International Journal of
Sociology and Anthropology

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Sociol. Anthropol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-988X
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJSA
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 289

IJSA Articles

December 2019

Home truths behind closed doors: Reciting the lived experiences of child domestic workers in selected towns of Gedeo Zone, Southern Ethiopia

This qualitative study was aimed at looking into the lived experiences of child domestic workers in the selected towns of Gedeo Zone. A triangulation of key informant interviews, in-depth interviews, focus group discussions, informal conversations, non-participant observations, and life histories were employed to collect the required data from child domestic workers, brokers, urban residents, police officers, and...

Author(s): Alemayehu Anja Aboye and Fekadu Israel Alambo

July 2019

A concentric approach to understanding herders-farmers clashes in Benue and Nasarawa States, Nigeria

This paper provides a theoretical appraisal as regards the phenomenon of Herders and farmers clashes in north central of Nigeria, specifically “Benue” and “Nassarawa” States. By way of qualitative discourse, grounded on secondary sources, the paper gives insight and a deep understanding on the contending issues surrounding resource struggle by host farmers and migrating herders. The approach of...

Author(s): Adeyinka Aderinto and Victor Achem  

July 2019

Witchcraft stigmatization and abuse of children in Akwa-Ibom state, Nigeria

In this age of intellectual progress and technological advancement, strange beliefs are still rife, and misfortunes are blamed on witches in many societies. In the past, the avowed witches were the aged. Lately, focus has shifted to vulnerable and defenseless children who have become victims of witchcraft stigmatization and abuse. In Akwa-Ibom State, Nigeria, hundreds of children have been labeled as witches and thus...

Author(s): Chineyemba Lydia Isioma

July 2019

A comparative analysis on the perspectives of African Feminism Vs Western Feminism: philosophical debate with their criticism and its implication for women’s rights in Ethiopia context

Feminism internationally aims to realizing the liberation of women from all types of oppression and providing solidarity among women of all countries. However, the remarkable difference is growing gap between North and South. Women from the North are harvesting the fruits of capitalism and global economy, whereas women from the South are all too often confronted with poverty and terrible labor conditions. The aim of...

Author(s): Eyayu Kasseye Bayu

June 2019

Lived experiences of young Emirati women in the combined family: Extending and rethinking sociological concepts

Using evidence from 72 young Emirati women experiences who have participated in a series of eleven focus groups, this study rethinks and extends traditional sociological concepts and classifications. This research propose the concept of combined family to show a unique pattern of family relationships and economic participation that exists in some areas of UAE that combines the wealthiest and modernized appearances with...

Author(s): Mohammed Abdel Karim Al Hourani  

May 2019

Promoting female leaders in Somali Region, Ethiopia: An entrepreneurship approach

This study takes a value chain approach to identify the constraints, opportunities, interventions and possible impact for the milk business in Fafan Zone, Ethiopian Somali Region. A cross sectional survey design was used. Purposive sampling technique was used to select 5 kebeles and from each kebele simple random selection was further used to select 70 women. Focus group discussions and in-depth interviews were also...

Author(s): Tingirtu Geberetsadik Tekele

March 2019

Controversy and conflict over cemeteries and burials in Wolaita, South western Ethiopia

The controversy and conflict over cemetery places in Wolaita need scholarly and governmental attentions because displacing the existing cemeteries and emerging demands for new cemeteries due to urbanization and other factors make cemetery issues become challenging. This study intends to further explore the challenging nature of cemetery issues in rural and urban areas from different perspectives. The qualitative...

Author(s): Sagaye Santime

December 2018

Socio-economic conditions of street children: The case of Shashemene Town, Oromia National Regional State, Ethiopia

This research examines the socio-economic conditions of street children in Shashemene Town of Oromia National Regional State. The purpose was to assess the socio-economic conditions of street children in Shashemene Town. In order to realize this aim, both qualitative and quantitative types of data were collected from primary and secondary sources. The quantitative data were collected from 234 street children through...

