International Journal of
Sociology and Anthropology

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Sociol. Anthropol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-988X
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJSA
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 321

IJSA Articles

Water spirits and the conservation of the natural environment: A case study from Zimbabwe

November 2013

  Currently in Zimbabwe, there is serious environmental degradation. This work advocates that the traditional and modern approaches to natural environmental conservation could be integrated into a new conservation paradigm. Such integration would help restore to the Zimbabwean psyche a reverence for water spirits and a respect for the sacredness of the natural environment. The research finding shows that there...

Author(s): Collis Garikai Machoko

A study of the underlying determinants of return migration of international return migrants to the Berekum Municipality, Ghana

November 2013

  Different migration theories generate competing hypotheses regarding the underlying determinants of return migration. To unravel some of these claims, data from a survey involving 120 return migrants in the Berekum Municipality, Ghana were used to assess the underlying determinants for the return migration of Ghanaian migrants. The study adopted a quantitative approach to research involving simple random...

Author(s): YENDAW Elijah

Assessing the extent of HIV/AIDS education and prevention among secondary school students in Oredo, Benin City, Nigeria

November 2013

  Research has been carried out on the prevention of HIV/AIDS and is still on all over the world both in the developed and developing countries because of the morbidity and drain caused by the disease in the economy as well as the continuous increase in the downward trend of the age range of the young ones who engage in sexual activities. With an assessment of the extent of knowledge, findings from the survey...

Author(s): Mannie I. Omage and Benedicta O. Omage

The travails and challenges of a post-military state on Nigerian youth

October 2013

  Nigeria attained its political independence in 1960 amidst hope and optimism that, the attainment of the political independence from the British would bring about good governance, engender the rule of law and allow for popular government through violent-free election and also unfettered rooms for economic growth and sustainable human development. Few years later, the hope of a young and dynamic Nigerian state...

Author(s): Waziri B. Adisa

Indigenous and popular Islamic therapies of restoring health and countering sorcery among the Digo of Kenya

October 2013

  Among the Digo of Kenya the belief and fear of sorcery is most prevalent that many things are explained in relation with it. Over the years, major sorcery-detection and eradication ‘crusades’ conducted by individuals alleging to be endowed with supernatural powers to detect and neutralize purported sorcerers have been witnessed among the Digo. During the eradication ‘crusades’ a...

Author(s): Hassan Juma Ndzovu

Prehistoric sorcerers and postmodern furries: Anthropological point of view

October 2013

  This paper provides an analysis of prehistoric art documenting the genesis of human creativity. The Upper Paleolithic saw creative rise of material technology as well as artistic creativity as documented by a wide range of artefacts. These artefacts probably depict prehistoric figures of sorcerers (shamans) who masked themselves as animals for their rites. At the same time these images can be interpreted as...

Author(s): Barbora Půtová

Appraisal system: A tool for performance in selected organizations in Nigeria

October 2013

  The empirical survey focuses on the use of performance appraisal (PA) in most organisations in Nigeria. The study actually exposes the way and manner performance appraisal is done in most organisations in Nigeria which is characterized with bias. The study findings showed that employees have good knowledge of PA but their attitude towards it is not positive because of the way it is done. Also, the effects of...

Author(s): Kolawole, Taiwo Olabode, Komolafe, I. T., Adebayo, Anthony Abayomi and Adegoroye, A. Abayomi

Impact of old age allowance among rural aged: An empirical investigation

October 2013

  Evidences of the recognition of the elderly rights at the state level are found in the constitution of Bangladesh. However, the aged people are facing various unexpected sufferings, which are caused by poverty and health related complications. Considering the pitiful financial conditions of aged, the Government of Bangladesh launched a Social Safety Net Program (SSNP) namely Old Age Allowance Program (OAAP)...

Author(s): Md. Shahidur Rahman Choudhary

Climate change vulnerability and adaptability in an urban context: A case study of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

September 2013

This paper explores the nature of vulnerability to climate change and examines the adaptation strategies of the residents of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Data were collected through qualitative interviews to understand the perceptions and coping mechanisms of households and then contextualized within the existing local, national and international research. The findings reveal positive adaptations to climate change in some...

Author(s): Logan Cochrane and Peter Costolanski

Social and economic inequality in Sindh - A factorial analysis approach

September 2013

  The significance of social and economic inequality becomes more prominent due to the lack of regional planning, a phenomenon present in third world countries, where good governance is a rare administrative reality. Coupled with this is the lacuna of administrative coordination, which exacerbates the inequality scenario. The paper highlights the significant factors responsible for social and economic...

