International Journal of
Sociology and Anthropology

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Sociol. Anthropol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-988X
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJSA
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 321

IJSA Articles

Gender inequality in reproductive health services and sustainable development in Nigeria: A theoretical analysis

February 2015

If policies for the promotion of gender equality are to be realizable their goals must include equitable distribution of health related resources in line with MDG goals 3 and 5 which focus on promoting gender equality, empowerment of women and family planning. This requires careful identification of the similarities and differences in the use of family planning as a component of reproductive health. It also necessitates...

Author(s): Peter Ezeah and Chinyere Achonwa

Keeping religion out of a conflict: Learning from the Kenyan Church

February 2015

Religion can be argued to be back into the public sphere of society casting doubt on the secularization theories. Though religion is said to be largely ambivalent, when involved, it complicates conflicts. In our modern multi-religious societies, keeping religion out of the conflict can be of benefit. Kenya´s involvement in the war against terror in Somalia was initially against the militant group, Al- Shabaab but...

Author(s): Paul Atina Omayio

The over-indebtedness in action: An ethnographic research at NUDECON/Brazil

February 2015

This paper comes from an ethnographic study developed inside the Núcleo de Defesa do Consumidor - NUDECON, located at Rio de Janeiro’s Public Defender’s Office during April and May 2013. The aim is to understand legal categorization as a social construct, considered both in context and in action. To do so, we explore the interactions that produce over-indebted individuals who will be legally protected...

Author(s): Fernando de Castro Fontainha, Izabel Saenger Nuñez and Paulo Augusto Franco de Alcântara

Engendering energy in Ethiopia: The role of solar energy in improving rural women’s socio-economic conditions in Tigrai Region

January 2015

This study was conducted on the role of solar energy in improving the socio-economic conditions of women in Tigrai region, Ethiopia. The specific objectives of the study were to assess the extent of solar energy use, to examine the role of solar energy in promoting women’s income earning strategies and access to social services; to document the perceptions and attitudes of women beneficiaries towards solar energy...

Author(s): Gebrecherkos Gebregiorgis

Urban ecology concept and its implication for studying social integration: Case study of the Palestinian refugees

January 2015

This article aims to analyze the phenomena of urban segregation and social integration in the Palestinian refugee camps. The arguments are based on a theoretical basis as well as findings from the author’s fieldwork taken where he used to live in the Gaza refugee camp. The main argument of this paper claims that residential segregation and the creation of informal settlements in the city boundaries are exclusively...

Author(s): Akram M. Ijla

Gendered injustice: A comparative analysis of witchcraft beliefs and witchcraft-related violence in Ghana and Nepal

October 2014

Witch-hunt is an often overlooked but major social problem in many of the societies in the Global South. Ghana and Nepal represent two such societies where modern-day witch-hunt is frequently reported. This study examines the similarities and differences in witchcraft beliefs and practices in Ghana and Nepal as well as the perpetration of aggressive acts against putative witches in these two societies. Among the issues...

Author(s): Mensah Adinkrah and Prakash Adhikari

Ethno- medicine of Bhotia tribe in Mana village of Uttarakhand

October 2014

The present paper is based on field work conducted in village Mana in Joshimath subdivision of the District Chamoli, Uttarakhand, among Bhotias. The group of Bhotias residing in this village belongs to the Marcha Bhotia category and is transhumant in nature. The paper gives an ethnographic background of the Bhotias and then focuses on the major ethno-medicines which are used by these people. These medicines have been in...

Author(s): Anjali Chauhan

An ethnographic study of Igbo naming ceremony (IBA NWA AFA)

October 2014

In 2002, as part of a larger study, the present researcher undertook an ethnographic exploration of the Igbo naming ceremony. The aim was to identify the vector quantities implicated in the practice of this ceremony as well as the symbolic and mimetic acts and fixed expressions that constitute the fabric of the ritual process of the ceremony. The second aspect of the study was to gain a hermeneutic perspective on the...

