Journal of
Horticulture and Forestry

  • Abbreviation: J. Hortic. For.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9782
  • DOI: 10.5897/JHF
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 286

JHF Articles

Effect of intra-row spacing on yield of three onion (Allium cepa l.) varieties at Adami Tulu agricultural research center (mid rift valley of Ethiopia)

January 2010

  An experiment to asses the Effect of plant density (intra-row spacing) on yield and yield components (bulb diameter, bulb weight, marketable and unmarketable bulb yield and total bulb yield Q/ha) of onion (Allium cepa l.) varieties (Bomby red, Adama red and Nasic red) were conducted in 2007 and 2008 at Adami Tulu Agricultural Research center, on horticulture research field, in mid rift valley of Ethiopia...

Author(s): Geremew Awas, Teshome Abdisa, Kasaye Tolesa and Amenti Chali

Effect of pre-harvest treatments on the cellulase activity and quality of ber fruit under cold storage conditions

December 2009

  Studies were carried out to find out the effect of various pre-harvest treatments: CaCl2 (@ 0.5, 1.0 and 2.0%), Ca (NO3)2 (@0.5, 1.0 and 2.0%), GA3 (@ 20, 40 and 60 ppm) and Bavistin (@ 0.1%) on the cellulase activity and quality of 'Umran' ber fruits during cold storage. Marked trees were sprayed at colour break stage with the test chemicals. Fruits were packed in CFB boxes and placed...

Author(s): S. K. Jawandha, P. P. S. Gill and Navjot

Ecological study on Dobera glabra Forssk. at Jazan region in Saudi Arabia

December 2009

  Research on Dobera glabra Forssk is very little. A study was carried out in Jazan (south western Saudi Arabia) on the ecology of D. glabra. The species was distributed over a large area, but with decreasing density towards the Red Sea coast. Generally, the density of the species is very little. This is combined with 0% survival of seedlings and samplings after 8 months made the species...

Author(s): I. M. Aref, H. A. El Atta and A. A. Al Ghtani

Germination, dry matter yield and nutritive value of Stylosanthes guianensis in the Sambisa Game Reserve, Borno State, Nigeria

December 2009

  The study is on the introduction of perennial pasture crop Stylosanthes guianensis(Stylo) into the Sambisa Game Reserve in Borno State, Nigeria. Stylo is a tropical herbaceous legume primarily used as a pasture crop for humid tropical regions. The objectives were to observe the growth and establishment of stylo in the game reserve of Sudan Savanna ecological zone of Nigeria; examining the emergence rates...

Author(s): Y. P. Mbaya, A. Usman and N. Yekini

Diet of pine plantation and non-plantation ranging baboon (Papio ursinus) groups with reference to bark consumption in the eastern highlands of Zimbabwe

November 2009

  Bark stripping of pine trees by chacma baboons in plantations of the Eastern Highlands of Zimbabwe has been on the rise leading to the assumption that bark constitutes baboon food. The study investigated diet variation among habituated bark stripping and non-stripping, plantation and non-plantation ranging baboon groups primarily to determine the noteworthy of pine bark in baboon diet. Food resources...

Author(s): C. A. T. Katsvanga, L. Jimu, D. Zinner, J. F. Mupangwa

Forest stakeholder’s awareness of reduced impact logging (RIL) in Nigeria and Cameroon

November 2009

  Damage associated with conventional logging practices is inconsistent with sustainable forest management. The Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) model code of forest harvest, otherwise described as Reduced Impact Logging has therefore been advanced to reduce negative impacts on residual vegetation, soils and other environmental attributes. This study investigated the awareness rating of forest...

Author(s): A. L. Kehinde, J. A. Akande and E. Ntabe

Horticultural potential of wild edible fruits used by the Khasi tribes of Meghalaya

November 2009

  Plants provide most of the food products consumed by indigenous people in tropical countries. A study of wild edible fruits in the Khasi tribes of Meghalaya was carried out to assess their horticultural importance. One hundred fifty-one species belonging to 49 families were encountered, which include folk name, habit and the season of availability. Among them 100 were trees, 34 shrubs, 12 climbers and 5...

