International Journal of
Sociology and Anthropology

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Sociol. Anthropol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-988X
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJSA
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 309

IJSA Articles

Violence against women and reproduction health among African women: The case of Bette women of Obudu in Cross River State, Nigeria

February 2011

  Violence against women (VAW) is continually recognized as a global health concern yet population based studies of its determinants and consequences remain scarce in less developed areas. This study was undertaken to fill this gap, the study covered four wards of the ten political wards in Obudu using system rand sampling to obtain respondents. Quantitative instruments (questionnaire) and methods (SPSS) were...

Author(s): M. A. Ushie, C. V. O. Eneji, D. B. Ugal, O. Anyaoha, B. A. Ushie and J. E. Bassey

Defining witchcraft-related crime in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa

January 2011

  In the South African context, criminal acts that are associated with beliefs in witchcraft have illustrated the complexities that emerge in the relationship between crime and culture.  Witchcraft beliefs continue to play an important role in the lives of many African communities. However, when these beliefs manifest themselves in the harming of others, either through perceived supernatural means or...

Author(s): Theodore Petrus

The menace of begging in Nigerian cities: A sociological analysis

January 2011

  Despite the concerted efforts of scholars, government, media and general public to tackle the problem of begging in Nigerian society, the problem seems intractable especially in our cities. Against this background, this study examines begging from different social perspectives and discovered that the problem of begging is multidimensional. The study also observed that past research exercises on the subject...

Author(s): O. A. Fawole, D. V. Ogunkan and A. Omoruan

Correlation between socioeconomic differences and infant mortality in the Arab World (1990-2009)

January 2011

  The infant mortality rate (IMR) is one of the most important indicators of the socioeconomic and of the health status of a community and is considered as an index of differentials in health and socioeconomic condition in a community. This article was aimed to determine the relationship between socio-economic differences (literacy rate, unemployment, poverty, Gross Domestic Product (GDP), early marriage,...

Author(s): Mazen Abuqamar, Danny Coomans and Fred Louckx

Elements of Iberian and pre-columbian religious cosmology in central Meso-America

January 2011

  In order to argue that contemporary performances of religious roles and theater in Middle America in fact are continuous replays of the original trauma of contact and its rehabilitation, and thus act as immanent conduits of the period of conquest and subjugation, the past sixty years of relevant anthropological texts are analyzed as discursive statements. These disciplinary archives rely on much older...

Author(s): G. V. Loewen

Living in high-rise: An analysis of demand for condominium properties in Colombo

January 2011

  Colombo has witnessed a higher concentration of low-rise and high-rise condominiums during the last few years. This paper examines the contributing factors for living in high-rise that has created a market for condominiums in the city of Colombo. Managers of purposively selected ten high-rise condominiums and 30 households from 03 low-rise condominiums were interviewed for the primary data collection. With...

Author(s): R. G. Ariyawansa and A. G. P. I. Udayanthika

“Marginalized livelihoods under neo-liberal development policies in Uganda”

December 2010

  The inclusion of development ethics into the development discourse are increasingly coming under critical review by both development scholars and practitioners, especially those in the realm of civil society. The inclusion of development ethics has not only been a local but also global project. Given that development has become so professionalized that it is difficult to think outside its terms of reference,...

Author(s): Andrew Ellias State

A sociological appraisal of economic self-reliance: The failure of state-owned enterprises in Nigeria

December 2010

  This paper presents a sociological appraisal of the efforts of various governments in Nigeria towards economic self-reliance using state-owned enterprises as the vehicle for this purpose. However, due to the internal contradictions inherent in most developing societies like Nigeria, achieving economic self-reliance has continued to elude these states. Nigeria’s public-sector driven economic system has...

Author(s): David Imhonopi and Ugochukwu Moses Urim

A reflection on “Christmas fever” in China in the globalizing world

December 2010

  Globalization is a natural historical process of communication and interaction on a worldwide basis, which makes a strong impact on and poses a challenge to Chinese national culture. What attitude should the Chinese adopt facing cultural fusion such as the landing of exotic festivals? As a reflection on “Christmas fever” in China in the globalizing world, this paper analyzes some...

Author(s): Liping Li and Gaoyuan Zhang

Private memories and their public context: Methodological reflections on individual and group memory

December 2010

In terms of social science needs, memory is a plastic faculty which may be able to provide a limited range of accessible and assessable hard ‘facts’, but which in reality are in a continuous process of change to fit in with their owners’ current needs.   Key words: Memory, adaptation, change, unreliability.