Author(s): Issa Hassen and Madelyn R. Mañus  

October 2018

Caste system, Dalitization and its implications in contemporary India

This paper deals with caste system and its implication in contemporary India. It begins with the origin of caste, religious sanction and justification made by ancient Hindu scriptures. How the role of caste which was originally followed on the basis of function among people turned out to be a discriminating element of ‘Untouchability”. It highlights various factors influencing the stabilization and...

Author(s): Selvin Raj Gnana  

September 2018

Liberal feminism: Assessing its compatibility and applicability in Ethiopia context

As of the feminist theory varieties, liberal feminism is a type of gender reform feminism that emanates from the liberal thought. This paper critically reviews the appropriateness and applicability of liberal feminist theory and strategies in the context of Ethiopia in attempting to achieve gender equality and to reduce women oppression and subordination. The paper looks at the laws, polices and strategies of Ethiopia...

Author(s): Bimer Eyayu Enyew and Alemeneh Getaneh Mihrete  

July 2018

Anthropometric measurements for young males in Saudi Arabia

The purpose of this study was to fill the gap of not having enough anthropometric data for young males in Saudi Arabia. Developing an anthropometric database on Saudi adults will help the local designers, manufactures and producers to create more efficient industrial applications, and products for Saudi population. The study was performed in the Riyadh city, the capital and the largest city in Saudi Arabia, among a...

Author(s): Waleed Basuliman

July 2018

Ethiopia’s health extension program: Opportunities and challenges of its implementation in Shiromeda

This study assesses the opportunities and challenges of implementing health extension program in Shiromeda Health Center, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. It has three key objectives: to examine prospective and retrospective views of health extension workers towards health extension program; determine the challenges faced by clients in their health service utilization and examine the challenges extension workers face during...

Author(s): Dessalegn Mekuriaw Hailu  

June 2018

The role of women in livelihood security at household level among pastoral and agro-pastoral societies of Ethiopian Somali region: The case of two selected districts from Fafen zone of Ethiopian Somali Region

The study aims to explore the major roles women play in livelihood security among Ethiopian Somali Pastoral and agro-pastoral communities in selected two districts.  Even though the study is more of qualitative, quantitative method was also employed to some extent to gather information that couldn’t be captured via qualitative research method.  A total of 722 women were sampled and participated on...

Author(s): Belay Womber Gurmu  

June 2018

The right to food as a human right in South Sudan

The study on access to food when it is available and affordable is to increase knowledge of the extent the right to food is recognized and protected as a human right in South Sudan. The objective of the research is to determine the level of state’s obligation in protecting the right to food and the level of food availability. Secondary data is reviewed in contrast to where a questionnaire field survey is carried...

Author(s): Jacob K. Lupai  

May 2018

Critical notes on environmental justice and sustainable development

The international community is more than ever before faced with environmental issues that attract interdisciplinary attention: deforestation, global warming, environmental pollution, species extinctions and desertification, among others. Man’s development over the centuries has been such that he cannot but rely on the use of the environment. Economic, scientific and technological developments take place in space...

Author(s): Amodu Akeem Adekunle  

April 2018

The link between employment stability and fertility intention: A cross sectional study

This paper analyzes the impact of employment stability on fertility intention and behavior. University teachers were interviewed to understand their fertility intentions and behavior by addressing their present employment status and transition to having a first and second child.  Information was randomly collected from 174 teachers from four universities that work in public and national university in Bangladesh by...

Author(s): Shah Imran Ahmed  

January 2018

Humanities as a modern and effective tool to execute complex professions

The relationship between school and world of work is one of the most controversial issues that national governments have been trying to tackle: several reforms have affected the world of education, in order for it to keep in step with the times and to be more sensitive to the companies’ needs. The world of Italian school was given more autonomy, since it was and is still blocked by a centralist system. By relating...

