Journal of
Horticulture and Forestry

  • Abbreviation: J. Hortic. For.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9782
  • DOI: 10.5897/JHF
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 302

JHF Articles

Performances of elite amaranth genotypes in grain and leaf yields in Northern Tanzania

February 2015

Amaranth is one of the most commonly produced and consumed indigenous vegetables on the African continent. In Tanzania amaranth constitutes about 5.3% of total vegetable hectarage planted annually. Most cultivated varieties of amaranth are landraces with relatively poor leaf and grain yield. This study was conducted to identify genotypes with potential for dual purpose (leaf and grain) use for promotion or further...

Author(s): Mbwambo O. , Abukutsa-Onyango, M. O., Dinssa F. F. and Ojiewo C.

Propagation of Cabralea canjerana by mini-cutting

January 2015

Canjerana (Cabralea canjerana (Vell.) Martius) is a tree species indigenous to Brazil that when grown and managed in plantation systems are of great ecological and economic importance. Due to the difficulty of producing seminal seedlings, we examine the possibility of vegetative propagation by evaluating the rooting potential of canjerana mini-cuttings with different concentrations of indolbutyric acid (IBA) and...

Author(s): Eliseo S. Gimenes, Paula Kielse, Kelen L. Haygert, Frederico D. Fleig, Daniel E. Keathley and Dilson A. Bisognin

Effect of Aloe vera gel coating on postharvest quality and shelf life of mango (Mangifera indica L.) fruits Var. ‘Ngowe’

January 2015

  Mango is a highly perishable fruit and high post-harvest losses occur in Africa. In order to address this problem, 4 concentrations of Aloe vera gel (AG) (0, 25, 50 and 75%) and chitosan (1%) were tested at two temperature levels (room temperature 15-22°C and 13°C) to determine their effect on the postharvest life of mango (var.’Ngowe’). The experimental design was a 5 by 2 factorial...

Author(s):   Ochiki Sophia, Gesimba Morwani Robert and Wolukau Joseph Ngwela

Prediction of Osyris lanceolata (Hochst. & Steud.) site suitability using indicator plant species and edaphic factors in humid highland and dry lowland forests in Kenya

December 2014

Osyris lanceolata (African Sandalwood) belongs to the family Santalaceae that hosts some of the most valuable species for perfumery oil extraction. In India and Australia, Santalum album and Santalum spicatum are well developed for perfumery oil extraction through establishment of commercial plantations. In Africa, O. lanceolata has attracted significant attention as potential perfumery oils extraction species. However,...

Author(s): Mary Gathara, Paul Makenzi, James Kimondo and Gabriel Muturi

The relation of endogenous abscisic acid and indole acetic acid on vigor of some selected dwarf mahaleb (Prunus mahaleb L.) genotypes

December 2014

Vigor reduction of sweet cherry varieties by dwarfing rootstock is well known, but the mechanism by which a rootstock induces dwarfing is not well understood. Plant hormones have been associated with dwarfing mechanism. This study was conducted, with the main purpose of determining the correlation between of endogenous abscisic acid (ABA) and indole acetic acid (IAA) and vigor of 10 selected dwarf mahaleb (Prunus...

Author(s): Ebrahim Ganji Moghadam and Zahra Shabani

Foliar nutrient response in some Iranian quince genotypes

November 2014

Significant foliar nutrient response due to genetic variability was seen for N, P, K, Mg, Ca, B, Fe and Zn for some Iranian quince genotypes, which were selected from different parts of Iran (during 2006-2009). Vector analysis has been used to interpret plant nutrient status and nutrient shifts (dilution, deficiency, excess, etc) of studied quince genotypes. In our study, reference point for calculating and comparing...

