Journal of
Public Administration and Policy Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Adm. Policy Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2480
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPAPR
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 145

JPAPR Articles

A demand of value based higher education system in India: A comparative study

May 2011

  Higher education system is essential for national, social and economic development of the country. There is a need of value based higher education system which empowers youth for self sustainability by inculcating employment skills and hence reducing poverty. India's higher education system is the third largest in the world. This paper includes the comparative study of components of value based higher...

Author(s): Kareena Bhatia and Manoj Kumar Dash

New examples of territorial democracy: Participatory balance

April 2011

  The work is intended to illustrate the application of the participatory balance as a means by which democratic participation aims to overcome the mistrust between citizens and governors. Participatory balance can be defined as a decision-making procedure which entails opening public administration to citizens so that they participate actively and directly in the decisions made concerning the objectives and...

Author(s): U. Comite

Local self-government in Ukraine: Strategic priorities and problems of realization

April 2011

  This article is dedicated to the issues of the current state of some problems in Ukraine in the direction of development and reinforcement of the system of local self-government as a display of the most important element of local democracy. In the context of reformation, which now takes place in Ukraine, this topic and relevant problems are very topical as an example of formation of local democracy on...

Author(s): Olena Babinova

External reserve holdings in Nigeria: Implications for investment, inflation and exchange rate

April 2011

  The paper investigates the impact of change in external reserve positions of Nigeria on domestic investment, inflation and exchange rates. Using a combination of Ordinary Least Square (OLS) and Vector Error Correction (VEC) methods, it was observed that change in external reserves in the country only influences Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and exchange rates and no influence of it was found on domestic...

Author(s): W. Ibrahim

An empirical analysis on the reformation of organization: Governance and relationship perspectives

April 2011

  This article is drawn from the governance and relationship perspectives. It discusses what factors will enhance the government’s administrative efficiency and effectiveness and how to improve organization performance. For the first question, this article founds some factors including: organizational structure, management mechanism, resources and ability, partnerships, and so on. As for the second issue...

Author(s): Chi-Ho Chiou

Dismantling the Government: The reorganisation reform of Taiwan’s central government (1987 – 2008)

March 2011

  In order to confront the dual challenge of a complex governance environment and a fiscal crisis, the Taiwan government has followed in the footsteps of many Western nations in advocating government reform. Over the past two decades, the reorganisation of the Executive Yuan (Central Government) has been implemented over several ruling governments of either the KMT or the DDP parties, and under the ruling of...

Author(s): Guang-Xu Wang and Mei-Ciang Shih

Isomorphic processes and social legitimacy of institutionalizing municipal community safety councils (MCSCs) in Kosovo

March 2011

  The public administration system of newly emerging nations and countries are more prone to be homogenized due to the rapid external and internal socio-political uncertainties and changes. The multi-ethnic Kosovo in Europe is one such entity. It is unique due to the fact that, it was governed by the United Nations Multinational Executive Mission that has left a considerable legacy and influence over the...

Author(s): Galaktion Chavleishvili

A study on involvement and commitment of employees in Turkey

March 2011

  The previous searches indicate that job involvement of individuals in the workplace have important effect on individual and organizational outcomes. In theoretical level, this study aimed to explore the relationship between employees’ job involvement and their feeling of organizational commitment. For that aim, the survey was performed among the employees currently working at two multinational companies...

Author(s): Asli Küçükaslan Ekmekçi

An exploratory study into employee perceptions of knowledge management in two service units in the public sector

March 2011

  The purpose of this study is to gain knowledge on, or insight into, employee perceptions about the factors that contribute to the strategies for managing knowledge, employee perceptions about knowledge management processes to convert tacit into explicit knowledge, employees’ views regarding the implementation of knowledge management strategies and, perceptions about the ways in which knowledge...

Author(s): Ngcamu B. S. and Sanjana B. P.