Author(s): Chinwe Miriam Agatha Nwoye

Revitalization of Gampong Institution in Aceh: Measuring the program of “Back to Gampong” in the middle of the changing society: A case in Aceh Besar regency

September 2014

The passage of UU No. 18, 2001 on regional autonomy and followed up with the issuance of Qanun No. 4, 2003 on mukim, and Qanun No. 5, 2003 on gampong and reinforced by UUPA No. 11, 2006 on Acehnese government is a history of social identity of Acehnese society, which has been neglected during the conflict. The regional government has made some breakthroughs and one of the breakthroughs was gampong revitalization through...

Author(s): Mahmuddin Mahmuddin, Lala M. Kolopaking, Rilus A. Kinseng, Saharuddin and Sadu Wasistiono

Value system and malnutrition in Coastal and Lowland Sasak communities

September 2014

Cultural value system includes a social standardization in certain communities. The meaning itself is a reflection of the value system. The meaning then shows the extent of a value system applied by members of the social system in their daily life. This paper will analyze the meaning of feeding toddlers and pregnancy. By assuming the system of cultural value through the meaning that triggers the occurrence of...

Author(s): Adriana Monica Sahidu, Arya Hadi Dharmawan, Arif Satria, Soeryo Adiwibowo and Ali Khomsan

The situation of orphans and vulnerable children in selected Woredas and towns in Jimma Zone

September 2014

Orphan and vulnerable (OVC) children are children that are susceptible to various types of physiological, psychological and social problems. A qualitative research was conducted to assess the situation of orphans and vulnerable children in four woredas and two towns of Jimma Zone, Southwest Ethiopia. 21 focus group discussions and 29 key informant interviews were conducted to collect data required for the study. The...

Author(s): Gudina Abashula, Nega Jibat and Tariku Ayele

Health extension program as innovative health care service: The socio-cultural factors affecting its implementation in Jimma Zone, South Western Oromia

August 2014

  Ethiopia’s Health Extension Program is an innovative community-based health care service delivery system that emphasizes the construction of health posts at village level and assignment of trained Health Extension Workersto improve the prevailing high disease burden and mortality that Ethiopians suffer from. The main objective of the study was to assess the socio-cultural factors that affect the...

Author(s): Bisrat Tesfa and Nega Jibat

A study of tribal vs non-tribals – Culture and life of tribal population

August 2014

  The Scheduled Tribes communities in India as well as in Orissa are characterized by economic and social marginalization, primitive existence, geographical isolation and educational backwardness. Tribal population is the aboriginal inhabitants of India who have been living a life based on the natural environment and have cultural patterns congenial to their physical and social environment. They have been...

Author(s): Naresh Rout

Innovative approach to decentralized planning for backward area development in India

August 2014

The allocation of appropriate funds for any development sector is a major issue in which the three levels of rural development are involved, namely the Panchayats, its block and district. There is a huge disparity between the funds proposed under a bottom-up decentralized planning system from the Panchayat and block levels and the top-down release of funds from the district. The targeted beneficiaries are totally...

Author(s): Krishnendu Sarkar

Mushrooming appointed Caretaker Committee: A quagmire to grassroot democracy in Nigeria

July 2014

  The inclination and imposition of non-elected local government council impoverished the political institutional structure of local government while many state governors have trampled upon the constitutional provision which vindicate and established democratically elected local council. Therefore, this study carefully examines budding appointed caretaker committee in Nigerian local government which has become...

Author(s): Ojo John Sunday and Ihemeje Godwin Chinedum

The tradition to donate among women in Javanese rural areas: Reciprocity, food exchange and monetization

July 2014

  In the history of the tradition to donate (Tradisi Nyumbang) in Javanese rural areas as reciprocity institution, food produce are the main form of gift. However, economic system has penetrated the social aspect of the tradition. Money use as the medium for donation replaced food produce is now a general practice in almost all villages. The research will show how women from underprivileged households in rural...