Author(s): Syed Nawaz-ul-Huda, Farkhunda Burke, Muhammad Azam and Sohail Gadiwala

Beyond Generational Representation of Children of Female Sex Workers (FSWs) in sex trade (a syigmatized hidden profession): A desparate self strategy of FSWs

September 2013

Prostitution, a stigmatized profession is historically present in all societies in various forms. Women of different social strata, especially from lower social strata have taken this profession due to extreme poverty and other societal disturbances. Women operate flesh trade in many forms – brothel based sex workers, call girls, escorts and street sex worker, etc. But brothel based sex workers operate...

Author(s): Harasankar Adhikari

Cultural pluralism, reconstructive education and nation building in Nigeria

August 2013

  This paper examines cultural pluralism, reconstructive education and nation building in Nigeria. The objective is to present the Nigeria case where cultural diversity and differences play major role in the life of the people. Thus, the paper highlights the Nigeria Federation as being hobbled by centrifugal tendencies and activities based on her ethnic grouping and consciousness. In this direction, it provides...

Author(s): Amali, Ismaila O.O. and Jekayinfa A

Change in behavior pattern of Indian married women

August 2013

  In Indian context marriage is a relation between man and woman to have legitimate sex and also to have legitimate children but above these factors it is a strong bonding to take care, to give support and to contribute in the success of each other. It is true that marriage has its impact on both men and women. In India the impact of marriage on women is more as compare to men because Indian women has to leave...

Author(s): Gaurav Sankalp and Shalini Agrawal

Socio-demographic profile of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in Idoma land, Benue state, North-central Nigeria: Implications for HIV/AIDS control

August 2013

  The profile of PLWHA constitutes a subject of interest in HIV/AIDS control initiatives. This study investigated the socio-demographic attributes of PLWHA in Idoma land, Benue State [Nigeria], with a view to suggesting customized measures for HIV/AIDS control. A total of 133 PLWHA and 25 relatives of PLWHA selected from two HIV/AIDS treatment centres provided the data through a survey questionnaire. Health...

Author(s): Emmanuel E. ANYEBE, Joseph M. HELLANDENDU and John E. GYONG

Teaching undergraduate social anthropology: Approaches and options

August 2013

  This is a critical view of the situation of the teaching of undergraduate social Anthropology in Cameroon. In this short paper we give a brief statement of what Anthropology is about, the broad traditions in the discipline, the relevance of Social Anthropology as a social science discipline, how the discipline at the undergraduate level is taught in some of the universities of Cameroon, and probable options...

Author(s): MBELECK Mandenge

Eve teasing as a form of violence against women: A case study of District Srinagar, Kashmir

August 2013

  Eve teasing is a ridiculous form of enjoyment for men and a physical as well as mental torment for women. This is one of the daily problems women in Indian society face. Of all the forms that violence against women can assume, eve teasing is the most ubiquitous and insidious because it is considered normal behaviour and not an assault to females. This paper provides an analysis of the magnitude of eve teasing...

Author(s): Chesfeeda Akhtar

Interethnic relations among students of Jimma University, Oromiya, Ethiopia

August 2013

This study examines the nature of interethnic relations among students of Jimma University, Oromiya state, Ethiopia. It finds that the interethnic relation portrays both tension and agreement. More or less the relationships among students take ethnic lines. That is the relations are guided by nationalism and ´´Ethiopian Identity´. These two notions are a detour between students who strongly believe in...

Author(s): Melkamu Dumessa and  Ameyu Godesso

Social Engagement: The viewpoint of relational sociology

July 2013

  Modernity understood ‘engagement’ in individual or collective terms. Weber and Marx offered the best-known and exemplary paradigms. Since then, a great deal of sociologists have tried to combine them and have seen engagement as a co-determination between agency and social structure. Everybody knows that engagement entails acting in and with social relations, but...

Author(s): Pierpaolo Donati

Bridging the disciplinary divide between history and sociology in studying social change in Swaziland

July 2013

  Historians and sociologists have consistently demonstrated a concern about the nature and dynamics of social change in society. However, despite their shared interest in documenting and elucidating the dynamics of change, disciplinary compartmentalization (especially in African academic institutions) has stifled the development of interdisciplinary research and theoretical debates in sociology and history....

Author(s): Agostino M. Zamberia

Our jobs, our survival: A review of the national employment policy of Ghana

July 2013

  This study undertook a sociological review of the National Employment Policy of Ghana. Using Seers’ and Todaro’s conceptual models of development, the study employed secondary sources of data to identify the strengths and weaknesses of the employment policy. The study found out that the policy has acknowledged the role of infrastructure, macro economic growth, and institutional collaboration, as...

