Journal of
Dryland Agriculture

OFFICIAL PUBLICATION OF THE CENTRE FOR DRYLAND AGRICULTURE, BAYERO UNIVERSITY, KANO
  • Abbreviation: J. Dryland Agric.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2476-8650
  • DOI: 10.5897/JODA
  • Start Year: 2015
  • Published Articles: 36

JODA Articles

Agronomic and economic evaluation of nitrogen fertilizers types and levels on bread wheat (Triticum Aestivum L.) in the vertisols of northern highlands of Ethiopia

June 2021

Optimum nitrogen fertilization from the right source is the most important production factors for higher grain yield of wheat. Study to investigate the effect of type and rate of Nitrogen fertilizer on yield of bread Wheat was conducted in Ofla and Endamehoni districts of northern Ethiopia in 2017 and 2018 main cropping season. The treatments consists four levels of different sources of nitrogen fertilizer (Prilled...

Author(s): Assefa Workineh and Adhiena Mesele  

Screening for drought tolerance in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) using in vitro technique

June 2021

Drought is an important abiotic factor that is affecting crop production worldwide. Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) is an important fibre affected by drought. Identifying cotton lines that are drought  tolerant  is  crucial  for  breeding  for  drought  tolerance  in  cotton,  hence  this  experiment was undertaken to evaluate 12 lines of cotton for drought...

Author(s): Khadijat Suleiman Jaafar, Maimuna Abdulmalik Mohammed and Sagir Mohammed Mohammed  

Determinants of distribution and utilization of Terminalia brownii (Fresen) in Eastern Kenya

May 2021

Terminalia brownii (Fresen) is one of the drought-resistant treespecies that support livelihoods in the rural households of Eastern Kenya. The tree is preferred for its versatile functions such as; medicinal use, carvings, energy, construction, and cultural reasons. In this regard, there has been an increased demand for Fresen products which include; charcoal, poles, posts, bee-hives, nativities among others. ...

Author(s): Christopher Njuguna Kamau, Alert Makee Luvanda, and Sylvia Mwalewa Uchi  

Ecological restoration of pastoral landscapes in the drylands of East Africa

May 2021

The East African drylands cover about 47% of the land surface and host about 20 million people. Rural people living in the drylands are mainly pastoralists who depend on livestock for both economic and social well-being. During the dry season, pastoralists apply strategic mobility to access grazing resources efficiently. However, this strategy has experienced change and constraints due to various demographic- and...

Author(s): Githae E. W. and Mutiga I. M.

Effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on growth and phosphorus uptake of maize (Zea mays L.) at different levels of soil phosphorus and soil moisture

May 2021

Studies have shown arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) enhance phosphorus (P) uptake and drought tolerance in maize (Zea mays L.) grown in semiarid soils. However, little is known regarding the contribution of AMF to maize treated with different levels of phosphorus and grown in different soil moisture levels. This study was conducted to determine the effects of AMF (Glomus fasciculatum) inoculation on growth and P...

Author(s): Bouzeriba T.B Alsunuse, Mehjin A.M Al-Ani, Mikaeel Y. Faituri, Dennis S. Ashilenje, Ahmed A. Alawami and Peter D. Stahl  

Groundnut (Arachis hypogea) Haulm marketing and constraints in selected Northern States, Nigeria

February 2021

This study examined the dynamics of groundnut haulm marketing in northern Nigeria states of Bauchi, Jigawa, Kano, Katsina and Kebbi. Using a market survey in each state, data were collected from 101 haulm sellers using chance sampling with the aid of a structured questionnaire. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics to describe the profile of the sellers, seasonality in quantity traded, price and revenue;...

Author(s): Benjamin Ahmed, Henry Egwuma, Francois Siewe and Mohammed Kabir Idris  

Greenhouse assessment of microbial biomass carbon and nitrogen as influenced by compaction, Bradyrhizobium inoculation and nitrogen fertilizer application in maize-soybean cropping systems

January 2021

Soil microbial biomass (SMB) is the main driving force in nutrient cycling and good indicator of soil productivity. A greenhouse experiment was designed to assess the effect of soil compaction, cropping system [sole maize, rotation 1 (inoculated soybean-maize), rotation 2 (un-inoculated soybean-maize) and intercrop 1(inoculated soybean-maize)and intercrop 2(un-inoculated soybean-maize)] and nitrogen fertilizeron soil...

