Journal of
Horticulture and Forestry

  • Abbreviation: J. Hortic. For.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9782
  • DOI: 10.5897/JHF
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 302

JHF Articles

Use of soil water content in deciding the sowing time in dry land agriculture

July 2010

  Precipitation is the most important issue under dry land condition agriculture. However, soil water amount is the best parameter to decide the hydraulic stress level in crops. The main objective of this study was to determine a statistical model in deciding whether to plant or not under dry land condition. This model used soil water amount condition as the most important parameter. Two experiments were...

Author(s): José Dimas López Martínez, Cirilo Vázquez Vazquez, Enrique Salazar Sosa , Enrique-Salazar Melendez, Rafael Zúñiga Tarango and Héctor Idilio Trejo Escareño

Assessment of inter simple sequence repeat (ISSR) technique in mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana L.) grown in different Sumatra region

July 2010

  Inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers were used to examine the level of genetic diversity in mangosteen. Twenty three accessions of the Garcinia mangostana collection from Sumatra region were screened for ISSR markers. Eleven random ISSR primers were chosen to differentiate the investigated accessions. The primers generated 72 bands of which 42 (58%) were polymorphic and 30 bands (42%)...

Author(s): Ellina Mansyah,  Sobir, Edi Santosa and Roedhy Poerwanto

Effect of mechanical treatments on rooting in cuttings of guava, lemon and pomegranate

May 2010

  An attempt was made to determine the most effective mechanical treatments that is ringing and girdling in relation to upper and lower portion of the shoot of guava, lemon and pomegranate. The results revealed that cuttings obtained from lower end portion of ringed branch (M2) promoted significantly better growth parameters, particularly number of sprout shoots (4.0), shoot length 120 days after planting...

Author(s): S. K. Pandey and A. Bisen

A low cost nutrient formulation with a buffer for simplified hydroponics systems

May 2010

  The pH of the nutrient solution is a major determinant of nutrient uptake by the plants. The most suitable pH range for the plants is recognized as 5.8 - 6.5. Therefore, the pH of the nutrient solution has been adjusted to this range before application, using a pH meter. Further more, the pH of the root solution might change with time after application due to many factors and it is not practical to adjust the...

Author(s):   J. S. Saparamadu, R. D. Wijesekera, H. D. Gunawardhana and W. A. P. Weerakkody  

Effect of steam blanching on quality of custard apple pulp

May 2010

  The study on the organoleptic evaluation of custard apple pulp stored up to 70 days was carried out in the Department of Agricultural Process Engineering, C. A. E. T., and M. A. U., Parbhani in the year 2005 - 2006. Statistical analysis and sensory evaluation of the data was carried out and it was observed that effect of storage of custard apple pulp at - 4 and -18°C temperature up to 70 days on scores...

Author(s): K. J. Kamble and S. B. Soni

Increasing the efficacy of Trichoderma harzianum for nutrient uptake and control of red rot in sugarcane

April 2010

  The application of Trichoderma multiplied culture (TMC) of T. harzianum strain Th 37 @ 20 kg/ha on the stubbles at the ratoon initiation stage increased the availability of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) by 27, 65 and 44%, respectively. Availability of some of the micronutrients viz., Cu, Fe, Mn and Zn were also enhanced, respectively by 6, 100, 79 and 66%. There was a...

Author(s):   V. Singh, P. N. Singh, R. L. Yadav, S. K. Awasthi, B. B. Joshi, R. K. Singh, R. J. Lal and S. K. Duttamajumder

Floristic composition and canopy structure of home-gardens in São Luís city, Maranhão State, Brazil

April 2010

  Tropical home-gardens are widely recognized as a repository of biodiversity of domesticated and wild plant, and animal species that need to be developed to meet livelihood needs and for purpose of their conservation. Despite being the oldest form of agroforestry, this system is still poorly studied and understood. This study investigates the pattern of indigenous and exotic flora in the home-gardens managed...