Ethnic politics and its implications for the survival of democracy in Nigeria

February 2011

  Nigeria is a multi-ethnic nation with cultural differences between its component ethnic groups. From the north to the coast, the range in types of social system, dress, diet and languages far exceeds that to be found elsewhere in the world. This diversity has resulted into two major problems namely: problems arising between the larger ethnic groups and the hostility that derives from competition between...

Author(s):  B. Salawu and A. O. Hassan

Reading the relationship between governance and public relations regarding two paradigms

February 2011

  In this study, the concepts of culture, public relations and governance as well as the relationships among them have been studied with regard to the critical theory. How the concepts are read and perceived determine how they are signified and known; and what is known about them defines how they are perceived. What we perceive and internalize build our social practices. In Bourdieu’s terms, the...

Author(s): Seda Çakar-Mengü and YeÅŸim Güçdemir

Improving public management as a development imperative: Developing a practical research approach for Bangladesh

February 2011

  Public management in developing countries like Bangladesh is characterized by long bureaucracy, unnecessary procedures, and they are not customer (citizen) friendly. Many a times, there is good intention from politically elected officials and career public managers. But they are not aware of the basic rules of the game and modern management practices. Most of the public sector management reform studies are...

Author(s): Moslehuddin Khaled and Rashid A. Chowdhury

Energy poverty and the leadership question in Nigeria: An overview and implication for the future

February 2011

  Energy resources remain the key to industrialization of any nation especially when judiciously and effectively harnessed for developmental purposes. More so, energy availability and its proper harnessment is a strong factor in achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in Nigeria and other countries. The place of foresighted leadership in all these cannot be overemphasised. Unfortunately, Nigeria is...

Author(s): Agba, Micheal Sunday

Role of public administration and microfinance in alleviating the poverty thorough participation and empowerment of people - case studies from India

January 2011

  Poverty is a situation where people are mainly deprived of income generating activities and access to formal financial system. Strategies to address poverty primarily include promoting opportunity and participation. Poverty amongst forest dwelling communities in India, presents challenge for administrators. Exploitation and ineffective public service delivery are major factors affecting poverty alleviation...

Author(s): Teki Surayya

Evidence of democracy? The relationship between evidence-based policy and democratic government

January 2011

  The preceding decade has witnessed the production of a substantial volume of scholarship dedicated to exploring the concept of evidence-based policy – the idea that ‘at the heart’ of properly developed public policy is ‘the best available evidence’. Concomitantly, ‘evidence’ has secured an unparalleled pride of place (at least, rhetorically) among policy-makers, who...

Author(s): Shaun P. Young

Recreating government: Entrepreneurship and proverbs in public administration

December 2010

  Corruption in the Cameroon public service is beyond any language to describe. As people gasp for speech, they use proverbs to express the situation. Civil servants stroll in and out their offices. Work time is set by government from 7:30 am to 3:30 pm. The people set their own time as they think fit. It was observed that half the working population start work at 9:00 am and leave offices at 2:30 pm instead of...

Author(s): Lema Catherine Forje

Intra-class struggle in Nigeria

December 2010

  The paper examines how elite competition for power and dominance resulted in the manipulation of ethnicity as a means of political mobilization to gain advantage to strategic position in competition with contending factions of the elite. Thus, the elites are engaged in intra-class struggle in order to access power and resources. The outcome of this reveals that the pursuit of parochial interests among the...

Author(s): Muhibbu-Din O. Mahmudat

The development of the concept of the "one best method" in public administration

December 2010

  The notion that there is one right way of accomplishing a given task had an influential role in the theory and practice of public administration. This theoretical paper presents the impact of the scientific approach on the founding literature of the science of public administration. The main reform proposals that emphasized this concept will be presented through the early writings in the field. Then it...

Author(s): Wasim Al-Habil

Public procurement and corruption in Bangladesh confronting the challenges and opportunities

December 2010

  In new democracies like Bangladesh code of conduct, the ethics and issues of conflict of interest have not been accorded a high priority for legislative and administrative reforms. To discuss the role of public administration in Bangladesh and recommends measures to be adopted to prevent corruption in public procurement. Information on global and regional in connection to procurement and corruption were...