Author(s): Soetji Lestari

Estate Tamils of Sri Lanka – a socio economic review

June 2014

Indo-Aryan migrated from India in the 5th century B.C. to form the largest ethnic group in Sri Lanka today, called the Sinhalese. Tamils, the second-largest ethnic group on the island, were originally from the Tamil region of Southern India. Until the British occupied Ceylon, Sinhalese and Tamil rulers fought for dominance over the island. Today, two sections of Tamils exist in Sri Lankan society: the Sri Lankan Tamils,...

Author(s): Ilyas Ahmed H

Challenges and opportunities of female domestic workers in accessing education: A qualitative study from Bahir Dar city administration, Amhara region, Ethiopia

June 2014

Domestic workers have been in existence throughout the Ethiopian history. However, there is no detail study about the actual conditions of the domestic workers. This means information about domestic workers is quite absent. Hence, this research intends to fill this knowledge gap by studying at least the educational conditions of domestic workers in Bahir Dar city administration in Amhara region. The study employed case...

Author(s): Yohannes Mersha Belete

Influence of smoking and job stress on the nutritional behaviour of factory workers in Ibadan metropolis

June 2014

Healthy life style is considered a significant factor in the total fitness and wellness of individuals and groups in the society. Individual healthy nutritional behaviour is a key element in preventing diseases and improving health. The study investigated the influence of smoking and job stress on the nutritional behaviour of factory workers in Ibadan, metropolis. The study adopted the descriptive survey design. The...

Author(s): Francisca C. Anyanwu

Assessment of social and emotional care services for elders in Awira - Amba Community Elders’ Care Center, Ethiopia

May 2014

The main purpose of this study was to assess social and emotional care services provided for elders in Awira-Amiba Community Elders’ Care Center. Data were gathered through in-depth interview. The results revealed that some of the social needs of elders in the care were not met.  That is, they did not adequately interact in the social networks with their children, grandchildren, and extended families....

Author(s): Missaye Mulatie, Belay Tefera, Birhanu Mekonnen, Mengesha Endalew and Daniel Tsehay

Muslim/Christian politics of religion in Nigeria: The Sharī’ah application and the religious foundations of global Muslim engagement with modernity

May 2014

Contrary to the traditional modernist theories that development and progress can only be achieved through the western secular modernizing project, many Islamic societies are rejecting modernism and the modernization project, to borrow (Arnason 2003), “as an organic globalizing process” but not “as a globalizing civilization in the plural.” This paper differentiates between Islamic modernity and...

Author(s): Ibrahim Olatunde Uthman and Lateef Oluwole Abbas

‘Women and Armed Conflict: Widows in Kashmir’

May 2014

The armed conflict in the state of J and K has touched the lives of all the people living in the Valley in some way or the other. Though, many women have become direct and indirect victims of this conflict. They have faced violence either indirectly in the form of loss/death of near and dear ones or become the direct victims of torture, assault etc. The paper is a sociological account of the experiences of the women who...

Author(s): Farah Qayoom

On how power is produced: The case of the National Electoral Commission (NEC) in the Angolan electoral process of 2008

May 2014

Inspired by Luhmann’s concept of autopoiesis, this article will critically assess Angola’s process of political transition towards democracy by focusing on 2008 legislative elections. It aims to demonstrate that the development of the Angolan electoral process revealed the strategies by which the political hegemony of the MPLA constructed the necessary pre-conditions in order to secure its viability,...

Author(s): Catarina Antunes Gomes

Changes in the Lifestyle of Chinese Peasants over the Past 60 Years

April 2014

The lifestyles of Chinese peasants have changed remarkably since the foundation of the PRC. More than six decades addressed in this paper: from 1949 to today. The lifestyle of Chinese peasants has undergone revolution, politicization, collectivization, and urbanization with resulting synchronicity, imbalance, and disharmony. The first 30 years after the founding of the PRC, the material subsistence of Chinese peasants...

Author(s): Lijun Wang,

Understanding contributions of traditional healers to the prevention, care and support in the fight against HIV and AIDS Pandemic in Kariba, Zimbabwe

April 2014

The role of traditional healers in HIV management in Zimbabwe remains undocumented; thus the paper investigated the role of traditional healers in the fight against HIV and AIDS. Random sampling was used to select 80 community members who were recruited as study participants. Eight interviews were conducted with traditional healers who were conveniently sampled. The study used quantitative and qualitative techniques to...

