therapy in Wolaita Sodo teaching and referral hospital, southern nation’s nationalities people’s region, Ethiopia

Malnutrition can be defined as a state of nutrition in which there is a deficiency, excess or imbalance of energy, protein and other nutrients. This study was conducted to assess the magnitude of under nutrition and associated factors among adult on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in Wolaita Sodo teaching and referral hospital, SNNPR, Ethiopia. Institutional based cross sectional study design was used among...

Author(s): Lula Amza, Tsegaye Demissie and Yoseph Halala

January 2017

Predictors of nutritional status among adolescent school girls in Southwest Ethiopia

Total nutrient needs of adolescents are higher than any other time in the Lifecycle making susceptible to malnutrition. Any nutritional deficiency experienced during this critical period of life can have long lasting effect on the future health of the individual and also her offspring. Hence this study was to assess nutritional status and predictors of malnutrition among adolescent school girls, in south west...

Author(s): Tezera Moshago Berheto, Feleke Hailemichael Astawesegn and Bedilu Girma Weji

July 2016

Anti-hyperglycemic effect of cocoyam (Xanthosoma sagittifollium) corm in alloxan-induced diabetic albino rats

Diabetes  mellitus constitutes a global public health concern and dietary approach is key to the control and prevention of lethal complications. This study investigated the hypoglycemic and anti-hyperglycemic effects of Xanthosoma sagittifolium-incorporated diets in normoglycemic and alloxan-induced diabetic rats. Seventy normoglycemic male Wistar strain albino rats (120 to 200 g) were divided into two groups...

Author(s): Oluyemisi Folake FOLASIRE, Olayinka Ayotunde ORIDUPA, Adedotun Joshua OWOLABI and Oladejo Thomas ADEPOJU

April 2016

Treatment outcome of severe acute malnutrition and determinants of survival in Northern Ethiopia: A prospective cohort study

Ethiopia has long history of food insecurity and nutritional problems affecting large proportion of the population caused by successive droughts. Despite of different interventions to tackle the problem there is no explicit data showing treatment outcome of the children generally in Ethiopia and specifically in the study area. Institutional based general prospective cohort study was employed. The respondents were 332...

Author(s): Desalegn Massa, Kifle Woldemichael, Birtukan Tsehayneh, and Amanuel Tesfay ,

March 2016

Enhancement of flavor and analyte balance of freeze-dried coconut water

There is a high incidence of gastro-intestinal and viral diseases after natural disasters, particularly in rural areas in third world countries. Oral rehydration salts (ORS) are used, but there is need for a better tasting substitute which has improved quality, accessibility and storage. Fresh coconut is the preferred choice, but is limited by availability, and rapid nutritional deterioration. Reconstituted powdered...

Author(s): Puran Bridgemohan and Ronell S. H. Bridgemohan

January 2016

Marked differences of fat taste sensitivity between obese and lean subjects

Obesity is a risk factor for several diseases such as diabetes and cardiovascular complications. It is established that there is a difference of taste perception between lean and obese subjects. We used alternative forced-choice method to evaluate linoleic acid (LA) sensitivity in 58 West African subjects. LA sensitivity is inversely correlated with the body mass index and the waist circumference, and obesity biomarkers...

Author(s): Gado Dramane, Samuel Gnanka and Virgile Ahyi

September 2015

Gender differences in factors associated with overweight and obesity among civil servants in Lagos, Nigeria

Overweight and obesity constitute global public health problems with consequences on health and productivity of workers. This study was designed to describe the gender variation in the factors associated with overweight, obesity and hypertension among civil servants in Lagos, Nigeria. This comparative cross-sectional study was conducted in 280 civil servants recruited from seven local government areas in Lagos state...

Author(s): Sanusi Rasaki Ajani, Holdbrooke Jennifer Abba Susan and Ariyo Oluwaseun  

August 2015

Utilization synergistic effect of plant food consumption in meeting vegetable consumption in South-East (SE) Nigeria

Survey research design was used in the study of 900 adults from 9 senatorial zones of South Eastern Nigeria that aimed at using the correlation coefficient matrix to evaluate the synergic effect of various plant food diet of South Eastern Nigeria to meet the vegetable consumption requirement of the people. Twenty four hour food recall was conducted using questionnaire while the quantity of vegetable consumed by the...

Author(s): Ndie Elkenah Chubike

April 2015

Comparative study on the antibacterial and chemical constituents of Pennisetum glaucum (pearl millet) and Zea mays (maize)

The use of indigenous foods dates back to the colonization of Africa. The shift from the use of indigenous foods to the use of nutritiously inferior non-indigenous cereals is a common trend in many developing countries. The adoption of global food systems has led to simplification of East African cultural practices adversely affecting peoples’ health. The current study compared the antibacterial activity and...