Author(s): R. E. S. Tanner

Social movements in a split: Bolivia’s protesters after their triumph

November 2010

  This article takes Bolivia as a case in point to reflect upon the dilemmas and challenges that social movements find themselves confronted with once they, and in particular the party/movement coalition representing their grievances and demands, win power. The point to be made is that a fissure between the governing faction or party of the victorious movements and the remaining constituting movements is...

Author(s): Ton Salman

Differential association theory and juvenile delinquency in Ghana’s capital city - Accra: The case of Ghana borstal institute

November 2010

Current sociological theories argue that, delinquency results from economic and family relational problems. Unable to have their parents meet their material needs, children turn to all sorts of activities, many of which eventually lead to delinquent acts. Other theories focus on the role of peer relationships in determining deviancy. Using Edwin Sutherland’s differential association theory, this study explores the...

Author(s): Thomas Antwi Bosiakoh and Paul K. Andoh,

Female perceptions of health hazards associated with indoor air pollution in Bangladesh

November 2010

This paper will identify health hazards associated with indoor air pollution (IAP) in Bangladesh. Research into IAP in Bangladesh has been neglected for many decades. This neglect may reflect aspect of the marginalization of women in Bangladeshi society, especially as cooking is considered a social responsibility of women. The main purpose of the paper is to examine the extent to which female domestic cook experience...

Author(s): Bijoy Krishna Banik

The belief and practice of divination among the Swahili Muslims in Mombasa district, Kenya

November 2010

  This article gives a critical analysis of divination as practiced among the Swahili of Kenya coast. Radical changes in lifestyles were not associated with initial Islamization, but in latter days, Swahili contextualized Islam to recognize some of their cultural practices alongside Orthodox Islam. The belief and practice of divination is among such cultural practices that continue up to now. It is a practice...

Author(s): Esha Faki, E. M. Kasiera and O. M. J. Nandi

Strategies adopted by wives of addicts: A sociological study of women in rural Punjab, India

October 2010

  A partially exploratory and partially descriptive study was conducted to find out the strategies adopted by wives of addicts to grapple with the problem of addiction among their spouses. For this study, 100 wives of addicts were interviewed on pre-tested interview schedule. This study was conducted in a village of District Sangrur (State Punjab, India). The present study was conducted to facilitate better...

Author(s): Amanpreet Singh

An assessment of the Catholic Charismatic Renewal towards peaceful co-existence in the Roman Catholic Church

October 2010

  This study concerns the Catholic Charismatic Renewal, a movement within the Catholic Church that had direct influence from the Protestant Pentecostals. Subsequently, it spread through clearly defined, pre-existing social-metric network. A small number of lay people at Duquesne University earnestly and intensely prayed for a return of the type of Christian community akin to the first Christians in Acts of the...

Author(s): Kasomo Daniel

A study of sanitation of toilets in elementary and senior Secondary schools located in rural areas of Uttarakhand state in India

October 2010

  This paper is based on the primary data collected from the teachers and the students studying in the elementary and senior secondary schools situated in rural areas of the state of Uttarakhand in India. The study was conducted in six districts of Uttarakhand. All these schools were randomly sample. Data were collected through interview schedule in an unbiased manner. The sample included 200 elementary and 142...

Author(s): Abhimanyu Kumar and Anshu Taunk

Widows, intersectionality and the parable in Luke 18

August 2010

  This article deconstructs a master category ‘widows’ by presenting nuances with regards to the term widow, which the authors consider is of interest in a global society. This article aims at stating the process of deconstructing the presumed fixed category widow within theology, whereas the term widow may similarly be used, and is not identical in meaning and content in the global age. The authors...

Author(s): Marianne Bjelland Kartzow and Loreen Iminza Maseno

The university as a nucleus for growth pole: Example from Akungba - Akoko, Southwest, Nigeria

August 2010

  This paper is an attempt to assess the socio-economic impact of Adekunle Ajasin University on Akungba Akoko’s community in Ondo State, Southwest Nigeria. Data were collected using a set of questionnaire and secondary data. The establishment of the university has caused the influx of people into the hitherto strictly agrarian and relatively unknown community. The impact of the university was observed on...

Author(s): A. A. Ehinmowo and O. M. Eludoyin

The influence of Islam on Bukusu indigenous beliefs and practices relating to inheritance, Kenya

August 2010

The article examines the influence of Islam on Bukusu indigenous beliefs and practices relating to inheritance. The persistence of indigenous beliefs and practices among a predominantly Christian and Muslim people provoked this research. Thus, the article aims at investigating the influence Islam has had on the Bukusu indigenous inheritance beliefs and practices. It is guided by the premise that the Bukusu have...