Author(s): M. Mirabdulbaghi and H. Abdollahi 

Distribution and regeneration status of Vitex payos (Lour.) Merr. in Kenyan drylands

October 2014

We investigated the population structure and regeneration status of Vitex payos (Lour.) Merr. in Kenyan drylands. The study quantified the spatial distribution pattern of V. payos tree populations in their natural range; and assessed their regeneration status to determine the stability of the populations Woodlands and farm inventories were conducted in Mbeere, Mwingi and Kitui districts of the Eastern Province of Kenya....

Author(s): James Munga Kimondo, Jacob Godfrey Agea, Clement Akais Okia, Andrew Woiso Dino, Refaat Atalla Ahmed Abohassan, Jackson Mulatya and Zewge Teklehaimanot

Effect of banana leaf pruning on banana and legume yield under intercropping in farmers’ fields in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo

October 2014

Banana-legume intercropping systems are commonly practiced in the highland zones of the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo to maximize land use and intensify crop production. However, banana leaves are pruned during legume intercropping to improve sunlight penetration for the legume. On-farm experiments were conducted in South Kivu province to determine the effect of banana leaf pruning on banana (Musa sp.), bush and...

Author(s): Ntamwira J., Pypers P., van Asten P., Vanlauwe B., Ruhigwa B., Lepoint P., Dhed’a B. Monde T., Kamira M.  and Blomme G.

Contribution of agroforestry to food production and income generation in Sapoba forest area, Edo State, Nigeria

September 2014

This study examines the contribution of agroforestry to food production and income generation in Sapoba, Edo State, Nigeria. About 60 farmers were purposively selected from the area. Structured questionnaires were administered on the respondents to elicit answers on their socioeconomic characteristics and food production operations. Data were subjected to descriptive statistics, production function and gross margin...

Author(s): F. O. Idumah and A. O. Akintan

Propanil - and fenoxaprop-p-methyl resistance Echinochloa colona (L.) link biotype in upland rice

August 2014

The development of resistance of Echinochloa colona biotypes is emerging as a major problem in upland rice production, particularly where there is an apparent over use of the propanil - and fenoxaprop-P-methyl herbicides. A series of field studies in a commercial rice production facility were conducted to screen a wide range of recommended herbicides for upland rice weeds and to assess its efficacy and the possible...

Author(s): Puran Bridgemohan and Ronell S. H. Bridgemohan

Cultivars, conduction, photoperiodic and quality chrysanthemum in Brazil

July 2014

Chrysanthemum is classified as one of cut flowers with great variety of colors and inflorescences. This review aims at presenting the cultivars, as well as detailing the conduction, photoperiod and quality of chrysanthemum in Brazil. It concludes that the reaction time required for the induction of flowering until the early opening of the flowers varies among cultivars. The method of conduction varies according to the...

Author(s): Fabiana Bezerra de Moura Marcos Ribeiro da Silva Vieira, Walter Santos Evangelista Júnior, Luzia Ferreira da Silva, Rosa Honorato de Oliveira, Alexandre Tavares da Rocha and Franciscleudo Bezerra da Costa

Response to γ radiation and storage temperature on quarantine pests of alphonso mango

June 2014

Application of food irradiation for sanitary and phytosanitary purposes to ensure food safety and quality and facilitate international trade, including quarantine measures related to fresh products. The irradiation technique is now emerging as a demanding tool for controlling insect-pests. This technique has been a successful tool against a number of pest species.  In this regard, the study was conducted to...

Author(s): M. K. Yadav and B. R. Parmar

Species composition and stand structure of secondary and plantation forests in a Kenyan rainforest

May 2014

Forest succession has been reported in forest plantations in tropical forests, but little is known about their successional dynamics because most studies have focused on succession in secondary forests. We assessed changes in species composition and stand structure in secondary and plantation forests in Kakamega rainforest in western Kenya. We used a nested experiment to collect data on tree species types, tree height...

Author(s): John Otuoma, George Ouma, David Okeyo and Beatrice Anyango

Interactive influence of planting date and cultivar on growth, yield and quality of strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa Duch.)