Author(s): Hellen Mueni Ndiku and Mutuku Chrispus Ngule  

April 2015

Moderate exercise training has anorexogenic effect associated with improved oxidative stress in obese women

Endocrine derangement and oxidative stress are two distinguishing features of obesity that have limited the success rate of various management strategies, especially physical activities. The objective of the current study was to examine the effect of 8 weeks of moderate-intensity regular exercise training on oxidative stress, appetite and weight loss in obese women compared with normal-weight women. Sixteen...

Author(s): Nesreen Nabil and Mohsen El Sayyad  

March 2015

Counting carbohydrates as an educational tool to reduce fat consumption in obese children exposed to videogames: A pilot study

This study aimed to use carbohydrate counting as an educational tool to improve the diet habits and reduce fat mass in obese children exposed to videogames. It involved analytical and comparative pilot study in 10 children, 5 to 10 years of age with obesity and who were exposed to video games for more than five hours a day. It formed two study groups (five in each). One used carbohydrates count tool plus a diet plan and...

Author(s): Adriana Y. Lopez Gutierrez and Rebecca Monroy Torres,  

March 2015

Maternal anthropometry in rural and urban areas of Ogun-East senatorial district, Nigeria: A comparative study

Maternal nutrition is a well documented determinant of pregnancy outcome. Maternal anthropometry has been shown to be a predictor of the occurrence or otherwise of low birth weight, foetal macrosomia, increased maternal and newborn morbidity and mortality. Rural-urban differences in nutritional status have been documented in literature. A cross-sectional comparative study of the anthropometric indices of 720 pregnant...

Author(s): Jeminusi, O. A., Sholeye, O. O. and Abosede O. A.  

February 2015

Triglyceride lowering by chromium picolinate in type 2 diabetic people

In some studies in diabetic people, chromium picolinate supplementation has lowered readings for both plasma triglycerides and blood sugar. In the present study, relatively low dose supplementation (200 µg chromium) did not lower blood sugar readings, but did lower triglyceride values in people with the following characteristics: type 2 diabetes, moderately elevated blood sugar, and not using insulin therapy....

Author(s): Elizabeth Joseph, Robert DiSilvestro and Esperanza J. Carcache de Blanco  

February 2015

Malnutrition in Albania, related problems and flour fortification as a solution

Micronutrient deficiencies are caused mainly by an inadequate intake of vitamins and minerals, as a consequence of an unbalanced diet composed mostly of carbohydrates in the conditions of poverty, the inability to take a variety of nutrients, the lack of knowledge on the most appropriate feeding practices and the relatively high incidence of infectious diseases. From a public health perspective, the importance of these...

Author(s): Pellumb Pipero⊃, Gazmend Bejtja⊃, Klodian Rjepaj⊃, Ehadu Mersini⁴, Mario Pipero⁵ and Alban Ylli⁶

January 2015

Prevalence of food aversions, cravings and pica during pregnancy and their association with nutritional status of pregnant women in Dale Woreda, Sidama zone, SNNPRS, Ethiopia

Food aversions, cravings and pica during pregnancy are commonly known all over the world. They are documented starting from long period of time, and their prevalence varies from 50 to 90% of pregnant women. Although pica behavior is practiced globally, it is more prevalent within African countries. To know prevalence of these practices and their association with nutritional status of pregnant women, community based...

Author(s): Yoseph Halala Handiso

January 2015

Urban-rural differentials in child undernutrition in Ethiopia

Empirical evidence on the impacts of household poverty and other socio-demographic factors regarding child undernutrition is essential in targeting resources appropriately to raise the health of the poor and most vulnerable groups. There is a paucity of such evidence in Ethiopia. The present study identified urban-rural differences in the magnitude and determinants of under-five child undernutrition in Ethiopia....

Author(s): Sebsibe Tadesse and Yinges Alemu

December 2014

Nutritive composition of omega-3 fatty acids-rich Ricinodendron heudelotii and its potential for nutrition

Njangsa (Ricinodendron heudelotii), a tropical tree that grows in the forest of West and Central Africa, produces fruits that are manually shelled to collect oil seeds and dried. A compositional analysis of njangsa revealed a unique nutrient presence of long chain omega-3 fatty acids not usually associated with plant materials. The seed had 31.4% crude protein and 44.7% lipid. Of this lipid, about 73% was composed of...