Author(s): Giuseppe Monteduro

December 2017

The role of the family in defining and managing disability of persons with schizophrenia in Chile: Meeting objective and subjective criteria of social inclusion

In the current conceptualization of disability, the social context plays a fundamental role. Traditionally, the family has been seen as the principal source of support for persons with schizophrenia. It has also been seen as the most reliable support of psychosocial therapies for schizophrenia. Recent research in Chile on the role of the family in defining and managing disability among persons with schizophrenia...

Author(s): Jorge Chuaqui, Debra Rose Wilson, James, G. Linn and Emanuel Arredondo

November 2017

Drug abuse and its impact on Bangladesh

This study investigates drug abuse and its impact on Bangladesh and aims to identify the family-related and social reasons for being addicted, and the causes and effects of drug abuse. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in assessing the causes and consequence of its impact in Bangladesh using purposeful sampling for sample collection, involving recent graduates from different public and private...

Author(s): Azizul Islam and Md. Faruque Hossain

November 2017

Women’s perception on technology in relation to enhancing their productivity: The case of Southern Nations, Nationalities and People’s Region (SNNPR), Ethiopia

The aim of this study was to investigate the perception of women in the Southern Nations, Nationalities and People’s Region (SNNPR), Ethiopia on using modern technology to enhance their productivity. To achieve this goal, survey design with quantitative method was employed. The primary source of the data was household women. They were selected by using stratified sampling. The data gathering tools were...

Author(s): Solomon Wolde

October 2017

Socio-demographic determinants of marital satisfaction in Jimma Zone, Southwest Ethiopia

Marital satisfaction is one of the ingredients of marital stability and is affected by a number of factors. A cross-sectional survey substantiated with qualitative studies was conducted so as to identify the major socio-demographic factors that influence the marital satisfaction of married couples among selected districts of Jimma Zone, Oromia, Ethiopia. Study participants of 240 randomly selected couples, either the...

Author(s): Addisu Tegegn Bayle, Dereje Wonde Ayalew and Asabneh Molla Yimer

September 2017

‘Causes’ of big development projects: Development- induced displacement and its socio-economic impacts on displaced people in Tekeze Dam

The main objective of this study is to investigate the major social and economic consequences entailed by the Tekeze Dam on local populations inhabiting  Wag Hemra Zone. To achieve this objective, the study primarily used qualitative techniques of data collection. Primary data collecting methods like participatory observation, unstructured, semi-structured and in-depth interviews, focus group discussions and case...

Author(s): Andnet Gizachew

August 2017

The dynamic nature of non- traditional unconventional polyandry: A Zimbabwean perspective

Uncustomary and unofficial polyandry is very usual in Zimbabwe than is recorded and embraced by the majority of Zimbabweans. This study argues that nontraditional, unceremonious polyandry is frequent and appealing among some Zimbabweans despite the fact that it is condemned and rejected by traditional chiefs, diviners and the Christian churches. The study also contends that polyandry should be publicly practiced just...

Author(s): Collis Garikai Machoko

August 2017

Restructuring of craftwork in the globalization of capital: Analysis of economic and political characteristics in Brazil

The objective of this article is to analyze the restructuring of the craftwork in Brazil from the political and economic conditions in the globalization of capital. As methodology, the analysis of vertical and horizontal integration of artisanal work into the economic and political structure of the country is used in the period of institutionalization and restructuring, as a reference of the transformations from Fordism...

Author(s): Daniel Vega Torres

July 2017

The effect of inter-ethnic cultural relationships on universalism in Iran

Iran is a multi-ethnic society. The quality and quantity of relationships between ethnic groups can be regarded as one of the crucial aspects of its integration and cohesion. This paper argues that cultural relationships and exchange of ideas and values among various ethnic groups in Iran gradually leads to the formation of universal values, norms and the broadening of an intellectual viewpoint. This paper reports the...