April 2014

Interactive effect of four planting dates viz. 1-September, 1-October, 1-November and 1-December with five promising strawberry cultivars viz. Sweet Charlie, Festival, Camarosa, FA 008 and BARI strawberry-1 were studied under subtropical climatic conditions of Bangladesh during the period of winter 2009-10 and 2010-11. Among the interactions, the cultivar Camarosa planted on 1 September exhibited the tallest plants...

Author(s): M. Moshiur Rahman

Problems in afforestation of rural areas of Northern Ghana–community viewpoint

February 2014

The rate of disappearance of tropical forests is alarming with West Africa being the hardest hit by this trend. A survey was conducted in Yunyoranyiri and two surrounding communities to assess the perception of farmers on tree planting in the area. The objectives of the study were (1) Assess the perception of some communities in the East Mamprusi district on tree planting and (2) Compare the growth performance of...

Author(s): Damian Tom-Dery, Stefan K. Frolich and Eckert Frey

Innovative approach for assessing sustainability of the medicinal plant-Gardenia gummifera Linn. F.

February 2014

Less known medicinal plants were studied in Bhopal and Sehore districts, M.P. India to suggest appropriate strategies for their sustainable management. The study area was rich in medicinal plants but due to their extensive uses and habitat degradation, these were less available. An innovative approach has been developed to assess the status of certain less known medicinal plants among which Gardenia gummifera was...

Author(s): Dolly Parmar Kotwal

Effectiveness of botanical formulations in vegetable production and bio-diversity preservation in Ondo State, Nigeria

January 2014

The study was conducted in the farming communities of Akure North and South Local Government Areas of Ondo State, Nigeria using pre-tested questionnaire/interview schedule, Key Informant Interview (KII), Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) and observation technique to generate data on: the types of vegetables grown, the major pest species, farmers control method in the field with emphasis on plant-based formulations and...

Author(s): Okunlola A. I. and Akinrinnola O.

Comparative evaluation of the essential oil composition from the leaves and flowers of Hyssopus officinalis L.

January 2014

The chemical constituents of essential oil were obtained from the fresh leaves and flowers of Hyssopus officinalis L. (Lamiaceae) by hydro distillation method analyzed by gas chromatography and gas chromatography mass spectrometry. Hydro distillation method was used to extract the essential oil. Thirty-five compounds were identified, accounting for 92.13% of the total oil with 0.75% (v/w) oil yield in the essential oil...

Author(s): M. Moghtader

Growth and photosynthetic responses of Lycoris haywardii Traub to watering frequencies

December 2013

To seek a way to solve the slow growth of bulbs of Lycoris, a pot experiment with three replications was conducted to evaluate the effects of watering frequency on growth, net photosynthetic rate and bulb biomass of Lycoris haywardii under greenhouse condition. The results revealed that leaf number, leaf length and fresh bulb weight was increased by 67, 41 and 323% respectively, under the irrigation frequency of once a...

Author(s): Bao, C.S., Zhang, P.C., Chen, C. and Zhou, H.

Growth variability in Argania spinosa seedlings subjected to different levels of drought stress

December 2013

Argan tree, the only representative species of the tropical family Sapotaceae in Morocco is distributed in arid and semi-arid areas. Tolerance to drought remains poorly described for this species; we applied five levels of drought stress and monitored growth variables and biomass production of seedlings in pot and in field propagated from seeds of eight genotypes from three geographical origins. Drought stress decreased...

Author(s): Zahidi A., Bani-Aameur F. and El Mousadik A.

Banana domestication on the Arabian Peninsula: A review of their domestication history

December 2013

Bananas are one of domesticated crops prehistoric in Arabian region. However, domestication history of this crop in this region did not receive attention by researchers. The strategic location of the Arabian Peninsula at the intersection of several main Old World trade routes has made it an incubator for bananas coming from different continents of the world. Tracing the history of bananas in this region and...