Author(s):   F. K. Akinnifesi, G. Sileshi,  Joselene da Costa, E. G. de Moura, Rosele F. da Silva,  O. C. Ajayi, J. F. P. Linhares, A. I. Akinnifesi, Maria de Araujo and  M. A. I. Rodrigues

Anatomical studies of stems, roots and leaves of selected citrus rootstock varieties in relation to their vigour

April 2010

  The present studies were carried out to consolidate information on anatomical features of stem, root and leaves from different vigour groups of citrus rootstock varieties. Troyer citrange (Citrus sinensis × Poncirus trifoliata), rough lemon (Citrus jambhiri), swingle citrumelo (Citrus paradisi × P. trifoliata), sweet lime (Citrus limettioides), carrizo citrange (C....

Author(s): Muhammad Saeed, P. B. Dodd and Lubna Sohail

Effect of Agrobacterium culture and inoculation density on transformation efficiency of a citrange (Citrus reticulata x Poncirus trifoliata)

March 2010

  This study focused on the effect of two factors, initial culture density and subsequent inoculation density on the transformation efficiency of citrus rootstock US-812 (Citrus reticulata x Poncirus trifoliata) epicotyl explants.  In the first experiment, Agrobacterium EHA105 containing pBINGUSint was grown in YEP medium to an OD600 of 1 and glycerol stocks made and stored at...

Author(s): Randall P. Niedz and Terence J. Evens

The effect of gamma irradiation on enhancement of growth and seed yield of okra [Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Monech] and associated molecular changes

March 2010

  This investigation was carried out to study the effect of different gamma irradiation doses and water soaking on okra [Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench- Malvaceae] seeds of two varieties (Sabahia and Balady). Both varieties showed similar trends in response to different treatments. Gamma irradiation at 400 Gy was superior for both varieties in growth criteria enhancement, photosynthetic...

Author(s): A. Z. Hegazi and N. Hamideldin

The methods of nitrogen application influence on essential oil yield and water use efficiency of summer savory (Satureja hortensis L.)

March 2010

  To evaluate the beneficial impact of methods of nitrogen application on summer savory (Satureja hortensis L.), some yield characters were investigated. The objective in this study was, the interactive effects of foliar nitrogen application and solid nitrogen application on: essential oil yield and water use efficiency at Iran in 2006. The experiment was carried out using a...

Author(s): Ali Alizadeh Sahzabi, Ebrahim Sharifi Ashoorabadi, Amir Hossein Shiranirad, Bohlool Abbaszadeh and Hossein Aliabadi Farahani

Genetic variability and character association analysis in bell pepper (Capsicum annuum L.)

March 2010

  The present investigation on genetic variability including mean, genotypic and phenotypic variances, coefficient of variation, heritability, and genetic advance was conducted on genetically diverse twenty three genotypes of bell pepper. Significant differences were observed among the genotypes for all the traits. On the basis of mean performance, genotypes PRC-1, SSP, Kandaghat Sel. and Ranichauri Sel-1 were...

Author(s): V. K. Sharma, C. S. Semwal and S. P. Uniyal

Participatory characterization and evaluation of some African leafy vegetables in Lari, Kiambu West District, Central Kenya

February 2010

  Production and consumption of African leafy vegetables (ALVs) is generally low in Central Kenya, yet micronutrient and vitamin malnutrition in some parts is high particularly among young children and women in childbearing age. This work was conducted in Lari division, Kiambu West district and its objective was to participatorily characterize and evaluate selected ALVs with small-scale farmers. A total of 31...

Author(s): Jane Muthoni D. O. Nyamongo and Mary Silingi

Correlation studies in wild apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.) plus trees

February 2010

  Wild apricot seeds collected from 167 selected trees were evaluated and considerable genetic variation for oil content, stone and kernel characters were recorded. Oil content ranged from 50.05 - 57.97%, while range of stone length, breadth and thickness was from 14.64 - 26.48, 12.26 - 21.49 and 8.63 - 14.65 mm, respectively. Stone and kernel weight varied between 66.60 - 295.10 and 18.20 - 68.18 g. Kernel...