Author(s): Omeke J. O., Yusuf A. A., Yakubu A. A and Umar F. G.  

Acclimatization and performance evaluations of sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas L. Lam) on yield and yield components in different agro-ecologies of Northern Ethiopia

August 2020

The study is aimed at evaluating the genotype by environment interactions (GEI) on acclimatization of sweetpotato genotypes to the farmers’ field conditions. A field evaluation was done on six sweetpotato genotypes planted in RCBD, three replications in three different agro-ecologies. These genotypes were previously (2012, 2014) tested for yield performance in the same environment. Data collected were subjected to...

Author(s): Gloria Peace LAMARO  

Mycorrhiza co-association with Aspilia pluriseta Schweif. and phosphorus uptake effects on growth of gadam sorghum in the semi-arid lower Eastern Kenya

August 2020

Mycorrhiza fungi are important components of soil microbiota in the rhizosphere and greatly influence the uptake of mineral elements by plants. A greenhouse experiment was conducted at the University of Embu to evaluate effect of Aspilia pluriseta rhizosphere mycorrhiza on phosphorus uptake by gadam sorghum. Pots were filled with soil from a predetermined source in the semi-arid Gakurungu, Tunyai and Kanyuambora regions...

Author(s): Muchoka J. P., Mugendi, D. N., Njiruh P. N., Onyari C. N., Mbugua P. K. and Njeru  E. M.  

Crops residue trade-offs between livestock feed and soil amendment in no-till system in Moroccan dry area

July 2020

In the dry zone of Morocco, the production of biomass is irregular while the agricultural and animal production systems are matted. As a result, the crop residues use gives rise to tradeoffs which mainly translate into competition. This research aims to characterize the tradeoffs around cereal residues use between livestock feed and soil amendment in a no-till system. This study relied on a literature review, focus...

Author(s): El Koudrim M. and Hilali S.  

Effect of range land vegetation degradation on livestock and socio-economics status of the pastoralists, Afar regional state, Northern Ethiopia

June 2020

The objectives of the study were to assess current vegetation diversity in the rangeland and its effect on the livestock and socio-economics of the pastoralists. Vegetation data were collected from 72 sample plots laid on the four transects. The size of the main plot was 20 m x 20 m for tree species. Socio-economic data were analyzed using SPSS version 21 software packages. A total of 75 species of vascular plants...

Author(s): Mohammed Seid, Anteneh Belayneh Desta and Tessema Zewdu  

Response of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) to differential pruning under greenhouse

March 2020

Sustainable cucumber production requires optimized agronomic practices that are adaptive to changing climates as well as enhanced crop yield and fruit quality. Commercial Greenhouse experiment was conducted to determine the effect of differential pruning on the growth and yield of cucumber in the Sudan Savanna of Nigeria. The treatments consisted of two hybrid cucumber varieties (Sirana F1 and Marketer) and four pruning...

Author(s): Ismail Ibrahim Garba, Fatima Zahra Buhari and Bello Kabir Samaila

Current status of chickpea production: Opportunities for promoting, adoption and adapting the crop in Zimbabwe: A review

February 2020

Chickpea is a cool season, drought hardy grain legume crop that is grown in Asia, East Africa, United States of America and Europe. The crop has the potential to close the winter legume gap because it can adapt to cool season temperatures as compared to summer legumes grown in Zimbabwe. The aim of this paper is to unpack various opportunities for promoting chickpea in drought prone areas of Zimbabwe which might be...

Author(s): Mthulisi Maya and Mcebisi Maphosa  

Yield variability of Irish potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) as affected by cultivars and sowing date in the Sudan Savanna Zone of Nigeria

December 2019

Field experiments were conducted in the Sudan Savannah Zone of Nigeria during the 2015/2016 dry season. The Research Farm of Audu Bako Collage of Agriculture, Danbatta (12° 44′ N and 8° 51′ E) and Federal College of Education Technical, Bichi (12°24′N and 8.24′E) represented the two locations. Subjects of interest were to determine the effect of variety and sowing date on yield of...