Author(s): S. Jeeva

Use of mathematical models in forestry: Evaluation of ProFor model in three main forestry regions of South Africa

October 2009

  Timber harvesting operations in plantation forestry in South Africa are rapidly being mechanised. However, machine movement in forest plantations may negatively affect soil quality. The forestry industry is introducing mathematical models to enable it address, limit or at least predict soil damage. One of these mathematical models is the “ProFor” model. The study was conducted in four harvesting...

Author(s): D. J. Kachamba, A. Rozanov, P. A. Ackerman and D. Matthies

Effect of NPK fertilizer on growth and yield of banana in Northern Oman

October 2009

  Banana is the leading fruit crop in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. It represents the second most important fruit crop after date palm in the Sultanate of Oman, a subtropical arid country in the Middle East. Banana is grown as an intercrop throughout Oman but it is commercially cultivated on a large scale in the Dhofar (southern) region of and in Al-Batinah (coastal) region in the North. A...

Author(s): Khalid Al-Harthi and Rashid Al-Yahyai

A review of constraints to ware Irish potatoes production in Kenya

September 2009

  Irish potatoes are an important food crop in Kenya, with production volumes only second to maize. Potatoes are produced in the cool highlands mostly by small scale farmers under rain-fed conditions. The soils in these areas are generally acidic and of low fertility due to anthropogenic activities. The national production is far below the potential, largely due to limited use of certified seeds, low...

Author(s): Jane Muthoni and D. O. Nyamongo

Nutrient content of important fruit trees from arid zone of Rajasthan

September 2009

  Forests have provided food and shelter to man since ages. About 20% of the plants occurring in the forests are reported to have direct utility to mankind. Around 600 plant species in Indian forests are ennumerated to have food value. Arid zone vegetation comprises a wide range of edible fruit bearing and food producing species viz. Capparis decidua (ker), Cordia...

Author(s): Mala Rathore

Investigation of variations of the morphological values and flowering shoot yield in different mint species at Iran

September 2009

  This experiment was carried out using a randomized complete block design with three replications. The factor studied included mint species (Mentha longifolia var. amphilema (from Qazvin and Ardabil localities), Mentha spicata (from Tehran and Yazd localities), Mentha piperita (from Tehran and Ardabil localities) and Mentha aquatica (from guilan and Ardabil localities)...

Author(s): Bohloul Abbaszadeh, Hossein Aliabadi Farahani Sayed Alireza Valadabadiand Payam Moaveni

Oxidative stress and antioxidant activity as the basis of senescence in Hemerocallis (day lily) flowers

September 2009

  Senescence can be viewed as a developmental change that leads to the death of plant tissues. Naturally senescence is generally accepted as being genetically programmed. Petals are the floral organs which primarily determine the commercial longevity of flowers and as a consequence, it is necessary to study the physiological, biochemical and genetic processes that occur during floret senescence. Most of the...

Author(s): Debasis Chakrabarty, Arvind Kumar Verma and Subodh Kumar Datta

Genetic diversity analysis of Iranian citrus varieties using micro satellite (SSR) based markers

September 2009

  Fifteen SSR Primer Pairs were used to estimate the level of polymorphism among 23 Citrus genotypes and four natural hybrids or bud mutation was selected from Kotra Germplasm Bank (IRAN). All fifteen loci assayed in citrus plant possessed a high level of polymorphism, with the number of alleles per locus ranging from 4 in TAA41 to 12 at CAT01, ATC09, AG14 ( an average, 8.27 alleles were detected per...

Author(s): M. Jannati, R. Fotouhi, A. Pourjan Abad and Zivar Salehi

Use of male gametocide: An alternative to cumbersome emasculation in coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.)