Author(s): Mozhgan Azimi Hashemi, Ali Yousofi and Mohammad Reza Hashemi

July 2017

History of ethnography: Straitening the records

Scholars who hold onto the view that Morgan pioneered formal ethnography and Malinowski systematized participant observation seem to be glossing over significant information on the history of ethnography. It, obviously, does not hold to say that all the efforts before Morgan were amateurish and unsystematized, and therefore brand them pre-ethnology – for there is on record at least one pre-Morgan scholar, Joseph...

Author(s): Chidi Ugwu

June 2017

Interpersonal conflict among Caribbean couples in Jamaica, Guyana and the United States

While interpersonal relations are an important aspect of people’s lives, they are also punctuated by conflict and tension. This study examined relationship conflict among Caribbean couples with an emphasis on experiences and potential determinants. The study is based upon secondary probability data collected in Jamaica, Guyana and the United States. The bivariate results revealed differences in factors associated...

Author(s): Krim K. Lacey, Letroy O. Cummings, Karen Powell Sears, Niki Matusko, Rohan D. Jeremiah and James S. Jackson

June 2017

Treaties and national peace; (Joshua 9:19-21) and the socio-cultural imperatives of the green tree agreement

In international politics, bilateral and multilateral relations are conducted based on national and regional interest. This is because development can only thrive in a peaceful environment, different societies or nations enter into treaties or alliance to protect their national or regional territories. This study focuses on the Gibeonites treaties with the Israelites as an exercise to protect their national interest and...

Author(s): Obodoegbulam Agi Otto and Grace Lawrence-Hart

May 2017

Dealing with deficit: An assessment of gender-based strategies to fill income gaps

The paper examines gender-based strategies to fill income gaps in Adi E’re, Ethiopia. In the parish, crop production is vulnerable to a multitude of challenges. Shortage of rainfall, locust plagues and rodent pests are seriously damaged a potential good harvest. In addition, farming activities is underperforming due to a relatively low technological level. For details on the factors associated to low crop...

Author(s): Abraha Weldu

April 2017

The living-dead (ancestors) among the Igbo-African people: An interpretation of Catholic sainthood

Studies have shown that most of the precepts, ordinances and rituals in Christian religion are more of resemblances than novelties of what were the cases in the original religion of the African people. The belief in the communion of the Saints, and its surrounding practices stressed especially among the Catholic group is coterminous with the veneration of the Ancestors in this latter religion. The affinity that exists...

Author(s): Nwafor Matthew Ikechukwu

March 2017

Does domestic migration have a challenge? Evidence from Northwestern Ethiopia

The role of internal migration to the rural poor households is highly appreciable because of its low cost of travel and immediate response for livelihood shocks and problems. Despite the fact, internal migration has tremendous contribution to the livelihood of the rural households; yet it is not free of challenges in the pursuit of its benefits. This study similar to previous works have recommended for the need to...

Author(s): Adino Kibrom, Atinkut Haimanot , Yehuala Sisay and Petros Tigist

February 2017

Challenges and opportunities of women participating in informal sector in Ethiopia: A special focus on women street vendors in Arba Minch City

The study aims to investigate the challenges and opportunities of women participating in the informal sector in Ethiopia with a particular emphasis of street vendors in Arba Minch city. The study employed case study research design which includes solely qualitative approach. The data were gathered from purposively selected interviewees specifically, using convenience sampling technique. The data obtained via interview...

Author(s): Yohannes Mekonnen Abebe

February 2017

Socioeconomic determinants of under-five children health outcome among childbearing mothers in Abia state, Nigeria

Socioeconomic factors have been identified as affecting all aspects of peoples’ lives; and it is intricately linked to the demographic process. They are strong predictors of infant and child health outcome in most developing countries. This paper examined socioeconomic determinants of under-five children health outcome with data from a sample of 609 women of childbearing age in rural and urban areas of Abia State....

Author(s): Imo Chukwuechefulam Kingsley, Isiugo-Abanihe Uche Charlie and Chikezie David Chidi

January 2017

Determinates of early marriage in Bangladesh: An evidence of the nationally representative survey

Despite the national and international efforts to reduce marriage at earlier age, significant proportion of girls in Bangladesh still marry before reaching legal age of marriage. The aim of this study was to identify the individual-, community- and household- level predictors of early marriage by using the nationally representative data sets to achieve the national picture. This study analyzed the data of 16,830 women...