Author(s): Wailare A. M. and Madu A. I.  

Effect of Daniella olivera wood biochar on the growth and biomass of maize (zea mays L.) in Lafia, North central Nigeria

March 2019

The study aimed to evaluate the effect of Daniella wood Biochar on the growth and biomass of maize harvested 8 weeks after sowing in a pot experiment. The research was carried out in order to evaluate the effect of Daniella wood biochar on the growth and biomass of maize and the effects of Daniella wood biochar on the physiochemical properties of the soil. Pots were filled with 5 kg of normal soil (oxisol) and biochar...

Author(s): Habibu Aminu and Ladan Shamsuddeen  

Evaluation of tillage and planting method under conservation farming for soil and crop productivity in the dry-land areas of Tigray, Ethiopia

February 2019

Study on conservation farming (CF) was conducted in moisture deficit area of Tigray, Ethiopia from 2013-2014. The experiment was conducted both on station and on farmers’ field. The treatments were: conventional tillage with fertilizer, conventional tillage without fertilizer, sub soiling with fertilizer, sub soiling + tie ridging with fertilizer, sub soiling + tie ridging + intercropping with fertilizer, sub...

Author(s): Assefa Workineh, Niguse Hagazi and Adheina Mesele  

Growth variability of Irish potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) as affected by cultivars and sowing date in the Sudan savannah zone of Nigeria

February 2019

Field experiments were conducted in the Sudan savannah zone of Nigeria during the 2015/2016 dry season. The Research Farm of Audu Bako Collage of Agriculture, Danbatta (12° 44′ N and 8° 51′ E) and Federal Collage of Education Technical, Bichi (12°24′N and 8.24′E) represented the two locations. Subjects of interest were to determine the effect of variety and sowing date on growth of...

Author(s): Wailare A. M. and Madu A. I.  

Participatory evaluation of maize varieties for the management of maize gray leaf spot disease (Cercospora zeae maydis) at Gondar Zuria district, northwest Ethiopia

January 2019

Gray leaf spot is one of the major constraints of maize production in Ethiopia where warm humid environmental condition is prevailing. A field experiment was conducted in Gondar zuria district of western Ethiopia during 2016/17 and 2017/18 cropping season with the aim to evaluate effective maize varieties for the management of maize gray leaf spot disease. The experiment was laid out in Randomized Complete Block Design...

Author(s): Yigrem Mengist and Yohannes Moges  

Shallow groundwater condition for irrigation along dryland river basin, northwestern Nigeria

December 2018

This study investigated shallow groundwater quality and yield for irrigation along Hadejia River Basin of Jigawa State in both the dry and rainy seasons of one year. Sites in the floodplain with a history of irrigation where the use of tube wells is dominant were selected covering a transect of about 135 km. Six transects, oriented perpendicular to the river channel were established within 1 km2 in each site. Three tube...

Author(s): Abubakar Ibrahim Tukur, Maharazu A. Yusuf, Emmanuel Ajayi Olofin, Adnan Abdulhamid  

Response of Tomato (Solanum lycopersicon L.) to Antitranspirants and Moisture Stress in Kano, Sudan Savanna of Nigeria

December 2017

The study was conducted to determine the effect of antitranspirants and moisture stress on productivity of tomato. The treatments consisted of two antitranspirants (Benzoic and Salicylic acids) at (0, 200, 400 and 600 ppm) concentration and three moisture stress stages (vegetative, flowering and fruit setting). These were arranged in a split-plot design and replicated three times. Antitranspirant and moisture stress...

Author(s): H. M. Isa., A. A. Manga and M. A. Hussaini

Screening for Drought Tolerance in Maize Hybrids using Drought Indices

December 2017

A study was conducted to select extra-early maize hybrids for drought tolerance and investigate the efficacy of different drought indices. The material consisted of 10 single cross hybrids which were selected from 66 single cross hybrids using IITA base index. The initial experiment was conducted at Ikenne and was laid in a randomized incomplete block design with two replicates. Data collected were subjected to analysis...