Author(s): Janet Nasambu Kassilly Barasa and Kennedy Onkware

Diverse approaches in economic anthropology: Some reflections

June 2010

Anthropology in general has colonial roots and these influences are still in existence. British colonial policy in Africa and Asia began to change in the 1930s thus, it was suddenly decided to “develop” the colonies. This paper is aimed at objectively studying the process of change without committing itself to any particular policy. The skepticism of colonialism and its arrogant assumption of omniscience and...

Author(s): Suguna Pathy

Socio-economic correlates of child labour in agricultural sector of rural Rajshahi District, Bangladesh

June 2010

  Child labour is a sprouting matter across the world and remains widespread problem particularly in developing countries. This study is a comprehensive analysis of child labour in agricultural sector based on findings of interviews conducted with 1764 child labour from 12 Unions of 3 Thanas under Rajshahi district, Bangladesh. The present study aims to delineate this issue across different socio-economic...

Author(s): K. M. Mustafizur Rahman, Towfiqua Mahfuza Islam and Md. Ismail Tareque

Socio-economic determinants of neonatal, post neonatal, infant and child mortality

June 2010

The infant and child mortality is an excellent summary index of the level of living and socio-economic development for any country. The aim is to determine socio-economic factors that affect infancy and childhood mortality. The result shows that neonatal mortality rates (NNMR), post-neonatal mortality rates (PNNMR) and infant mortality rates (IMR) are higher among illiterate reproductive mothers and of whom houses have...

Author(s): Quamrul Hasan Chowdhury, Rafiqul Islam and Kamal Hossain

The role of women in the church in Africa

June 2010

This paper gives a general view of the role played by women in African instituted churches. It touches several roles of women in different instituted churches keeping in mind that there are so many African instituted churches some will be used to represent the general role played by women. The paper also will explain how women were viewed in the Old Testament, New Testament and Letters of St. Paul. This will give a...

Author(s): Kasomo Daniel

Understanding the process of market relationship: The Indian experience

May 2010

  Market has taken an upbeat in the present globalise world. The idea of market has dominated the discussion in both academic and practical worlds. It is in this context, it is more essential to understand, the local knowledge especially when the Multinational companies are expanding into the new spaces. At the outset, it might look as though the globalise world has one language, whereas, the regional factors...

Author(s): R. Rajesh

A comparison of faculty members’ and students’ definitions of political bias in the classroom

May 2010

  The author conducted an online survey of students and faculty members at a medium-sized, Midwestern, public university to determine whether or not members of both groups would label a professor or instructor as politically biased if he or she engaged in specific behaviors. Overall, the results indicated that students and faculty members define bias similarly, though there are some noteworthy...

Author(s): Craig Tollini

Does illiteracy influence pregnancy complications among women in the slums of greater Mumbai

May 2010

  This paper examines utilization of health services available to the women in the slums on hilly area in Mumbai and also checks whether non utilization of antenatal care (ANC) and having reproductive health problems during pregnancy create complications during child delivery vis-à-vis standard of living index constructed from household amenities, housing quality, drinking water, electricity and toilet...

Author(s): Vijay M. Sarode

Foreign official development assistance (ODA) and Ghana’s development: The case for ‘‘bringing culture back in’’ to the analysis

May 2010

Many developing countries, including Ghana, have received substantial amounts of foreign aid inflows for almost five decades. The benefits associated with such receipts have however been scarce. It is now a general knowledge that aid has not yet yielded expected ends. It has been argued that Ghana’s underdevelopment is attributable to colonialism and the integration into the world capitalist system; others also...

Author(s): Nathan Andrews

Christian religion and social development: A sociological study of Meerut

April 2010

  This paper is based on the primary data collected from the respondents of Meerut District of Uttar Pradesh a State situated in India. All these respondents were randomly selected. The data was collected through an interview schedule in an unbiased manner. The sample included 150 respondents which were randomly drawn from Meerut city, which has a concentration of both religious sects...

Author(s): Abhimanyu Kumar and Anshu Taunk

Human immunodeficiency virus and tuberculosis co-infections in Kenya: Environment, resources and culture

April 2010

Between 2003 and 2007, out of 34.3 million Kenyans, over one million aged 15 and 49 years were HIV positive. In 2008, it was estimated that 1,500,000 Kenyans were living with HIV/AIDS. Approximately 85,000 Kenyans died from the disease. Mortality rates are expected to rise and perhaps peak at some point in the near future, as persons infected during the late 1990s, perhaps being treated with anti-retroviral drugs, reach...