Author(s): John Windie ANSAH Jnr

The theory of banking: Why banks exist and why we fear them

July 2013

  Banks are generally considered by most people to be utilities that allow the transmission of value on a daily basis in modern society, but they also seem to create devastating events like credit crises by the manufacture of credit.  How this power originated in human society is of interest.  Most animals produce some degree of savings, either in caching from one season to the next or for later in...

Author(s): Niccolo Caldararo

Techniques for improving private sector participation in the funding of educational institutions in Delta State, Nigeria

July 2013

  The paper has made a critical examination of the private sector participation in the funding of educational institutions in Delta state. Three research questions were raised and two null hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. An instrument was constructed and designated as   “Private Sector Participation in Funding Secondary Schools” (PSPFSS). The instrument was validated in its...

Author(s): E.D. Nakpodia

Negotiating empowerment: Women and identity in Nigeria

April 2013

  This paper focuses on Women’s empowerment within the context of identity mobilization in Africa using as case study the leading Muslim women’s association in Nigeria, Federation of Muslim Women Association of Nigeria (FOMWAN). It argues that Muslim women have been able to create an opening for themselves within the structure of Islam in Nigeria in recent times through the use of the discourse of...

Author(s): Omobolaji Ololade Olarinmoye

The nature of economic institution in In-land fishing communities of the Lower Volta

April 2013

  The economic institution and other social institutions such as polity (governance), beliefs or religion, education, family (marriage) influence individuals and the community at large. Their characteristics, preferences and attitudes also maintain or support social relationship, focusing on mechanisms to accommodate strains within relationships (negatively or positively). The study looks at the ability of...

Author(s): Marian Adwowa Amu-Mensah, Paul Kofi Andoh and E. K. Abban

Effective awareness generation methods for rural sanitation campaign: A study from a village in Haryana

April 2013

  For quite a long time planners have been engaged in making villages clean and hygienic with all the facilities of health and hygiene. Efforts in this direction have helped to achieve most of the targets but with very little satisfaction and accomplishment. The reason for this may be the lack of acknowledgment of the importance of various social indicators like gender and education in devising any awareness...

Author(s): Wakar Amin and M. Mudasir Naqshbandi

Role of Devadasi brothel madams in the promotion of safe sex practices among sex workers in the brothels of Maharashtra, India

March 2013

  In this paper we examined the role of Devadasi brothel madams in promoting safe sex practices among sex workers. Qualitative, in-depth interviews were conducted with twelve brothel madams as a follow-up of a larger cohort study that aimed to understand the patterns and determinants of sex workers migration from northern Karnataka to southern Maharashtra, in India. Our research identified that madams...

Author(s): Kaveri Gurav, Robert Lorway, Janet Bradley and James Blanchard

How do you acculturate when neighbors are throwing rocks in your window? Preserving the contexts of Somali refugee housing issues in policy

March 2013

  Appropriate housing for refugees in Western countries is a major contributor to successful resettlement. Agencies responsible for refugee resettlement often find themselves contemplating whether to 1) house refugees close to each other (example, ‘ethnic enclaves’) or 2) disperse refugees to facilitate acculturation. We describe our community-based participatory research including in-depth...

Author(s): Pauline B. Guerin, Bernard Guerin and Fatuma Hussein Elmi

Towards a transformative reconstruction of gender: A critical review of women in the international space

March 2013

  This is a phenomenological, philosophical and positional paper that seeks to provide a transformative view of gender, with a particular focus on the role that women play in the international space. The author illuminates the role of women since their documentation was left out in the past due to their already existing position of being socially and educationally disadvantaged. The author argues that the role...

Author(s): Raditloaneng W. N.

Bridge between absorbing and absorbed: Ethiopian mediators in the Israeli Public Service

January 2013

  This article examines the nature of the work of traditional mediators (Shmaglotz) of immigrants from Ethiopia in Israel, within the framework of municipal mediation centres. These centres are managed by welfare divisions in collaboration with the police and additional public bodies. The findings indicate that the collaboration between the shmaglotz and the professionals serves the absorbers as well as the...

Author(s): Rachel Sharaby

Environmental education for public awareness: The role of educational administrators and planners

January 2013

  The paper argues that the unique position of the educational system as the initiator and executor of educational policies has made it compelling for educational administrators and planners to champion the effective implementation of environmental education as a strategy for improving public awareness, environmental quality and hopefully propel sustainable development in Nigeria. The objectives of this paper...

Author(s): Anijah-Obi Franca, Eneji Chris-Valentine Ogar, Ubom Bassey A.E.,  Dunnamah A.Y. and William J.J.

Are minor forest products truly ‘minor’ in forest fringe social life?