Author(s): A. S. Shaibu, M.A. Ayo-Vaughan, A.A. Adnan and R.O. Abdulmalik

Mitigation of Moisture Stress in Sweet Pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) by Foliar Application of Salicylic Acid in Sudan Savanna Agro-Ecology, Nigeria

December 2017

Field experiment was conducted to study the influence of salicylic acid in the mitigation of moisture stress in sweet pepper. Treatments consisted of four rates (0, 0.2, 0.4 and 0.6gL-1) of salicylic acid and three moisture stress stages (vegetative, flowering and fruit setting). These were laid out in split plot design with three replications. Results of the study revealed that exogenous application of salicylic acid...

Author(s): Y.M. Bakundi and S.U. Yahaya

Phenotyping and Prediction of Maize (Zea mays L.) Yield using Physiological Traits

December 2017

The use of physiological traits as an indirect selection is important in augmenting yield – based selection procedures. Field experiment was conducted at the Research and Teaching Farm of Faculty of Agriculture, Bayero University, Kano to study physiological responses of different maturity groups of maize in Sudan savanna, determine the association between physiological traits and grain yield as well as predict...

Author(s): A. S. Shaibu, S. I. Yusuf, and A. A. Adnan

Performance Evaluation of Deutz-Fahr M1202 Combine Harvester on Rice Crop in Kano State- Nigeria

December 2017

On-farm research to evaluate the performance of Deutz-Fahr (M1202) combine harvester on rice crop was conducted on Agricultural Engineering Department research and demonstration field, Bayero University, Kano. The experiment was run in a completely randomized block design based on three independent variables which include: forward speed of the machine, 3 levels each of moisture content of the crop and clearance. Field...

Author(s): J. Suleiman and N. D. Dangora

Evaluation of the Chemical and Microbiological Properties of Kilishi Sold in Kano Metropolis

December 2017

The study was conducted to evaluate chemical and microbiological properties of Kilishi retailed at some designated locations in Kano Metropolis. The locally prepared Kilishi samples were obtained from four locations (A, B, C and D) and the experiment laid in a completely randomised. Data generated were analysed using analysis of variance and significantly different means separated by Tukey HSD post hoc test. The results...

Author(s): Inusa, S. K. and Said, I. S.

Phenotypic and Temperature Tolerance Variations in Bacterial Endophytes Isolated from Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) Nodules Recovered from Smallholder Farms in Northern Nigeria

December 2017

The significance of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) as nutritional, economic and a soil fertility promoter had already been elucidated by many researchers. The present work was aimed at isolation and characterization of rhizobial and non-rhizobial endophytes of cowpea nodules recovered from smallholder farms in northern Nigeria. The study soils were analyzed and found to have varying physical and chemical...

Author(s): Halima Musa Rabiu

Effect of Phosphorus Levels on Growth and Yield of Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) in Zaria, Nigeria

December 2017

Phosphorus is critical to cowpea yield because it stimulates growth, initiate nodules formation as well as influencing the efficiency of rhizobium-Legume symbiosis. In Nigeria, legumes receive little form of mineral phosphorus fertilizer as they accordingly depend on the natural soil available phosphorus for growth and yield which results to low yield. It was due to this problem that field trials were conducted at the...

Author(s): Namakka A., Jibrin D. M., Hamma I. L., Bulus, J.

Correlation and Contribution of Some Growth and Yield Components to Fruit Yield of Tomato (Solanum lycopersicon L.)

December 2017

Interrelationships among tomato yield and yield components for moisture stressed tomato in most of Sub-Saharan Africa through foliar sprayed Antitranspirants using path-coefficient analysis that describes a cause-and-effect relationship have not been documented. In view of this, a field experiment was conducted during the two successive dry seasons of 2011/2012 and 2012/2013 at the Teaching and Research Farm of Faculty...

Author(s): H. M. Isa., A. A. Manga and M. A. Hussaini

Effect of Brine (NaCl) on Germination of Sorghum and Pearl millet Seeds

December 2017

This study was conducted to investigate the effect of salinity levels on seed germination of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.) and pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum L. R. Br.) in a Laboratory. The experiment was conducted using one improved sorghum variety Kaura and one pearl millet variety SOSAT-C88. Fifty seeds of each of the treatment were germinated in Petri dishes containing filter paper of 9cm diameter. Treatments...