Author(s): Shakeel Ahmed Ibne Mahmood

Linking research evidence to health policy and practice

August 2010

  Evidence based policies in public health are receiving increasing attention and importance for organizing, funding and delivering the health services. The world health organization’s, task force report on health system research states, “millennium development goals will not be attained without new research addressing health system constraints to delivering effective interventions” (World...

Author(s): Zahiruddin Quazi Syed, Abhay Gaidhane and Sanjay Zodpey

Dynamics of land for urban housing in Tanzania

August 2010

  With increased movement of population in search for better settlement and employment, more people tend to be concentrated in urban areas. This article identifies the dynamics of land for urban housing in Tanzania with specific reference to Songea municipality. The article remarks  on one hand, weaknesses in the existing institutional framework for urban planning and delivery of land services, unnecessary...

Author(s): L. Massoi and A. S. Norman

Determinants of key favorable environment for entrepreneurship development: An empirical study of some selected companies in Bangladesh

July 2010

  The global economy is creating substantial changes for organizations and industries throughout the world. These changes make it necessary for business firms to carefully examine their purposes and to devote a great deal of attention to selecting strategies. These strategies are in pursuit of the levels of success that have a high probability of satisfying multiple stakeholders. In response to hyper-globalized...

Author(s): M. D. Abu Taher, Mohammad Shahab Uddin  and Mohammad Shamsuddoha

Local government’s priorities, within the framework of the 4th programming period 2007 - 2013 (ESPA), as parameters of local development. The Greek experience

July 2010

  The motive behind the writing of this project was the start of an attempt to modernize and reform local government organizations (LGOs) through their operational programmes, in combination with the new programming period, by means of the national strategic reference framework (ESPA), which was emerging throughout the Greek State. Essentially an attempt is being made through a literature review to set out how...

Author(s): Vasiliki Delitheouand Alexandra Pappa

Research into citizens’ attitude towards electronic municipal services (e-local government)

May 2010

  Use of the internet in the provision of services may prove an important advantage in improving the operation of local government, and an efficient means of providing citizens with better quality services. Although the implementation of corresponding practices depends on the ability of citizens in the community to adopt and use such service-providing systems. Actions taken by local government (1st level)...

Author(s): Vasiliki Delitheou and Maria Maraki

Which way to Tehran? Pre-emptive air strike, cumulative diplomacy, technical isolation and the Iranian nuclear crises

May 2010

  The issue of nuclear proliferation and its impact on the security of humanity remains the critical focus of policies and scholarships on international security since the decade following World War II. Thus, it is within this context that the Iranian nuclear programme has received so much resistance by Washington despite the lack of proof that the former been a signatory of the non-proliferation treaty has a...

Author(s): Henry U. Ufomba and Robert O. Dode

The economics of rebuilding fisheries in Korea: National comprehensive approaches

March 2010

  Korea’s coastal and offshore fisheries have experienced a reduction in their catch in the early twenty-first century. The total catch from coastal and offshore fisheries dropped from 1.7 million tonnes in 1986 to one million tonnes in 2004. To address such catch reduction, conventional fish stock enhancement programs have been constantly developed and implemented. However, as fish stocks have been...

Author(s): Sang-Go Lee

Basic concepts with Erol Gungor: Nationalism, culture-civilization, cultural shift and intellectual

February 2010

  Erol Gungor is one of the important persons in Turkish Sociology. It is well known that, in spite of having a short life time, he had a great influence on sociologists after his time. He reconsidered argumentive concepts in the Turkish sociology which began with Ziya Gokalp, and eliminated confusions and difficulties over thetehe concepts and made them much more clear and distinct.   Key...