January 2013

  A number of forest communities have been living in forest fringe areas of the south-western part of the state of West Bengal, India for centuries. From this dry-deciduous Sal(Shorea robusta) forest area, forest villagers collect forest products for their daily household needs as well as they also sell a proportion of products at the local market. In socio-cultural life of these forest communities, the...

Author(s): Somnath Ghosal

Violence and women participation in politics: A case study of Ekiti State, Nigeria

January 2013

  Violence, as an issue, against the participation of women in politics is a recurring decimal in human politicking. Many societies have employed violence as a way of discouraging women’s participation in politics without condemning it. This is due to the fact that women are perceived not to be a force to reckon with in politics, especially in Nigeria. This paper, therefore, examines the role of violence...

Author(s): Adeleke Justina Olufunke

Atypical adolescent sexual behaviour: A study of involvement in triolism and same gender sex in Lagos, Nigeria

December 2012

A very wide range of sexual practices are available to adolescents. The options range from the socially approved act of absolute sexual chastity to uncommon ones such as group sex and same-gender sex. Many studies in the area of sexuality in Nigeria proceed from the premise that adolescent sexual behaviour hardly ever goes beyond premarital heterosexual intercourse whether it is voluntary, forced or transactional....

Author(s): Kunnuji, Michael

A discussion of the social environmental state of law: The cooperation between state and collectiveness

December 2012

  This article intends to examine the formation process of the social environmental state of law, recognized as a necessity for the modern society. The proposal builds on the understanding that, in order to promote the environmental protection, the state of law had established some legal instruments. In fact, one of the main tools used was the constitutional order for the cooperation between the civil society...

Author(s): Anatércia Rovani

Gender and labour force inequality in small-scale gold mining in Ghana

December 2012

  Gender inequality is an inevitable concomitant of the innate poverty in humanity, a situation to which the Ghanaian society is no exception. This paper explores the underlying elements of gender inequality pertinent to women in the small-scale gold mining sector in Ghana drawing inference from a case study of the Tarkwa-Nsuaem municipal assembly area in the western Region. The contribution of women to the...

Author(s): Romanus D. Dinye and Michael O. Erdiaw-Kwasie

Methodological pathways to kinship networks and international return migration

December 2012

  Although international migration has received significant attention in the literature, this is usually in respect of development and remittances. Methodological issues on the subject are very scarce more so relative to the interface of kinship and international return migration. Yet methodological issues remain crucial to useful understanding of the processes and dynamics of the problem. This...

Author(s): Olayinka Akanle and Olutayo A. O.

Toward an agenda for placing migrant hometown associations (HTAs) in migration policy-making discourse in Ghana

November 2012

  Migrant hometown associations (HTAs) are arguably the most recognizable migrant institutions in migration destination countries. As institutions for the welfare of migrants and for the development of migrant home and destination countries, migrant HTAs have engaged the attention of migration scholars for a number of reasons. Their activities straddle across different spheres of endeavours, including...

Author(s): Thomas ANTWI BOSIAKOH

Skinfolds as prognosticators of nutritional status among adult undernourished males of India

November 2012

The objective of this work is to utilize skinfold thicknesses taken at various sites as indicators to infer the nutritional status of undernourished tribal males of India and to find the best prognosticator skin fold for assessing under nutrition. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 1435 adult males of India categorized on the basis of nutritional status (undernourished and normal), and age groups. Anthropometric...

Author(s): Satwanti Kapoor, Deepali Verma, Prerna Bhasin, Meenal Dhall and Shaila Bhardwaj

Employers' strategies for workers' motivation in selected fast food companies in Port Harcourt, Nigeria

November 2012

  The study examined employers' strategies for workers' motivation in selected fast food companies in Port Harcourt. Specifically, the study identified the motivational techniques adopted by the fast food companies, examined the workers' perception on the motivational techniques used and ascertained the extent to which the motivational techniques enhance workers' performance. A sample of three...

Author(s): B. I. Isife and C. O. Albert

Empowering rural women in Kerala: A study on the role of Self Help Groups (SHGs)

November 2012

  Self help groups (SHGs) can act as an empowerment resource centers for the women members, percolating the benefits to the society in general. Social evils like alcoholism, domestic violence against women and children, abuse and exploitation, gender bias and social exclusion are some of the areas against which the members can effectively organize and combat. Ultimately, it can come to a point where it becomes...

Author(s): Minimol M. C. and Makesh K. G.

