International Journal of
Sociology and Anthropology

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Sociol. Anthropol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-988X
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJSA
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 321

IJSA Articles

The importance of wheat in teething celebration in Turkish culture

April 2011

  Food is utterly essential to human existence and has an important role to play in social and cultural events as well. The study of food and eating has a long history in social sciences, specifically in folklore and anthropology, beginning in the nineteenth century. This article concentrates on a particular food, wheat and examines its significance in the Turkish culture. Since wheat has both cultural and...

Author(s): Suheyla Saritas

Begging and almsgiving in Nigeria: The Islamic perspective

April 2011

  This study is provoked by the widespread belief held by general populace that begging in Nigeria is an Islamic phenomenon. Scholars, media, and general public believe that Islamic religious injunctions encourage, promote or at least condone begging. They attribute the thriving of begging in Nigeria to Islamic faith. Against this background, this study investigated the relationship between Islam and begging....

Author(s): Ogunkan, David Victor

Study of divorce in Iran provinces from 1977 to 1998: Emphasis on the role of Iran-Iraq war

April 2011

  War and violence in societies, throughout history, have always left devastating effects, catastrophes and suffering, resulting from war and war-torn areas, in addition to those affecting all segments of the society, which is an important outcome of the divorceprocess that has increased the family configuration. This paper documents and reviews, with a theoretical approach, the sociological...

Author(s): Mahvash Janmardy

The new urban issue: A journey into the Italian city and its sensitive areas

March 2011

  The transformation of the urban horizon shows a heterotropical fragmentation which is a transverse phenomenon. Some parts of the city are showing new combinations of functions and populations: these are simply juxtaposed, with neither contacts nor communications. While some places/populations are losing functions, suffering economic changes and weakening the sociability skills, some others are more widely...

Author(s): Mauro Magatti and Monica Martinelli

Julius Nyerere’s influence and legacy: From a proponent of familyhood to a candidate for sainthood

March 2011

  By far, the greatest and startling religious news of this century from East Africa has been the unravelling of the complicated process towards canonization and possible papal declaration of Julius Nyerere, a Catholic saint. Both the political and religious worlds have joined ranks to make sure that the former president of Tanzania is beatified, an intriguing event surrounded by controversy. This paper reports...

Author(s): Simeon Mesaki and Mrisho Malipula

The American New State of Mary Parker Follett

March 2011

  This research tries to answer one of the major questions that has been discussed in the literature of Public Administration (PA) repeatedly. The question is: Has 21st century American government succeeded in achieving a genuinely democratic administration where efficiency and democratic values are reconciled? The main argument of this research is that it has not been possible in spite of the calls of many...

Author(s): Wasim I. Al-Habil

A study of the occupational health function among female textile workers

March 2011

  Reduction of respiratory function among textile workers in the textile industry has been observed since the 1970s.  A  contaminant  of  raw  cotton  fiber  and  cotton  dust,  has  been proposed as a affecting agent that may deteriorate the respiratory function. Present study aimed to find the factors associated with the deterioration of respiratory...

Author(s): Ajeet Jaiswal

The vital role played by caste and patriarchy in the emerging women leadership in the governance of local self-government of Pithoragarh and Almora district of Uttarakhand

March 2011

  This paper discusses the bearing of the primordial institutions of caste and patriarchy on the emerging women’s leadership in local self- government in Uttarakhand. The state of Uttarakhand was established in the year 2000 dated 9th November. The introducing of reservation for the women in local self- government for the first time in the country, has also led to make similar provisions in the...

Author(s): Abhimanyu Kumar

The politics of ethnic balancing in Nigeria

February 2011

  Nigeria as a heterogeneous society has continually faced the problem of ethnicity in her national life. Ethnicity remains a major factor in the politics of the country and this has been a major problem not only among the ruling elites but the citizenry who are constantly manipulated for political purposes. The elites on their part have always seen ethnicity as a fall back mechanism in settling scores whenever...

Author(s): Franca Attoh and Omololu Soyombo

Engendering development: Demystifying patriarchy and its effects on women in rural Kenya

February 2011

  The paper examines the effects of the culture of patriarchy on the development process, and particularly its effects on women. This is borne out of the perceived concerns and challenges of the third millennium development goal (MDG) which was coined with an aim of promoting gender equality and women empowerment. The challenge of this goal however is its lack of enough consideration of the cultural...

Author(s): Loreen Maseno and Susan M. Kilonzo

Women SHGs in coastal Kerala: The lope side of social development?