September 2009

  New varieties of the coriander are traditionally bred using either mass selection or pure line selection or recurrent selection. Attempts to use hybridization to combine desirable traits were scarcely successful due to cumbersome emasculation. Hence, using male gametocides as an alternative to hand emasculation offers immense scope. The present study is taken up to assess five gametocides viz. Gibberellic...

Author(s): Giridhar Kalidasu, C Sarada, P Venkata Reddy and T. Yellamanda Reddy

A review of edible orchids in Malawi

September 2009

  Orchids are mostly known for their beautiful flowers, and food-flavoring products which make them a resource of great economic importance in the global horticultural and food industries. But in the Southern African region, orchids are particularly important for their tubers which are used for food, and are therefore traded within and across the countries. A number of researchers have reported a dramatic rise...

Author(s): V. Kasulo, L. Mwabumba and Munthali Cry

Effect of nitrogen and phosphorous rates on fertilizer use efficiency in lettuce and spinach

September 2009

  In this study, Lettuce (Lactuca Sativa) and Spinach (Spinacea Oleracea) were used as a case study vegetable crop to compare models for estimating Fertilizer Use Efficiency based on nitrogen and phosphorous fertilizer and nitrate concentration. Field studies were conducted to measure yield, nitrate, Fertilizer Use Efficiency, response to applied Nitrogen and phosphorous fertilizer in two plants. The...

Author(s): Mahdi Sadeghi Pour Marvi

In vitro propagation of white-flower mutant of Rhynchostylis gigantea (Lindl.) Ridl. through immature seed-derived protocorm-like bodies

August 2009

Rapid in vitro propagation of white-flower mutant of Rhynchostylis gigantea (Lindl.) Ridl. was established for the first time through 4 month old immature seed-derived protocorm-like bodies (PLBs). 75% of PLBs developed from immature seeds cultured on half-strength MS medium with 0.05 mg·l-1 6-BA and 0.2 mg·l-1 NAA within 70 days upon transfer to MS medium with...

Author(s): Zhi-Ying Li and Li Xu

Medicinal and aromatic plants farming under drought conditions

August 2009

Drought stress is especially important in countries where crop agriculture is essentially rain-fed. Drought stress causes an increase in solute concentration in the environment, leading to an osmotic flow of water out of plant cells. This in turn causes the solute concentration inside plant cells to increase, thus lowering water potential and disrupting membranes along with essential processes like photosynthesis. These...

Author(s): Hossein Aliabadi Farahani, Sayed Alireza Valadabadi, Jahanfar Daneshian, Amir Hossein Shiranirad and Mohammad Ali Khalvati

Supplies of bushmeat for livelihoods in logging towns in the Congo Basin

July 2009

  The focus of this study is on the importance of bushmeat to the economies of 99 hunting households in two logging towns, northern boundary of the Lobeke National Park, East Province of Cameroon. In this area, bushmeat was the major source of daily animal protein and an estimated 37 960 wild animals were killed each year or 104 animals per day. In general, 62% of the hunted animals were sold for cash income...

Author(s): Julius Chupezi Tieguhong and Janusz Zwolinski

Some pomological characteristics of F1 plum hybrids (Prunus domestica L.) developed in Cacak, Serbia

July 2009

  The paper presents results on the development of plum cultivars derived fromPrunus domestica L. through planned hybridisation in Cacak (Serbia). Cacanska Lepotica, Cacanska Najbolja and Stanley cultivars were used as pollen donors, the Stanley being pollen recipient in all combinations. The study conducted over the 1991-2007 period resulted in the selection of seven highest-quality F1 hybrids...

Author(s): T. Milosevic and N. Milosevic

Effects of tuber size and date of stem cutting on yield and yield components of Agria potato variety in East Azerbaijan

June 2009

  The aim of this study was to evaluate and select the desirable tuber size and the date of stem cutting on Agria potato variety in semi-cold temperature condition of east Azerbaijan province in Iran. As regard of qualitative factors (Bacterial and fungal infection) there were significant differences between treatments. The experimental results indicated that difference between treatments with evaluation of...