Author(s): Alexio Mbereko and Precious Mahlatini

Factors affecting the level of patronage of traditional herb Sellers (THSs) in Osun State, Nigeria.

April 2014

This study examined the factors affecting the level of patronage of traditional herb sellers (THSs) in Osun State. The sample of 120 randomly selected registered THSs (those who had full stock of herbal materials/animal parts in their stores) out of a population of 800 in the three senatorial zones of the State. Two hundred and forty members of the public (clients) were also randomly selected from the same senatorial...

Author(s): Opatola, Mustapha Olayiwola and Kolawole Taiwo Olabode

Perspectives of sexuality and aging in the African culture: Eastern Uganda

April 2014

Ugandan people still regard sexuality for older people as taboo. While a good sexual relationship is seen as important to quality of life for the majority of older adults, the quantity of interpersonal relationships is even more important. Cultural biases have tended to stereotype older people as asexual, devoid of feelings or emotion. This is because a woman’s sexuality is often linked to the ability to bear...

Author(s): Edith M. Okiria

A socio-technological analysis of cybercrime and cyber security in Nigeria

March 2014

The Global Information Infrastructure creates unlimited opportunities for commercial, social and other human activities. However, it is increasingly under attack by cybercriminals; as the number, cost, and sophistication of attacks are increasing at an alarming rate. This study sets out to examine the sociological and technological factors that impact cybercrime and cybersecurity and thereby articulates the relevant...

Author(s): Odumesi John Olayemi

Disposition of senior secondary school students towards career in Sociology: A study in Abeokuta Nigeria

March 2014

This study examined the disposition of senior secondary school students towards career in Sociology. A total of four hundred (400) respondents were randomly selected from eight (8) public secondary schools in Abeokuta metropolis. Data were generated through the use of both questionnaire and oral interviews. Data generated through questionnaire were analyzed using descriptive technique such as frequency counts and...

Author(s): Ajibade David

Sex, custom and population: A Nigerian example

March 2014

Sex determines most of what happens in the rest of the social life of the Orring, a minority ethnolinguistic group in Nigeria’s Southeastern districts. Like in most so-called simple societies, rules on sexual conduct also govern such relational principles as marriage, descent and kinship. But here they go a little further than this because propriety or otherwise of sexual conduct is not limited to the acts of...

Author(s): P-J Ezeh

The impact of market penetration on social capital changes at the fishing community in Small Island: A case in Barrang Lompo Island Makassar City, South Sulawesi Province

March 2014

This paper is based on one of the topics in a dissertation “Capital Social, State and Market in Fisherman Communities in Small Islands (a Case Study in Barrang Lompo Island Makassar-South Sulawesi Province)”. The research was conducted approximately in one year and specific for this paper, the research lasted for six months. Data were collected through in-depth interview and limited observation on twelve...

Author(s): Sakaria J. Anwar, Lala M. Kolopaking, Rilus A. Kinseng and Aida Vitayala S.Hubeis

‘Forgotten and forgiven’? Calvinism and French Society

February 2014

This paper identifies and addresses a curious and persisting omission in the sociological literature on Calvinism, as specifically expounded in sociological journals. The omission consists in the failure of explicitly specifying or restating what originally Calvinism is from the standpoint of societal origin and framework, that is of which society it is the collective creation, on the implied assumption that this is...

Author(s): Milan Zafirovski

Child’s growth and nutritional status in two communities-Mishing tribe and Kaibarta caste of Assam, India

February 2014

Physical growth and development studies were carried out among the populations of both tribal and non-tribal in eastern India by different scholars in different milieu and environmental factors from the eighties and onwards. Since then, the inhabitants of those areas have been doing agriculture, fishing, etc as prime occupation, but after a few decades in the same region, demographic and socio-economic changes took...