Author(s): Khair Tuwair Said Al-Busaidi

Assessment and sustainable management of non-timber forest products used as food and medicine among urban dwellers in Oyo State, Nigeria

December 2013

This study assessed the Non Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) used as food and medicine by the urban dwellers of Oyo State, Nigeria. It identified the NTFPs, sources and perception about the effectiveness of utilization as medicine. Data were sourced on the basis of senatorial districts. The three senatorial districts are Oyo South, Oyo Central and Oyo North with a population size of 1,764,217, 1,906,814 and 1,909,863...

Author(s): Famuyide O. O., Adebayo O., Bolaji-Olutunji K. A., Awe F., Owoeye A. Y., Awodele D. O. and Adeyemo, A.

Impact of bio-inoculants on seed germination and plant growth of guava (Psidium guajava)

November 2013

An experiment was conducted to study the impact of bio-inoculants on seed germination and plant growth of guava at CCSHAU Regional Research Station, Bawal, during the period 2007 to 2008. The bio-inoculants tested were Azotobacter chroococcum, phosphate solubulising bacteria (PSB), plant growth promoting bacteria (PGPR) and mycorrhiza. Their impact on seed germination, plant height and other plant growth parameters was...

Author(s): D. V. Pathak, Surender Singh and R. S. Saini

Morphological variability of the fruiting branches in Argania spinosa: Effects of seasonal variations, locality and genotype

November 2013

The argan tree, is a member of the tropical family Sapotaceae, is an endemic of south western Morocco appreciated for its edible, high nutritional oil, extracted from the kernels of the fruit. The total number of fruiting branches (F), with one (F1), two (F2), three (F3) and four or more fruits (F4) in ten units of four different types of branches were observed for three consecutive seasons in three localities in south...


Influence of weather and growing environment on vegetable growth and yield

November 2013

An experiment was conducted at the Department of Horticulture, Agricultural College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India to screen ten vegetables for cultivation under shadenet house (33% shade) and open field for year round production of vegetables. Tomato, eggplant, chilli, cucumber, cluster bean, radish, amaranthus, coriander, bhendi and capsicum were grown in the...

Author(s): M. Rajasekar, T. Arumugam and S. Ramesh Kumar

Agroforestry practices and concepts in sustainable land use systems in Nigeria

November 2013

Agroforestry has been defined as a dynamic ecologically based natural resources management system that through the integration of trees on farms and in the agricultural landscape, diversifies and sustains production for increased social, economic and environmental benefits for land users at all levels. This paper highlighted Agroforestry practices and concepts in sustainable land use systems. The benefit derivable from...

Author(s): Alao, J. S. and Shuaibu, R. B.

Studies on integrated nutrient management on growth and yield of banana cv. Ardhapuri (Musa AAA)

October 2013

A field experiment was laid out in a randomized block design with 10 treatments and 3 replications consisting of recommended dose of fertilizers (RDF) and RDF was combined with organic manures and biofertilizers [Vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizae (VAM), azotobacter, and Phosphate solubilising bacterial (PSB)] at different combinations to know their effect on growth and yield of banana. The vegetative growth...

Author(s): V. K. Patil and B. N. Shinde

Identification of the effect of different levels of activated charcoal and sucrose on multiplication shoots of date palm phenixdactylifera L.C.v. sufedy in vitro

October 2013

This study was conducted at the Laboratory of Plant Tissue Culture of the Palm Research Center / University of Basra from March 2010 to September 2011. The aim is to determine the effect of the use of activated charcoal and sucrose on the multiplication of shoots, rate of elongation, average number of roots and length of plantlets of date palms C.v Elsafada in vitro. Activated charcoal concentrations were zero,...