February 2011

  The SHG movement worldwide aimed at systematically empowering marginalized grass root level women, by way of conscientization, income generation and capacity building. The resent article examines vying evidence as to whether the SHG movement really did enhanced development among the coastal women. Data had been collected from the SHGs in the coastal areas of Kerala. On one hand, the conscious group...

Author(s): Sonny Jose and Lekshmi V. Nair

The trajectories of culture, Christianity and socio-economic development in Vihiga District, Western Kenya

February 2011

  Culture is part and parcel of a community’s life irrespective of the repelling forces or demands from other social institutions, including the Church. However, some scholars have argued that the Church is a culture in itself (Clapp, 1996: 84). Subsequently, it should be considerate of other cultures around it. If the diverse cultures conflict due to the differing cultural views from the different...

Author(s): Susan M. Kilonzo

Violence against women and reproduction health among African women: The case of Bette women of Obudu in Cross River State, Nigeria

February 2011

  Violence against women (VAW) is continually recognized as a global health concern yet population based studies of its determinants and consequences remain scarce in less developed areas. This study was undertaken to fill this gap, the study covered four wards of the ten political wards in Obudu using system rand sampling to obtain respondents. Quantitative instruments (questionnaire) and methods (SPSS) were...

Author(s): M. A. Ushie, C. V. O. Eneji, D. B. Ugal, O. Anyaoha, B. A. Ushie and J. E. Bassey

Defining witchcraft-related crime in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa

January 2011

  In the South African context, criminal acts that are associated with beliefs in witchcraft have illustrated the complexities that emerge in the relationship between crime and culture.  Witchcraft beliefs continue to play an important role in the lives of many African communities. However, when these beliefs manifest themselves in the harming of others, either through perceived supernatural means or...

Author(s): Theodore Petrus

The menace of begging in Nigerian cities: A sociological analysis

January 2011

  Despite the concerted efforts of scholars, government, media and general public to tackle the problem of begging in Nigerian society, the problem seems intractable especially in our cities. Against this background, this study examines begging from different social perspectives and discovered that the problem of begging is multidimensional. The study also observed that past research exercises on the subject...

Author(s): O. A. Fawole, D. V. Ogunkan and A. Omoruan

Correlation between socioeconomic differences and infant mortality in the Arab World (1990-2009)

January 2011

  The infant mortality rate (IMR) is one of the most important indicators of the socioeconomic and of the health status of a community and is considered as an index of differentials in health and socioeconomic condition in a community. This article was aimed to determine the relationship between socio-economic differences (literacy rate, unemployment, poverty, Gross Domestic Product (GDP), early marriage,...

Author(s): Mazen Abuqamar, Danny Coomans and Fred Louckx

Elements of Iberian and pre-columbian religious cosmology in central Meso-America

January 2011

  In order to argue that contemporary performances of religious roles and theater in Middle America in fact are continuous replays of the original trauma of contact and its rehabilitation, and thus act as immanent conduits of the period of conquest and subjugation, the past sixty years of relevant anthropological texts are analyzed as discursive statements. These disciplinary archives rely on much older...

Author(s): G. V. Loewen

Living in high-rise: An analysis of demand for condominium properties in Colombo

January 2011

  Colombo has witnessed a higher concentration of low-rise and high-rise condominiums during the last few years. This paper examines the contributing factors for living in high-rise that has created a market for condominiums in the city of Colombo. Managers of purposively selected ten high-rise condominiums and 30 households from 03 low-rise condominiums were interviewed for the primary data collection. With...

Author(s): R. G. Ariyawansa and A. G. P. I. Udayanthika

“Marginalized livelihoods under neo-liberal development policies in Uganda”

December 2010

  The inclusion of development ethics into the development discourse are increasingly coming under critical review by both development scholars and practitioners, especially those in the realm of civil society. The inclusion of development ethics has not only been a local but also global project. Given that development has become so professionalized that it is difficult to think outside its terms of reference,...

Author(s): Andrew Ellias State

A sociological appraisal of economic self-reliance: The failure of state-owned enterprises in Nigeria

December 2010

  This paper presents a sociological appraisal of the efforts of various governments in Nigeria towards economic self-reliance using state-owned enterprises as the vehicle for this purpose. However, due to the internal contradictions inherent in most developing societies like Nigeria, achieving economic self-reliance has continued to elude these states. Nigeria’s public-sector driven economic system has...