Author(s): M. A. Dawud,) N. A. Gworgwor,) and A. B. Askira)

Relationship of Rice Crop Depredation to Rodent Density Estimates in Eastern Kano, Nigeria

December 2017

In many parts of Africa rodent depredation on growing rice has been the cause of distressing losses. In rain-fed fields near Tarauni, northeast of Kano, Nigeria, the Nile rat, Arvicanthis niloticus and the Multimammate rat, Mastomys natalensis, are major rodent pests involved in upland rice damages. The objectives of this work were to determine the proportion of rice damaged at selected growth phases and maturation...

Author(s): Safianu Rabiu

A Comparative Performance Evaluation of an Existing and a Modified Groundnut Seed Roasting Machines

December 2017

Groundnut seed roasting is a critical step in the processing for oil extraction, snack nuts, confectionaries and peanuts for roasting. Roasting enhances oil extraction processes as it reduces the oil’s viscosity, releases oil from intact cells and reduces the moisture content. A comparative performance evaluation of an existing and a modified groundnut seed roasting machines was carried out and reported in this...

Author(s): M. S. Abubakar, A. A. Sadiq and I. Lawan

Detection of Gastro-Intestinal Helminthes in Local Chicken (Gallus gallus) Sold at Sharada Market, Kano Metropolis, Nigeria

November 2017

Fifty gastrointestinal tracts of local breed chickens slaughtered at Sharada market slaughter slabs Kano State were collected and examined for helminth parasites, formol ether concentration technique was used to concentrate the gut and analysis carried out. A total of 95 parasites belonging to five species were isolated and identified. Of these parasite, Railleitina tetragona was found to be the most prevalent (22%)...

Author(s): Imam, T. S., Dambo, R. , Sa’id, M. A. and Suleiman, K.

Growth, Yield and Phenology of Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) as Affected by Sowing Method, Variety and Seed Rate in the Sudan Savanna of Nigeria

December 2015

An experiment on the effect of sowing method, variety and seed rate on the growth and phenology of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) was conducted at Teaching and Research Farm of Bayero University, Kano (11058'N and 8025'E) and Dutse Jigawa State (11045'N and 9020'E), Nigeria during the 2009 rainy season. The treatments consisted of three sowing methods (Broadcasting, Dibbling and Drilling), two varieties...

Author(s): Adnan A. Adnan†‡, Yahaya B. Dutse§ and Abdulwahab S. Shaibu†

Effect of Water Stress and Variety on Phenology of Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in Sokoto, Sudan Savannah, Nigeria

December 2015

The objective of this study was to determine the effect of water stress on phenology and identify drought resistance mechanism in bread wheat and also to find out the most crucial stage of growth with respect to water stress in wheat variety. The experimental materials consisted of and two bread wheat varieties (Star 11 TR 77173/SLM and Kauz/Weaver). Water stress was imposed at three critical...

Author(s): Sokoto, M.B., Abubakar, I.U. and Singh, A.

Milk Yield of Lactating Red Sokot Goat Fed with Graded Levels of Native Browse (Guiera senegalensis) in the Sudan Savanna of Nigeria

December 2015

A Seventy-two (72) days experiment sub-diVided into three phases was conducted to investigate the effect of feeding Guiera senegalesis leaves (Sabara) on intake and milk yield of lactating goats. The treatments evaluated were three phases of lactations using five inclusion levels of G. senegalensis leaves. The experimental diets were fed twice daily to the test animals. Mean yield of milk...

Author(s): Garba Y, Muhammad IR and Maigandi SA

Perceptive policy process for inclusive agricultural extension services for climate change adaptation and mitigation in Nigeria

December 2015

The peak of international interest in the environment and sustainable development reached at the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in Rio, Brazil was followed up in the 2001 Copenhagen Climate Change Summit in December, 2001 and 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development in South Africa. Declarations from all the global summits have commonly emphasized sustainable and...

Author(s): Ismail, F. O., Omenesa, Z. E.,Ladan E.O., Tenuche, S.S., Dasat, K. Y and Mosugu J.

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