Author(s): Debashis Basu, Gulenur Islam, Ratul Gogoi, Swarupa Dey and Junumai Deori

Violence against women in Igboland, South-east, Nigeria: A critical quest for change

February 2014

This paper examines some violent cultural practices such as widowhood discrimination, female genital mutilation, wife battery, and early girl child marriage perpetrated against Igbo women in the three senatorial districts of Ebonyi State, South-east Nigeria. To achieve the purpose of this study, four hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The questionnaire was one the instruments used for data collection. The...

Author(s): CHUKWU, Christian Chima, SCENT, Grace A.T, EMEKA, Josephat Owan, OBI, Christopher Ugochukwu and KALU, Emelike Okorie

African indigenous religious rituals and magic in Ibadan politics: Issues for the democratisation process in Nigeria

February 2014

The wind of democracy is blowing everywhere in Africa and particularly Nigeria. One remarkable aspect of this is that there exists a blend of indigenous religious rituals, magic and politics. These rituals in the ancient Yoruba kingdoms were used for checks and balances, deposing a bad ruler and protection of the citizenry. This is an important aspect of Nigerian demo¬cratization process that requires urgent...

Author(s): Jegede, Charles Obafemi

The role of religion in modern society: Masses opium or tool for development: A Case Study of Saw-Mill Area, Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria

January 2014

This paper discusses the role of religion in modern society. Religion no doubt in the perception of faithful is truly the opium of the masses, it cushions the effects of living in a problem-stricken world characterized by faithlessness and hopelessness.  It is the task of religion, once the other-world of truth has vanished, to establish the truth of the world. It is the immediate task of philosophy, which is in...

Author(s): Akinfenwa Oluwaseun, FAGBAMILA OLUMIDE DAVID and ABDULGANIYU ABOLORE ISSA

Child marriage in Bangladesh: Socio-legal analysis

January 2014

Child marriage is a strong social custom, particularly for girls in Bangladesh. There are many reasons for child marriage. But most vital reasons among them are poverty, superstition, lack of social security and lack of awareness. According to UNICEF report, ‘the State of the World’s Children, 2009’, “Early marriage is pervasive in Bangladesh, with 64 percent of girls married before age 18. Early...

Author(s): Nahid Ferdousi

Genesis of bureaucratic power and its prospects of decline in India: A case study of Jammu and Kashmir

January 2014

Bureaucratic power is a fact of life in the present political and administrative processes throughout the world. It is inherent in all administrative systems and so is the case in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, India. Bureaucracy in J&K emerged as an offshoot of the British Colonial rule in India. The rule ended but the legacy still persists. Over-bureaucracy in the system led to the undue increase in the...

Author(s): Humera Yaqoob

Landownership- the path towards rural women empowerment: A case from Southern Ethiopia

December 2013

Ethiopia has revised its radical land reform of 1975 via land proclamations. Although the status quo of state ownership of land has been maintained, there is progress in terms of gender. This study is conducted to examine the impact of the land tenure reforms on women empowerment in land management decisions at household level using survey data collected from 394 wives and female head of a family in 2007/08. The results...

Author(s): Tewodros Tefera    

The quest for gender equality and women’s empowerment in least developed countries: Policy and strategy implications for achieving millennium development goals in Ethiopia

December 2013

This paper critically reviewed the gender equality and women’s empowerment endeavors in least developed countries (LDCs) and proposed policy and strategy measures for achieving millennium development goals (MDGs) in Ethiopia. Ethiopian women are economically, socially, culturally and politically disadvantaged in the enjoyment of equal rights, in accessing opportunities, decision-making processes, and basic...

Author(s): G. S. Ogato    

Revisiting Gamo: Linguists’ classification versus self identification of the community

December 2013

This study attempts to contribute to our knowledge about Gamo, a member of the North Ometo subgroup, which is one of the four subgroups that constitute the Ometo group of the Omotic language family (Fleming, 1976; Bender, 2000). This paper characterizes some of the issues in the research of language and identity. It will attempt to employ the complementary perspectives of sameness and difference between Gamo, its...