Author(s): David Imhonopi and Ugochukwu Moses Urim

A reflection on “Christmas fever” in China in the globalizing world

December 2010

  Globalization is a natural historical process of communication and interaction on a worldwide basis, which makes a strong impact on and poses a challenge to Chinese national culture. What attitude should the Chinese adopt facing cultural fusion such as the landing of exotic festivals? As a reflection on “Christmas fever” in China in the globalizing world, this paper analyzes some...

Author(s): Liping Li and Gaoyuan Zhang

Private memories and their public context: Methodological reflections on individual and group memory

December 2010

In terms of social science needs, memory is a plastic faculty which may be able to provide a limited range of accessible and assessable hard ‘facts’, but which in reality are in a continuous process of change to fit in with their owners’ current needs.   Key words: Memory, adaptation, change, unreliability.

Author(s): R. E. S. Tanner

Social movements in a split: Bolivia’s protesters after their triumph

November 2010

  This article takes Bolivia as a case in point to reflect upon the dilemmas and challenges that social movements find themselves confronted with once they, and in particular the party/movement coalition representing their grievances and demands, win power. The point to be made is that a fissure between the governing faction or party of the victorious movements and the remaining constituting movements is...

Author(s): Ton Salman

Differential association theory and juvenile delinquency in Ghana’s capital city - Accra: The case of Ghana borstal institute

November 2010

Current sociological theories argue that, delinquency results from economic and family relational problems. Unable to have their parents meet their material needs, children turn to all sorts of activities, many of which eventually lead to delinquent acts. Other theories focus on the role of peer relationships in determining deviancy. Using Edwin Sutherland’s differential association theory, this study explores the...

Author(s): Thomas Antwi Bosiakoh and Paul K. Andoh,

Female perceptions of health hazards associated with indoor air pollution in Bangladesh

November 2010

This paper will identify health hazards associated with indoor air pollution (IAP) in Bangladesh. Research into IAP in Bangladesh has been neglected for many decades. This neglect may reflect aspect of the marginalization of women in Bangladeshi society, especially as cooking is considered a social responsibility of women. The main purpose of the paper is to examine the extent to which female domestic cook experience...

Author(s): Bijoy Krishna Banik

The belief and practice of divination among the Swahili Muslims in Mombasa district, Kenya

November 2010

  This article gives a critical analysis of divination as practiced among the Swahili of Kenya coast. Radical changes in lifestyles were not associated with initial Islamization, but in latter days, Swahili contextualized Islam to recognize some of their cultural practices alongside Orthodox Islam. The belief and practice of divination is among such cultural practices that continue up to now. It is a practice...

Author(s): Esha Faki, E. M. Kasiera and O. M. J. Nandi

Strategies adopted by wives of addicts: A sociological study of women in rural Punjab, India

October 2010

  A partially exploratory and partially descriptive study was conducted to find out the strategies adopted by wives of addicts to grapple with the problem of addiction among their spouses. For this study, 100 wives of addicts were interviewed on pre-tested interview schedule. This study was conducted in a village of District Sangrur (State Punjab, India). The present study was conducted to facilitate better...

Author(s): Amanpreet Singh

An assessment of the Catholic Charismatic Renewal towards peaceful co-existence in the Roman Catholic Church

October 2010

  This study concerns the Catholic Charismatic Renewal, a movement within the Catholic Church that had direct influence from the Protestant Pentecostals. Subsequently, it spread through clearly defined, pre-existing social-metric network. A small number of lay people at Duquesne University earnestly and intensely prayed for a return of the type of Christian community akin to the first Christians in Acts of the...

Author(s): Kasomo Daniel

A study of sanitation of toilets in elementary and senior Secondary schools located in rural areas of Uttarakhand state in India

October 2010

  This paper is based on the primary data collected from the teachers and the students studying in the elementary and senior secondary schools situated in rural areas of the state of Uttarakhand in India. The study was conducted in six districts of Uttarakhand. All these schools were randomly sample. Data were collected through interview schedule in an unbiased manner. The sample included 200 elementary and 142...

Author(s): Abhimanyu Kumar and Anshu Taunk

Widows, intersectionality and the parable in Luke 18

August 2010

  This article deconstructs a master category ‘widows’ by presenting nuances with regards to the term widow, which the authors consider is of interest in a global society. This article aims at stating the process of deconstructing the presumed fixed category widow within theology, whereas the term widow may similarly be used, and is not identical in meaning and content in the global age. The authors...