Author(s): Amit Kumar and S. Bhan

Effects of exogenic benzoic acid and cinnamic acid on the root oxidative damage of tomato seedlings

February 2010

  A systematic experiment was conducted to examine the effects of main autotoxic substances (benzoic acid and cinnamic acid), which was separated in our previous study, on roots oxidative damage of tomato seedlings. Potted tomato seedlings were cultured in perlite and treated with benzoic acid (BA) and cinnamic acid (CA) as exogenous autotoxins. Changes of superoxide dismutase (SOD), peroxidase (POD), catalase...

Author(s): En-Ping Zhang, Shu-Hong Zhang, Wen-Bo Zhang Liang-Liang Li and Tian-Lai Li

Characterization of Ethiopian mustard (Brassica carinata A. Braun) lines for vegetative agromorphological traits at Arusha, Tanzania

January 2010

  This study was conducted at Asian Vegetable Research and Development Center, Regional Center for Africa ((AVRDC- RCA), Madiira Experimental Research Station in Arusha, Tanzania in 2005. The objective of the study was to document vegetative agromophological traits in the Ethiopian mustard lines held at AVRDC – RCA in order to identify lines with useful traits that can be used as genitors for active...

Author(s): Jane Muthoni

Effect of intra-row spacing on yield of three onion (Allium cepa l.) varieties at Adami Tulu agricultural research center (mid rift valley of Ethiopia)

January 2010

  An experiment to asses the Effect of plant density (intra-row spacing) on yield and yield components (bulb diameter, bulb weight, marketable and unmarketable bulb yield and total bulb yield Q/ha) of onion (Allium cepa l.) varieties (Bomby red, Adama red and Nasic red) were conducted in 2007 and 2008 at Adami Tulu Agricultural Research center, on horticulture research field, in mid rift valley of Ethiopia...

Author(s): Geremew Awas, Teshome Abdisa, Kasaye Tolesa and Amenti Chali

Effect of pre-harvest treatments on the cellulase activity and quality of ber fruit under cold storage conditions

December 2009

  Studies were carried out to find out the effect of various pre-harvest treatments: CaCl2 (@ 0.5, 1.0 and 2.0%), Ca (NO3)2 (@0.5, 1.0 and 2.0%), GA3 (@ 20, 40 and 60 ppm) and Bavistin (@ 0.1%) on the cellulase activity and quality of 'Umran' ber fruits during cold storage. Marked trees were sprayed at colour break stage with the test chemicals. Fruits were packed in CFB boxes and placed...

Author(s): S. K. Jawandha, P. P. S. Gill and Navjot

Ecological study on Dobera glabra Forssk. at Jazan region in Saudi Arabia

December 2009

  Research on Dobera glabra Forssk is very little. A study was carried out in Jazan (south western Saudi Arabia) on the ecology of D. glabra. The species was distributed over a large area, but with decreasing density towards the Red Sea coast. Generally, the density of the species is very little. This is combined with 0% survival of seedlings and samplings after 8 months made the species...

Author(s): I. M. Aref, H. A. El Atta and A. A. Al Ghtani

Germination, dry matter yield and nutritive value of Stylosanthes guianensis in the Sambisa Game Reserve, Borno State, Nigeria

December 2009

  The study is on the introduction of perennial pasture crop Stylosanthes guianensis(Stylo) into the Sambisa Game Reserve in Borno State, Nigeria. Stylo is a tropical herbaceous legume primarily used as a pasture crop for humid tropical regions. The objectives were to observe the growth and establishment of stylo in the game reserve of Sudan Savanna ecological zone of Nigeria; examining the emergence rates...