Author(s): Mahmood S. Abdulwahed

Effects of organic and inorganic fertilizers addition on growth and yield of banana (Musa AAA cv. Malindi) on a saline and non-saline soil in Oman

October 2013

Water availability and soil salinity limit crop productivity in arid and semiarid regions such as Oman. The objective of this study was to examine the effects of amending a saline plant root zone soil with a non-saline sandy loam soil of organic and inorganic fertilizers, and of different placement methods on growth and yield of banana (Musa AAA cv. 'Malindi'). A total of 24 treatments comprising six...

Author(s): Khair Tuwair Said Al-Busaidi

Site factor on nutritional content of Arundinaria alpina and Oxytenanthera abyssinica bamboo shoots in Ethiopia

September 2013

The objective of this study was to characterise some of the nutritional values of the two bamboo species grown and consumed in western parts of Ethiopia. The bamboo shoots of each the two species were collected from each of the three sites and analyzed for their nutritional and mineral composition. The average moisture content of the bamboo shoots was more than 90% for both species but the fat content as determined on...

Author(s): Sisay Feleke

Forest degradation and livelihood of local communities in India: A human rights approach

September 2013

India’s current forest and tree cover is estimated to be 78.29 million ha, constituting 23.81% of the geographical area of the country. As per the India State of the Forest Report (ISFR) 2011, forest cover has declined by 367 sq. km compared to the forest cover in the preceding ISFR in 2009. The National Forest Commission report 2006 indicated that around 41 per cent of total forest in the country is already...

Author(s): Atrayee Banerjee and Chowdhury Madhurima

Performance of soybean plants originated from seeds of high and low vigor submitted to water deficit

September 2013

This study had the objective of evaluating the effect of water deficit on the growth of soybean plants from seeds with high and low vigor. It was conducted at the Faculdade de Agronomia "Eliseu Maciel” (FAEM-UFPel) using the cultivar M-SOY 8008 RR. The experimental design was a completely randomized in factorial AXB (Factor A: Variables 2, 3, 4 and 5 water deficits; Factor B: two levels of seed vigor, high...

Author(s): Lizandro Ciciliano Tavares, Cassyo de Araújo Rufino, Lilian Madruga de Tunes and Antonio Carlos Souza Albuquerque Barros

Initiatives of tropical agroforestry to sustainable agriculture: A case study of Capasia Village, Northern Bangladesh

September 2013

A relatively large percentage of the population in Bangladesh lives under the poverty line and is affected by the country’s degrading natural resources. Agroforestry has been seen as one of the few options to lift people out of poverty. Research into the costs and benefits of agroforestry was undertaken in Capasia Village in Northern Bangladesh. Initial results indicate that agroforestry may not only be an...

Author(s): S. A. Rahman, F. D. Paras, S. R. Khan, A. Imtiaj, K. M. Farhana, M. M. Toy, M. B. Akhand and T. Sunderland

Growth and yield responses of ginger (Zingiber officinale) to three sources of organic manures in a typical rainforest zone, Nigeria

August 2013

A field study was carried out in the 2011/2012 cropping seasons at the Teaching and Research, Farms of the Delta State University, Asaba Campus, Asaba, a typical rainforest zone in Nigeria. The aim was to evaluate the responses of ginger to three sources of organic manures namely; cow-dung manure, poultry manure and pig manure at the rate of 20 t/ha. The experiment was a randomized complete block design with three...

Author(s): Egbuchua, C. N. and Enujeke, E. C.

Access to and utilisation of forest resources: Evidence from common property forest management in Swaziland

August 2013

A major challenge facing Swaziland is how to maximise the use of forest resources while still maintaining their sustainability. Forest resources are being depleted and degraded due to poor access controls, inequities in land-tenure and user rights. The research was conducted using the Institutional Analysis and Development (IAD) framework as the underlying scheme. The main objective of this study was to investigate...