Author(s): Mario J. Azevedo, Gwendolyn S. Prater and Sandra C. Hayes

Food preferences among the educated youth of Tharu and Buksa tribes

April 2010

In this paper, we studied about food preferences of the educated Tharu and Buksa youth. 76 Tharu and 40 Buksa (total of 116) youth were interviewed for this study. At present, some Tharu and Buksas youth are abandoning their traditional food and rapidly embracing the eating of fast foods rapidly. Traditionally, Tharu and Buksa people were non-vegetarians. They also like milk and milk-products. Data collected shows that...

Author(s): Subhash Chandra Verma and Girja Shankar Yadav

Ziya Gökalp’s political sociology

March 2010

  Regarded as the founder of Sociology in Turkey, Ziya Gökalp's influence has not been confined to the social sciences. Gökalp’s thoughts shaped the formation of the Republic of Turkey after the dissolution of Ottoman Empire. Gökalp’s traces can be found in the public’s political, economic and socio-cultural restructuring. In an attempt to combine social values (national...

Author(s): Ensar Yilmaz

Trafficking in women and children: A hidden health and social problem in Nigeria

March 2010

  Trafficking in women and children recently emerged as a global issue. This study assessed the pattern of trafficking in women and children and factors influencing it. Quantitative and qualitative study designs were used. Women and children aged 15 - 49 and 10 - 14 years respectively constituted the study population. A multistage cluster sampling technique was used to select sample. Quantitative and...

Author(s): S. Abdulraheem and A. R. Oladipo

“Madness” in the fields: Analytical mediations

March 2010

  This article focuses on the analysis of the relationships that the ethnologist forms during fieldwork. The author attempts to define the double logic that innervates all ethnological research, torn between the cross-cutting subjectivations of the communication partners and the objectivation of social relations. Research examples are used to illustrate the argument, which reviews the different relations...

Author(s): Monique Selim

Human rights perspective and legal framework of child labour with special reference to India

February 2010

  Human rights were formally acknowledged and declared in realization of the need to safeguard and promote the inherent dignity of all members of human society. Prior to the Convention on the Rights of the Child, human rights standards applicable to all members of the human family had been expressed in legal instruments such as covenants, conventions and declarations. By, 1989, the standards concerning children...

Author(s): Bilal Ahmad Bhat

The position of African traditional religion in conflict prevention

February 2010

  African (Traditional) and modern religions may offer African solutions to many problems of conflict in the region of Africa. This article builds a case for the use of some African religious values in modern conflict prevention, mitigation and response in Africa (CPMR). One of the burning moral issues in Africa is that of conflicts. The contemporary multi-ethnic states have not yet succeeded in creating a...

Author(s): Daniel Kasomo

The phenomenon of socio-cultural change in the context of sociological tradition: A discourse on the founding fathers of sociology

January 2010

  The study of social statics and dynamics remains a constant area of focus since the emergence of  social philosophy, particularly sociology. Starting from the work of Darwin on evolutionary theory  through August Comte (the acclaimed father of sociology) and many others to modern sociologists,  this subject of order and progress remains a dominant area of focus in the understanding...

Author(s): B. Salawu

Duration of post-partum amenorrhoea associated with breastfeeding pattern in Bangladesh

January 2010

  The association between breastfeeding and resumption of post-partum menstruation (PPA) was  examined in Bangladeshi women from the Bangladesh Demographic Health Survey (2004). Life table  and Cox regression model were used. Breastfeeding was found to be statistically associated with PPA  (p < 0.00) in bivariate and multivariate analysis. Hazard analysis show that administrative...

Author(s):   Md. Mizanur Rahman  and  Shamima Akter

Witchcraft and the law in Tanzania

December 2009

  Witchcraft is a topical subject and an intriguing phenomenon in Africa. Thriving on belief systems it baffles and confronts ruling elites with dilemmas on how to deal with it. Tanzania experiences grim consequences by the entrenchment of witchcraft in the country including social exclusion, expulsion and even murder of alleged witches. The legal system copes inadequately with the challenges of witchcraft...