Author(s): Michael O. Ezekwe, Samuel A. Besong and Ramon Johnson

November 2014

Comparision between the effects of dietary suplements of sun dried or sulfur fumigated apricots on the telomerase activity and oxidatıve stress parameters in azoxymethane administered rats

This study was conducted to evaluate the protective effects of organic and sulfur treated apricot on the azoxymethane-induced carcinogenesis by antioxidant markers and telomerase activity. Spraque Dawley rats (n = 35) were fed with  two kinds of  dried apricots (sun-dried or sulfur fumigated), with or without azoxhymethane (AOM). Rats were sacrificed after seven weeks for measurement of reduced ...

Author(s): Aysun Bay Karabulut, Dinçer Özgör, Simay Gürocak, Nese Karadag, Onder Otlu and Cemil Colak

August 2014

Dietary habits of pregnant women in Ogun-East Senatorial Zone, Ogun State, Nigeria: A comparative study

Poor maternal nutrition in pregnancy leads to increased morbidity and negative pregnancy outcomes including low birth weight and peri-natal mortality. Pregnancy places extra demands on the body systems of pregnant women, necessitating optimal intake of essential nutrients. Rural and urban disparities in nutritional status have been documented in literature. A cross-sectional comparative assessment of the dietary intake...

Author(s): Oluwafolahan O. Sholeye, Catherine A. Badejo and Olubukunola A. Jeminusi

July 2014

Serum lipid peroxide and antioxidant vitamins (E, C) in neonates with respiratory distress syndrome

Respiratory distress syndrome occurs mostly in premature infants with high risk of oxidative stress, free radicals and other reactive species which are constantly generated in vivo and cause oxidative damage to DNA and lipid. Antioxidants delay or inhibit cellular damage mainly through their free radical scavenging property, some of it including vitamins C and E. The study was done on sixty preterm neonates with...

Author(s): Ahmad S. Elshemy, Ismail Lotfy Mohamad and Mohamad Sayyed Bakheet

February 2014

Influence of foliar applications of chelator and micronutrients on antioxidants in green chilli

The aim of the present work was to study the influence of foliar applications of chelator [Humic acid: HA1(0%) and HA2(0.05%)] and micronutrients [Zinc: Zn1(0%); Zn2(0.05%) and Boron: B1(0%); B2(0.02%)] on the antioxidant compounds in green mature chilli fruits cv. Bullet (Capsicum annum L.), a pot experiment in factorial randomized block design with three replications was conducted in the net house of Bidhan Chandra...

Author(s): Denre Manas, Bandopadhyay P. K., Chakravarty A., Pal S. and Bhattacharya A.

February 2014

Probiotic oligosaccharides improve the recovery of intestinal mucosa and biochemicals parameters in malnourished rats

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of probiotic oligo saccharides (POS) on the recovery of the bowel atrophy induced by protein malnutrition (PM) in rats. Thirty male Wistar rats (200 to 250 g) were fed with a conventional diet for 10 days of adaptation. After this period, the rats are divided into 3 groups. A control group was fed with a conventional diet (n = 10), and a group of 20 rats was subjected to...

Author(s): Benakriche Ben Mehel, Bekada Ahmed Mohamed Ali, Idris Khodja Fatila Zohra and Kheroua Omar

January 2014

Effects of exclusive breastfeeding on babies’ health in Ife Central Local Government of Osun State

The wealth of a nation depends largely on the extent of the health of its citizens and the children are the future generation who are expected to grow up into healthy productive adults, able to make full contribution towards the economic and social development of their countries. A child malnourished cannot grow up to meet this task. Therefore the challenges of the effects of exclusive breastfeeding on the health of...

Author(s): Ogunrinade S. A.

January 2014

Dietary pattern, lifestyle, nutrition status and prevalence of hypertension among traders in Sokoto Central market, Sokoto, Nigeria

Poor diet (high consumption of sugar, salt, saturated fat, etc) and unhealthy lifestyle (smoking, alcohol consumption and physical inactivity) have been identified as major risk factors of cardiovascular disease and other non-communicable diseases (NCDs). NCDs are the leading causes of death globally, killing more people each year than all other causes combined. This study was conducted to assess the dietary pattern,...

Author(s): Awosan, K. J., Ibrahim, M. T. O., Essien, E., Yusuf, A. A. and Okolo, A.C.

December 2013

Resting and activity-related energy expenditure:Do formerly overweight women differ from their ever-lean counterparts?

Weight loss relapse is common in reduced-overweight and reduced-obese persons. It is unclear whether adaptations in resting metabolism and activity-related thermogenesis may result in energy-sparing, thereby contributing to weight regain. We compared resting and daily activity-related energy expenditure in formerly overweight women (maintaining weight losses of ≥ 5%) to normal-weight, weight-stable...