Author(s): Farhad Farahvash and Alireza Iranbakhsh

The effect of gibberellins on russeting in golden delicious apples

June 2009

  Russet on apples, Malus domestica Borkh and other fruits results in lowered fruit quality and substantial economic losses to growers. In this study we investigated the effect of GA3 and GA4+7 on russeting. Russeting index of fruits were estimated at harvest. Apple trees, twenty years old Golden Delicious was sprayed with GA3 at the concentrations10-20 mgL-1 and GA4+7 at...

Author(s): F. Nejatzadeh Barandoozi and A. Talaie

Phenotypic stability of Acer pseudoplatanus cv ′Atropurpureum′ traits as a baseline of breeding process

May 2009

  Aiming at the conservation and improvement of valuable traits and intensified production of Acer pseudoplatanus cv ′Atropurpureum′ planting material for domestic and foreign market, a series of experiments was established to monitor the phenotype expression and stability of the character of purple leaf underside, the study results showed the continuous presence of the analysed...

Author(s): Mirjana Šijačić-Nikolić, Jelena Milovanović and Radmila Knežević

Changes in microflora of steeped and cured baby corn (Zea mays L.)

May 2009

  The quantitative changes in micro flora in steeped and cured baby corn during storage were studied. Baby corn cobs blanched and unblanched were steeped in different solutions with varying concentrations of sodium chloride (2 to 8%) and acetic acid (0.5, 0.75 and 1.0%). Sodium chloride at 5, 10, 15 and 20% was used for curing (dry salting) of both blanched and unblanched cobs. During steeping preservation,...

Author(s): Ravneet Kaur, Poonam Aggarwal, Parampal Sahota and Amarjeet Kaur

Study on dry leaf production of asparagus (Asparagus densiflorus)

May 2009

  The study was undertaken to standardize the technology for dry leaf production in asparagus. The experiment was conducted with twelve treatment combinations consisting of three drying temperature and four embedding media during year 2007. Observations were recorded at an interval of four hours starting from 4th h to optimum drying (constant weight) during drying process. Percent moisture loss and...

Author(s): M. A. Meman and A. V. Barad

Identification and chemical properties of popular wild edible mushrooms from northern Iran

May 2009

  The sponge mushroom (morels), chanterelles, oyster mushroom, Macrolepiota procera, Amanita caesarea and Russula paludosa are the main edible wild mushrooms in northern Iran. Little is known about commercial potential of these mushrooms in this area. In this research we found 3 genuses of morels including Morchella esculenta, Morchella delisiosa and Morchella...

Author(s): Jamalali Olfati, Gholamali Peyvast and Yaqvob Mami

Optimum timing for commercializing grapefruit based on fruit internal quality and weight

May 2009

  This study was conducted during the 2004 - 2005 production year on an 8 year grapefruit (Citrus paradasi Macf.) grove in the locality of “Las Anacuas” of the municipality of general Teran, N. L. Mexico. The objective of the study was to obtain elements based on fruit weight, internal and external quality of grapefruit and its interaction with prices, so that producers can determine the best...

Author(s): Jesus Martinez de la Cerda, Adriana Gutierrez Diez, Juan C. Rodríguez Ortiz and Eduardo A. Garcia Zambrano

Bio-efficacy of spinosad against tomato fruit borer (Helicoverpa armigera Hub.) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and its natural enemies

May 2009

  The tomato fruit borer, Helicoverpa armigera Hub. is a polyphagous pest attacking cotton, tomato, okra, chilli, cabbage, pigeon pea, gram etc. throughout the world as well as in India. Due to its high fecundity, polyphagous nature, quick adaptation against insecticides, control of this pest with any single potent toxicant for a long time is quiet difficult and rather impossible. So the newer...