Author(s): Y. P. Mbaya, A. Usman and N. Yekini

Diet of pine plantation and non-plantation ranging baboon (Papio ursinus) groups with reference to bark consumption in the eastern highlands of Zimbabwe

November 2009

  Bark stripping of pine trees by chacma baboons in plantations of the Eastern Highlands of Zimbabwe has been on the rise leading to the assumption that bark constitutes baboon food. The study investigated diet variation among habituated bark stripping and non-stripping, plantation and non-plantation ranging baboon groups primarily to determine the noteworthy of pine bark in baboon diet. Food resources...

Author(s): C. A. T. Katsvanga, L. Jimu, D. Zinner, J. F. Mupangwa

Forest stakeholder’s awareness of reduced impact logging (RIL) in Nigeria and Cameroon

November 2009

  Damage associated with conventional logging practices is inconsistent with sustainable forest management. The Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) model code of forest harvest, otherwise described as Reduced Impact Logging has therefore been advanced to reduce negative impacts on residual vegetation, soils and other environmental attributes. This study investigated the awareness rating of forest...

Author(s): A. L. Kehinde, J. A. Akande and E. Ntabe

Horticultural potential of wild edible fruits used by the Khasi tribes of Meghalaya

November 2009

  Plants provide most of the food products consumed by indigenous people in tropical countries. A study of wild edible fruits in the Khasi tribes of Meghalaya was carried out to assess their horticultural importance. One hundred fifty-one species belonging to 49 families were encountered, which include folk name, habit and the season of availability. Among them 100 were trees, 34 shrubs, 12 climbers and 5...

Author(s): S. Jeeva

Use of mathematical models in forestry: Evaluation of ProFor model in three main forestry regions of South Africa

October 2009

  Timber harvesting operations in plantation forestry in South Africa are rapidly being mechanised. However, machine movement in forest plantations may negatively affect soil quality. The forestry industry is introducing mathematical models to enable it address, limit or at least predict soil damage. One of these mathematical models is the “ProFor” model. The study was conducted in four harvesting...

Author(s): D. J. Kachamba, A. Rozanov, P. A. Ackerman and D. Matthies

Effect of NPK fertilizer on growth and yield of banana in Northern Oman

October 2009

  Banana is the leading fruit crop in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. It represents the second most important fruit crop after date palm in the Sultanate of Oman, a subtropical arid country in the Middle East. Banana is grown as an intercrop throughout Oman but it is commercially cultivated on a large scale in the Dhofar (southern) region of and in Al-Batinah (coastal) region in the North. A...

Author(s): Khalid Al-Harthi and Rashid Al-Yahyai

A review of constraints to ware Irish potatoes production in Kenya

September 2009

  Irish potatoes are an important food crop in Kenya, with production volumes only second to maize. Potatoes are produced in the cool highlands mostly by small scale farmers under rain-fed conditions. The soils in these areas are generally acidic and of low fertility due to anthropogenic activities. The national production is far below the potential, largely due to limited use of certified seeds, low...

Author(s): Jane Muthoni and D. O. Nyamongo

Nutrient content of important fruit trees from arid zone of Rajasthan

September 2009

  Forests have provided food and shelter to man since ages. About 20% of the plants occurring in the forests are reported to have direct utility to mankind. Around 600 plant species in Indian forests are ennumerated to have food value. Arid zone vegetation comprises a wide range of edible fruit bearing and food producing species viz. Capparis decidua (ker), Cordia...

Author(s): Mala Rathore

Investigation of variations of the morphological values and flowering shoot yield in different mint species at Iran

September 2009

  This experiment was carried out using a randomized complete block design with three replications. The factor studied included mint species (Mentha longifolia var. amphilema (from Qazvin and Ardabil localities), Mentha spicata (from Tehran and Yazd localities), Mentha piperita (from Tehran and Ardabil localities) and Mentha aquatica (from guilan and Ardabil localities)...