Author(s): Simeon Mesaki

An investigation of sin and evil in African cosmology

December 2009

  The research has found out that, in our world, the appalling depth and extent of human suffering is evident and very much experienced. Evil and suffering are not just philosophical and theological aspects of human existence but is a personal problem that every human person experiences. There are occurrences in nature, for example, catastrophes, floods, earthquakes, which cause harm, misery and suffering to...

Author(s): Kasomo Daniel

An analysis of the rites of passage and their relation to christianity

December 2009

  The paper discussed the impact of rites of passage to the individual and how it engenders one and makes one accepted in the societal norms. The emphasis and the central point of this work was mainly to deal with the relevance of rites of passage in the contemporary society, it touched certain rites that the society currently looks at in disdain especially circumcision of women, which is geared towards...

Author(s): Kasomo Daniel

Politics of water: The case of the Hirakud dam in Orissa, India

December 2009

    Although three quarters of the globe is covered with water, there is a crisis for fresh water. In the next two decades many countries might fail to provide safe drinking water to their citizens if there is no cooperative and systematic effort. The best way out would be to store and utilize the runoff in the rainy season. Large dams have been found to be popular for this purpose. While these are...

Author(s): Balgovind Baboo

Anthropology and parallelism: The individual as a universal

November 2009

It is difficult to define perspective within sets that are self belonging. For example in the study of man-kind, anthropology, both men and their studies fall into the same category that contains the topic out-line. This situation entails a universal quality of uniqueness, an instance of it, to the topic of anthropology that may be viewed in parallel with the topic of nature as the set of unique particulars. Yet one...

Author(s): Marvin E. Kirsh

The factors militating against the education of girls: A case study in Kenya

November 2009

  This research attempted to find out the factors militating against the education of girls in Lower Eastern Province, Kenya. The main purpose of the research was to establish the magnitude of the effects of the factors that are known to militate against the education of girls. The investigation employed both qualitative and quantitative methods of research. A Survey design was used in the research. The study...

Author(s): Kasomo Daniel

An examination of co-existence of religion and politics

November 2009

  This article is an attempt to prove that Religion and politics are two realms inseparable basically because they concern the same subject matter, namely man and woman, who are both material and spiritual. This article sought primarily to provoke thinking in these great issues of the day, and tried to discuss how religious people, both individually and collectively, can take up the challenge and responsibility...

Author(s): Kasomo Daniel

Impact of UNDP microfinance programme on poverty alleviation among farmers in selected local government areas of Kaduna State, Nigeria

October 2009

  This study assessed the impact of the UNDP Micro-finance Programme on the poverty status of farmers in the study area, examined the impact of UNDP’s micro-credit scheme on the beneficiaries, determined the profitability of agricultural enterprises engaged by the farmers, determine the relationship between inputs used and the effect on farmers output and identify the constraints associated with...

Author(s): T. M. Kudi, S. B. Odugbo, A. L. Banta and M. B. Hassan

How do I address you? Forms of address in Oko

October 2009

  This paper is an ethno-linguistic and pragmatic documentation of the forms of address in Oko, a dialect of Igbo. Such a study is necessary considering the gradual yet steady death of many languages in Nigeria or aspects of these languages as in the case with Igbo. Data for analysis are collected mainly through native-speaker introspection and personal observation. However, I crosschecked the data with older...

Author(s): Uchenna Oyali

Social networks and livelihood of street children in Ibadan, Nigeria

September 2009

  In Nigeria, in spite of remarkable natural and human resources, most people have tasted the bitter pills of poverty; however, children in Nigeria experience poverty differently. This is particularly noteworthy in the way most children are deprived of nutrition, water, sanitation facilities, access to basic health-care services, shelter, education and protection. Hence, poverty makes them unable to enjoy their...

Author(s): Faloore Olutola Omiyinka

The theology of inculturation and the African church

September 2009

  This paper investigated the theology of inculturation and the African Church. Specifically, the study set to examined the demand and relevance of inculturation for cultural development, assess inculturation message to Africa, determine the role of Small Christian Communities and examine the impact of inculturation in African Church. The study was based on both primary and secondary data collected for a period...

Author(s): Sussy Gumo Kurgat

Effect of cohesion on loan repayment in farmers’ cooperative societies in Delta State, Nigeria

August 2009

  This study was carried out in Delta State to assess the effect of cohesion of farmers’ cooperative societies on loan repayment among members in Delta State. One hundred and twenty-one respondents were selected through multi-stage sampling procedure for the study. Data were collected with the use of structured interview schedule and were analyzed using descriptive statistics while the hypothesis was...

Author(s): A. U. Ofuoku and E. Urang

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