Author(s): Ensar Yilmaz

From entrepreneurial state to state of entrepreneurs: Ownership implications of the transformation in Mexican governance since 1982

February 2010

  This paper aims to analyze the ownership implications of the transformation in Mexican governance since 1982. The turning point of the implementation of a new model of development was prompted by the Mexican State financial crisis of 1982, after a period of steady economic growth. The entrepreneurial State since then has been under the attack of new business elite, who are the direct beneficiaries of the...

Author(s): G. Jose Vargas-Hernández and Mohammad Reza Noruzi

The road to African integration: A historical perspective

December 2009

  The integration of Africa into a full union has always been on the agenda of African politics, yet the African Union still remains an empty box. This paper reviews the history of the activity of a key integrating institution like the OAU, now AU. It is found that two things are critical in explaining the reasons why no consensus has been reached so far: first, lack of a sustained commitment on the part of the...

Author(s): Pierre Roche Seka

Estimation of effect size in a meta-analysis of series of validity studies on matriculation examinations in Nigeria

December 2009

  The study formulated an algebraic path from the series of studies meta-analyzed on the validity of the University Matriculation Examination (UME) in Nigeria; in order to obtain a unique and common metrics with a view of making the results to convey the same interpretation. The study determined both the individual and overall effect sizes of 30 empirical studies. It also established the significant difference,...

Author(s): E. O. Adeyemo and E. R. I. Afolabi

Decentralisation by devolution in Tanzania: Reflections on community involvement in the planning process in Kizota Ward in Dodoma

November 2009

  This paper provides a discussion on Decentralization-by-Devolution (D-by- D) in planning process in Tanzania a focus being on Kizota ward in Dodoma. The paper provides findings on how grassroots level is involved in preparing the three years strategic plan and its implications towards solving socio-economic problems at grassroots level. The study employed a combined research design where case study design and...

Author(s): L. Massoi and A. S. Norman

An estate valuer’s assessment of the Lagos state land use charge law 2001

November 2009

  Increasing demand for provision of urban and rural infrastructures and other expenditures have dictated governments at all levels and world over to raise funds through taxation. In Nigeria, Lagos State Government passed into law land use charge on properties within its territory to increase internally generated funds. This paper assessed the provisions of the law and determined the effects on stakeholders. In...

Author(s): Oni Ayotunde Olawande

Non-profit organizations in public policy implementation

November 2009

  The surge in employment of non-profit organizations (NPO) in the implementation of policies and public management, domestic or international, calls for theorizing how they operate. They have to somehow resolve two challenges to their existence: (a) to elicit commitment from governments and other donors; (b) to receive involvement from volunteers in their projects. Partly the NPOs approach these questions...

Author(s): Jan-Erik Lane and Joe Wallis

Conflicting narratives of observation reports on Cameroon’s 2004 presidential election and the problematic role of the state bureaucracy in the electoral process

October 2009

  This article portrays the legal framework applicable and assesses the impact of the several mentioned irregularities, especially if they were of sufficient magnitude or scope to change the proclaimed winner in the October 11, 2004 presidential election. Controversies and uncertainties over allegations of irregularities reflect the problematic role of the State bureaucracy, serious inadequacy and lack of...

Author(s): Herman Touo

Political influence on bureaucratic growth and social responsiveness: A case of Ondo State, Nigeria

October 2009

  This study takes a critical look at the ways through which political office holders manipulated recruitment into the public service of Ondo State between 1999 and 2003. It holds that the phenomenal rise in the size of the public service of Ondo state during this period was due largely to political exertion; something akin to the spoils systems in the 18th century United States. The cost implication of...

Author(s): David Oluropo Adeyemo and Pius Olakunle Osunyikanmi

The concept of the university as learning organization: Its functions, techniques and possible ways of making it effective

September 2009

  Learning organization is a concept that is becoming an increasingly widespread philosophy in our contemporary society. It has a strong humanistic orientation, being a place where people continually expand their capacity to produce results they truly desire, where new and expansive patterns of thinking are nurtured and where people are continually learning how to learn together. In order to implement learning...

