International Journal of
Sociology and Anthropology

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Sociol. Anthropol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-988X
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJSA
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 304

IJSA Articles

Social Engagement: The viewpoint of relational sociology

July 2013

  Modernity understood ‘engagement’ in individual or collective terms. Weber and Marx offered the best-known and exemplary paradigms. Since then, a great deal of sociologists have tried to combine them and have seen engagement as a co-determination between agency and social structure. Everybody knows that engagement entails acting in and with social relations, but...

Author(s): Pierpaolo Donati

Bridging the disciplinary divide between history and sociology in studying social change in Swaziland

July 2013

  Historians and sociologists have consistently demonstrated a concern about the nature and dynamics of social change in society. However, despite their shared interest in documenting and elucidating the dynamics of change, disciplinary compartmentalization (especially in African academic institutions) has stifled the development of interdisciplinary research and theoretical debates in sociology and history....

Author(s): Agostino M. Zamberia

Our jobs, our survival: A review of the national employment policy of Ghana

July 2013

  This study undertook a sociological review of the National Employment Policy of Ghana. Using Seers’ and Todaro’s conceptual models of development, the study employed secondary sources of data to identify the strengths and weaknesses of the employment policy. The study found out that the policy has acknowledged the role of infrastructure, macro economic growth, and institutional collaboration, as...

Author(s): John Windie ANSAH Jnr

The theory of banking: Why banks exist and why we fear them

July 2013

  Banks are generally considered by most people to be utilities that allow the transmission of value on a daily basis in modern society, but they also seem to create devastating events like credit crises by the manufacture of credit.  How this power originated in human society is of interest.  Most animals produce some degree of savings, either in caching from one season to the next or for later in...

Author(s): Niccolo Caldararo

Techniques for improving private sector participation in the funding of educational institutions in Delta State, Nigeria

July 2013

  The paper has made a critical examination of the private sector participation in the funding of educational institutions in Delta state. Three research questions were raised and two null hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. An instrument was constructed and designated as   “Private Sector Participation in Funding Secondary Schools” (PSPFSS). The instrument was validated in its...

Author(s): E.D. Nakpodia

Negotiating empowerment: Women and identity in Nigeria

April 2013

  This paper focuses on Women’s empowerment within the context of identity mobilization in Africa using as case study the leading Muslim women’s association in Nigeria, Federation of Muslim Women Association of Nigeria (FOMWAN). It argues that Muslim women have been able to create an opening for themselves within the structure of Islam in Nigeria in recent times through the use of the discourse of...

Author(s): Omobolaji Ololade Olarinmoye

The nature of economic institution in In-land fishing communities of the Lower Volta

April 2013

  The economic institution and other social institutions such as polity (governance), beliefs or religion, education, family (marriage) influence individuals and the community at large. Their characteristics, preferences and attitudes also maintain or support social relationship, focusing on mechanisms to accommodate strains within relationships (negatively or positively). The study looks at the ability of...

Author(s): Marian Adwowa Amu-Mensah, Paul Kofi Andoh and E. K. Abban

Effective awareness generation methods for rural sanitation campaign: A study from a village in Haryana

April 2013

  For quite a long time planners have been engaged in making villages clean and hygienic with all the facilities of health and hygiene. Efforts in this direction have helped to achieve most of the targets but with very little satisfaction and accomplishment. The reason for this may be the lack of acknowledgment of the importance of various social indicators like gender and education in devising any awareness...

Author(s): Wakar Amin and M. Mudasir Naqshbandi

Role of Devadasi brothel madams in the promotion of safe sex practices among sex workers in the brothels of Maharashtra, India

March 2013

  In this paper we examined the role of Devadasi brothel madams in promoting safe sex practices among sex workers. Qualitative, in-depth interviews were conducted with twelve brothel madams as a follow-up of a larger cohort study that aimed to understand the patterns and determinants of sex workers migration from northern Karnataka to southern Maharashtra, in India. Our research identified that madams...

Author(s): Kaveri Gurav, Robert Lorway, Janet Bradley and James Blanchard

How do you acculturate when neighbors are throwing rocks in your window? Preserving the contexts of Somali refugee housing issues in policy

March 2013

  Appropriate housing for refugees in Western countries is a major contributor to successful resettlement. Agencies responsible for refugee resettlement often find themselves contemplating whether to 1) house refugees close to each other (example, ‘ethnic enclaves’) or 2) disperse refugees to facilitate acculturation. We describe our community-based participatory research including in-depth...