Author(s): Hirut Woldemariam    

An appraisal of gender mainstreaming in census of India 2011

December 2013

Population census is a total process of collecting, compiling, evaluating, analyzing and publishing demographic, economic and social data pertaining, at a specified time, to all persons in a country or in a well defined part of a country drawing valid conclusions in situations of uncertainty and variability. Usually in the context of prevailing gender discrimination like issues, the figures revealed by means of census...

Author(s): Mohmad Saleem Jahangir and Aneesa Shafi    

Why American boys join street gangs

December 2013

It is well known that street gangs flourish in low-income African-American ghettos and Mexican barrios. There have been a moderate number of studies surrounding the reasons why youth join gangs. However, few have emphasized the life path of gang members beginning from age 7 years through adolescence and what Erickson (1950) identified as industry versus inferiority and identity versus role confusion stages of...

Author(s): Stanley S. Taylor    

LIKODA LI-MBOG [Native horizons: Authority relations and the management of crises among the Basaa people of South-western Cameroon]

December 2013

The title of this paper is rightly “Likoda Li-Mbog.” It is a summary of a finished Ph. D. thesis in Systems Analysis. In the thesis, we examine the events of power and authority relations and the various ways in which they articulate an underlying epistemology and world-view. Specifically, the problem area relates to aspects of social control which arise from the grip of a world-view on a people’s...

Author(s): Mbeleck Mandenge    

Opening the black box of socialization: Emotions, practices and (biographical) identities

December 2013

This article aims to improve both theoretically and empirically our understanding of the socialization process, a key topic in Social Sciences, but currently subject to scarce research. Firstly, the concept of socialization is discussed, drawing upon major sociological and anthropological traditions, contributions from emerging research streams, as well as relevant findings from Educational Sciences, Psychology and...

Author(s): Pedro Abrantes    

Analysis of rural literacy as a panacea for socio-economy development of Nigeria

December 2013

Literacy is useful at the individual level in inculcating humanistic etiquettes and manners. The human benefits from literature are related to factors such as the improved self-esteem, empowerment, creativity and critical reflection that participation in adult literacy programmes and the practice of literacy may produce. Benefits human derive from literacy apart from ability to read and write or numerate include...

Author(s): Olojede, Adeshina Abideen, Adekunle, Adedamola Adewale And Samuel, Esther Adeola    

Determining the genetic classification of Ganta within the Ometo group

December 2013

Numerous speech varieties exist in the Southwest part of Ethiopia. In most cases, membership of the speech varieties to the different linguistic genetic groups is blurred. The situation with Ganta is one such a case. There was no study done so far on Ganta except an MA thesis that deals with a brief description of the language prepared under the supervision of the author. However, there is a tendency among scholars as...

Author(s): Hirut Woldemariam    

Prevalence of Food Insecurity and Inadequate Dietary Pattern Among Households with and without Children in Imo State Nigeria.

December 2013

The purpose of this study was to determine the dietary patterns and prevalence of food insecurity among households in Imo State Nigeria.  A total of 411 head of households were selected as a convenience sample and interviewed using a questionnaire containing the Radimer/Cornell hunger and food insecurity items, food frequency table, demographics, residence, education level, and marital status.  Pearson...

Author(s): Nweze Nnakwe and Gloria Onyemaobi    

Youths’ unemployment and crime in Nigeria: A nexus and implications for national development

December 2013

Crime is a phenomenon that is bedeviling various countries across the globe in varying degrees as it affects policies and development. Any nation striving towards development must reduce the frequency of crime to the barest minimum. In recent years in Nigeria, there has been an upsurge in the frequency of crime committed. This has led to palpable fear among the populace as security of lives and properties can no longer...

Author(s): Anthony Abayomi Adebayo    

Assessing the extent of HIV/AIDS education and prevention among secondary school students in Oredo, Benin City, Nigeria

November 2013

  Research has been carried out on the prevention of HIV/AIDS and is still on all over the world both in the developed and developing countries because of the morbidity and drain caused by the disease in the economy as well as the continuous increase in the downward trend of the age range of the young ones who engage in sexual activities. With an assessment of the extent of knowledge, findings from the survey...

Author(s): Mannie I. Omage and Benedicta O. Omage

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