Use of mobile phone: Communication barriers in maternal and neonatal emergencies in rural Bangladesh

October 2012

  Toll free mobile phone intervention was tested in one sub district of Bangladesh. Prior to implementation, we conducted a formative research to explore perceived advantages and disadvantages of mobile phone communication for maternal and neonatal complication management. We conducted in-depth interviews among twelve community skilled birth attendants and fourteen mothers along with their husbands. All...

Author(s): Nafisa Lira Huq, Tracey Lyn Pérez Koehlmoos, Asrafi Jahan Azmi, MA Quaiyum, Al Mahmud and Shahed Hossain

Higher education of women: Does gender stereotyping matter?

October 2012

  Gender inequality in higher education is not one homogeneous phenomenon, but a collection of disparate and interlinked problems in our society. It exist because of discrimination in the family and societal institutions and social, cultural, and religious norms that perpetuate stereotypes, practices and beliefs that are detrimental to women. Based on the responses to four semi-structured interview schedules...

Author(s): Asis Kumar Dandapat and Debjani Sengupta

Inclusion of Sugali community in the development process: A case study from South India

September 2012

  Social exclusion is something that can happen to anyone, more so in the case of hierarchical societies of South Asian countries. But some people are significantly more at risk than others, due to its persistent nature of locational and environmental per se. Research has found that people with certain backgrounds and experiences are disproportionately likely to suffer social exclusion. The key risk...

Author(s): Kasi Eswarappa

Linguistic landscape and language attitude: A case study on Jimma town’s linguistic landscape inscribers’ attitude for Afan Oromo

September 2012

  The purpose of this paper was to investigate Jimma town’s linguistic landscape inscribers’ attitude for Afan Oromo (Oromo Language) and its effects on Afan Oromo writings in Linguistic landscape of the town. The study was based on structured interviews and discussions made with linguistic landscape inscribers of Jimma town. To this end, it sought to find answers for two questions, that is,...

Author(s): Amanuel Raga

Influence, insecurities and evil: The political and economic context of witchcraft-related crime in the Eastern Cape, South Africa

June 2012

  This article explores the political and economic context of witchcraft-related crime in South Africa, with specific reference to the Eastern Cape Province. The article examines how political and economic influence, and the factors that determine who has access to such influence, can impact on perceptions of ‘spiritual insecurity’ in African communities. Often such perceptions and insecurities are...

Author(s): Theodore Petrus

Peri-urban poverty: Can micro-finance be a panacea?

June 2012

  Micro-finance has been identified as a major means for poverty reduction. Micro-finance covers products like micro-credit, micro-insurance and micro-savings. The study which was conducted in ten selected communities in the Ashaiman Municipality in the greater Accra region of Ghana was aimed at exploring the impact of microcredit on household level poverty and welfare. The population was all beneficiaries of...

Author(s): Benzies Isaac Adu-Okoree

The extent of basic school teachers involvement in the national basic education reform in Ilorin Emirate, Nigeria

June 2012

  While acknowledging the epochal nature of the educational reforms introduced by the Obasanjo administration, especially at the basic educational level, it is important to note that teachers who are the major stake-holder, had not been properly carried along in the formulation and implementation of the reform. This study therefore, examined the extent of basic school teachers’ involvement in the reforms...

Author(s): Yusuf A., Ajidagba U. A., Yusuf H. T., Olumorin C. O., Ahmed M. A., Salman M. F., Ibraheem T. O., Oniyangi S. O. and Yusuf N.

Issues of migrant workers in the context of origin and destination - Evidence from a survey in Coimbatore City, India

May 2012

  The present study attempts to examine the various reasons of migration in the context of migrant’s origin and destination. Survey method using snow ball sampling technique, to identify the sample migrant workers in Coimbatore district, India has been adopted. A total of 450 samples, classifying home based workers, regular wage paid workers and casual workers, was chosen for the study. The results of the...

Author(s): S. Jagadees Pandi

Road wanderers in Brazil: A study on modern psychosocial human mobility

May 2012

Human mobility patterns are quite diverse nowadays and a very singular, extreme pattern is seen in the Brazilian scene: road wandering. Road wanderers are individuals who leave their home, family, work and other territories of a settled life and throw themselves into a life of solitary wandering along Brazilian highways. This study aimed to describe the lifestyle of road wanderers, investigate the reasons that led them...

Author(s): José Sterza Justo and Eurípedes Costa do Nascimento,

Migrant remittances: A driving force in rural development

May 2012

  The main push factor for migration from rural communities is lack of employment opportunities for inhabitants who had high level of educational. When they migrate, they remit back to their families at communities they migrated from. Remittances play important role in rural development, and the study using Tutu in Ghana as a case study found out that as a result of money remitted to residents in the community,...

Author(s): Benzies Isaac Adu-Okoree and Adwoa Ofosua Onoma

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