Author(s): Getrude Sithole

Effect of different levels of N and P on ratoon banana (Musa spp. AAA)

July 2013

In India, banana is the important and highly remunerative fruit crop grown in tropical and subtropical region. It represents the second most important fruit crop after mango in India. Banana is grown throughout Asian countries but it is commercially cultivated on a large scale in the Indo-china region. A field experiment was carried out in the College Orchard, College of Agriculture, Punjab Agricultural University,...

Author(s): K. S. Navaneethakrishnan, M. I. S. Gill and S. Ramesh Kumar

Comparative analysis of on-farm timber conversion systems in Kenya

July 2013

Exploitation of trees on private farms in Kenya is mainly by chain, bench and pit sawing systems, whose efficiency has not been well established. The sawing systems were evaluated for their performance using three species: Eucalyptus saligna, Grevillea robusta and Prosopis juliflora.  Data was subjected to analysis of variance and mean comparisons. Results showed significant differences...

Author(s): George Muthike, Christopher Kanali and Douglas Shitanda

Effect of organic seed pelleting on seed storability and quality seedling production in biofuel tree species

June 2013

Jatropha curcas and Pongamia pinnata are the promising biofuel species worldwide that contained 35 to 45% seed oil, respectively. Due to the reason of high oil content of these seeds are liable to getting easily deteriorated by fungal and insects during storage and that could hold the limitation of spreading through afforestation. To resolve this problem, the present study was carried out with J....

Author(s): P. Srimathi, N. Mariappan, L. Sundaramoorthy and M. Paramathma

Effect of dressing of hot water-steeped and unsteeped seeds on longevity and seedling emergence in Corchorus olitorious L.

June 2013

The study was conducted at the laboratory of the Department of Crop Production, Federal University of Technology Minna. Seeds of cultivars “Amugbadu” and “Oniyaya” of Corchorus olitorius were steeped in hot water at 97°C for five seconds (for the purpose of breaking dormancy) and subsequently air dried to about 10% moisture content (wet weight basis). They were then treated with...

Author(s): Ibrahim H., Oladiran J. A., Adeyemi R. A. and Danladi M. M.  

Improved model for estimation of leaf area index using airborne laser profiling

May 2013

The study was conducted to derive a functional relationship between airborne laser generated forest profile area and ground-based leaf area index (LAI) for extensive estimation. Subsequently, LAI was estimated by applying parameterized derived equations to the laser data covering a 384 ha temperate forest in Ehime, Japan. There is a growing demand for accurate estimates of LAI in larger areas due to its role in...

Author(s): John N. Kigomo, Tatsuo Sweda and Hayato Tsuzuki

Evaluation of garlic (Allium sativum) genotypes for yield and susceptibility to purple blotch

May 2013

Twenty one genotypes of garlic (Allium sativum L.) were screened for yield and purple blotch susceptibility under field conditions for two years. Reaction of genotypes to purple blotch disease differed significantly during both years but the pooled analysis revealed that most of the variations were due to genotype × environment interaction. Nine genotypes viz., G-1, G-50, G-323, PGS-4, PGS-14, G-313,...

Author(s): Ankur Agarwal and R. S. Tiwari

Evaluation of methyl bromide alternatives on loblolly pine production and seedling quality over three growing seasons at the Pine Hill Nursery in Camden, Alabama

April 2013

Forest-tree nurseries in the United States have relied on methyl bromide (MBr) soil fumigation to control weeds, fungi, and nematodes. Due to the world-wide phase-out of MBr use, finding a soil fumigant alternative for MBr has been a priority for the forest nursery industry. A large-scale study comparing seven fumigants using operational application techniques and normal nursery management practices over three growing...

Author(s): Scott A. Enebak, D. Paul Jackson, Tom E. Starkey and Marie Quicke

Comparative survey on the essential oil composition from the seeds and flowers of Foeniculum vulgare Mill. from Kerman province

April 2013

This study was designed to examine the chemical composition of the essential oil of Foeniculum vulgare Mill. (apiaceae). The chemical composition of the essential oil from seeds and flowers of F. vulgare from Kerman province, Iran was obtained by the hydrodistillation method, analyzed by gas chromatography and gas chromatography mass spectrometry. Twenty four...