Author(s): Bohloul Abbaszadeh, Hossein Aliabadi Farahani Sayed Alireza Valadabadiand Payam Moaveni

Oxidative stress and antioxidant activity as the basis of senescence in Hemerocallis (day lily) flowers

September 2009

  Senescence can be viewed as a developmental change that leads to the death of plant tissues. Naturally senescence is generally accepted as being genetically programmed. Petals are the floral organs which primarily determine the commercial longevity of flowers and as a consequence, it is necessary to study the physiological, biochemical and genetic processes that occur during floret senescence. Most of the...

Author(s): Debasis Chakrabarty, Arvind Kumar Verma and Subodh Kumar Datta

Genetic diversity analysis of Iranian citrus varieties using micro satellite (SSR) based markers

September 2009

  Fifteen SSR Primer Pairs were used to estimate the level of polymorphism among 23 Citrus genotypes and four natural hybrids or bud mutation was selected from Kotra Germplasm Bank (IRAN). All fifteen loci assayed in citrus plant possessed a high level of polymorphism, with the number of alleles per locus ranging from 4 in TAA41 to 12 at CAT01, ATC09, AG14 ( an average, 8.27 alleles were detected per...

Author(s): M. Jannati, R. Fotouhi, A. Pourjan Abad and Zivar Salehi

Use of male gametocide: An alternative to cumbersome emasculation in coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.)

September 2009

  New varieties of the coriander are traditionally bred using either mass selection or pure line selection or recurrent selection. Attempts to use hybridization to combine desirable traits were scarcely successful due to cumbersome emasculation. Hence, using male gametocides as an alternative to hand emasculation offers immense scope. The present study is taken up to assess five gametocides viz. Gibberellic...

Author(s): Giridhar Kalidasu, C Sarada, P Venkata Reddy and T. Yellamanda Reddy

A review of edible orchids in Malawi

September 2009

  Orchids are mostly known for their beautiful flowers, and food-flavoring products which make them a resource of great economic importance in the global horticultural and food industries. But in the Southern African region, orchids are particularly important for their tubers which are used for food, and are therefore traded within and across the countries. A number of researchers have reported a dramatic rise...

Author(s): V. Kasulo, L. Mwabumba and Munthali Cry

Effect of nitrogen and phosphorous rates on fertilizer use efficiency in lettuce and spinach

September 2009

  In this study, Lettuce (Lactuca Sativa) and Spinach (Spinacea Oleracea) were used as a case study vegetable crop to compare models for estimating Fertilizer Use Efficiency based on nitrogen and phosphorous fertilizer and nitrate concentration. Field studies were conducted to measure yield, nitrate, Fertilizer Use Efficiency, response to applied Nitrogen and phosphorous fertilizer in two plants. The...

Author(s): Mahdi Sadeghi Pour Marvi

Medicinal and aromatic plants farming under drought conditions

August 2009

Drought stress is especially important in countries where crop agriculture is essentially rain-fed. Drought stress causes an increase in solute concentration in the environment, leading to an osmotic flow of water out of plant cells. This in turn causes the solute concentration inside plant cells to increase, thus lowering water potential and disrupting membranes along with essential processes like photosynthesis. These...

Author(s): Hossein Aliabadi Farahani, Sayed Alireza Valadabadi, Jahanfar Daneshian, Amir Hossein Shiranirad and Mohammad Ali Khalvati

In vitro propagation of white-flower mutant of Rhynchostylis gigantea (Lindl.) Ridl. through immature seed-derived protocorm-like bodies

August 2009

Rapid in vitro propagation of white-flower mutant of Rhynchostylis gigantea (Lindl.) Ridl. was established for the first time through 4 month old immature seed-derived protocorm-like bodies (PLBs). 75% of PLBs developed from immature seeds cultured on half-strength MS medium with 0.05 mg·l-1 6-BA and 0.2 mg·l-1 NAA within 70 days upon transfer to MS medium with...