Author(s): Mashiur Rahman

December 2016

Using social media to warn potential victims, and encourage youths to denounce crime and violence in Jamaica

The youth cohort is the group most likely to be involved in criminal activities, being classified as either perpetrator or victim. This intervention explored the use of social media as a mechanism for sensitizing the youth cohort to the negative impact of crime, the value of shunning and denouncing it and the importance of supporting law enforcement efforts. A programmed intervention strategy was utilized to sensitize...

Author(s): Donnette Wright-Myrie, Christopher Charley, Andrea Hurst, Kevin Walker, Allan Carter, Ean McIntosh, Steve Tyndale, Melissa Brown, Shanné Thomas, Carieca Willis, Ann-Marie Anderson, and Jodean Brown

November 2016

On rice and the region of rice civilisation

Rice is the staple food for the largest number of people on Earth. Over 90% of world’s rice is grown in a relatively tiny region of the world, namely, the south, southeast and east Asia.  This region can be termed as the Region of Rice Civilisation (RORC). It has several extraordinary features which set it apart. It is largely characterised by vast flat lands, having rivers with vast deltas and heavy monsoon...

Author(s): K. R. Bhattacharya and S. Z. Ali

October 2016

Donated Blood, the Body and the Self: Towards a Hierarchy of the Self?

This paper examines the changes in relationship between the body, society and donated blood.  Studies in this area (Waldby 2004; Tutton 2002; Scully et al., 2006; Shaw, 2010) have focused on the moral or ethical issues related to blood donation rather than corporeal and cultural issues. This paper deconstructs the impact of developments in bio-technology and commodification of blood with regard to the self, blood...

Author(s): Pat Mahon-Daly

September 2016

Understanding and measuring economic empowerment of Sutrapur slum women in Dhaka, Bangladesh

In a country like Bangladesh, where division of population with respect to genders is nearly equal, it is of utmost importance that the women of that country are independent, feel equal to their counterparts, and most importantly contribute to the gross domestic product (GDP). This empowerment should be led by women of all strata of the economy, and for this specific purpose, women from low income families of Sutrapur...

Author(s): M. F. Hossain, Charles C. Villanueva, Farheen Hasan and Hafsa Maryam

May 2016

Census through riddle: the Case of Waliso Liban Oromo, Ethiopia

The paper examines a special type of riddle, called ‘hibbantee’ used for census, among the Oromo in Ethiopia with particular attention to the Waliso Oromo. The practice is one of the ways of providing information on basic statistics of the population within certain geographical boundaries. It is performed as part of verbal games, specific riddles with its own peculiar formula. Primary data were generated...

Author(s): Chala Dejene Gemechu

April 2016

Social perspectives on the relationship between early marriage, fertility and infertility in Tamboul town, Central Sudan

The study aims to explain some of the socio-cultural perspectives held by the people of Tamboul on the relationship between the practice of early marriage, which is a common practice, fertility and infertility. On one hand, many Tambouli people perceive early marriage as characteristically indicative of fertility on the one hand where marrying a young wife gives a husband, and parents or extended family, the...

Author(s): Abu Baker A. A. Al Hadi

March 2016

Perceived constraints and associated factors of dairy based women selfhelp groups (SHGs) in Rewari district of Haryana

The present study was conducted, on dairy based women self help groups (SHGs), with the objective to know the constraints faced by members of these groups. An ex- post facto research design was used. The study revealed that the most widespread constraints are non- availability of green fodder round the year, expensive treatment of animals and insufficient funds to purchase dairy animals. The constraints faced by...