Author(s): Amalendu Ghosh, Monilal Chatterjee and Agamananda Roy

Effect of variety and intercropping on two major cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp] field pests in Mubi, Adamawa State, Nigeria

April 2009

  Cowpea is regarded as one of the major source of dietary protein in many parts of Africa, but yield losses due to insect pests’ activities reduce available natural resources for human consumption. Field trials were conducted during the 2006 and 2007 cropping season at Mubi, Nigeria, to determine the effect of variety and intercropping on three major field insect pest of cowpea. The experimental...

Author(s): Sule Hassan

Growth of Capparis spinosa var. Inermis under different irrigation levels

April 2009

  Due to their importance in enhancing greenery activities in Kuwait, ornamental plants from diverse origins are being introduced and evaluated for their suitability to the harsh climatic conditions of the country. Introduction of multipurpose plants such as Capparis spinosa provides an invaluable opportunity to enhance greenery in Kuwait, while at the same time, exploring other applications, such as...

Author(s): Majda Khalil Suleiman, Narayana Ramachandra Bhat, Mahdi Saleh Abdal, Sheena Jacob, Rini Rachel Thomas, Sarah Al-Dossery, Gladson D’Cruz and Ricardo Bellen

Seed germination enhancement for bald cypress (Taxodium distichum [L.] Rich.)

April 2009

  Bald cypress has been retreating in the estuary ecosystem of the Loxahatchee River Watershed in southeastern Florida because of the negative impacts of anthropogenic activities. Seed germination of bald cypress is an important means to increase the arbor population in the vegetation community and accelerate restoration of the wetland ecosystem. The objective of this research was to find an effective method to...

Author(s): Guodong Liu, Yuncong Li, Marion Hedgepeth, Yongshan Wan and Richard E. Roberts

Enhanced UV-B radiation alters basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) growth and stimulates the synthesis of volatile oils

April 2009

  Exposure of basil plants (Ocimum basilicum) in a controlled environmental room temperature to supplementary UV-B light for 3 h per day in the early morning over a period of two weeks resulted in shorter plants with higher dry matter, thicker leaves and more axillary shoots. Supplementary UV-B did not affect plant leaf area or number of leaf-pairs; however, specific leaf area was significantly increased...

Author(s): Xianmin Chang, Peter G. Alderson and Charles J. Wright

The contribution of indigenous fruit trees in sustaining rural livelihoods and conservation of natural resources

March 2009

  The dependency of many African rural households on natural resources for sustenance is widely acknowledged. The utilization and commercialization of indigenous fruit trees (IFTs) has in the past been overlooked by extension agencies due to the misconception that they do not play a major role in contributing to the rural livelihoods. There is new and increasing emphasis on the contribution of indigenous...

Author(s): Felix K. Kalaba, Paxie W. Chirwa and Heidi Prozesky

Uptake of calcium nitrate and potassium phosphate from foliar fertilization by tomato

March 2009

  The spectrum of materials known to be absorbed by plant foliage has become exceedingly broad. To determine, the effect of different levels of nitrogen and potassium solution on the yield and quality of tomato, a two factor completely randomized experimental design (CRD) with three replications was conducted with `Maha` cultivar in an unheated plastic tunnel. Nitrogen and potassium solution from the source...

Author(s): Gh. Peyvast, J. A. Olfati, P. Ramezani-Kharazi and S. Kamari-Shahmaleki

Effect of organic and inorganic soils on successful emergence of roots in spring rings

October 2008

  A glasshouse experiment was conducted to determine the effect of soil types on the emergence of Eucalyptus viminalis in spring ring containers. Five inorganic soils such as 100% clay, 100% sand, 85% sand and 5% clay, 70% sand and 30% clay, and 55% sand and 45% clay and, three organic soils like medium nutrient and medium texture compost, medium nutrient and coarse texture compost, medium nutrient and fine...

Author(s): Hani A AL-Zalzaleh

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