Author(s): E. D. Nakpodia

Challenges in implementing code of conduct within the public sector in Anglophone West African countries: Perspectives from public managers

August 2009

  This paper reports on a focus group study of senior and middle-level public managers’ perceptions about barriers to the implementation of code of conduct in the public sector in five Anglophone West African countries. The paper adopts a qualitative research strategy using focus group interviews for 35 serving senior, middle and junior level manager drawn from the five Anglophone West African Countries...

Author(s): E-Kojo Sakyi and Justice Nyigmah Bawole

Management of Nigerian health care institutions: A cross sectional survey of selected health institutions in Abuja Nigeria

August 2009

Health services management, which is described as the process of mobilizing and deploying resources for the efficient provision of effective health services, has taken the center stage in business discussions across the globe. Poor management is unanimously blamed for the diminishing fortunes of most health industries. The present study was designed to review the managerial skills of health administrators and their...

Author(s): Obinna O. E. Oleribe

The language of politics and political behaviors; rhetoric of President Olusegun Obasanjo and the 2007 general elections in Nigeria

July 2009

  Leadership succession in liberal democratic regimes is expected to take place under an electoral process that can be adjudged as free and fair and where citizens exercise their inalienable right to elect leaders of their choice. It can however correctly be inferred from President Olusegun Obasanjo’s rhetoric prior to the 2007 general elections in Nigeria that the option for citizens to determine who...

Author(s): Marietu, Tenuche

Kuwaiti female leaders’ perspectives: The influence of culture on their leadership

July 2009

  This research revealed the interactions between the Kuwaiti culture, gender, and leadership from the perspective of 5 Kuwaiti female leaders. Within a qualitative design approach and narrative inquiry methodology, the researcher interviewed 5 Kuwaiti females who shared their stories about their personal and professional experiences about the interactions between culture, gender, and leadership. The analysis...

Author(s): Omaymah Al-Suwaihel

Fiscal solidarity: Key benefits and pitfalls for Spain to lower their fiscal conflicts

June 2009

  On December 6th, 1978 the Spanish population implemented its new constitution by means of a referendum and finalised the transition process from the Franco regime to a modern democracy based on a parliamentary monarchy. In the next 30 years the fiscal power and the expenditure autonomy of the 17 regions, called Comunidades autónomas, increased constantly. But on the other hand, in some regions –...

Author(s): Jan Werner

How will climate change transform African local governance? – Assessing the role of civic engagement

June 2009

  The impact of climate change viewed from the poverty context of the region will deepen the plight of the continent. Nonetheless, the engagement of the asset of local governance will bring about a lot of opportunities owing from the fact that governance is about creating opportunities with, through and for society. In the face of climate change in Africa local governance will create a number of opportunities...

Author(s): Chirisa I. and Chanza N

Science entrepreneurship: Challenges and opportunities in India

May 2009

  The rise of economy and information technology is fast transforming the intellectual property and technology commercialization in the developing world, particularly in India. absence of awarenesss, strong domestic pressure groups, lack of consortium of IP attorneys and scientists, biotechnology firms and private sponsored research coupled with increase in brain drain have tremendously affected growth of...

Author(s): Akshay Anand

Supranationalism between the nation-state and international cooperation

May 2009

  On one hand, supranationalism is a level of international cooperation while on the other hand it is a model of institutional structure present in the European studies, or, in a broader view, in international relationships, as well as a method of cooperation, or integration rather, which depends on positioning the international interactions on the supranational level. The purpose of this article is to examine...

Author(s): Janusz Ruszkowski

Ethics and accountability in Nigeria’s public service: An historical overview

May 2009

  This paper seeks to assess the ethical environment within which the public service in Nigeria has operated since independence through a focus on accountability and control measures specifically designed to guard against abuse and misuse of bureaucratic power. It argues that these measures have failed to provide the service with the necessary ethical environment in the post-independence period due to...

Author(s): Agara Tunde and Olarinmoye Omobolaji

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