Author(s): Pauline B. Guerin, Bernard Guerin and Fatuma Hussein Elmi

Towards a transformative reconstruction of gender: A critical review of women in the international space

March 2013

  This is a phenomenological, philosophical and positional paper that seeks to provide a transformative view of gender, with a particular focus on the role that women play in the international space. The author illuminates the role of women since their documentation was left out in the past due to their already existing position of being socially and educationally disadvantaged. The author argues that the role...

Author(s): Raditloaneng W. N.

Bridge between absorbing and absorbed: Ethiopian mediators in the Israeli Public Service

January 2013

  This article examines the nature of the work of traditional mediators (Shmaglotz) of immigrants from Ethiopia in Israel, within the framework of municipal mediation centres. These centres are managed by welfare divisions in collaboration with the police and additional public bodies. The findings indicate that the collaboration between the shmaglotz and the professionals serves the absorbers as well as the...

Author(s): Rachel Sharaby

Environmental education for public awareness: The role of educational administrators and planners

January 2013

  The paper argues that the unique position of the educational system as the initiator and executor of educational policies has made it compelling for educational administrators and planners to champion the effective implementation of environmental education as a strategy for improving public awareness, environmental quality and hopefully propel sustainable development in Nigeria. The objectives of this paper...

Author(s): Anijah-Obi Franca, Eneji Chris-Valentine Ogar, Ubom Bassey A.E.,  Dunnamah A.Y. and William J.J.

Are minor forest products truly ‘minor’ in forest fringe social life?

January 2013

  A number of forest communities have been living in forest fringe areas of the south-western part of the state of West Bengal, India for centuries. From this dry-deciduous Sal(Shorea robusta) forest area, forest villagers collect forest products for their daily household needs as well as they also sell a proportion of products at the local market. In socio-cultural life of these forest communities, the...

Author(s): Somnath Ghosal

Violence and women participation in politics: A case study of Ekiti State, Nigeria

January 2013

  Violence, as an issue, against the participation of women in politics is a recurring decimal in human politicking. Many societies have employed violence as a way of discouraging women’s participation in politics without condemning it. This is due to the fact that women are perceived not to be a force to reckon with in politics, especially in Nigeria. This paper, therefore, examines the role of violence...

Author(s): Adeleke Justina Olufunke

Atypical adolescent sexual behaviour: A study of involvement in triolism and same gender sex in Lagos, Nigeria

December 2012

A very wide range of sexual practices are available to adolescents. The options range from the socially approved act of absolute sexual chastity to uncommon ones such as group sex and same-gender sex. Many studies in the area of sexuality in Nigeria proceed from the premise that adolescent sexual behaviour hardly ever goes beyond premarital heterosexual intercourse whether it is voluntary, forced or transactional....

Author(s): Kunnuji, Michael

A discussion of the social environmental state of law: The cooperation between state and collectiveness

December 2012

  This article intends to examine the formation process of the social environmental state of law, recognized as a necessity for the modern society. The proposal builds on the understanding that, in order to promote the environmental protection, the state of law had established some legal instruments. In fact, one of the main tools used was the constitutional order for the cooperation between the civil society...

Author(s): Anatércia Rovani

Gender and labour force inequality in small-scale gold mining in Ghana

December 2012

  Gender inequality is an inevitable concomitant of the innate poverty in humanity, a situation to which the Ghanaian society is no exception. This paper explores the underlying elements of gender inequality pertinent to women in the small-scale gold mining sector in Ghana drawing inference from a case study of the Tarkwa-Nsuaem municipal assembly area in the western Region. The contribution of women to the...

Author(s): Romanus D. Dinye and Michael O. Erdiaw-Kwasie

Methodological pathways to kinship networks and international return migration

December 2012

  Although international migration has received significant attention in the literature, this is usually in respect of development and remittances. Methodological issues on the subject are very scarce more so relative to the interface of kinship and international return migration. Yet methodological issues remain crucial to useful understanding of the processes and dynamics of the problem. This...

Author(s): Olayinka Akanle and Olutayo A. O.

Toward an agenda for placing migrant hometown associations (HTAs) in migration policy-making discourse in Ghana

November 2012

  Migrant hometown associations (HTAs) are arguably the most recognizable migrant institutions in migration destination countries. As institutions for the welfare of migrants and for the development of migrant home and destination countries, migrant HTAs have engaged the attention of migration scholars for a number of reasons. Their activities straddle across different spheres of endeavours, including...

Author(s): Thomas ANTWI BOSIAKOH

Skinfolds as prognosticators of nutritional status among adult undernourished males of India

November 2012

The objective of this work is to utilize skinfold thicknesses taken at various sites as indicators to infer the nutritional status of undernourished tribal males of India and to find the best prognosticator skin fold for assessing under nutrition. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 1435 adult males of India categorized on the basis of nutritional status (undernourished and normal), and age groups. Anthropometric...