Author(s): Rekha Yadav and M. P. Sagar

February 2016

Community empowerment through participatory resource assessment at Kathekakai settlement scheme, Machakos County, Kenya

Participatory mapping is a power tool in resource management. Through this exercise communities are able to identify changes in natural resources and make decision on how best to manage the change. The study analyzed changes in natural resources in Kathakakai settlement scheme, Machakos County using participatory resource mapping, with the aim to discuss possible effects. The area, which used to be a ranching enterprise...

Author(s): Baaru M.W and Gachene C.K.K

January 2016

A Critical Review of the Evolution of Kingship System Among the Igbo of Nigeria

This paper studies the evolution of the kingship system among the Igbo people of Nigeria. From a republican form of administration where the Council of Elders played pivotal roles in determining the political governance of the people, the Igbo are made to adopt a kingship system that confers political authority on a single individual. Aside of the initial hiccups that arose while introducing the system, there is a...

Author(s): Dons Eze

January 2016

Community-initiated human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) prevention programmes and mitigating measures among the Idoma-speaking people of Benue State, North-Central Nigeria: A qualitative study

Deliberate efforts to halt human immunodeficiency virus infection (HIV) propagation and mitigate human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) impact in resource-poor communities are critical elements of HIV/AIDS control and care. This study investigated the HIV/AIDS prevention programmes and mitigating measures (HIV/AIDS PPMM) among the Idoma-speaking people in Benue State,...

Author(s): Emmanuel E. Anyebe, Joseph M. Hellandendu, John E. Gyong and Reginald O. Obiako

December 2015

Can critical race pedagogy break through the perpetuation of racial inequity?: Exploring what is behind the structural racism and potential intervention

Regardless of Brown vs. Board of Education decision in 1954, K-12 schools in the US are still racially segregated and the segregation is likely to perpetuate educational inequity. This paper deconstructs the factors that perpetuate educational inequity based on race by exploring the concept of race, how structural inequity based on race is perpetuated through knowledge construction, and also how Critical Race Pedagogy...

Author(s): Fuyu Shimomura 

December 2015

The overriding effect of the media and internet over community and school sexuality education among adolescents

This study examined sexual behaviours that are common among adolescents despite the fact that they go through some forms of sexual socialization as they grow in their communities and as they enter school. Data were obtained from adolescents in five local government areas of Western Senatorial District of Kogi State, Nigeria. In all, 781 respondents were simple randomly selected from ten communities where ten government...

Author(s): Adebola, Olukemi Grace

November 2015

Traditional festivals: Development of tourism routes for linking cultural heritage sources in the catchment watershed of Mekong River Basin in Thailand

To investigate the developing tourism routes for linking cultural heritage sources on traditional festival by local, centering and celebrating of communities and traditions in the Northeast traditional festivals’ region in Maekong River Basin were purposed. Associations with celebration and may also provide entertainment, particularly to local communities of cultural heritage sources were linked of...

Author(s): Atcharee Chantamool, Sastra Laoakka, and Kosit Phaengsoi

November 2015

China: The quest for identity

The rhetoric material vs spiritual; West vs East in our historical present is more than ever a false problem, in a way that in a post-modern era where technology offers new definition of time and space, forcing human being to reconsider the role played in society, culture is a definition that shapes itself every day. As to say that the contraposition between civilization was a useful tool to describe a society until the...

Author(s): Alberto Castelli

October 2015

Masks and cultural contexts drama education and Anthropology

In the developed ‘western’ society, masks are consistently used in Drama Education, though it is usually through the specific knowledge of Drama and Theatre practice that they are contextualised. Drawing upon cultural understandings of the past and present, anthropology offers a context for masks and drama demonstrating that the purpose for masks in society supports the wider educational benefits, beyond the...

Author(s): David Roy

October 2015

Toward a new conceptualization of citizenship in Turkey

The traditional form of citizenship has always been determined by the nation-state throughout the world. However, recently the development of new rights, international migration, and globalization affects the practice of citizenship. As a result, many scholars started to either redefine or develop alternative concepts of citizenship. In this context, Turkey is not an exception to the rule in its reconceptualization of...

Author(s): Şerif Esendemir

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