Author(s): M. Moghtader

Assessment of plants grown and maintained in home gardens in Odeda area Southwestern Nigeria

March 2013

A survey of thirty (30) home gardens in Odeda Local Government Area (LGA) of Ogun State, Southwestern Nigeria was conducted to assess plants grown and maintained by household members and the diversity of vegetal species and their uses. Semi-structured questionnaire and structured interviews were used to collect useful information. A total of 120 plant species belonging to 50 botanical families were documented. From the...

Author(s): Aworinde D. O., Erinoso S. M., Ogundairo B. O. and Olanloye A. O.

Using different nitrogen and compost levels on lettuce grown in coconut fiber

March 2013

The present investigation was conducted for two seasons (2006 and 2007) into white polyethylene container filled with coconut fiber, to study the effect of three nitrogen levels (50, 100 and 150 ppm) applied by fertigation system and three compost levels (0, 2 and 4% by volume). Lettuce plant (Lactuca sativa L.) with two types' iceberg and romaine lettuce were transplanted in October to study the effect of...

Author(s): A. A. A. Farag, M. A. A. Abdrabbo and E. M. Abd-Elmoniem

Performance of some promising genotypes of Glory lily (Gloriosa superba L.) against leaf blight disease

January 2013

The study was conducted on performance of eighteen genotypes of glory lily (Gloriosa superba L.) against leaf blight disease under Tamil Nadu conditions. Experiment was laid out in a randomized block design with three replications at the Medicinal Plants Unit, Botanical Garden, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore. All genotypes expressed significant variations for percent disease index and varied...

Author(s): R. Chitra, P. Muthulakshmi and K. Rajamani

A protocol for community-based forest enterprises: The case of non-timber forest products

January 2013

Determining sustainability harvesting levels for most non-timber forest products (NTFPs) is an evolving science. A monitoring programme that will continually assess the health and vitality of the natural resources base should be implemented. Though there is some information on individual species, ecosystem dynamics are still not well understood, commercialization of natural products makes it imperative to manage...

Author(s): Cliff S. Dlamini

Correlation co-efficients of component characters with seed yield and their direct effects in path analysis in fenugreek grown under six environments

January 2013

Thirty diverse genotypes of fenugreek were grown in six (E1 to E6) environments during the winter seasons for three consecutive years from 2002 to 2003 and 2004 to 2005 under high input and low input conditions, created by changing the date of sowing, spacing, fertilizer dose and other crop management practices at the Agriculture Farm of Institute of Agriculture, Visva-Bharati, West Bengal. Analysis of correlations...

Author(s): P. C. Kole and A. Saha

Botanical formulation and extracts based on plant leaves and flower, a substitute for toxic chemical and waxes for shelf life extension and quality retention of apple cv Starking Delicious in India

December 2012

Pre-harvest treatments consisted of nimbecidine,  neem azal, neem gold, with Bavistin, as control. The plant leaves/flowers used as coatings were neem leaf extract, drake leaf extract, spearmint leaf extract, marigold flower extract, and semperfresh. Neem, melia, mentha, walnut, banna, basooti, and camphor were used as cushioning materials in packages. Freshly harvested fruits were subjected to the above treatments...

Author(s): Sandeep K. Chauhan, Thakur K. S., Jawa N. K. and Thakur K. P.

Types of values and valuation methods for environmental resources: Highlights of key aspects, concepts and approaches in the economic valuation of forest goods and services

December 2012

It is essential to understand and recognize the role that environmental resources such as forest goods and services play in the provision of income to peoples’ livelihoods (especially the poor and marginalized communities). The purpose of this paper is to give a concise account and scientific basis of the importance of the phenomenon of valuation of environmental goods and services which is manifested in two ways....

Author(s): Cliff S. Dlamini

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