Author(s): Zhi-Ying Li and Li Xu

Supplies of bushmeat for livelihoods in logging towns in the Congo Basin

July 2009

  The focus of this study is on the importance of bushmeat to the economies of 99 hunting households in two logging towns, northern boundary of the Lobeke National Park, East Province of Cameroon. In this area, bushmeat was the major source of daily animal protein and an estimated 37 960 wild animals were killed each year or 104 animals per day. In general, 62% of the hunted animals were sold for cash income...

Author(s): Julius Chupezi Tieguhong and Janusz Zwolinski

Some pomological characteristics of F1 plum hybrids (Prunus domestica L.) developed in Cacak, Serbia

July 2009

  The paper presents results on the development of plum cultivars derived fromPrunus domestica L. through planned hybridisation in Cacak (Serbia). Cacanska Lepotica, Cacanska Najbolja and Stanley cultivars were used as pollen donors, the Stanley being pollen recipient in all combinations. The study conducted over the 1991-2007 period resulted in the selection of seven highest-quality F1 hybrids...

Author(s): T. Milosevic and N. Milosevic

Effects of tuber size and date of stem cutting on yield and yield components of Agria potato variety in East Azerbaijan

June 2009

  The aim of this study was to evaluate and select the desirable tuber size and the date of stem cutting on Agria potato variety in semi-cold temperature condition of east Azerbaijan province in Iran. As regard of qualitative factors (Bacterial and fungal infection) there were significant differences between treatments. The experimental results indicated that difference between treatments with evaluation of...

Author(s): Farhad Farahvash and Alireza Iranbakhsh

The effect of gibberellins on russeting in golden delicious apples

June 2009

  Russet on apples, Malus domestica Borkh and other fruits results in lowered fruit quality and substantial economic losses to growers. In this study we investigated the effect of GA3 and GA4+7 on russeting. Russeting index of fruits were estimated at harvest. Apple trees, twenty years old Golden Delicious was sprayed with GA3 at the concentrations10-20 mgL-1 and GA4+7 at...

Author(s): F. Nejatzadeh Barandoozi and A. Talaie

Changes in microflora of steeped and cured baby corn (Zea mays L.)

May 2009

  The quantitative changes in micro flora in steeped and cured baby corn during storage were studied. Baby corn cobs blanched and unblanched were steeped in different solutions with varying concentrations of sodium chloride (2 to 8%) and acetic acid (0.5, 0.75 and 1.0%). Sodium chloride at 5, 10, 15 and 20% was used for curing (dry salting) of both blanched and unblanched cobs. During steeping preservation,...

Author(s): Ravneet Kaur, Poonam Aggarwal, Parampal Sahota and Amarjeet Kaur

Phenotypic stability of Acer pseudoplatanus cv ′Atropurpureum′ traits as a baseline of breeding process

May 2009

  Aiming at the conservation and improvement of valuable traits and intensified production of Acer pseudoplatanus cv ′Atropurpureum′ planting material for domestic and foreign market, a series of experiments was established to monitor the phenotype expression and stability of the character of purple leaf underside, the study results showed the continuous presence of the analysed...

Author(s): Mirjana Šijačić-Nikolić, Jelena Milovanović and Radmila Knežević

Study on dry leaf production of asparagus (Asparagus densiflorus)

May 2009

  The study was undertaken to standardize the technology for dry leaf production in asparagus. The experiment was conducted with twelve treatment combinations consisting of three drying temperature and four embedding media during year 2007. Observations were recorded at an interval of four hours starting from 4th h to optimum drying (constant weight) during drying process. Percent moisture loss and...

Author(s): M. A. Meman and A. V. Barad

Identification and chemical properties of popular wild edible mushrooms from northern Iran

May 2009

  The sponge mushroom (morels), chanterelles, oyster mushroom, Macrolepiota procera, Amanita caesarea and Russula paludosa are the main edible wild mushrooms in northern Iran. Little is known about commercial potential of these mushrooms in this area. In this research we found 3 genuses of morels including Morchella esculenta, Morchella delisiosa and Morchella...