Author(s): Marianne Bjelland Kartzow and Loreen Iminza Maseno

The university as a nucleus for growth pole: Example from Akungba - Akoko, Southwest, Nigeria

August 2010

  This paper is an attempt to assess the socio-economic impact of Adekunle Ajasin University on Akungba Akoko’s community in Ondo State, Southwest Nigeria. Data were collected using a set of questionnaire and secondary data. The establishment of the university has caused the influx of people into the hitherto strictly agrarian and relatively unknown community. The impact of the university was observed on...

Author(s): A. A. Ehinmowo and O. M. Eludoyin

The influence of Islam on Bukusu indigenous beliefs and practices relating to inheritance, Kenya

August 2010

The article examines the influence of Islam on Bukusu indigenous beliefs and practices relating to inheritance. The persistence of indigenous beliefs and practices among a predominantly Christian and Muslim people provoked this research. Thus, the article aims at investigating the influence Islam has had on the Bukusu indigenous inheritance beliefs and practices. It is guided by the premise that the Bukusu have...

Author(s): Janet Nasambu Kassilly Barasa and Kennedy Onkware

Diverse approaches in economic anthropology: Some reflections

June 2010

Anthropology in general has colonial roots and these influences are still in existence. British colonial policy in Africa and Asia began to change in the 1930s thus, it was suddenly decided to “develop” the colonies. This paper is aimed at objectively studying the process of change without committing itself to any particular policy. The skepticism of colonialism and its arrogant assumption of omniscience and...

Author(s): Suguna Pathy

Socio-economic correlates of child labour in agricultural sector of rural Rajshahi District, Bangladesh

June 2010

  Child labour is a sprouting matter across the world and remains widespread problem particularly in developing countries. This study is a comprehensive analysis of child labour in agricultural sector based on findings of interviews conducted with 1764 child labour from 12 Unions of 3 Thanas under Rajshahi district, Bangladesh. The present study aims to delineate this issue across different socio-economic...

Author(s): K. M. Mustafizur Rahman, Towfiqua Mahfuza Islam and Md. Ismail Tareque

Socio-economic determinants of neonatal, post neonatal, infant and child mortality

June 2010

The infant and child mortality is an excellent summary index of the level of living and socio-economic development for any country. The aim is to determine socio-economic factors that affect infancy and childhood mortality. The result shows that neonatal mortality rates (NNMR), post-neonatal mortality rates (PNNMR) and infant mortality rates (IMR) are higher among illiterate reproductive mothers and of whom houses have...

Author(s): Quamrul Hasan Chowdhury, Rafiqul Islam and Kamal Hossain

The role of women in the church in Africa

June 2010

This paper gives a general view of the role played by women in African instituted churches. It touches several roles of women in different instituted churches keeping in mind that there are so many African instituted churches some will be used to represent the general role played by women. The paper also will explain how women were viewed in the Old Testament, New Testament and Letters of St. Paul. This will give a...

Author(s): Kasomo Daniel

Understanding the process of market relationship: The Indian experience

May 2010

  Market has taken an upbeat in the present globalise world. The idea of market has dominated the discussion in both academic and practical worlds. It is in this context, it is more essential to understand, the local knowledge especially when the Multinational companies are expanding into the new spaces. At the outset, it might look as though the globalise world has one language, whereas, the regional factors...

Author(s): R. Rajesh

A comparison of faculty members’ and students’ definitions of political bias in the classroom

May 2010

  The author conducted an online survey of students and faculty members at a medium-sized, Midwestern, public university to determine whether or not members of both groups would label a professor or instructor as politically biased if he or she engaged in specific behaviors. Overall, the results indicated that students and faculty members define bias similarly, though there are some noteworthy...

Author(s): Craig Tollini

Does illiteracy influence pregnancy complications among women in the slums of greater Mumbai

May 2010

  This paper examines utilization of health services available to the women in the slums on hilly area in Mumbai and also checks whether non utilization of antenatal care (ANC) and having reproductive health problems during pregnancy create complications during child delivery vis-à-vis standard of living index constructed from household amenities, housing quality, drinking water, electricity and toilet...

Author(s): Vijay M. Sarode

Foreign official development assistance (ODA) and Ghana’s development: The case for ‘‘bringing culture back in’’ to the analysis

May 2010

Many developing countries, including Ghana, have received substantial amounts of foreign aid inflows for almost five decades. The benefits associated with such receipts have however been scarce. It is now a general knowledge that aid has not yet yielded expected ends. It has been argued that Ghana’s underdevelopment is attributable to colonialism and the integration into the world capitalist system; others also...