Author(s): Satwanti Kapoor, Deepali Verma, Prerna Bhasin, Meenal Dhall and Shaila Bhardwaj

Employers' strategies for workers' motivation in selected fast food companies in Port Harcourt, Nigeria

November 2012

  The study examined employers' strategies for workers' motivation in selected fast food companies in Port Harcourt. Specifically, the study identified the motivational techniques adopted by the fast food companies, examined the workers' perception on the motivational techniques used and ascertained the extent to which the motivational techniques enhance workers' performance. A sample of three...

Author(s): B. I. Isife and C. O. Albert

Empowering rural women in Kerala: A study on the role of Self Help Groups (SHGs)

November 2012

  Self help groups (SHGs) can act as an empowerment resource centers for the women members, percolating the benefits to the society in general. Social evils like alcoholism, domestic violence against women and children, abuse and exploitation, gender bias and social exclusion are some of the areas against which the members can effectively organize and combat. Ultimately, it can come to a point where it becomes...

Author(s): Minimol M. C. and Makesh K. G.

Use of mobile phone: Communication barriers in maternal and neonatal emergencies in rural Bangladesh

October 2012

  Toll free mobile phone intervention was tested in one sub district of Bangladesh. Prior to implementation, we conducted a formative research to explore perceived advantages and disadvantages of mobile phone communication for maternal and neonatal complication management. We conducted in-depth interviews among twelve community skilled birth attendants and fourteen mothers along with their husbands. All...

Author(s): Nafisa Lira Huq, Tracey Lyn Pérez Koehlmoos, Asrafi Jahan Azmi, MA Quaiyum, Al Mahmud and Shahed Hossain

Higher education of women: Does gender stereotyping matter?

October 2012

  Gender inequality in higher education is not one homogeneous phenomenon, but a collection of disparate and interlinked problems in our society. It exist because of discrimination in the family and societal institutions and social, cultural, and religious norms that perpetuate stereotypes, practices and beliefs that are detrimental to women. Based on the responses to four semi-structured interview schedules...

Author(s): Asis Kumar Dandapat and Debjani Sengupta

Inclusion of Sugali community in the development process: A case study from South India

September 2012

  Social exclusion is something that can happen to anyone, more so in the case of hierarchical societies of South Asian countries. But some people are significantly more at risk than others, due to its persistent nature of locational and environmental per se. Research has found that people with certain backgrounds and experiences are disproportionately likely to suffer social exclusion. The key risk...

Author(s): Kasi Eswarappa

Linguistic landscape and language attitude: A case study on Jimma town’s linguistic landscape inscribers’ attitude for Afan Oromo

September 2012

  The purpose of this paper was to investigate Jimma town’s linguistic landscape inscribers’ attitude for Afan Oromo (Oromo Language) and its effects on Afan Oromo writings in Linguistic landscape of the town. The study was based on structured interviews and discussions made with linguistic landscape inscribers of Jimma town. To this end, it sought to find answers for two questions, that is,...

Author(s): Amanuel Raga

Influence, insecurities and evil: The political and economic context of witchcraft-related crime in the Eastern Cape, South Africa

June 2012

  This article explores the political and economic context of witchcraft-related crime in South Africa, with specific reference to the Eastern Cape Province. The article examines how political and economic influence, and the factors that determine who has access to such influence, can impact on perceptions of ‘spiritual insecurity’ in African communities. Often such perceptions and insecurities are...

Author(s): Theodore Petrus

Peri-urban poverty: Can micro-finance be a panacea?

June 2012

  Micro-finance has been identified as a major means for poverty reduction. Micro-finance covers products like micro-credit, micro-insurance and micro-savings. The study which was conducted in ten selected communities in the Ashaiman Municipality in the greater Accra region of Ghana was aimed at exploring the impact of microcredit on household level poverty and welfare. The population was all beneficiaries of...

Author(s): Benzies Isaac Adu-Okoree

The extent of basic school teachers involvement in the national basic education reform in Ilorin Emirate, Nigeria

June 2012

  While acknowledging the epochal nature of the educational reforms introduced by the Obasanjo administration, especially at the basic educational level, it is important to note that teachers who are the major stake-holder, had not been properly carried along in the formulation and implementation of the reform. This study therefore, examined the extent of basic school teachers’ involvement in the reforms...