Author(s): David John Hume, Jacolene Kroff and Estelle Victoria Lambert

December 2013

In vivo evaluation of antidiarrhoeal activity of the leaves of Azima tetracantha Linn

The aqueous crude extract of the leaves of Azima tetracantha was studied for its phytochemical constituents and antidiarrhoeal activity using castor oil-induced diarrhoea and castor oil-induced enteropooling in rats. The phytochemical studies of the aqueous extract revealed the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins and saponins. The extract showed significant (p < 0.001) protection against castor oil-induced...

Author(s): V. Hazeena Begum, M. Dhanalakshmi and P. Muthukumaran

October 2013

Relationship between vitamin D and disease activity in some rheumatic diseases

Most people are aware that vitamin D deficiency in young children can lead to rickets, a condition where the bones become weak and soft. Many of the benefits of vitamin D relate to its role in the modulation of immune system.  So, vitamin D may play role in autoimmune rheumatic diseases. There are two groups: patients group and control group. The control group included 20 healthy volunteers. Patients group included...

Author(s): Mohamed Hashem Ibrahim, Mohamad Sayyed Bakheet, Khaled A Abdel-Sater andMaher Abdel shakoor

October 2013

Study of some chemical, physical, sensory and bacteriology characteristics of canned chicken meat imported to Sulaymaniyah markets, Iraq

This study was conducted to assess the quality of imported four brands of canned chicken meat that were (A, B, C and D ) by using different quality standard inspection tests; these are, determination the chemical compositions of moisture, protein, fat, ash, energy and as well as studying the changes in the organoleptic characters represented by measuring peroxide value, free fatty acids, thiobarbituric acid and total...

Author(s): Hemin Nuradden Mohammed

September 2013

Efficacy of leaf concentrate as micronutrient fortifier in the supplementary nutrition of Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS)

In developing countries like India, micronutrient deficiency especially of iron is most prevalent among children. Besides culminating into anemia, the consequences of iron deficiency are grave and affect the health and quality of life of the people and the nation as a whole. The objectives of this study were to assess the effect of using leaf concentrate (LC), a novel food prepared from the extract of Lucerne grass for...

Author(s): Beena Mathur, Pallavi Joshi and Aachu Agarwal

September 2013

Assessment of the impact of malnutrition on children at Dilla referral hospital and unity pediatric clinic, Ethiopia

Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) arises as a consequence of a sudden period of food shortage and is associated with loss of a person’s body fat and wasting of their skeleton. Many nutrition are gained from foods, there are basic nutrient essential for the development of human body. Failing in human nutrition causes malnutrition. Malnutrition has great impact on children’s physical and mental growth....

Author(s): Fekadu Alemu

September 2013

Biological properties of Stevia sweetener and egg replacers’ products on serum biochemical markers of diabetic rats

The aim of this study was to evaluate the biological effect of formulated diet containing wheat gluten and Stevia as egg and sweetener replacers in chemically induced diabetic rats. Diabetic rats were fed on either basal diet (BD) or formulated diet (FD) containing wheat gluten and Stevia for 30 days. Fasting plasma were subjected to analysis of glucose level biochemical markers as lipid profile,...

Author(s): Hend H. A. Junbi and Afaf H. B. Amer

  • Article Number: B32E30D4247

September 2013

Modulation of xenobiotic metabolism in ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) fed rats

An association between diet and cancer has been documented only in recent decades. Biotransformation enzymes play an important role in the metabolism of xenobiotics that may be bioactivated or bioinactivated. An in vivo experiment was conducted to study the effect of ginger feeding on drug metabolizing enzymes using NIN/male wistar rats. NIN/male wistar rats that were fed with ginger(G) incorporated diet...

Author(s): K. Nirmala, T. Prasanna Krishna and K. Polasa  

  • Article Number: E09ECB14080

August 2013

The effects of copper supplement on zinc status, enzymes of zinc activities and antioxidant status in alloxan-induced diabetic rats fed on zinc over-dose diet

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of copper supplementation on over-dose zinc in experimental diabetes. Male alloxan-induced diabetic Wistar albino rats of 12 weeks of age were divided into three groups. The first group received a diet containing 54 mg zinc/kg (control group), the second group received a diet containing 231 mg zinc/kg (Zn group), and the third group received a diet containing 231 mg...

Author(s): Samir Derouiche, Abbas Kawther, Djermoune Manel, Ben Amara Soumya and Zine Kechrid

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