Author(s): Nathan Andrews

Christian religion and social development: A sociological study of Meerut

April 2010

  This paper is based on the primary data collected from the respondents of Meerut District of Uttar Pradesh a State situated in India. All these respondents were randomly selected. The data was collected through an interview schedule in an unbiased manner. The sample included 150 respondents which were randomly drawn from Meerut city, which has a concentration of both religious sects...

Author(s): Abhimanyu Kumar and Anshu Taunk

Human immunodeficiency virus and tuberculosis co-infections in Kenya: Environment, resources and culture

April 2010

Between 2003 and 2007, out of 34.3 million Kenyans, over one million aged 15 and 49 years were HIV positive. In 2008, it was estimated that 1,500,000 Kenyans were living with HIV/AIDS. Approximately 85,000 Kenyans died from the disease. Mortality rates are expected to rise and perhaps peak at some point in the near future, as persons infected during the late 1990s, perhaps being treated with anti-retroviral drugs, reach...

Author(s): Mario J. Azevedo, Gwendolyn S. Prater and Sandra C. Hayes

Food preferences among the educated youth of Tharu and Buksa tribes

April 2010

In this paper, we studied about food preferences of the educated Tharu and Buksa youth. 76 Tharu and 40 Buksa (total of 116) youth were interviewed for this study. At present, some Tharu and Buksas youth are abandoning their traditional food and rapidly embracing the eating of fast foods rapidly. Traditionally, Tharu and Buksa people were non-vegetarians. They also like milk and milk-products. Data collected shows that...

Author(s): Subhash Chandra Verma and Girja Shankar Yadav

Ziya Gökalp’s political sociology

March 2010

  Regarded as the founder of Sociology in Turkey, Ziya Gökalp's influence has not been confined to the social sciences. Gökalp’s thoughts shaped the formation of the Republic of Turkey after the dissolution of Ottoman Empire. Gökalp’s traces can be found in the public’s political, economic and socio-cultural restructuring. In an attempt to combine social values (national...

Author(s): Ensar Yilmaz

Trafficking in women and children: A hidden health and social problem in Nigeria

March 2010

  Trafficking in women and children recently emerged as a global issue. This study assessed the pattern of trafficking in women and children and factors influencing it. Quantitative and qualitative study designs were used. Women and children aged 15 - 49 and 10 - 14 years respectively constituted the study population. A multistage cluster sampling technique was used to select sample. Quantitative and...

Author(s): S. Abdulraheem and A. R. Oladipo

“Madness” in the fields: Analytical mediations

March 2010

  This article focuses on the analysis of the relationships that the ethnologist forms during fieldwork. The author attempts to define the double logic that innervates all ethnological research, torn between the cross-cutting subjectivations of the communication partners and the objectivation of social relations. Research examples are used to illustrate the argument, which reviews the different relations...

Author(s): Monique Selim

Human rights perspective and legal framework of child labour with special reference to India

February 2010

  Human rights were formally acknowledged and declared in realization of the need to safeguard and promote the inherent dignity of all members of human society. Prior to the Convention on the Rights of the Child, human rights standards applicable to all members of the human family had been expressed in legal instruments such as covenants, conventions and declarations. By, 1989, the standards concerning children...

Author(s): Bilal Ahmad Bhat

The position of African traditional religion in conflict prevention

February 2010

  African (Traditional) and modern religions may offer African solutions to many problems of conflict in the region of Africa. This article builds a case for the use of some African religious values in modern conflict prevention, mitigation and response in Africa (CPMR). One of the burning moral issues in Africa is that of conflicts. The contemporary multi-ethnic states have not yet succeeded in creating a...

Author(s): Daniel Kasomo

The phenomenon of socio-cultural change in the context of sociological tradition: A discourse on the founding fathers of sociology

January 2010

  The study of social statics and dynamics remains a constant area of focus since the emergence of  social philosophy, particularly sociology. Starting from the work of Darwin on evolutionary theory  through August Comte (the acclaimed father of sociology) and many others to modern sociologists,  this subject of order and progress remains a dominant area of focus in the understanding...

Author(s): B. Salawu

Duration of post-partum amenorrhoea associated with breastfeeding pattern in Bangladesh

January 2010

  The association between breastfeeding and resumption of post-partum menstruation (PPA) was  examined in Bangladeshi women from the Bangladesh Demographic Health Survey (2004). Life table  and Cox regression model were used. Breastfeeding was found to be statistically associated with PPA  (p < 0.00) in bivariate and multivariate analysis. Hazard analysis show that administrative...

Author(s):   Md. Mizanur Rahman  and  Shamima Akter

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