Author(s): Yusuf A., Ajidagba U. A., Yusuf H. T., Olumorin C. O., Ahmed M. A., Salman M. F., Ibraheem T. O., Oniyangi S. O. and Yusuf N.

Issues of migrant workers in the context of origin and destination - Evidence from a survey in Coimbatore City, India

May 2012

  The present study attempts to examine the various reasons of migration in the context of migrant’s origin and destination. Survey method using snow ball sampling technique, to identify the sample migrant workers in Coimbatore district, India has been adopted. A total of 450 samples, classifying home based workers, regular wage paid workers and casual workers, was chosen for the study. The results of the...

Author(s): S. Jagadees Pandi

Road wanderers in Brazil: A study on modern psychosocial human mobility

May 2012

Human mobility patterns are quite diverse nowadays and a very singular, extreme pattern is seen in the Brazilian scene: road wandering. Road wanderers are individuals who leave their home, family, work and other territories of a settled life and throw themselves into a life of solitary wandering along Brazilian highways. This study aimed to describe the lifestyle of road wanderers, investigate the reasons that led them...

Author(s): José Sterza Justo and Eurípedes Costa do Nascimento,

Migrant remittances: A driving force in rural development

May 2012

  The main push factor for migration from rural communities is lack of employment opportunities for inhabitants who had high level of educational. When they migrate, they remit back to their families at communities they migrated from. Remittances play important role in rural development, and the study using Tutu in Ghana as a case study found out that as a result of money remitted to residents in the community,...

Author(s): Benzies Isaac Adu-Okoree and Adwoa Ofosua Onoma

Definitional ceremonies in Igbo Religion: A test of Robin Horton’s Theory

April 2012

  This study was initiated against the background of a challenge posed by Horton (1995), in which he concluded that despite the enormous output in terms of research and writings in the area of African Indigenous Religion, previous scholars have not been able to respond adequately to three chief questions focusing on the basic tenets of the religion whose answers are important for a proper understanding of the...

Author(s): Chinwe M. A. Nwoye

Attitudes to sexuality in individuals with mental retardation from perspectives of their parents and teachers

April 2012

  Sexuality is an integral part of adults’ life. In the past, ignorance and fear by others have prevented persons with mental retardation (MR) from fully participation as members of society. Attitudes of parents, caregivers and teachers to the sexual expression of individuals with mental retardation are important factors in designing comprehensive programs. The aim of this investigation is to study the...

Author(s): Abbas Ali Hosseinkhanzadeh, Mahboobe Taher and Mehdi Esapoor

Pattern of growth in height and weight among Gadaba boys and girls of Bastar District, Chhattisgarh (India)

April 2012

  The present study was conducted among the Gadaba boys and girls of Bastar District in order to evaluate the pattern of growth in height and weight among them. The data comprises 581 children (297 boys and 284 girls) ranging in age from 6 to 16 years, measured cross-sectionally. The present study reveals that the girls attain peak height velocity (PHV) and peak weight velocity (PWV) somewhat earlier than boys...

Author(s): D. K. Verma

The relational analyses of Pakhtun social organization (Pakhtunwali) and women’s Islamic rights relegation in Malakand division, KPK Pakistan

March 2012

  A hefty relation has been observed between Islam and Pakhtunwali (Pakhtun social organization) for as long as Pakhtuns are among those who wholeheartedly accept Islam as a religion. Both (Islam and Pakhtunwali) serve as the basic pillars and tend to bring social harmony and integrity through the socio-cultural, economic, religious and political aspects...

Author(s): Arab Naz, Waseem Khan, Hafeez-ur-Rehman, Umar Daraz and Mohammad Hussain

Immigration, generation or what? Some exploratory research on value diversity, social cohesion and political support in Canada

March 2012

  Do shifting immigration patterns and increased ethnic diversity pose negative consequences for social solidarity and democratic governance in Canadian society? Studies on this subject often implicate the influx of different value systems as potentially upsetting the efficiencies of social and political integration. But very few studies have actually attempted to investigate the value differences between...

Author(s): Mebs Kanji

Professional homogeneity: Global versus local effects

March 2012

  Theoretical approaches in studies on professionals are implicitly based on an assumption of homogeneity of attitudes among professionals. However, this assumption has never been validated. This paper examines whether professionals worldwide have relatively homogenous attitudes towards work as compared to non-professionals, and compares two competing theoretical arguments regarding the role of the...

Author(s): Roni Factor, Amalya L. Oliver  and Guy Stecklov

The context of decentralised policing or local squads? The case of the Italian “Ronde”

February 2012

  In summer 2009, the Italian government led by Silvio Berlusconi passed a bill which legalised the local squads or, ronde as auxiliary police forces, under the inspiration of the government partner Lega Nord. The Parliament was later to approve this bill, thus causing the indignation of that part of Italian society which saw in the ronde the proof of a populist turn of Italian...