Author(s): Jamalali Olfati, Gholamali Peyvast and Yaqvob Mami

Optimum timing for commercializing grapefruit based on fruit internal quality and weight

May 2009

  This study was conducted during the 2004 - 2005 production year on an 8 year grapefruit (Citrus paradasi Macf.) grove in the locality of “Las Anacuas” of the municipality of general Teran, N. L. Mexico. The objective of the study was to obtain elements based on fruit weight, internal and external quality of grapefruit and its interaction with prices, so that producers can determine the best...

Author(s): Jesus Martinez de la Cerda, Adriana Gutierrez Diez, Juan C. Rodríguez Ortiz and Eduardo A. Garcia Zambrano

Bio-efficacy of spinosad against tomato fruit borer (Helicoverpa armigera Hub.) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and its natural enemies

May 2009

  The tomato fruit borer, Helicoverpa armigera Hub. is a polyphagous pest attacking cotton, tomato, okra, chilli, cabbage, pigeon pea, gram etc. throughout the world as well as in India. Due to its high fecundity, polyphagous nature, quick adaptation against insecticides, control of this pest with any single potent toxicant for a long time is quiet difficult and rather impossible. So the newer...

Author(s): Amalendu Ghosh, Monilal Chatterjee and Agamananda Roy

Effect of variety and intercropping on two major cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp] field pests in Mubi, Adamawa State, Nigeria

April 2009

  Cowpea is regarded as one of the major source of dietary protein in many parts of Africa, but yield losses due to insect pests’ activities reduce available natural resources for human consumption. Field trials were conducted during the 2006 and 2007 cropping season at Mubi, Nigeria, to determine the effect of variety and intercropping on three major field insect pest of cowpea. The experimental...

Author(s): Sule Hassan

Growth of Capparis spinosa var. Inermis under different irrigation levels

April 2009

  Due to their importance in enhancing greenery activities in Kuwait, ornamental plants from diverse origins are being introduced and evaluated for their suitability to the harsh climatic conditions of the country. Introduction of multipurpose plants such as Capparis spinosa provides an invaluable opportunity to enhance greenery in Kuwait, while at the same time, exploring other applications, such as...

Author(s): Majda Khalil Suleiman, Narayana Ramachandra Bhat, Mahdi Saleh Abdal, Sheena Jacob, Rini Rachel Thomas, Sarah Al-Dossery, Gladson D’Cruz and Ricardo Bellen

Seed germination enhancement for bald cypress (Taxodium distichum [L.] Rich.)

April 2009

  Bald cypress has been retreating in the estuary ecosystem of the Loxahatchee River Watershed in southeastern Florida because of the negative impacts of anthropogenic activities. Seed germination of bald cypress is an important means to increase the arbor population in the vegetation community and accelerate restoration of the wetland ecosystem. The objective of this research was to find an effective method to...

Author(s): Guodong Liu, Yuncong Li, Marion Hedgepeth, Yongshan Wan and Richard E. Roberts

Enhanced UV-B radiation alters basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) growth and stimulates the synthesis of volatile oils

April 2009

  Exposure of basil plants (Ocimum basilicum) in a controlled environmental room temperature to supplementary UV-B light for 3 h per day in the early morning over a period of two weeks resulted in shorter plants with higher dry matter, thicker leaves and more axillary shoots. Supplementary UV-B did not affect plant leaf area or number of leaf-pairs; however, specific leaf area was significantly increased...

Author(s): Xianmin Chang, Peter G. Alderson and Charles J. Wright

The contribution of indigenous fruit trees in sustaining rural livelihoods and conservation of natural resources

March 2009

  The dependency of many African rural households on natural resources for sustenance is widely acknowledged. The utilization and commercialization of indigenous fruit trees (IFTs) has in the past been overlooked by extension agencies due to the misconception that they do not play a major role in contributing to the rural livelihoods. There is new and increasing emphasis on the contribution of indigenous...

Author(s): Felix K. Kalaba, Paxie W. Chirwa and Heidi Prozesky

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