Author(s): Vincenzo Scalia

Does public space create social capital?

February 2012

  During recent years, the concept of social capital has become one of the most popular exports from sociological theory into everyday languages. Social capital has evolved into something of a cure-all for the maladies affecting society in all the countries around the world. The idea of social capital is particularly concerned with the cultivation of good well, fellowship, sympathy, and social intercourse among...

Author(s): Akram M. Ijla

Factors affecting early marriage and early conception of women: A case of slum areas in Rajshahi City, Bangladesh

February 2012

  Early marriage and early conception is a nascent matter across the world and remains widespread problem particularly in developing countries including Bangladesh. In this study, an attempt was made to analyze comprehensively early marriage and conception of women based on findings of interviews conducted with 609 ever-married women from five slum areas under Rajshahi city, Bangladesh. The present study has...

Author(s): Sarker Obaida Nasrin and K. M. Mustafizur Rahman

Traditional perspectives and control mechanisms of adolescent sexual behavior in Kenya

January 2012

  The discourse of this paper is on theoretical perspectives on mechanisms applied by selected traditional Kenyan ethnic groups to induct, control and check sexual behavior of adolescents. The sexual behavior of the adolescents has been an area of concern for a long time to societies throughout the globe. In Kenya, traditional societies had premised this concern on the understanding that if not checked; sexual...

Author(s): Felix Ngunzo Kioli, Allan Rosh Were and Kennedy Onkware

Intimate partners’ violence in Southern Ethiopia: Examining the prevalence and risk factors in the Sidama zone

January 2012

  The high level of intimate partner violence against women in many population groups in Ethiopia and the risk factors associated with the practice is not well understood among scholars and decision makers. This study examined the prevalence and risk factors associated with intimate partner violence in Sidama, a populous zone in Southern Ethiopia. A combination of simple random and multistage sampling...

Author(s): Nigatu Regassa

Resource utilization and internal efficiency in Nigerian secondary schools: Implications for socio problems of education

January 2012

  This study investigated the relationship between resource utilization and internal efficiency indicators in Nigeria public secondary schools with a view to appraise whether the public secondary schools in the country make the best use of resources allotted  in turning out graduates with minimal wastage. A correlational study; stratified random sampling technique (SRST), based on the six geo-political...

Author(s): Akinsolu, A. Olatoun

Understanding India’s sociological diversity, unity in diversity and caste system in contextualizing a global conservation model

December 2011

  This essay relates to the issues of sociological and cultural diversity in India vis-à-vis the global emerging issues of sociological and cultural diversity conservation. The Caste system upon which India’s tradition of diversity or unity in diversity is essentially rooted requires a fresh attention in the emerging perspective of sociological and cultural diversity conservation. The argument...

Author(s): Babul Roy

Decision making styles East and West: Is it time to move beyond cross-cultural research?

December 2011

  Cultural differences in decision making styles were explored using the conflict model of decision making (Janis and Mann, 1977). Six hundred and seventy three university students in Australia, Malaysia, and Singapore (Mean age of 20.2 years; SD=5.4) were tested on the Melbourne Decision Making Questionnaire (Mann, Burnett, Radford, and Ford, 1997) to explore cultural, gender, and age differences between these...

Author(s): Jac Brown, Ssekamanya Siraje Abdallah and Reuben Ng

Music multilingualism and hip hop consumption among youths in Nigeria

December 2011

  Through the use of qualitative and quantitative methods which included In-depth Interview (34IDI), focus group discussions (4FGD), content analysis (of extracts from the songs of three award winning hip hop artists in Nigeria) and a 300 sample survey; the study examined the structure of multilingualism in the Nigerian hip hop as a catalyst for: the increasing consumption of the music among youths, the...

Author(s): Olusegun Fariudeen Liadi and Ayokunle Olumuyiwa Omobowale

Kuhn and the actual practice of science: Examining the extent to which Kuhn’s analysis is scientific

November 2011

  In the structure of scientific revolutions hereunder referred to as SSR (1962), Kuhn claimed to have captured correctly how science is practiced. However, his critics such as Shapere (1984) argued that Kuhn’s account is far from being a true account of how science is practiced. Consequently, this led to a philosophical dispute on whether or not Kuhn’s work was a correct interpretation of how...

Author(s): Kennedy Onkware, Janet Kassilly Nasambu Barasa and Felix Nguzo Kioli

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